Computational Fluid Dynamics Applied to Waste to Energy Processes

Computational Fluid Dynamics Applied to Waste to Energy Processes
Author: Valter Bruno Reis e Silva,João Cardoso
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2020-06-16
ISBN 10: 0128175419
ISBN 13: 9780128175415
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Fluid Dynamics Applied to Waste to Energy Processes Book Review:

Computational Fluid Dynamics Applied to Waste-to-Energy Processes: A Hands-On Approach provides the key knowledge needed to perform CFD simulations using powerful commercial software tools. The book focuses on fluid mechanics, heat transfer and chemical reactions. To do so, the fundamentals of CFD are presented, with the entire workflow broken into manageable pieces that detail geometry preparation, meshing, problem setting, model implementation and post-processing actions. Pathways for process optimization using CFD integrated with Design of Experiments are also explored. The book’s combined approach of theory, application and hands-on practice allows engineering graduate students, advanced undergraduates and industry practitioners to develop their own simulations. Provides the skills needed to perform real-life simulation calculations through a combination of mathematical background and real-world examples, including step-by-step tutorials Presents worked examples in complex processes as combustion or gasification involving fluid dynamics, heat and mass transfer, and complex chemistry sets

Computational Fluid Dynamics Applied to Waste to Energy Processes

Computational Fluid Dynamics Applied to Waste to Energy Processes
Author: Valter Bruno Reis e Silva
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2020-07-10
ISBN 10: 0128175400
ISBN 13: 9780128175408
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Fluid Dynamics Applied to Waste to Energy Processes Book Review:

Computational Fluid Dynamics Applied to Waste-to-Energy Processes: A Hands-On Approach provides the key knowledge needed to perform CFD simulations using powerful commercial software tools. The book focuses on fluid mechanics, heat transfer and chemical reactions. To do so, the fundamentals of CFD are presented, with the entire workflow broken into manageable pieces that detail geometry preparation, meshing, problem setting, model implementation and post-processing actions. Pathways for process optimization using CFD integrated with Design of Experiments are also explored. The book's combined approach of theory, application and hands-on practice allows engineering graduate students, advanced undergraduates and industry practitioners to develop their own simulations. Provides the skills needed to perform real-life simulation calculations through a combination of mathematical background and real-world examples, including step-by-step tutorials Presents worked examples in complex processes as combustion or gasification involving fluid dynamics, heat and mass transfer, and complex chemistry sets

Waste to Energy

Waste to Energy
Author: S. Syngellakis
Publsiher: WIT Press
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2014-12-30
ISBN 10: 1784660604
ISBN 13: 9781784660604
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Waste to Energy Book Review:

Waste to Energy deals with the very topical subject of converting the calorific content of waste material into useful forms of energy. It complements and, to a certain degree, overlaps with its companion volume, “Biomass to Biofuels”, since a significant proportion of biomass converted to energy nowadays originates from various types of waste. The material in the first, more substantial part of the volume has been arranged according to the type of process for energy conversion. Biochemical processes are described in six articles. These relate to the production of methane by anaerobic digestion; reactor conversion efficiencies; investigations on ethanol production from biodegradable municipal solid waste through hydrolysis and fermentation; hydrogen production from glucose through a hybrid anaerobic and photosynthetic process; biodiesel production from used cooking oil through base-catalyzed transesterification. Conversions by thermochemical processes are discussed in the subsequent eleven articles of the volume. These cover combustion, the direct use of heat energy; using the heat produced in thermal power stations for steam and, ultimately, electricity generation; municipal solid waste and refuse-derived fuel. In another article, computational fluid dynamics modelling is applied to assess the influence of process parameters and to perform optimization studies. A group of articles deal with more complex thermochemical processes involving combustion combined with pyrolysis and gasification. Two articles focus on biofuels as feed for fuel cells. In the last six articles, the emphasis is on management and policy rather than technical issues."

