Corrosion and Conservation of Cultural Heritage Metallic Artefacts

Corrosion and Conservation of Cultural Heritage Metallic Artefacts
Author: P Dillmann,D Watkinson,E Angelini,A Adriaens
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN 10: 1782421572
ISBN 13: 9781782421573
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and Conservation of Cultural Heritage Metallic Artefacts Book Review:

The conservation of metallic archaeological and historic artefacts is a major challenge whether they are ancient bronzes or relics of our more recent industrial past. Based on the work of Working Party 21 Corrosion of Archaeological and Historical Artefacts within the European Federation of Corrosion (EFC), this important book summarises key recent research on analytical techniques, understanding corrosion processes and preventing the corrosion of cultural heritage metallic artefacts. After an introductory part on some of the key issues in this area, part two reviews the range of analytical techniques for measuring and analysing corrosion processes, including time resolved spectroelectrochemistry, voltammetry and laser induced breakdown spectroscopy. Part three reviews different types of corrosion processes for a range of artefacts, whilst part four discusses on-site monitoring techniques. The final part of the book summaries a range of conservation techniques and strategies to conserve cultural heritage metallic artefacts. Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts is an important reference for all those involved in archaeology and conservation, including governments, museums as well as those undertaking research in archaeology and corrosion science. Summarises key research on analytical techniques for measuring and analysing corrosion processes Provides detailed understanding of corrosion processes and corrosion prevention Discusses on-site monitoring techniques

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts
Author: D. Watkinson
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN 10: 0128091215
ISBN 13: 9780128091210
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book Review:

Relationships between conservation and corrosion scientists are assessed and similarities, differences and synergies identified. Corrosion control as a preservation option for heritage metals is advocated as being cost-effective and pragmatic. This will require generation of data to develop predictive conservation and estimation of object lifespan as a function of their intrinsic and extrinsic variables. Methods for quantitative determination of corrosion rates of chloride infested heritage iron and techniques for scaling to heritage value are discussed. The iron hull of the ss Great Britain and an AHRC/EPSRC Heritage Science Research Programme at Cardiff University are used to illustrate the rationale behind using corrosion control in heritage.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts
Author: E. Cano,D. Lafuente
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN 10: 0128091452
ISBN 13: 9780128091456
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book Review:

This chapter reviews the applicability and specific uses of corrosion inhibitors in metal conservation practice. Corrosion inhibitors are one of the different methods used by conservation-restoration professionals to preserve metallic cultural heritage. In the first part, specific requirements and needs for corrosion inhibitors in conservation treatments are reviewed, as well as the different methods for the assessment of their efficiency. The second part of the chapter reviews the different inhibitors used by type of metals: copper and its alloys, iron and its alloys, and other metals (including silver, lead and zinc), from traditional ones to state-of-the-art treatments.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts
Author: P. Vassiliou,V. Gouda
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN 10: 0128091304
ISBN 13: 9780128091302
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book Review:

The use of silver in ancient civilisations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Ionia, Greece, Rome and China is presented. Principles of silver corrosion in different environments containing humidity, oxygen, carbonates, sulphur, chlorides, peroxides, ozone and UV, and the morphology of the corrosion layers are described. Cleaning, anti-tarnishing and protection methods are explained. Inhibitor hexadecanethiol (HDT) and a composite coating of Paraloid B-72 containing 2% nano-alumina pigment are tested on silver specimens with tarnished and corroded surfaces and found to be protective when exposed in sulphides and chloride environments in the laboratory, satisfying aesthetic and reversibility criteria.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts
Author: J. Tidblad
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN 10: 0128091223
ISBN 13: 9780128091227
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book Review:

This chapter focuses primarily on the common environmental aspects of atmospheric metal corrosion. The effects of climate and pollution on corrosion are reviewed across various timescales, from damage over millennia to the present situation, including short descriptions of the indoor environment and recent developments in international standardisation. The chapter concludes with two sections on future trends in air pollution and climate change.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts
Author: P. Letardi
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN 10: 0128091266
ISBN 13: 9780128091265
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book Review:

The basic principles of corrosion and electrochemistry are briefly summarised to indicate the capabilities of electrochemical techniques in diagnostic and conservation of heritage metals. The basic elements of each electrochemical measurement – cell, electrolyte, instrumentation – are schematically illustrated in the specific application to cultural heritage. The different measurement techniques are reviewed, divided into three groups: (1) potential measurements; (2) DC techniques; (3) AC techniques. The aims and fields of application are discussed, reporting several examples of specific applications in the field of cultural heritage.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts
Author: E. Angelini,S. Grassini,S. Tusa
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN 10: 0128091312
ISBN 13: 9780128091319
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book Review:

This chapter deals with the description of suitable and innovative solutions devoted to preserve metallic artefacts in their original contexts, underwater cultural heritage sites of archaeological and historical interest, as well as with the analysis of the degradation processes of ferrous and non-ferrous artefacts induced by contact with an aggressive environment such as sea water. The chapter also provides an overview of the most common conservation strategies applied to recovered artefacts.

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts
Author: D. Neff,S. Reguer,P. Dillmann
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2013-07-31
ISBN 10: 0128091231
ISBN 13: 9780128091234
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion and conservation of cultural heritage metallic artefacts Book Review:

This chapter introduces the techniques used when investigating corrosion layers formed on cultural heritage artefacts. Various multiscale analysis methods, from macroscopic to nanoscopic scales, are presented. Information on the morphology, the elementary composition and the crystalline structure that each method allows for determining the constituents of the corrosion layers is examined, as well as their limits in terms of set-up, spatial and detection resolution. This chapter discusses the characteristics of the scientific tools that can be used to understand corrosion phenomena, by taking into account the major parameters responsible for alteration mechanisms.

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts
Author: P Dillmann,G Beranger,P Piccardo,H Matthiessen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2014-01-23
ISBN 10: 1845693019
ISBN 13: 9781845693015
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts Book Review:

Understanding long term corrosion processes is critical in many areas, including archaeology and conservation. This important book reviews key themes such as the processes underlying corrosion over long periods, how corrosion rates can be measured and materials conserved. After an overview of the study and conservation of metal archaeological artefacts, a group of chapters reviews long term corrosion in metals such as steel, iron and bronze. Other chapters review the impact of environmental factors on corrosion rates. The book also considers instrumental techniques for measuring corrosion such as electrochemistry and scanning electron microscopy, as well as ways of modelling corrosion processes. There is also coverage of the effectiveness of corrosion inhibitors. With its distinguished editors and contributors, Corrosion of metallic heritage artefacts improves our understanding of long term corrosion and its effects. It provides a valuable reference for those involved in archaeology and conservation, as well as those dealing with the long term storage of nuclear and other waste. Reviews long term corrosion in metals such as steel, iron and bronze Considers instumental techniques such as electrochemistry for measuring corrosion

Conservation of Cultural Heritage

Conservation of Cultural Heritage
Author: Hanna M. Szczepanowska
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 317
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 0415674743
ISBN 13: 9780415674744
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Conservation of Cultural Heritage Book Review:

"Conservation of Cultural Heritage covers the methods and practices needed for future museum professionals who will be working in various capacities with museum collections and artefacts. It also assists current professionals in understanding the complex decision making processes that faces conservators on a daily basis. Covering a broad range of topics that are key to sound conservation in the museum, this volume is an important tool for students and professional alike in ensuring that best practice is followed in the preservation of important collections"--

Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage

Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage
Author: Miguel Angel Rogerio-Candelera,Massimo Lazzari,Emilio Cano
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 446
Release: 2013-10-01
ISBN 10: 1138000094
ISBN 13: 9781138000094
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage Book Review:

From 2nd to 5th October 2012 an International Congress on Science and Technology for the conservation of Cultural Heritage was held in Santiago de Compostela, Spain, organized by the Universidade of Santiago de Compostela on behalf of TechnoHeritage Network. The congress was attended by some 160 participants from 10 countries, which presented a total of 145 contributions among plenary lectures, oral, and poster communications. The congress was dedicated to eight topics, namely (1) Environmental assessment and monitoring (pollution, climate change, natural events, etc.) of Cultural Heritage; (2) Agents and mechanisms of deterioration of Cultural Heritage (physical, chemical, biological), including deterioration of modern materials used in Contemporary Art and information storage; (3) Development of new instruments, non invasive technologies and innovative solutions for analysis, protection and conservation of Cultural Heritage; (4) New products and materials for conservation and maintenance of Cultural Heritage; (5) Preservation of industrial and rural heritage from the 19th and 20th centuries; (6) Security technologies, Remote sensing and Geographical Information Systems for protection and management of Cultural Heritage; (7) Significance and social value of Cultural Heritage; and (8) Policies for conservation of Cultural Heritage. This volume publishes a total of ninety-three contributions which reflect some of the most recent responses to the challenge of cultural assets conservation.

