Cognitive Biases in Health and Psychiatric Disorders

Cognitive Biases in Health and Psychiatric Disorders
Author: Tatjana Aue,Hadas Okon-Singer
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2020-02-23
ISBN 10: 0128166614
ISBN 13: 9780128166611
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Biases in Health and Psychiatric Disorders Book Review:

Cognitive Biases in Health and Psychiatric Disorders: Neurophysiological Foundations focuses on the neurophysiological basis of biases in attention, interpretation, expectancy and memory. Each chapter includes a review of each specific bias, including both positive and negative information in both healthy individuals and psychiatric populations. This book provides readers with major theories, methods used in investigating biases, brain regions associated with the related bias, and autonomic responses to specific biases. Its end goal is to provide a comprehensive overview of the neural, autonomic and cognitive mechanisms related to processing biases. Outlines neurophysiological research on diverse types of information processing bias, including attention bias, expectancy bias, interpretation bias, and memory bias Discusses both normal and pathological forms of each cognitive biases Provides specific examples on how to translate research on cognitive biases to clinical applications

Schizophrenia Treatment

Schizophrenia Treatment
Author: Yu-Chih Shen
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2016-12-14
ISBN 10: 9535128256
ISBN 13: 9789535128250
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Schizophrenia Treatment Book Review:

Schizophrenia treatment has many facets. This book begins with the glutamatergic and GABAergic hypofunctioning contribute to the schizophrenic symptoms and their current targeted therapeutics. The genetic, epigenetic, and immune etiologies of schizophrenia and their potential targeted therapeutics as approached in this book are interesting. Understanding cognitive biases and delusional circuits in schizophrenia is important; several behavioral cognitive therapies working on the reduction and avoidance of these cognitive biases are demonstrating their effectiveness. Advances in schizophrenia treatment followed, including transcranial magnetic stimulation and special sport program, are presented at the book's end.

Major Depressive Disorder

Major Depressive Disorder
Author: Yong-Ku Kim
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 156
Release: 2015-06-11
ISBN 10: 9535121294
ISBN 13: 9789535121299
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Major Depressive Disorder Book Review:

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a complex and heterogeneous disorder, phenotypically and biologically. MDD may be caused by complex interaction between genes and environment in susceptible individuals. Thus, a combination of certain genetic polymorphism, environmental stress, and personal susceptibility ultimately may induce MDD. Gene-environment interactions in the pathophysiology of MDD lead to advancement in personalized medicine by means of genotyping for inter-individual variability in drug action and metabolism. Gene-environment interactions may explain why some subjects become depressed while others remain unaffected. The aim of this book is to describe current knowledge of MDD from the point of view of neurobiology, molecular genetics and cognition. The authors address a deep understanding of cognitive and neurobiological mechanisms involved in MDD.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Author: Vladimir Kalinin
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2014-04-03
ISBN 10: 9535112384
ISBN 13: 9789535112389
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Book Review:

Although Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) has been known since the ancient times, the exact etiology and pathogenesis of OCD unfortunately still remain unknown. In addition, the therapeutic approaches elaborated for the treatment of OCD as a whole are not perfect, and this disorder as a rule is characterized by unfavorable course and lack of full therapeutic response. In the current book some modern data on pathogenesis, phenomenology and treatment of OCD are presented. Besides, the data on co-morbidity of OCD with other neurological and psychiatric disorders are also included. This book is intended for broad circle of readers, but mostly for psychiatrists, psychologists and neurologists.