Waste to Energy

Waste to Energy
Author: S. Syngellakis
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2014-12-01
ISBN 10: 9781784660611
ISBN 13: 1784660612
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Waste to Energy Book Review:

Waste to Energy deals with the very topical subject of converting the calorific content of waste material into useful forms of energy. It complements and, to a certain degree, overlaps with its companion volume, ¿Biomass to Biofuels¿, since a significant proportion of biomass converted to energy nowadays originates from various types of waste. The material in the first, more substantial part of the volume has been arranged according to the type of process for energy conversion. Biochemical processes are described in six articles. These relate to the production of methane by anaerobic digestion; reactor conversion efficiencies; investigations on ethanol production from biodegradable municipal solid waste through hydrolysis and fermentation; hydrogen production from glucose through a hybrid anaerobic and photosynthetic process; biodiesel production from used cooking oil through base-catalyzed transesterification. Conversions by thermochemical processes are discussed in the subsequent eleven articles of the volume. These cover combustion, the direct use of heat energy; using the heat produced in thermal power stations for steam and, ultimately, electricity generation; municipal solid waste and refuse-derived fuel. In another article, computational fluid dynamics modelling is applied to assess the influence of process parameters and to perform optimization studies. A group of articles deal with more complex thermochemical processes involving combustion combined with pyrolysis and gasification. Two articles focus on biofuels as feed for fuel cells. In the last six articles, the emphasis is on management and policy rather than technical issues.

Numerical Simulation for Next Generation Thermal Power Plants

Numerical Simulation for Next Generation Thermal Power Plants
Author: Falah Alobaid
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 431
Release: 2018-03-29
ISBN 10: 3319762346
ISBN 13: 9783319762340
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Numerical Simulation for Next Generation Thermal Power Plants Book Review:

The book provides highly specialized researchers and practitioners with a major contribution to mathematical models’ developments for energy systems. First, dynamic process simulation models based on mixture flow and two-fluid models are developed for combined-cycle power plants, pulverised coal-fired power plants, concentrated solar power plant and municipal waste incineration. Operation data, obtained from different power stations, are used to investigate the capability of dynamic models to predict the behaviour of real processes and to analyse the influence of modeling assumptions on simulation results. Then, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation programme, so-called DEMEST, is developed. Here, the fluid-solid, particle-particle and particle-wall interactions are modeled by tracking all individual particles. To this purpose, the deterministic Euler-Lagrange/Discrete Element Method (DEM) is applied and further improved. An emphasis is given to the determination of inter-phase values, such as volumetric void fraction, momentum and heat transfers, using a new procedure known as the offset-method and to the particle-grid method allowing the refinement of the grid resolution independently from particle size. Model validation is described in detail. Moreover, thermochemical reaction models for solid fuel combustion are developed based on quasi-single-phase, two-fluid and Euler-Lagrange/MP-PIC models. Measurements obtained from actual power plants are used for validation and comparison of the developed numerical models.

10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering PSE2009

10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering   PSE2009
Author: Rita Maria de Brito Alves,Claudio Augusto Oller do Nascimento,Evaristo Chalbaud Biscaia Jr.
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1224
Release: 2009-09-14
ISBN 10: 0080963277
ISBN 13: 9780080963273
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering PSE2009 Book Review:

The 10th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering, PSE’09, will be held in Salvador-Bahia, Brazil, on August 16–20, 2009. The special focus of PSE 2009 is Sustainability, Energy, and Engineering. PSE 2009 is the tenth in the triennial series of international symposia on process systems engineering initiated in 1982. The meeting brings together the worldwide PSE community of researchers and practitioners who are involved in the creation and application of computing-based methodologies for planning, design, operation, control and maintenance of chemical and petrochemical process industries. PSE’09 will look at how PSE methods and tools can support sustainable resource systems, emerging technologies in the areas of green engineering, and environmentally conscious design of industrial processes. - sustainable resource systems - emerging technologies in the areas of green engineering - environmentally conscious design of industrial processes

Energy Production and Management in the 21st Century II

Energy Production and Management in the 21st Century II
Author: C.A. Brebbia,F. Polonara,E.R. Magaril,G. Passerini
Publsiher: WIT Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2016-09-28
ISBN 10: 1784661074
ISBN 13: 9781784661076
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Production and Management in the 21st Century II Book Review:

Discussing the future of energy production and management in a changing world, this book presents the proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Energy Production and Management in the 21st Century: The Quest for Sustainable Energy. The intention of the book is to examine the future of energy production and management in a changing world and follows on from the first and very successful meeting held in Ekaterinburg, Russia in 2014. Developed societies require an ever increasing amount of energy resources, which creates complex technological challenges. The challenge in many cases is the conversion of new sources of energy into useful forms such as electricity, heat and fuel while finding efficient ways of storing and distributing energy. Equal challenges lie with the production of such renewable energy at an acceptable cost, including damage to the environment, as well as with integration of those resources into the existing infrastructure. The book deliberates the energy use of industrial processes, including the imbedded energy contents of materials, such as those in the built environment. Energy production, distribution and usage, result in environmental risks which need to be better understood. They are part of the energy economics and relate to human environmental health as well as ecosystems behaviour. A number of topics are covered including: Energy and the city; Energy security; Energy distribution; Energy networks; Processing of oil and gas emissions; Pipelines; Renewable energies; Energy use in building; Industry and transport; Safety management; Tight energy fields; Energy and climate change and Biomass and biofuels.

Sustainable Green Chemical Processes and their Allied Applications

Sustainable Green Chemical Processes and their Allied Applications
Author: Inamuddin,Abdullah Asiri
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 604
Release: 2020-05-30
ISBN 10: 3030422844
ISBN 13: 9783030422844
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Green Chemical Processes and their Allied Applications Book Review:

Urbanization, industrialization, and unethical agricultural practices have considerably negative effects on the environment, flora, fauna, and the health and safety of humanity. Over the last decade, green chemistry research has focused on discovering and utilizing safer, more environmentally friendly processes to synthesize products like organic compounds, inorganic compounds, medicines, proteins, enzymes, and food supplements. These green processes exist in other interdisciplinary fields of science and technology, like chemistry, physics, biology, and biotechnology, Still the majority of processes in these fields use and generate toxic raw materials, resulting in techniques and byproducts which damage the environment. Green chemistry principles, alternatively, consider preventing waste generation altogether, the atom economy, using less toxic raw materials and solvents, and opting for reducing environmentally damaging byproducts through energy efficiency. Green chemistry is, therefore, the most important field relating to the sustainable development of resources without harmfully impacting the environment. This book provides in-depth research on the use of green chemistry principles for a number of applications.

Gasification

Gasification
Author: Valter Silva,Celso Tuna
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2021-09-29
ISBN 10: 1839687959
ISBN 13: 9781839687952
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gasification Book Review:

Gasification is the thermochemical process of converting carbonaceous material in the presence of an oxidant less than stoichiometric to form a gaseous product, known as synthesis gas or syngas, at high temperatures. The gas produced can have different uses depending on its quality. Among these uses are to drive internal combustion engines and gas turbines, direct burning, and synthesis of chemical components. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the various techniques and applications of syngas developed thus far to contribute to a better understanding of this important process of obtaining a renewable fuel, which is essential for the development of a sustainable economy.

21st European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

21st European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering
Author: E. N. Pistikopoulos,M. C. Georgiadis,A. C. Kokossis
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 2029
Release: 2011-05-26
ISBN 10: 044453895X
ISBN 13: 9780444538956
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

21st European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering Book Review:

The European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) series presents the latest innovations and achievements of leading professionals from the industrial and academic communities. The ESCAPE series serves as a forum for engineers, scientists, researchers, managers and students to present and discuss progress being made in the area of Computer Aided Process Engineering (CAPE). European industries large and small are bringing innovations into our lives, whether in the form of new technologies to address environmental problems, new products to make our homes more comfortable and energy efficient or new therapies to improve the health and well-being of European citizens. Moreover, the European Industry needs to undertake research and technological initiatives in response to humanity's "Grand Challenges", described in the declaration of Lund, namely, Global Warming, Tightening Supplies of Energy, Water and Food, Ageing Societies, Public Health, Pandemics and Security. Thus, the Technical Theme of ESCAPE 21 will be "Process Systems Approaches for Addressing Grand Challenges in Energy, Environment, Health, Bioprocessing & Nanotechnologies".

