Introduction to Complexity and Complex Systems

Introduction to Complexity and Complex Systems
Author: Robert B. Northrop
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 551
Release: 2010-12-10
ISBN 10: 1439894981
ISBN 13: 9781439894989
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Complexity and Complex Systems Book Review:

The boundaries between simple and complicated, and complicated and complex system designations are fuzzy and debatable, even using quantitative measures of complexity. However, if you are a biomedical engineer, a biologist, physiologist, economist, politician, stock market speculator, or politician, you have encountered complex systems. Furthermore, your success depends on your ability to successfully interact with and manage a variety of complex systems. In order not to be blindsided by unexpected results, we need a systematic, comprehensive way of analyzing, modeling, and simulating complex systems to predict non-anticipated outcomes. In its engaging first chapters, the book introduces complex systems, Campbell's Law, and the Law of Unintended Consequences, and mathematics necessary for conversations in complex systems. Subsequent chapters illustrate concepts via commonly studied biological mechanisms. The final chapters focus on higher-level complexity problems, and introduce complexity in economic systems. Designed as a reference for biologists and biological engineers, Introduction to Complexity and Complex Systems lends itself to use in a classroom course to introduce advanced students studying biomedical engineering, biophysics, or physiology to complex systems. Engaging and illustrative, this book aids scientists and decision makers in managing biological complexity and complex systems.

An Introduction to Complex Systems

An Introduction to Complex Systems
Author: Joe Tranquillo
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 396
Release: 2019-02-13
ISBN 10: 3030025896
ISBN 13: 9783030025892
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to Complex Systems Book Review:

This book explores the interdisciplinary field of complex systems theory. By the end of the book, readers will be able to understand terminology that is used in complex systems and how they are related to one another; see the patterns of complex systems in practical examples; map current topics, in a variety of fields, to complexity theory; and be able to read more advanced literature in the field. The book begins with basic systems concepts and moves on to how these simple rules can lead to complex behavior. The author then introduces non-linear systems, followed by pattern formation, and networks and information flow in systems. Later chapters cover the thermodynamics of complex systems, dynamical patterns that arise in networks, and how game theory can serve as a framework for decision making. The text is interspersed with both philosophical and quantitative arguments, and each chapter ends with questions and prompts that help readers make more connections.

Philosophy of Complex Systems

Philosophy of Complex Systems
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 952
Release: 2011-05-23
ISBN 10: 9780080931227
ISBN 13: 0080931227
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Complex Systems Book Review:

The domain of nonlinear dynamical systems and its mathematical underpinnings has been developing exponentially for a century, the last 35 years seeing an outpouring of new ideas and applications and a concomitant confluence with ideas of complex systems and their applications from irreversible thermodynamics. A few examples are in meteorology, ecological dynamics, and social and economic dynamics. These new ideas have profound implications for our understanding and practice in domains involving complexity, predictability and determinism, equilibrium, control, planning, individuality, responsibility and so on. Our intention is to draw together in this volume, we believe for the first time, a comprehensive picture of the manifold philosophically interesting impacts of recent developments in understanding nonlinear systems and the unique aspects of their complexity. The book will focus specifically on the philosophical concepts, principles, judgments and problems distinctly raised by work in the domain of complex nonlinear dynamical systems, especially in recent years. -Comprehensive coverage of all main theories in the philosophy of Complex Systems -Clearly written expositions of fundamental ideas and concepts -Definitive discussions by leading researchers in the field -Summaries of leading-edge research in related fields are also included

Untangling Complex Systems

Untangling Complex Systems
Author: Pier Luigi Gentili
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2018-09-03
ISBN 10: 0429847548
ISBN 13: 9780429847547
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Untangling Complex Systems Book Review:

Complex Systems are natural systems that science is unable to describe exhaustively. Examples of Complex Systems are both unicellular and multicellular living beings; human brains; human immune systems; ecosystems; human societies; the global economy; the climate and geology of our planet. This book is an account of a marvelous interdisciplinary journey the author made to understand properties of the Complex Systems. He has undertaken his trip, equipped with the fundamental principles of physical chemistry, in particular, the Second Law of Thermodynamics that describes the spontaneous evolution of our universe, and the tools of Non-linear dynamics. By dealing with many disciplines, in particular, chemistry, biology, physics, economy, and philosophy, the author demonstrates that Complex Systems are intertwined networks, working in out-of-equilibrium conditions, which exhibit emergent properties, such as self-organization phenomena and chaotic behaviors in time and space.

