Context Effects on Embodied Representation of Language Concepts

Context Effects on Embodied Representation of Language Concepts
Author: Jie Yang
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 28
Release: 2013-03-20
ISBN 10: 012407930X
ISBN 13: 9780124079304
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Context Effects on Embodied Representation of Language Concepts Book Review:

Embodied theories claim that semantic representations are grounded in sensorimotor systems, but the contribution of sensorimotor brain areas in representing meaning is still controversial. One current debate is whether activity in sensorimotor areas during language comprehension is automatic. Numerous neuroimaging studies reveal activity in perception and action areas during semantic processing that is automatic and independent of context, but increasing findings show that involvement of sensorimotor areas and the connectivity between word-form areas and sensorimotor areas can be modulated by contextual information. Context Effects on Embodied Representation of Language Concepts focuses on these findings and discusses the influences from word, phrase, and sentential contexts that emphasize either dominant conceptual features or non-dominant conceptual features. Reviews the findings about contextual modularity Clarifies the invariant and flexible features of embodied lexical-semantic processing

Conceptual and Interactive Embodiment

Conceptual and Interactive Embodiment
Author: Martin H. Fischer,Yann Coello
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2015-12-22
ISBN 10: 1317616723
ISBN 13: 9781317616726
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Conceptual and Interactive Embodiment Book Review:

This two-volume set provides a comprehensive overview of the multidisciplinary field of Embodied Cognition. With contributions from internationally acknowledged researchers from a variety of fields, Foundations of Embodied Cognition reveals how intelligent behaviour emerges from the interplay between brain, body and environment. Drawing on the most recent theoretical and empirical findings in embodied cognition, Volume 2 Conceptual and Interactive Embodiment is divided into four distinct parts, bringing together a number of influential perspectives and new ideas. Part one introduces the field of embodied language processing, before part two presents recent developments in our understanding of embodied conceptual understanding. The final two parts look at the applied nature of embodied cognition, exploring the embodied nature of social co-ordination as well as the emerging field of artificial embodiment. Building on the idea that knowledge acquisition, retention and retrieval are intimately interconnected with sensory and motor processes, Foundations of Embodied Cognition is a landmark publication in the field. It will be of great interest to researchers and advanced students from across the cognitive sciences, including those specialising in psychology, neuroscience, intelligent systems and robotics, philosophy, linguistics and anthropology.

What can we make of theories of embodiment and the role of the human mirror neuron system

What can we make of theories of embodiment and the role of the human mirror neuron system
Author: Analia Arevalo,Juliana Baldo,Fernando González-Perilli, Agustin Ibanez
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2016-03-09
ISBN 10: 2889197611
ISBN 13: 9782889197613
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

What can we make of theories of embodiment and the role of the human mirror neuron system Book Review:

In recent years, work surrounding theories of embodiment and the role of the putative mirror neuron system (MNS) in humans has gained considerable attention. If humans have developed a network of neurons that fire in response to other beings’ actions, as has been shown in macaques, this system could have vast implications for all kinds of cognitive processes unique to humans, such as language, learning, empathy and communication in general. The goal of tapping into and understanding such a system is a fascinating yet challenging one. One form of embodiment -- embodied linguistics -- suggests that the way we process linguistic information is linked to our physical experience of the concept conveyed by each word. The interaction between these cognitive systems (i.e., language and motor processing) may occur thanks to the firing of neurons making up the MNS. The possible interdependence between different cognitive systems has implications for healthy as well as pathological profiles, and in fact, work in recent years has also explored the role of ‘embodiment’ and/or the MNS in clinical populations such as stroke, Parkinson’s Disease, Alzheimer’s Disease, and Autism, among others. Research on embodiment and/or the MNS has been approached with a number of different methodologies, but the results obtained with these different methodologies have not been entirely consistent, generating doubts regarding the theories. The question has been raised as to what this line of inquiry can gain from the types of evidence contributed by functional neuroimaging methods carried out with healthy volunteers versus behavioral or lesion-symptom mapping methods employed with neurologically-compromised individuals. Of particular interest are the clinical applications of this line of research. If indeed a system exists which reflects a tight link between, for example, the human language and motor systems, then the obvious challenge is to tap into this system to create useful therapies that can provide rehabilitation where damage has occurred. This Research Topic brought together work conducted with healthy and patient populations using several behavioral and imaging techniques, as well as insightful commentaries and opinion pieces. We believe the combined work of the participating authors is an important contribution to this intriguing line of research and an excellent point of reference for future work.