Computational Fluid Dynamics in Food Processing

Computational Fluid Dynamics in Food Processing
Author: Da-Wen Sun
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 614
Release: 2018-10-26
ISBN 10: 1351263463
ISBN 13: 9781351263467
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Fluid Dynamics in Food Processing Book Review:

Since many processes in the food industry involve fluid flow and heat and mass transfer, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) provides a powerful early-stage simulation tool for gaining a qualitative and quantitative assessment of the performance of food processing, allowing engineers to test concepts all the way through the development of a process or system. Published in 2007, the first edition was the first book to address the use of CFD in food processing applications, and its aims were to present a comprehensive review of CFD applications for the food industry and pinpoint the research and development trends in the development of the technology; to provide the engineer and technologist working in research, development, and operations in the food industry with critical, comprehensive, and readily accessible information on the art and science of CFD; and to serve as an essential reference source to undergraduate and postgraduate students and researchers in universities and research institutions. This will continue to be the purpose of this second edition. In the second edition, in order to reflect the most recent research and development trends in the technology, only a few original chapters are updated with the latest developments. Therefore, this new edition mostly contains new chapters covering the analysis and optimization of cold chain facilities, simulation of thermal processing and modeling of heat exchangers, and CFD applications in other food processes.

Theoretical and Applied Aspects of Biomass Torrefaction

Theoretical and Applied Aspects of Biomass Torrefaction
Author: Stephen Gent,Michael Twedt,Christina Gerometta,Evan Almberg
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2017-06-16
ISBN 10: 0128095172
ISBN 13: 9780128095171
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Theoretical and Applied Aspects of Biomass Torrefaction Book Review:

Theoretical and Applied Aspects of Biomass Torrefaction: For Biofuels and Value-Added Products presents a firm foundation of torrefaction technologies and their economic and sustainability aspects. It offers a theoretical background in the underlying principles of torrefaction reactions, including thermodynamics, chemical reactions, process modeling, end-products, and value-added products such as biochar and torr-gas. It also provides an overview of best practices in torrefaction systems, reactor design and scale-up, and compares torrefaction with other thermochemical processing technologies. The authors discuss feedstock availability for a variety of biomass types, such as agricultural residues, woody residues, energy crops and municipal solid waste. They also examine logistics and markets for torrefied products, which includes their use in co-firing and combined heat and power generation, as well as emissions and other environmental aspects. This balanced and thorough approach to the subject matter makes this an excellent resource for engineers, researchers, and graduate students in the field of biomass conversion, especially with background in energy engineering, mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, environmental engineering, biological engineering, and agriculture. Offers a comprehensive overview of torrefaction, balancing theoretical and applied perspectives of torrefaction technologies from a holistic perspective Examines economic and sustainability aspects, including logistics, markets, feedstock, and emissions Presents a variety of relevant, real-world examples that underscore the production and utilization of torrefied material Offers a balanced and thorough approach to the subject, making it an excellent resource for engineers, researchers, and graduate students in the field of biomass conversion

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2011

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2011
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCR:31210023430331
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2011 Book Review:

Selected Papers from PRES 2018

Selected Papers from PRES 2018
Author: Jiří Jaromír Klemeš,Petar Sabev Varbanov,Paweł Ocłoń ,Hon Huin Chin
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 494
Release: 2020-06-17
ISBN 10: 3039281348
ISBN 13: 9783039281343
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Selected Papers from PRES 2018 Book Review:

The depletion of natural energy resources provides evidential adverse impacts on world economy functionality. The strong requirement of a sustainable energy supply has escalated intensive research and the discovery of cleaner energy sources, as well as efficient energy management practices. In the context of a circular economy, this research not only targets the optimisation of resources utilisation at different stages but also emphasises the eco-design of products to extend production life spans. Based on this concept, this book discusses the roles of process integration approaches, renewable energy sources utilisation and design modifications in addressing the process energy and exergy efficiency improvement. The primary focus is to enhance the economic and environmental performance through process analysis, modelling and optimisation. The articles mainly show the contribution of each aspect: (a) design and numerical study for innovative energy-efficient technologies, (b) process integration—heat and power, (c) process energy efficiency or emission analysis, and (d) optimisation of renewable energy resources’ supply chain. The articles are based on the latest contribution of this journal’s Special Issues in the 21st conference entitled “Process Integration, Modelling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction (PRES)”. This book is complemented with an editorial review to highlight the broader state-of-the-art development.