Control of Complex Systems

Control of Complex Systems
Author: Kyriakos Vamvoudakis,Sarangapani Jagannathan
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 762
Release: 2016-07-27
ISBN 10: 0128054379
ISBN 13: 9780128054376
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Control of Complex Systems Book Review:

In the era of cyber-physical systems, the area of control of complex systems has grown to be one of the hardest in terms of algorithmic design techniques and analytical tools. The 23 chapters, written by international specialists in the field, cover a variety of interests within the broader field of learning, adaptation, optimization and networked control. The editors have grouped these into the following 5 sections: “Introduction and Background on Control Theory”, “Adaptive Control and Neuroscience”, “Adaptive Learning Algorithms”, “Cyber-Physical Systems and Cooperative Control”, “Applications”. The diversity of the research presented gives the reader a unique opportunity to explore a comprehensive overview of a field of great interest to control and system theorists. This book is intended for researchers and control engineers in machine learning, adaptive control, optimization and automatic control systems, including Electrical Engineers, Computer Science Engineers, Mechanical Engineers, Aerospace/Automotive Engineers, and Industrial Engineers. It could be used as a text or reference for advanced courses in complex control systems. • Collection of chapters from several well-known professors and researchers that will showcase their recent work • Presents different state-of-the-art control approaches and theory for complex systems • Gives algorithms that take into consideration the presence of modelling uncertainties, the unavailability of the model, the possibility of cooperative/non-cooperative goals and malicious attacks compromising the security of networked teams • Real system examples and figures throughout, make ideas concrete Includes chapters from several well-known professors and researchers that showcases their recent work Presents different state-of-the-art control approaches and theory for complex systems Explores the presence of modelling uncertainties, the unavailability of the model, the possibility of cooperative/non-cooperative goals, and malicious attacks compromising the security of networked teams Serves as a helpful reference for researchers and control engineers working with machine learning, adaptive control, and automatic control systems

Complex Systems

Complex Systems
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 526
Release: 2011-09-22
ISBN 10: 9780080550596
ISBN 13: 0080550592
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complex Systems Book Review:

There has been recently some interdisciplinary convergence on a number of precise topics which can be considered as prototypes of complex systems. This convergence is best appreciated at the level of the techniques needed to deal with these systems, which include: 1) A domain of research around a multiple point where statistical physics, information theory, algorithmic computer science, and more theoretical (probabilistic) computer science meet: this covers some aspects of error correcting codes, stochastic optimization algorithms, typical case complexity and phase transitions, constraint satisfaction problems. 2) The study of collective behavior of interacting agents, its impact on understanding some types of economical and financial problems, their link to population and epidemics dynamics, game theory, social, biological and computer networks and evolution. The present book is the written version of the lectures given during the Les Houches summer school session on "Complex Systems", devoted to these emerging interdisciplinary fields. The lectures consist both in a number of long methodological courses (probability theory, statistical physics of disordered systems, information theory, network structure and evolution, agent-based economics and numerical methods) and more specific, 'problem oriented' courses. Lecturers are all leading experts in their field; they have summarized recent results in a clear and authoritative manner. The "Les Houches lecture notes" have a long tradition of excellence and are often found to be useful for a number of years after they were written. The book is of interest to students and researchers with various backgrounds: probability theory, computer science, information theory, physics, finance, biology, etc. · Topical and comprehensive survey of the emerging, interdisciplinary field of "Complex Systems", covered by recognized world experts · "Les Houches lectures notes": a long tradition of excellence and long-lasting impact · Of interest to a broad audience (mathematics, physics, biology, informatics, finance, geology, etc.) · Some applications may have concrete impact · Selected topics in complex systems: forefront of research in the field

What Is a Complex System

What Is a Complex System
Author: James Ladyman,Karoline Wiesner
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2020-08-05
ISBN 10: 0300256132
ISBN 13: 9780300256130
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

What Is a Complex System Book Review:

A clear, concise introduction to the quickly growing field of complexity science that explains its conceptual and mathematical foundations What is a complex system? Although “complexity science” is used to understand phenomena as diverse as the behavior of honeybees, the economic markets, the human brain, and the climate, there is no agreement about its foundations. In this introduction for students, academics, and general readers, philosopher of science James Ladyman and physicist Karoline Wiesner develop an account of complexity that brings the different concepts and mathematical measures applied to complex systems into a single framework. They introduce the different features of complex systems, discuss different conceptions of complexity, and develop their own account. They explain why complexity science is so important in today’s world.