Embodied and grounded cognition

Embodied and grounded cognition
Author: Anna Borghi,Diane Pecher
Publsiher: Frontiers E-books
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2012-01-01
ISBN 10: 2889190137
ISBN 13: 9782889190133
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Embodied and grounded cognition Book Review:

In the last 10-15 years, the "embodied" and "grounded" cognition approach has become widespread in all fields related to cognitive science, such as cognitive and social psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, anthropology, computational modelling and robotics. According to this approach, our cognitive activity is grounded in sensory-motor processes and situated in specific contexts and situations. Therefore, in this view, concepts consist of the reactivation of the same neural pattern that is present when we perceive and/or interact with the objects they refer to. In the same way, understanding language would imply forming a mental simulation of what is linguistically described. This simulation would entail the recruitment of the same neurons that are activated when actually acting or perceiving the situation, action, emotion, object or entity described by language. In the last years a lot of evidence has been collected in favour of EC and GC view. The aim of this Research Topic is twofold. First, it intends to give an idea of the field of embodied and grounded cognition in its broadness. We therefore intend to invite scientists of different disciplines (anthropology, philosophy, linguistics, cognitive and social psychology, neuroscience, computer science) to submit their proposals. The second aim of this Research Topicis to focus on some challenges that in our opinion embodied and grounded theories of cognition need to face. First, we believe that one important challenge for EC and GC views is to account for the way the so-called "abstract concepts" and abstract words are represented. Evidence on the representation of concrete concepts and words is compelling, whereas evidence on abstract concepts representation is still too scarce and limited to restricted domains. We therefore welcome proposals dealing with this complex issue. Second, we think that embodied and grounded theories of cognition would need to formulate more precise hypotheses, and that in general within the field a larger theoretical effort should be made. It is striking that, even if a lot of work in the field of computational modelling and robotics starts from an embodied approach, experimental and modelling work on embodied cognition remain somehow separate. We therefore invite researchers to submit papers proposing models which might help to explain phenomena as well as to constrain and specify in more detail the predictions and the claims advanced within the framework of EC and GC theories.

Semantic Cognition

Semantic Cognition
Author: Timothy T. Rogers,James L. McClelland,Professor of Psychology and Director of the Center for Mind Brain and Computation James L McClelland
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 425
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9780262182393
ISBN 13: 0262182394
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Semantic Cognition Book Review:

A mechanistic theory of the representation and use of semantic knowledge that uses distributed connectionist networks as a starting point for a psychological theory of semantic cognition.

Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts

Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2009-04
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015079593185
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts Book Review:

Symbols and Embodiment

Symbols and Embodiment
Author: Manuel de Vega,Arthur M. Glenberg,Arthur C. Graesser
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 445
Release: 2008
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015082767222
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Symbols and Embodiment Book Review:

Some cognitive scientists think the mind works like a computer, involving programs composed of abstract and arbitrary symbols. Others think cognition is embodied - based on perceptual and emotional experience. This book is a rare collaboration between scientists holding both viewpoints, in an attempt to better understand the mind.

Imagined Communities

Imagined Communities
Author: Benedict Anderson
Publsiher: Verso
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2006-11-17
ISBN 10: 1844670864
ISBN 13: 9781844670864
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Imagined Communities Book Review:

The definitive, bestselling book on the origins and development of nationalism...

