Self Organisation and Evolution of Biological and Social Systems

Self Organisation and Evolution of Biological and Social Systems
Author: Charlotte Hemelrijk
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2005-09-29
ISBN 10: 9781139446198
ISBN 13: 1139446193
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Self Organisation and Evolution of Biological and Social Systems Book Review:

Self-organisation of social systems can be observed at all levels of biological complexity, from cells to organisms and communities. Although individuals are governed by simple rules, their interactions with each other and their environment leads to complex patterns. Self-Organisation and Evolution of Social Systems investigates a broad spectrum of social systems ranging from those of simple single-celled organisms to those of very complex ones, such as humans. It examines groups of all sizes, from small as in certain species of primates, to very large as in some species of fish and social insects. This book deals with numerous aspects of their social organisation, including group formation, task-division, foraging, dominance interactions, infant protection, language and voting. It is recommended reading for all academic researchers and professionals interested in this fascinating field.

The Evolution of Cooperation

The Evolution of Cooperation
Author: Robert Axelrod
Publsiher: Basic Books
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2009-04-29
ISBN 10: 0786734884
ISBN 13: 9780786734887
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Evolution of Cooperation Book Review:

The Evolution of Cooperation provides valuable insights into the age-old question of whether unforced cooperation is ever possible. Widely praised and much-discussed, this classic book explores how cooperation can emerge in a world of self-seeking egoists-whether superpowers, businesses, or individuals-when there is no central authority to police their actions. The problem of cooperation is central to many different fields. Robert Axelrod recounts the famous computer tournaments in which the "cooperative” program Tit for Tat recorded its stunning victories, explains its application to a broad spectrum of subjects, and suggests how readers can both apply cooperative principles to their own lives and teach cooperative principles to others.

Modeling Complexity in Economic and Social Systems

Modeling Complexity in Economic and Social Systems
Author: Frank Schweitzer
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2002-12-09
ISBN 10: 9814488356
ISBN 13: 9789814488358
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modeling Complexity in Economic and Social Systems Book Review:

Economics and the social sciences are, in fact, the “hard” sciences, as Herbert Simon argued, because the complexity of the problems dealt with cannot simply be reduced to analytically solvable models or decomposed into separate subprocesses. Nevertheless, in recent years, the emerging interdisciplinary “sciences of complexity” have provided new methods and tools for tackling these problems, ranging from complex data analysis to sophisticated computer simulations. In particular, advanced methods developed in the natural sciences have recently also been applied to social and economic problems. The twenty-one chapters of this book reflect this modern development from various modeling perspectives (such as agent-based models, evolutionary game theory, reinforcement learning and neural network techniques, time series analysis, non-equilibrium macroscopic dynamics) and for a broad range of socio-economic applications (market dynamics, technological evolution, spatial dynamics and economic growth, decision processes, and agent societies). They jointly demonstrate a shift of perspective in economics and the social sciences that is allowing a new outlook in this field to emerge. Contents:Market Dynamics:Trading Behavior and Excess Volatility in Toy Markets (M Marsili & D Challet)Percolation Models of Financial Market Dynamics (D Stauffer)Electrodynamical Model of Quasi-Efficient Financial Markets (K N Ilinski & A S Stepanenko)Multi-Agent Market Modeling of Foreign Exchange Rates (G Zimmermann et al.)Forecasting Price Increments Using an Artificial Neural Network (F Castiglione)Spectral Regularization, Data Complexity and Agent Behavior (A Ilyinsky)Technological Evolution:Dynamics of Economic and Technological Search Processes in Complex Adaptive Landscapes (W Ebeling et al.)New Results in a Self-Organized Model of Technological Evolution (A Arenas et al.)Firms' Decision-Making Process in an Evolutionary Model of Industrial Dynamics (W Kwasnicki)Spatial Dynamics and Economic Growth:Modelling Migration and Economic Agglomeration with Active Brownian Particles (F Schweitzer)The Evolution of Industrial Clusters — Simulating Spatial Dynamics (T Brenner & N Weigelt)The Growth Dynamics of German Business Firms (J Voit)A Dynamic Theory of a Firm: An Application of ‘Economic Forces’ (M Estola)Decision Processes:Adaptive Platform Dynamics in Multi-Party Spatial Voting (B M R Stadler)Subtle Nonlinearity in Popular Album Charts (R A Bentley & H D G Maschner)Dynamical Aspects in the Adoption of Agri-Environmental Measures (G Weisbuch & G Boudjema)Collective Choice and Mutual Knowledge Structures (D Richards et al.)Agent Societies:Evolutionary Study of Interethnic Co-Operation (V Kvasnicka & J Pospichal)Coalition Factor in the Evolution of Non-Kin Altruism (J-L Dessalles)Optimal Payoff Functions for Members of Collectives (D H Wolpert & K Tumer)A Day at the Beach: Human Agents Self-Organizing on the Sand Pile (H Ishii et al.) Readership: Researchers in the field of complex system science, economists, sociologists, physicists with an interdisciplinary focus, graduates, and professionals. Keywords:

Levels of Integration in Biological and Social Systems

Levels of Integration in Biological and Social Systems
Author: Robert Redfield
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 240
Release: 1942
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112048399734
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Levels of Integration in Biological and Social Systems Book Review:

Understanding Autonomous Cooperation and Control in Logistics

Understanding Autonomous Cooperation and Control in Logistics
Author: Michael Hülsmann,Katja Windt
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 417
Release: 2007-06-30
ISBN 10: 3540474501
ISBN 13: 9783540474500
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding Autonomous Cooperation and Control in Logistics Book Review:

One of the great challenges in flexible production and supply chains is the availability of necessary information at any time and place. Autonomous logistics processes can bring about fast and flexible adaptations to change. This book identifies autonomous logistics processes and details how they differ from conventionally managed processes. Coverage also describes the changes that autonomy will cause in order processing.

Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research 2011 Edition

Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research  2011 Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ScholarlyEditions
Total Pages: 5106
Release: 2012-01-09
ISBN 10: 1464963355
ISBN 13: 9781464963353
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research 2011 Edition Book Review:

Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biological and Life Sciences Research. The editors have built Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biological and Life Sciences Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biological and Life Sciences Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Animal Social Networks

Animal Social Networks
Author: Jens Krause,Richard James,Daniel W. Franks,Darren P. Croft
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2014-11-27
ISBN 10: 0199679053
ISBN 13: 9780199679058
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Animal Social Networks Book Review:

The scientific study of networks - computer, social, and biological - has received an enormous amount of interest in recent years. However, the network approach has been applied to the field of animal behaviour relatively late compared to many other biological disciplines. Understanding social network structure is of great importance for biologists since the structural characteristics of any network will affect its constituent members and influence a range of diverse behaviours. These include finding and choosing a sexual partner, developing and maintaining cooperative relationships, and engaging in foraging and anti-predator behavior. This novel text provides an overview of the insights that network analysis has provided into major biological processes, and how it has enhanced our understanding of the social organisation of several important taxonomic groups. It brings together researchers from a wide range of disciplines with the aim of providing both an overview of the power of the network approach for understanding patterns and process in animal populations, as well as outlining how current methodological constraints and challenges can be overcome. Animal Social Networks is principally aimed at graduate level students and researchers in the fields of ecology, zoology, animal behaviour, and evolutionary biology but will also be of interest to social scientists.

Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems

Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems
Author: Martin Thiel
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 502
Release: 2007-09-06
ISBN 10: 0195179927
ISBN 13: 9780195179927
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems Book Review:

The Crustacea represents one of the dominant invertebrate groups, displaying staggering diversity in form and function, and spanning the full spectrum of earths environments. This book synthesizes recent advances in understanding the fascinating social and sexual adaptations of crustaceans to these disparate environments, and their broader implications for evolutionary ecology.

Indian Ocean Histories

Indian Ocean Histories
Author: Rila Mukherjee,Radhika Seshan
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2019-09-05
ISBN 10: 100064989X
ISBN 13: 9781000649895
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Indian Ocean Histories Book Review:

This book offers a global history of the Indian Ocean and focuses on a holistic perspective of the worlds of water. It builds on maritime historian Michael Naylor Pearson’s works, his unorthodox approach and strong influence on the study of the Indian Ocean in viewing the oceanic space as replete with human experiences and not as an artefact of empire or as the theatre of European commercial and imperial transits focused only on trade. This interdisciplinary volume presents several ways of writing the history of the Indian Ocean. The chapters explore the changing nature of Indian Ocean history through diverse themes, including state and capital, regional identities, maritime networking, South Asian immigrants, Bay of Bengal linkages, the East India Company, Indian seamen, formal and informal collaboration in imperial networking, scientific transfers, pearling, the issues of colonial copyright, customs, excise and port cities. The volume will be useful to scholars and researchers of global history, modern history, maritime history, medieval history, Indian history, colonial history and world history.