Complex Systems in Sport

Complex Systems in Sport
Author: Keith Davids,Robert Hristovski,Duarte Araújo,Natalia Balague Serre,Chris Button,Pedro Passos
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2013-11-20
ISBN 10: 1136482156
ISBN 13: 9781136482151
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complex Systems in Sport Book Review:

Complex systems in nature are those with many interacting parts, all capable of influencing global system outcomes. There is a growing body of research that has modeled sport performance from a complexity sciences perspective, studying the behavior of individual athletes and sports teams as emergent phenomena which self-organise under interacting constraints. This book is the first to bring together experts studying complex systems in the context of sport from across the world to collate core theoretical ideas, current methodologies and existing data into one comprehensive resource. It offers new methods of analysis for investigating representative complex sport movements and actions at an individual and team level, exploring the application of methodologies from the complexity sciences in the context of sports performance and the organization of sport practice. Complex Systems in Sport is important reading for any advanced student or researcher working in sport and exercise science, sports coaching, kinesiology or human movement.

Control of Complex Systems

Control of Complex Systems
Author: Karl J. Aström,Pedro Albertos,Mogens Blanke,Alberto Isidori,Walther Schaufelberger,Ricardo Sanz
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 482
Release: 2011-06-28
ISBN 10: 1447103491
ISBN 13: 9781447103493
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Control of Complex Systems Book Review:

The world of artificial systems is reaching complexity levels that es cape human understanding. Surface traffic, electricity distribution, air planes, mobile communications, etc. , are examples that demonstrate that we are running into problems that are beyond classical scientific or engi neering knowledge. There is an ongoing world-wide effort to understand these systems and develop models that can capture its behavior. The reason for this work is clear, if our lack of understanding deepens, we will lose our capability to control these systems and make they behave as we want. Researchers from many different fields are trying to understand and develop theories for complex man-made systems. This book presents re search from the perspective of control and systems theory. The book has grown out of activities in the research program Control of Complex Systems (COSY). The program has been sponsored by the Eu ropean Science Foundation (ESF) which for 25 years has been one of the leading players in stimulating scientific research. ESF is a European asso ciation of more than 60 leading national science agencies spanning more than 20 countries. ESF covers has standing committees in Medical Sci ences, Life and Environmental Sciences, Physical and Engineering Sci ences, Humanities and Social Sciences. The COSY program was ESF's first activity in the Engineering Sciences. The program run for a period of five years starting January 1995.

Dynamics Of Complex Systems

Dynamics Of Complex Systems
Author: Yaneer Bar-yam
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 864
Release: 2019-03-04
ISBN 10: 0429717598
ISBN 13: 9780429717598
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamics Of Complex Systems Book Review:

This book aims to develop models and modeling techniques that are useful when applied to all complex systems. It adopts both analytic tools and computer simulation. The book is intended for students and researchers with a variety of backgrounds.

Complex Systems Dynamics volume Ii

Complex Systems Dynamics  volume Ii
Author: Gerard Weisbuch
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 207
Release: 2019-03-01
ISBN 10: 0429697554
ISBN 13: 9780429697555
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complex Systems Dynamics volume Ii Book Review:

This book provides an accessible introduction to complex systems viewed as networks of automata, using primarily examples drawn from the physics of disordered systems, neural networks, and the origins of life. It is helpful for readers with a university education in science or engineering.

Molecular Thermodynamics of Complex Systems

Molecular Thermodynamics of Complex Systems
Author: Xiaohua Lu,Ying Hu,Houyang Chen
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2008-11-06
ISBN 10: 3540691146
ISBN 13: 9783540691143
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Thermodynamics of Complex Systems Book Review:

In Molecular Thermodynamics of Complex Systems, the chapter authors critically examine not only the current state of the art in chemical research into structure and bonding, but also look at the direction the subject might take as it develops in future years.