The Implications of Embodiment

The Implications of Embodiment
Author: Wolfgang Tschacher,Claudia Bergomi
Publsiher: Andrews UK Limited
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2015-10-27
ISBN 10: 184540551X
ISBN 13: 9781845405519
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Implications of Embodiment Book Review:

This edited volume is scientifically based, but readable for a larger audience, covering the concept of "embodied cognition" and its implications from a transdisciplinary angle. The contributions are from the fields of psychology, computer science, biology, philosophy, and psychiatry. First, the roots of embodiment are described with historical, computer-science, and phenomenological viewpoints. It is argued that embodied cognition is relevant for the discussion of intentionality, with a particular focus on underlying neural processes as well as the context of synergetics and self-organization theory. As cognition is socially embedded, a large section of this book concentrates on "embodied communication": How does embodiment influence the way to approach others, what role do body movements play in social interaction, what is the function of nonverbal synchrony in interpersonal relationships and psychotherapy? Embodied cognitive agents are further embedded in particular cultural and environmental contexts. This book thus addresses the active role that cultural and environmental aspects play in driving cognition. Some applications of embodiment, e.g. to psychotherapy and aesthetics are also presented.

Cognitive Neuroscience Society Annual Meeting Abstract Program

Cognitive Neuroscience Society     Annual Meeting Abstract Program
Author: Cognitive Neuroscience Society. Meeting
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2009
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015079691799
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Neuroscience Society Annual Meeting Abstract Program Book Review:

Handbook of Self and Identity

Handbook of Self and Identity
Author: Mark R. Leary,June Price Tangney
Publsiher: Guilford Press
Total Pages: 754
Release: 2012-01-01
ISBN 10: 1462503055
ISBN 13: 9781462503056
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Self and Identity Book Review:

Widely regarded as the authoritative reference in the field, this volume comprehensively reviews theory and research on the self. Leading investigators address this essential construct at multiple levels of analysis, from neural pathways to complex social and cultural dynamics. Coverage includes how individuals gain self-awareness, agency, and a sense of identity; self-related motivation and emotion; the role of the self in interpersonal behavior; and self-development across evolutionary time and the lifespan. Connections between self-processes and psychological problems are also addressed. New to This Edition *Incorporates significant theoretical and empirical advances. *Nine entirely new chapters. *Coverage of the social and cognitive neuroscience of self-processes; self-regulation and health; self and emotion; and hypoegoic states, such as mindfulness.

Emotions Embodied Cognition and the Adaptive Unconscious

Emotions  Embodied Cognition and the Adaptive Unconscious
Author: John A. Smith
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2020-10-30
ISBN 10: 0429675798
ISBN 13: 9780429675799
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emotions Embodied Cognition and the Adaptive Unconscious Book Review:

Emotions, Embodied Cognition and the Adaptive Unconscious argues for the need to consider many other factors, drawn from disciplines such as socio-biology, evolutionary psychology, the study of the emotions, the adaptive unconscious, the senses and conscious deliberation in analysing the complex topography of social action and the making of things. These factors are taken as ecological conditions that shape the contemporary expression of complex societies, not as constraints on human plasticity. Without ‘foundations’, complex society cannot exist nor less evolve. This is the familiar pairing from complexity theory: path dependency and dynamic emergence. Inter-disciplinary and complexity perspectives need to be incorporated into the social sciences. Routinely, sociologists think of social phenomena as a distinct field, expressed in the term: the ‘social construction of’ without apparent need to refer to other material, biological, psychological, material or ecological conditions or agents. This book shows how the familiar sociological dynamics of identity, solidarity, differentiation and communication are shaped through the persistent interaction of unconscious and affective processing with conscious deliberation in newly emergent contexts. It is this re-expression, not the surpassing, of human characteristics in contemporary social action that needs to re-inform a complex, ecological approach to the theory and methodologies of the social sciences. The book is intended for a postgraduate/research audience and doctoral students to introduce and synthesise inter-disciplinary contributions to research into complexity theory in the social sciences.