Pamphlets on Biology

Pamphlets on Biology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1897
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCAL:B3069843
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pamphlets on Biology Book Review:

Advances in Artificial Life

Advances in Artificial Life
Author: Mathieu Capcarrere,Alex A. Freitas,Peter J. Bentley,Colin G. Johnson,Jon Timmis
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 949
Release: 2005-08-29
ISBN 10: 3540288481
ISBN 13: 9783540288480
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Artificial Life Book Review:

TheArti?cialLifetermappearedmorethan20yearsagoinasmallcornerofNew Mexico, USA. Since then the area has developed dramatically, many researchers joining enthusiastically and research groups sprouting everywhere. This frenetic activity led to the emergence of several strands that are now established ?elds in themselves. We are now reaching a stage that one may describe as maturer: with more rigour, more benchmarks, more results, more stringent acceptance criteria, more applications, in brief, more sound science. This, which is the n- ural path of all new areas, comes at a price, however. A certain enthusiasm, a certain adventurousness from the early years is fading and may have been lost on the way. The ?eld has become more reasonable. To counterbalance this and to encourage lively discussions, a conceptual track, where papers were judged on criteria like importance and/or novelty of the concepts proposed rather than the experimental/theoretical results, has been introduced this year. A conference on a theme as broad as Arti?cial Life is bound to be very - verse,but a few tendencies emerged. First, ?elds like ‘Robotics and Autonomous Agents’ or ‘Evolutionary Computation’ are still extremely active and keep on bringing a wealth of results to the A-Life community. Even there, however, new tendencies appear, like collective robotics, and more speci?cally self-assembling robotics, which represent now a large subsection. Second, new areas appear.

Out Of Control

Out Of Control
Author: Kevin Kelly
Publsiher: Basic Books
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2009-04-30
ISBN 10: 078674703X
ISBN 13: 9780786747030
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Out Of Control Book Review:

Out of Control chronicles the dawn of a new era in which the machines and systems that drive our economy are so complex and autonomous as to be indistinguishable from living things.

Cooperation in Primates and Humans

Cooperation in Primates and Humans
Author: Peter M. Kappeler,Carel P. van Schaik
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 349
Release: 2005-11-29
ISBN 10: 9783540283744
ISBN 13: 3540283749
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cooperation in Primates and Humans Book Review:

Cooperative behaviour has been one of the enigmas of evolutionary theory. This book examines the many facets of cooperative behaviour in primates and humans. It bridges the gap between parallel research in primatology and studies of humans, and highlights both common principles and aspects of human uniqueness, with respect to cooperative behaviour.

Proceedings UNEP and IUFRO International Workshop in Cooperation with FAO on Developing Large Environmental Data Bases for Sustainable Development United Nations Avenue Nairobi Kenya 14 16 July 1994

Proceedings  UNEP and IUFRO International Workshop in Cooperation with FAO on Developing Large Environmental Data Bases for Sustainable Development  United Nations Avenue  Nairobi  Kenya  14 16 July 1994
Author: Ashbindu Singh
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 380
Release: 1994
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: MINN:31951D00905962H
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings UNEP and IUFRO International Workshop in Cooperation with FAO on Developing Large Environmental Data Bases for Sustainable Development United Nations Avenue Nairobi Kenya 14 16 July 1994 Book Review:

The Biology of Moral Systems

The Biology of Moral Systems
Author: Richard D. Alexander
Publsiher: Transaction Publishers
Total Pages: 301
Release: 1987
ISBN 10: 9780202369488
ISBN 13: 020236948X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Biology of Moral Systems Book Review:

Despite wide acceptance that the attributes of living creatures have appeared through a cumulative evolutionary process guided chiefly by natural selection, many human activities have seemed analytically inaccessible through such an approach. Prominent evolutionary biologists, for example, have described morality as contrary to the direction of biological evolution, and moral philosophers rarely regard evolution as relevant to their discussions. The Biology of Moral Systems adopts the position that moral questions arise out of conflicts of interest, and that moral systems are ways of using confluences of interest at lower levels of social organization to deal with conflicts of interest at higher levels. Moral systems are described as systems of indirect reciprocity: humans gain and lose socially and reproductively not only by direct transactions, but also by the reputations they gain from the everyday flow of social interactions. The author develops a general theory of human interests, using senescence and effort theory from biology, to help analyze the patterning of human lifetimes. He argues that the ultimate interests of humans are reproductive, and that the concept of morality has arisen within groups because of its contribution to unity in the context, ultimately, of success in intergroup competition. He contends that morality is not easily relatable to universals, and he carries this argument into a discussion of what he calls the greatest of all moral problems, the nuclear arms race. "Crammed with sage observations on moral dilemmas and many reasons why an understanding of evolution based on natural selection will advance thinking in finding practical solutions to our most difficult social problems." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social SciencesRichard D. Alexander is Donald Ward Tinkle Professor of Evolutionary Biology, Department of Biology, and Curator of Insects, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan. A recipient of numerous awards, Dr. Alexander is the author of Darwinism and Human Affairs.

Management

Management
Author: Harold Koontz,Cyril O'Donnell,Heinz Weihrich
Publsiher: McGraw-Hill Companies
Total Pages: 895
Release: 1980
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015001649840
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Management Book Review:

Advancing Social Simulation The First World Congress

Advancing Social Simulation  The First World Congress
Author: Shingo Takahashi,David Sallach,Juliette Rouchier
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2008-01-08
ISBN 10: 9784431731672
ISBN 13: 4431731679
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advancing Social Simulation The First World Congress Book Review:

Bringing together diverse approaches to social simulation and research agendas, this book presents a unique collection of contributions from the First World Congress on Social Simulation, held in 2006 in Kyoto, Japan. The work emerged from the collaboration of the Pacific Asian Association for Agent-Based Approach in Social Systems Sciences, the North American Association for Computational Social and Organizational Science, and the European Social Simulation Association.

Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology

Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology
Author: Louise Barrett
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 706
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 9780198568308
ISBN 13: 0198568304
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology Book Review:

With contributions from over 50 experts in the field, this book provides an overview of the latest developments in evolutionary psychology. In addition to well studied areas of investigation, it also includes chapters on the philosophical underpinnings of evolutionary psychology, comparative perspectives from other species, and more.

Darwin Competition Cooperation

Darwin  Competition   Cooperation
Author: Ashley Montagu
Publsiher: Greenwood
Total Pages: 148
Release: 1973
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822013312947
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Darwin Competition Cooperation Book Review:

Ce rapport s'efforce de dissiper les ides fausses qui ont la vie dure en ce qui concerne les maladies cardiovasculaires, les accidents vasculaires crbraux, le cancer et d'autres maladies chroniques et qui ont conduit les dirigeants ne pas se proccuper de cette menace mondiale. En ralit 80% des 35 millions de dcs lis des maladies chroniques qui seront enregistrs cette anne se produiront dans des pays revenu faible ou intermdiaire dans lesquels les hommes et les femmes touchs par ces maladies en meurent plus jeunes que dans les pays revenu lev. Dans les dix prochaines annes, les dcs prmaturs devraient coter des milliards de dollars des pays tels que la Chine, l'Inde et la Fdration de Russie. Mais cette publication donne surtout des conseils pratiques pour rduire la mortalit et amliorer la vie de millions de personnes. Chaque pays quel que soit son niveau de revenu peut accomplir des progrs significatifs dans la prvention et la matrise des maladies chroniques. Une instance dirigeante et des interventions efficaces et peu coteuses peuvent s'avrer suffisantes cet effet.

The SAGE Handbook of Nonverbal Communication

The SAGE Handbook of Nonverbal Communication
Author: Valerie Manusov,Miles L. Patterson
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 587
Release: 2006-08-10
ISBN 10: 9781412904049
ISBN 13: 1412904048
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The SAGE Handbook of Nonverbal Communication Book Review:

This Handbook provides an up-to-date discussion of the central issues in nonverbal communication and examines the research that informs these issues. Editors Valerie Manusov and Miles Patterson bring together preeminent scholars, from a range of disciplines, to reveal the strength of nonverbal behavior as an integral part of communication.