Fiscal Year 2000 Department of Energy Budget Authorization Request Parts I and II

Fiscal Year 2000 Department of Energy Budget Authorization Request  Parts I and II
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Energy and Environment
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 1840
Release: 2000
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: PSU:000047030190
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fiscal Year 2000 Department of Energy Budget Authorization Request Parts I and II Book Review:

Computer Simulated Plant Design for Waste Minimization Pollution Prevention

Computer Simulated Plant Design for Waste Minimization Pollution Prevention
Author: Stan Bumble
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2020-02-10
ISBN 10: 9781420032970
ISBN 13: 1420032976
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computer Simulated Plant Design for Waste Minimization Pollution Prevention Book Review:

Full of examples based on case studies from a variety of industries, Computer Simulated Plant Design for Waste Minimization/Pollution Prevention discusses preventing pollution and minimizing waste using computer simulation programs. The author examines the computer technologies used in the field, including the design and analysis of computer-aided flow sheets. With this book, readers will understand how to use computer technology to design plants that generate little or no pollution and how to use information generated by computer simulations for technical data in proposals and presentations and as the basis for making policy decisions.

Biosystems Engineering Biofactories for Food Production in the Century XXI

Biosystems Engineering  Biofactories for Food Production in the Century XXI
Author: Ramon Guevara-Gonzalez,Irineo Torres-Pacheco
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2014-01-24
ISBN 10: 331903880X
ISBN 13: 9783319038803
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biosystems Engineering Biofactories for Food Production in the Century XXI Book Review:

This book presents new food production systems (for plants and animals) involving agrochemicals that increase in a controlled manner the bioactives content, under greenhouse conditions. Moreover, conception and design of new instrumentation for precision agriculture and aquiculture contributing in food production is also highlighted in this book.

District Heating and Cooling Networks

District Heating and Cooling Networks
Author: Antonio Colmenar Santos,David Borge Diez,Enrique Rosales Asensio
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2020-05-12
ISBN 10: 3039288393
ISBN 13: 9783039288397
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

District Heating and Cooling Networks Book Review:

Conventional thermal power generating plants reject a large amount of energy every year. If this rejected heat were to be used through district heating networks, given prior energy valorisation, there would be a noticeable decrease in the amount of fossil fuels imported for heating. As a consequence, benefits would be experienced in the form of an increase in energy efficiency, an improvement in energy security, and a minimisation of emitted greenhouse gases. Given that heat demand is not expected to decrease significantly in the medium term, district heating networks show the greatest potential for the development of cogeneration. Due to their cost competitiveness, flexibility in terms of the ability to use renewable energy resources (such as geothermal or solar thermal) and fossil fuels (more specifically the residual heat from combustion), and the fact that, in some cases, losses to a country/region’s energy balance can be easily integrated into district heating networks (which would not be the case in a “fully electric” future), district heating (and cooling) networks and cogeneration could become a key element for a future with greater energy security, while being more sustainable, if appropriate measures were implemented. This book therefore seeks to propose an energy strategy for a number of cities/regions/countries by proposing appropriate measures supported by detailed case studies.

Computational Fluid Dynamics Review 1998 In 2 Volumes

Computational Fluid Dynamics Review 1998  In 2 Volumes
Author: Hafez Mohamed M,Oshima Koichhi
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 1160
Release: 1998-11-20
ISBN 10: 9814495778
ISBN 13: 9789814495776
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Fluid Dynamics Review 1998 In 2 Volumes Book Review:

The first volume of CFD Review was published in 1995. The purpose of this new publication is to present comprehensive surveys and review articles which provide up-to-date information about recent progress in computational fluid dynamics, on a regular basis. Because of the multidisciplinary nature of CFD, it is difficult to cope with all the important developments in related areas. There are at least ten regular international conferences dealing with different aspects of CFD.It is a real challenge to keep up with all these activities and to be aware of essential and fundamental contributions in these areas. It is hoped that CFD Review will help in this regard by covering the state-of-the-art in this field.The present book contains sixty-two articles written by authors from the US, Europe, Japan and China, covering the main aspects of CFD. There are five sections: general topics, numerical methods, flow physics, interdisciplinary applications, parallel computation and flow visualization. The section on numerical methods includes grids, schemes and solvers, while that on flow physics includes incompressible and compressible flows, hypersonics and gas kinetics as well as transition and turbulence. This book should be useful to all researchers in this fast-developing field.

Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Dynamics

Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Dynamics
Author: Ku Zilati Ku Shaari,Mokhtar Awang
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 167
Release: 2014-11-28
ISBN 10: 3319028367
ISBN 13: 9783319028361
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Dynamics Book Review:

This volume presents the results of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis that can be used for conceptual studies of product design, detail product development, process troubleshooting. It demonstrates the benefit of CFD modeling as a cost saving, timely, safe and easy to scale-up methodology.