The General Theory of Employment Interest and Money

The General Theory of Employment  Interest  and Money
Author: John Maynard Keynes,General Press
Publsiher: GENERAL PRESS
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2019-10-05
ISBN 10: 9389440629
ISBN 13: 9789389440621
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The General Theory of Employment Interest and Money Book Review:

The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money, written by legendary author John Maynard Keynes is widely considered to be one of the top 100 greatest books of all time. This masterpiece was published right after the Great Depression. It sought to bring about a revolution, commonly referred to as the ‘Keynesian Revolution’, in the way economists thought—especially challenging the proposition that a market economy tends naturally to restore itself to full employment on its own. Regarded widely as the cornerstone of Keynesian thought, this book challenged the established classical economics and introduced new concepts. ‘The General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money’ transformed economics and changed the face of modern macroeconomics. Keynes’ argument is based on the idea that the level of employment is not determined by the price of labour, but by the spending of money. It gave way to an entirely new approach where employment, inflation and the market economy are concerned.

How People Learn II

How People Learn II
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on How People Learn II: The Science and Practice of Learning
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2018-09-27
ISBN 10: 0309459672
ISBN 13: 9780309459679
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

How People Learn II Book Review:

There are many reasons to be curious about the way people learn, and the past several decades have seen an explosion of research that has important implications for individual learning, schooling, workforce training, and policy. In 2000, How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School: Expanded Edition was published and its influence has been wide and deep. The report summarized insights on the nature of learning in school-aged children; described principles for the design of effective learning environments; and provided examples of how that could be implemented in the classroom. Since then, researchers have continued to investigate the nature of learning and have generated new findings related to the neurological processes involved in learning, individual and cultural variability related to learning, and educational technologies. In addition to expanding scientific understanding of the mechanisms of learning and how the brain adapts throughout the lifespan, there have been important discoveries about influences on learning, particularly sociocultural factors and the structure of learning environments. How People Learn II: Learners, Contexts, and Cultures provides a much-needed update incorporating insights gained from this research over the past decade. The book expands on the foundation laid out in the 2000 report and takes an in-depth look at the constellation of influences that affect individual learning. How People Learn II will become an indispensable resource to understand learning throughout the lifespan for educators of students and adults.

Furnishing the Mind

Furnishing the Mind
Author: Jesse J. Prinz
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2004-08-20
ISBN 10: 9780262264112
ISBN 13: 0262264110
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Furnishing the Mind Book Review:

Western philosophy has long been divided between empiricists, who argue that human understanding has its basis in experience, and rationalists, who argue that reason is the source of knowledge. A central issue in the debate is the nature of concepts, the internal representations we use to think about the world. The traditional empiricist thesis that concepts are built up from sensory input has fallen out of favor. Mainstream cognitive science tends to echo the rationalist tradition, with its emphasis on innateness. In Furnishing the Mind, Jesse Prinz attempts to swing the pendulum back toward empiricism. Prinz provides a critical survey of leading theories of concepts, including imagism, definitionism, prototype theory, exemplar theory, the theory theory, and informational atomism. He sets forth a new defense of concept empiricism that draws on philosophy, neuroscience, and psychology and introduces a new version of concept empiricism called proxytype theory. He also provides accounts of abstract concepts, intentionality, narrow content, and concept combination. In an extended discussion of innateness, he covers Noam Chomsky's arguments for the innateness of grammar, developmental psychologists' arguments for innate cognitive domains, and Jerry Fodor's argument for radical concept nativism.

Grounding Cognition

Grounding Cognition
Author: Diane Pecher,Rolf A. Zwaan
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2005-01-10
ISBN 10: 9781139442473
ISBN 13: 1139442473
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Grounding Cognition Book Review:

One of the key questions in cognitive psychology is how people represent knowledge about concepts such as football or love. Some researchers have proposed that concepts are represented in human memory by the sensorimotor systems that underlie interaction with the outside world. These theories represent developments in cognitive science to view cognition no longer in terms of abstract information processing, but in terms of perception and action. In other words, cognition is grounded in embodied experiences. Studies show that sensory perception and motor actions support understanding of words and object concepts. Moreover, even understanding of abstract and emotion concepts can be shown to rely on more concrete, embodied experiences. Finally, language itself can be shown to be grounded in sensorimotor processes. This book brings together theoretical arguments and empirical evidence from several key researchers in this field to support this framework.

Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition

Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition
Author: Avishai Henik,Wim Fias
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2018-05-17
ISBN 10: 0128115300
ISBN 13: 9780128115305
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition Book Review:

Heterogeneity of Function in Numerical Cognition presents the latest updates on ongoing research and discussions regarding numerical cognition. With great individual differences in the development or function of numerical cognition at neuroanatomical, neuropsychological, behavioral, and interactional levels, these issues are important for the achievement of a comprehensive understanding of numerical cognition, hence its brain basis, development, breakdown in brain-injured individuals, and failures to master mathematical skills. These functions are essential for the proper development of numerical cognition. Provides an innovative reference on the emerging field of numerical cognition and the branches that converge on this diverse cognitive domain Includes an overview of the multiple disciplines that comprise numerical cognition Focuses on factors that influence numerical cognition, such as language, executive attention, memory and spatial processing Features an innovative organization with each section providing a general overview, developmental research, and evidence from neurocognitive studies

From Molecule to Metaphor

From Molecule to Metaphor
Author: Jerome Feldman
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2008-01-25
ISBN 10: 0262296888
ISBN 13: 9780262296885
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Molecule to Metaphor Book Review:

In From Molecule to Metaphor, Jerome Feldman proposes a theory of language and thought that treats language not as an abstract symbol system but as a human biological ability that can be studied as a function of the brain, as vision and motor control are studied. This theory, he writes, is a "bridging theory" that works from extensive knowledge at two ends of a causal chain to explicate the links between. Although the cognitive sciences are revealing much about how our brains produce language and thought, we do not yet know exactly how words are understood or have any methodology for finding out. Feldman develops his theory in computer simulations—formal models that suggest ways that language and thought may be realized in the brain. Combining key findings and theories from biology, computer science, linguistics, and psychology, Feldman synthesizes a theory by exhibiting programs that demonstrate the required behavior while remaining consistent with the findings from all disciplines. After presenting the essential results on language, learning, neural computation, the biology of neurons and neural circuits, and the mind/brain, Feldman introduces specific demonstrations and formal models of such topics as how children learn their first words, words for abstract and metaphorical concepts, understanding stories, and grammar (including "hot-button" issues surrounding the innateness of human grammar). With this accessible, comprehensive book Feldman offers readers who want to understand how our brains create thought and language a theory of language that is intuitively plausible and also consistent with existing scientific data at all levels.

Conceptual Metaphor in Consumer and Managerial Decision Making

Conceptual Metaphor in Consumer and Managerial Decision Making
Author: George Spiro Babbes
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2002
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCAL:C3481978
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Conceptual Metaphor in Consumer and Managerial Decision Making Book Review:

Words as Social Tools An Embodied View on Abstract Concepts

Words as Social Tools  An Embodied View on Abstract Concepts
Author: Anna M. Borghi,Ferdinand Binkofski
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 127
Release: 2014-03-13
ISBN 10: 1461495393
ISBN 13: 9781461495390
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Words as Social Tools An Embodied View on Abstract Concepts Book Review:

How are abstract concepts and words represented in the brain? That is the central question addressed by the authors of “Words as Social Tools: An Embodied View on Abstract Concepts”. First, they focus on the difficulties in defining what abstract concepts and words are, and what they mean in psycholinguistic research. Then the authors go on to describe and critically discuss the main theories on this topic with a special emphasis on the different embodied and grounded theories proposed in cognitive psychology within the last ten years, highlighting the advantages and limitations of each of these theories. The core of this Brief consists of the presentation of a new theory developed by the authors, the WAT (Words As social Tools) view, according to which both sensorimotor (such as perception, action, emotional experiences) and linguistic experiences are at the basis of abstract concepts and of abstract word representation, processing and use. This theory assigns a major role to acquisition: one of the assumptions the authors make is that the different ways in which concrete and abstract words are acquired constrain their brain representation and their use. This view will be compared with the main existing theories on abstractness, from the theory of conceptual metaphors to the theories on multiple representation. Finally, the volume illustrates recent evidence from different areas (developmental, behavioral, cross-cultural, neuropsychological and neural) which converge with and support the authors' theory, leading to the conclusion that in order to account for representation and processing of abstract concepts and words, an extension of embodied and grounded theories is necessary.