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts
Author: P Dillmann,G Beranger,P Piccardo,H Matthiessen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2014-01-23
ISBN 10: 1845693019
ISBN 13: 9781845693015
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion of Metallic Heritage Artefacts Book Review:

Understanding long term corrosion processes is critical in many areas, including archaeology and conservation. This important book reviews key themes such as the processes underlying corrosion over long periods, how corrosion rates can be measured and materials conserved. After an overview of the study and conservation of metal archaeological artefacts, a group of chapters reviews long term corrosion in metals such as steel, iron and bronze. Other chapters review the impact of environmental factors on corrosion rates. The book also considers instrumental techniques for measuring corrosion such as electrochemistry and scanning electron microscopy, as well as ways of modelling corrosion processes. There is also coverage of the effectiveness of corrosion inhibitors. With its distinguished editors and contributors, Corrosion of metallic heritage artefacts improves our understanding of long term corrosion and its effects. It provides a valuable reference for those involved in archaeology and conservation, as well as those dealing with the long term storage of nuclear and other waste. Reviews long term corrosion in metals such as steel, iron and bronze Considers instumental techniques such as electrochemistry for measuring corrosion

Manual for Activities Directed at Underwater Cultural Heritage

Manual for Activities Directed at Underwater Cultural Heritage
Author: Thijs J. Maarleveld,Ulrike Guérin,Barbara Egger
Publsiher: UNESCO
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 9230011223
ISBN 13: 9789230011222
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Manual for Activities Directed at Underwater Cultural Heritage Book Review:

Neutron Methods for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage

Neutron Methods for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage
Author: Nikolay Kardjilov,Giulia Festa
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 349
Release: 2016-12-15
ISBN 10: 3319331639
ISBN 13: 9783319331638
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neutron Methods for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Book Review:

This book provides an extensive overview of the application of neutron characterization techniques in cultural heritage to a broad audience and will be of interest to both scientists and non-scientists in the field. Archaeologists, paleontologists, restaurateurs and conservators, historians and collectors will be fascinated by the wealth of information that can be obtained using neutron techniques, while material scientists and engineers will find details of the experimental techniques and materials properties that can be determined. Neutrons, due to their weak interactions with materials, provide a penetrating, but non-invasive probe of bulk properties. They allow the characterization of the composition and mechanical properties of materials, helping to answer questions related to the dating, the manufacturing process or the state of degradation of artefacts. They allow detailed interrogation of the internal structures of objects that may be otherwise hidden from view. The first section of the book is dedicated to stories describing spectacular discoveries brought about by the use of neutron techniques in a range of applications. The second section covers the experimental techniques in appropriate detail: basic principles, limitations and fields of application.

Science and Conservation for Museum Collection

Science and Conservation for Museum Collection
Author: Bruno Fabbri
Publsiher: Nardini Editore
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2017-06-06
ISBN 10: 8840442189
ISBN 13: 9788840442181
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Science and Conservation for Museum Collection Book Review:

The idea of the book “Science and Conservation for Museum Collections” was born as a result of the experience made by CNR-ISTEC (Faenza) in the implementation of a course for Syrian restorers at the National Museum in Damascus. The book takes into consideration archaeological artefacts made out of the most common materials, like stones (both natural and artificial), mosaics, ceramics, glass, metals, wood and textiles, together with less diffuse artefacts and materials, like clay tablets, goldsmith artefacts, icons, leather and skin objects, bones and ivory, coral and mother of pearl. Each type of material is treated from four different points of view: composition and processing technology; alteration and degradation causes and mechanisms; procedures for conservative intervention; case studies and/or examples of conservation and restoration. Due to the high number of materials and to the great difference between their conservation problems, all the subjects are treated in a schematic, but precise and complete way. The book is mainly addressed to students, young restorers, conservators and conservation scientists all around the world. But the book can be usefully read by expert professionals too, because nobody can know everything and the experts often need to learn something of the materials not included in their specific knowledge. Twenty- two experts in very different fields of activity contributed with their experience for obtaining a good product. All they are Italian experts, or working in Italy, so that the book can be seen as an exemplification on how the conservation problem of Cultural Heritage is received and tackled in Italy. —————————————————— SCIENCE AND CONSERVATION FOR MUSEUM COLLECTIONS INTRODUCTION 1 – PREVENTIVE CONSERVATION 1.1 Introduction 1.2 International standards and guidelines 1.3 Environment-material interaction 1.4 Microclimate and monitoring 1.5 Handling works of art 1.6 Exhibition criteria 1.7 MUSA project: intermuseum network for conservation of artistic heritage Bibliography Acknowledgements 2 – STONE ARTEFACTS 2.1 What conservation means 2.2 Natural Stones 2.3 Artificial stones 2.4 Deterioration of the stone 2.5 Cleaning of stone artefacts 2.6 Consolidation and Protection 2.7 Case studies Bibliography 3 – MOSAICS 3.1 Manufacturing techniques 3.2 History of the mosaic 3.3 Degradation of mosaic 3.4 Restoration of mosaics 3.5 Case study Bibliography 4 – CERAMICS 4.1 Ceramic technology 4.2 Technological classification of ceramics 4.3 Alteration and degradation processes 4.4 Ceramic conservation and restoration 4.5 Case studies 4.6 Examples of restoration Bibliography Acknowledgements 5 – CLAY TABLETS 5.1 Defnition 5.2 Deterioration 5.3 Conservative intervention 5.4 Case study: Syrian tablets Bibliography Acknowledgements 6 – GLASS 6.1 General information 6.2 Processing techniques 6.3 Glass deterioration 6.4 Glass conservation and restoration 6.5 Case studies Bibliography Acknowledgements 7 – METALS 7.1 Origin of metals 7.2 Manufacturing techniques 7.3 Conservation state of metals 7.4 Conservative intervention for metals 7.5 Case studies: Recovery of metallic artefacts from terracotta containers Bibliography Acknowledgements 8 – GOLDSMITH ARTEFACTS 8.1 Goldsmith’s metals 8.2 Enamels 8.3 Precious stones 8.4 Alteration and degradation 8.5 Conservative intervention 8.6 Case studies Bibliography 9 – WOOD ARTEFACTS 9.1 Characteristics of the wood 9.2 Working techniques 9.3 Degradation of wood 9.4 How to start restoring 9.5 Restoration of a small inlaid table 9.6 Restoration of a commemorating wooden tablet 9.7 The restoration of a seventeenth-century wooden crucifix Bibliography 10 – ICONS 10.1 The construction of icons 10.2 Degradation and damages of icons 10.3 Methods of conservation and restoration of icons 10.4 Examples of conservative interventions Bibliography 11 – TEXTILE FINDS 11.1 Morphology, characteristics and properties of textiles 11.2 Decay of textile fibres 11.3 Conservation treatments of archaeological textiles 11.4 Conservation practice: two case histories Bibliography Acknowledgements 12 – LEATHER AND ANIMAL SKIN OBJECTS 12.1 Introduction 12.2 Skin 12.3 The tanning process 12.4 Parchment 12.5 Leather degradation 12.6 Conservative intervention 12.7 Examples of conservative interventions Bibliography 13 – INORGANIC MATERIALS OF ORGANIC ORIGIN 13.1 The materials 13.2 The restoration operations 13.3 Cases of study Bibliography Acknowledgements 14 – ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES 14.1 General information 14.2 Optical microscopy 14.3 Spectroscopic techniques 14.4 Radiochemical techniques 14.5 Chromatography 14.6 Electron microscopy 14.7 Thermal analyses 14.8 Open porosity measurements 14.9 Analysis of microbial colonization Bibliography Acknowledgements

Modern Metals in Cultural Heritage

Modern Metals in Cultural Heritage
Author: Virginia Costa
Publsiher: Getty Publications
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2019-07-16
ISBN 10: 1606066056
ISBN 13: 9781606066058
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modern Metals in Cultural Heritage Book Review:

This practical guide provides artists, conservators, curators, and other heritage professionals with tools for understanding, evaluating, and approaching the care and treatment of modern metals. The proliferation of new metals—such as stainless steels, aluminum alloys, and metallic coatings—in modern and contemporary art and architecture has made the need for professionals who can address their conservation more critical than ever. This volume seeks to bridge the gap between the vast technical literature on metals and the pressing needs of conservators, curators, and other heritage professionals without a metallurgy background. It offers practical information in a simple and direct way, enabling curators, conservators, and artists alike to understand and evaluate the objects under their care. This invaluable reference reframes information formerly found only in specialized technical and industrial publications for the context of cultural heritage conservation. As the first book to address the properties, testing, and maintenance issues of the hundreds of metals and alloys available since the beginning of the twentieth century, it is destined to become an essential resource for conservators, artists, fabricators, curators, collectors, and anyone working with modern metals.

Atmospheric Corrosion

Atmospheric Corrosion
Author: Christofer Leygraf,Inger Odnevall Wallinder,Johan Tidblad,Thomas Graedel
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2016-06-07
ISBN 10: 1118762347
ISBN 13: 9781118762349
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atmospheric Corrosion Book Review:

Presents a comprehensive look at atmospheric corrosion, combining expertise in corrosion science and atmospheric chemistry Is an invaluable resource for corrosion scientists, corrosion engineers, and anyone interested in the theory and application of Atmospheric Corrosion Updates and expands topics covered to include, international exposure programs and the environmental effects of atmospheric corrosion Covers basic principles and theory of atmospheric corrosion chemistry as well as corrosion mechanisms in controlled and uncontrolled environments Details degradation of materials in architectural and structural applications, electronic devices, and cultural artifacts Includes appendices with data on specific materials, experimental techniques, atmospheric species

Digital Techniques for Documenting and Preserving Cultural Heritage

Digital Techniques for Documenting and Preserving Cultural Heritage
Author: Anna Bentkowska-Kafel,Lindsay MacDonald
Publsiher: ISD LLC
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2018-01-08
ISBN 10: 1942401353
ISBN 13: 9781942401353
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Digital Techniques for Documenting and Preserving Cultural Heritage Book Review:

This collection presents a wide range of interdisciplinary methods to study, document, and conserve material cultural heritage. A wide variety of cultural heritage objects have been recorded, examined, and visualised. The objects range in date, scale, materials, and state of preservation and so pose different research questions and challenges for digitization, conservation, and ontological representation of knowledge. This book is an outcome of interdisciplinary research and debates conducted by the participants of the COST Action TD1201, Colour and Space in Cultural Heritage, 2012-16 and is an Open Access publication available under a CC BY-NC-ND licence.

Proceedings of the 9th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone

Proceedings of the 9th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone
Author: V. Fassina
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1644
Release: 2000-06-13
ISBN 10: 9780080530338
ISBN 13: 0080530338
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the 9th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone Book Review:

The conservation of historic monuments, sites and structures constitutes an inter-professional discipline co-ordinating a range of aesthetic historic, scientific and technical methods. Conservation is a rapidly developing field, which, by its true nature, is a multidisciplinary activity with experts respecting one another's contributions and combining to form an effective team. Conservation is an artistic activity aided by scientific and historical knowledge. Main topics at this Congress included: - the most appropriate methodology for the assessment of the degree of weathering of stone - development of new methods and instruments for the diagnosis of the state of conservation, for the study of alteration mechanisms and for conservation treatments. - the definition of Technical European Standard Methods for the evaluation of conservation treatments of artistic and historic stone objects and monuments.

10th International Symposium on the Conservation of Monuments in the Mediterranean Basin

10th International Symposium on the Conservation of Monuments in the Mediterranean Basin
Author: Maria Koui,Fulvio Zezza,Dimitrios Kouis
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 705
Release: 2018-11-30
ISBN 10: 331978093X
ISBN 13: 9783319780931
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

10th International Symposium on the Conservation of Monuments in the Mediterranean Basin Book Review:

This book addresses physical, chemical, and biological methods for the preservation of ancient artifacts. Advanced materials are required to preserve the Mediterranean belt's historic, artistic and archaeological relics against weathering, pollution, natural risks and anthropogenic hazards. Based upon the 10th International Symposium on the Conservation of Monuments in the Mediterranean Basin, this book provides a forum for international engineers, architects, archaeologists, conservators, geologists, art historians and scientists in the fields of physics, chemistry and biology to discuss principles, methods, and solutions for the preservation of global historical artifacts.