Energy in Nature and Society

Energy in Nature and Society
Author: Professor of Geography Vaclav Smil,Vaclav Smil
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 0262693569
ISBN 13: 9780262693561
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy in Nature and Society Book Review:

Throughout the book, the author chooses to emphasize the complexities and peculiarities of the real world, and the counterintuitive outcomes of many of its processes, over abstract models.

Introduction to the Theory of Complex Systems

Introduction to the Theory of Complex Systems
Author: Stefan Thurner,R. A. Hanel,Peter Klimek
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 431
Release: 2018
ISBN 10: 9780191861062
ISBN 13: 0191861065
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to the Theory of Complex Systems Book Review:

Complex systems are everywhere. Ecosystems, financial markets, traffic, the economy, the internet and social media are complex systems. This textbook summarizes our understanding of complex systems and the methodological progress made over the past 20 years in a clear, structured, and comprehensive way.

Statistical Physics of Complex Systems

Statistical Physics of Complex Systems
Author: Eric Bertin
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 172
Release: 2016-08-23
ISBN 10: 9783319423388
ISBN 13: 331942338X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Statistical Physics of Complex Systems Book Review:

This course-tested primer provides graduate students and non-specialists with a basic understanding of the concepts and methods of statistical physics and demonstrates their wide range of applications to interdisciplinary topics in the field of complex system sciences, including selected aspects of theoretical modeling in biology and the social sciences. Generally speaking, the goals of statistical physics may be summarized as follows: on the one hand to study systems composed of a large number of interacting units, and on the other to predict the macroscopic, collective behavior of the system considered from the perspective of the microscopic laws governing the dynamics of the individual entities. These two goals are essentially also shared by what is now called 'complex systems science,' and as such, systems studied in the framework of statistical physics may be considered to be among the simplest examples of complex systems – while also offering a rather well developed mathematical treatment. The second edition has been significantly revised and expanded, featuring in particular three new chapters addressing non-conserved particles, evolutionary population dynamics, networks, properties of both individual and coupled simple dynamical systems, and convergence theorems, as well as short appendices that offer helpful hints on how to perform simple stochastic simulations in practice. Yet, the original spirit of the book – to remain accessible to a broad, non-specialized readership – has been kept throughout: the format is a set of concise, modular and self-contained topical chapters, avoiding technicalities and jargon as much as possible, and complemented by a wealth of worked-out examples, so as to make this work useful as a self-study text or as textbook for short courses. From the reviews of the first edition: “... a good introduction to basic concepts of statistical physics and complex systems for students and researchers with an interest in complex systems in other fields ... .” Georg Hebermehl, Zentralblatt MATH, Vol. 1237, 2012 “... this short text remains very refreshing for the mathematician.” Dimitri Petritis, Mathematical Reviews, Issue 2012k

Complex Systems and Clouds

Complex Systems and Clouds
Author: Dan C. Marinescu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2016-10-01
ISBN 10: 9780128040416
ISBN 13: 0128040416
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complex Systems and Clouds Book Review:

"Complex Systems and Clouds: A Self-Organization and Self-Management Perspective" provides insights into the intricate world of self-organizing systems. Large scale distributed computer systems have evolved into very complex systems and are at the point where they need to borrow self-adapting organizing concepts from nature. The book explores complexity in big distributed systems and in the natural processes in physics and chemistry, building a platform for understanding how self-organization in big distributed systems can be achieved. It goes beyond the theoretical description of self-organization to present principles for designing self-organizing systems, and concludes by showing the need for a paradigm shift in the development of large-scale systems from strictly deterministic to non-deterministic and adaptive. Analyzes the effect of self-organization applied to computer cloudsFurthers research on principles of self-organization of computing and communication systems inspired by a wealth of self-organizing processes and phenomena in nature and societyPresents a unique analysis of the field, with solutions and case studies

Complex Systems and Dependability

Complex Systems and Dependability
Author: Wojciech Zamojski,Jacek Mazurkiewicz,Jarosław Sugier,Tomasz Walkowiak,Janusz Kacprzyk
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2012-07-11
ISBN 10: 3642306624
ISBN 13: 9783642306624
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Complex Systems and Dependability Book Review:

Typical contemporary complex system is a multifaceted amalgamation of technical, information, organization, software and human (users, administrators and management) resources. Complexity of such a system comes not only from its involved technical and organizational structure but mainly from complexity of information processes that must be implemented in the operational environment (data processing, monitoring, management, etc.). In such case traditional methods of reliability analysis focused mainly on technical level are usually insufficient in performance evaluation and more innovative methods of dependability analysis must be applied which are based on multidisciplinary approach to theory, technology and maintenance of systems operating in real (and very often unfriendly) environments. This monograph presents selected new developments in such areas of dependability research as system modelling, tools and methodologies for system analysis, data security, secure system design and specific dependability aspects in specialized technical applications. Many practical cases illustrate the universal rule that complexity and multiplicity of system processes, their concurrency and their reliance on embedded intelligence (human and artificial) significantly impedes construction of strict mathematical models and calls for application of intelligent and soft computing methods.

Modeling and Control of Complex Systems

Modeling and Control of Complex Systems
Author: Petros A. Ioannou,Andreas Pitsillides
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2007-12-26
ISBN 10: 9780849379864
ISBN 13: 0849379865
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modeling and Control of Complex Systems Book Review:

Comprehension of complex systems comes from an understanding of not only the behavior of constituent elements but how they act together to form the behavior of the whole. However, given the multidisciplinary nature of complex systems, the scattering of information across different areas creates a chaotic situation for those trying to understand possible solutions and applications. Modeling and Control of Complex Systems brings together a number of research experts to present some of their latest approaches and future research directions in a language accessible to system theorists. Contributors discuss complex systems such as networks for modeling and control of civil structures, vehicles, robots, biomedical systems, fluid flow systems, and home automation systems. Each chapter provides theoretical and methodological descriptions of a specific application in the control of complex systems, including congestion control in computer networks, autonomous multi-robot docking systems, modeling and control in cancer genomics, and backstepping controllers for stabilization of turbulent flow PDEs. With this unique reference, you will discover how complexity is dealt with in different disciplines and learn about the latest methodologies, which are applicable to your own specialty. The balanced mix of theory and simulation presented by Modeling and Control of Complex Systems supplies a strong vehicle for enlarging your knowledge base a fueling future advances and incredible breakthroughs.

The Global Industrial Complex

The Global Industrial Complex
Author: Steven Best
Publsiher: Lexington Books
Total Pages: 315
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 0739136984
ISBN 13: 9780739136980
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Global Industrial Complex Book Review:

The Global Industrial Complex: Systems of Domination, is a groundbreaking collection of essays by leading scholars from wide scholarly and activist backgrounds who examine the entangled array of contemporary industrial complexes—what the editors refer to as "the power complex"—that was first analyzed by C. Wright Mills in his 1956 classic work,The Power Elite.

Emergent Behavior in Complex Systems Engineering

Emergent Behavior in Complex Systems Engineering
Author: Saurabh Mittal,Saikou Diallo,Andreas Tolk
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2018-04-17
ISBN 10: 1119378869
ISBN 13: 9781119378860
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emergent Behavior in Complex Systems Engineering Book Review:

A comprehensive text that reviews the methods and technologies that explore emergent behavior in complex systems engineering in multidisciplinary fields In Emergent Behavior in Complex Systems Engineering, the authors present the theoretical considerations and the tools required to enable the study of emergent behaviors in manmade systems. Information Technology is key to today’s modern world. Scientific theories introduced in the last five decades can now be realized with the latest computational infrastructure. Modeling and simulation, along with Big Data technologies are at the forefront of such exploration and investigation. The text offers a number of simulation-based methods, technologies, and approaches that are designed to encourage the reader to incorporate simulation technologies to further their understanding of emergent behavior in complex systems. The authors present a resource for those designing, developing, managing, operating, and maintaining systems, including system of systems. The guide is designed to help better detect, analyse, understand, and manage the emergent behaviour inherent in complex systems engineering in order to reap the benefits of innovations and avoid the dangers of unforeseen consequences. This vital resource: Presents coverage of a wide range of simulation technologies Explores the subject of emergence through the lens of Modeling and Simulation (M&S) Offers contributions from authors at the forefront of various related disciplines such as philosophy, science, engineering, sociology, and economics Contains information on the next generation of complex systems engineering Written for researchers, lecturers, and students, Emergent Behavior in Complex Systems Engineering provides an overview of the current discussions on complexity and emergence, and shows how systems engineering methods in general and simulation methods in particular can help in gaining new insights in complex systems engineering.