Biased Cognitions Social Anxiety Building a Global Framework for Integrating Cognitive Behavioral and Neural Processes

Biased Cognitions   Social Anxiety  Building a Global Framework for Integrating Cognitive  Behavioral  and Neural Processes
Author: Alexandre Heeren,Wolf-Gero Lange,Quincy Wong,Pierre Philippot
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2015-03-05
ISBN 10: 288919423X
ISBN 13: 9782889194230
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biased Cognitions Social Anxiety Building a Global Framework for Integrating Cognitive Behavioral and Neural Processes Book Review:

Social anxiety (SA) is a common and incapacitating disorder that has been associated with seriously impaired career, academic, and general social functioning. Regarding epidemiological data, SA has a lifetime prevalence of 12.1% and is the fourth most common psychopathological disorder (Kessler et al., 2005). At a fundamental point of view, the most prominent cognitive models of SA posit that biased cognitions contribute to the development and maintenance of the disorder (e.g., Clark & Wells, 1995; Rapee & Heimberg, 1997). Over the last decades, a large body of research has provided evidence that individuals suffering from SA exhibit such biased cognitions at the level of visual attention, memory of social encounters, interpretation of social events, and in judgment of social cues. Such biased cognitions in SA has been studied in different ways within cognitive psychology, behavioral psychology, clinical psychology, and cognitive neuroscience over the last few decades, yet, integrative approaches for channeling all information into a unified account of biased cognitions in SA has not been presented so far. The present Research Topic aims to bring together theses different ways, and to highlight findings and methods which can unify research across these areas. In particular, this Research Topic aims to advance the current theoretical models of SA and set the stage for future developments of the field by clarifying and linking theoretical concepts across disciplines.

Judgment Under Uncertainty

Judgment Under Uncertainty
Author: Daniel Kahneman,Stewart Paul Slovic,Paul Slovic,Amos Tversky,Cambridge University Press
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 555
Release: 1982-04-30
ISBN 10: 9780521284141
ISBN 13: 0521284147
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Judgment Under Uncertainty Book Review:

Thirty-five chapters describe various judgmental heuristics and the biases they produce, not only in laboratory experiments, but in important social, medical, and political situations as well. Most review multiple studies or entire subareas rather than describing single experimental studies.

The Optimism Bias

The Optimism Bias
Author: Tali Sharot
Publsiher: Vintage
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2011-06-14
ISBN 10: 0307379833
ISBN 13: 9780307379832
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Optimism Bias Book Review:

Psychologists have long been aware that most people maintain an irrationally positive outlook on life—but why? Turns out, we might be hardwired that way. In this absorbing exploration, Tali Sharot—one of the most innovative neuroscientists at work today—demonstrates that optimism may be crucial to human existence. The Optimism Bias explores how the brain generates hope and what happens when it fails; how the brains of optimists and pessimists differ; why we are terrible at predicting what will make us happy; how emotions strengthen our ability to recollect; how anticipation and dread affect us; how our optimistic illusions affect our financial, professional, and emotional decisions; and more. Drawing on cutting-edge science, The Optimism Bias provides us with startling new insight into the workings of the brain and the major role that optimism plays in determining how we live our lives.

Bias in Psychiatric Diagnosis

Bias in Psychiatric Diagnosis
Author: Paula J. Caplan,Lisa Cosgrove
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 269
Release: 2004-01-01
ISBN 10: 0765703750
ISBN 13: 9780765703750
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bias in Psychiatric Diagnosis Book Review:

"Caplan and Cosgrove provide a broad overview of the literature in the form of 32 papers on bias in diagnostic labeling. The papers examine the creation of bias in diagnosis, the legal implications, forms of bias found in psychiatric diagnosis, bias in specific labels, and solutions to the problem. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR." -- WEBSITE.

The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Psychiatric Evaluation of Adults Third Edition

The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Psychiatric Evaluation of Adults  Third Edition
Author: American Psychiatric Association
Publsiher: American Psychiatric Pub
Total Pages: 170
Release: 2015-07-29
ISBN 10: 0890424659
ISBN 13: 9780890424650
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Psychiatric Evaluation of Adults Third Edition Book Review:

Since the publication of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust in 2011, there has been an increasing emphasis on assuring that clinical practice guidelines are trustworthy, developed in a transparent fashion, and based on a systematic review of the available research evidence. To align with the IOM recommendations and to meet the new requirements for inclusion of a guideline in the National Guidelines Clearinghouse of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), American Psychiatric Association (APA) has adopted a new process for practice guideline development. Under this new process APA's practice guidelines also seek to provide better clinical utility and usability. Rather than a broad overview of treatment for a disorder, new practice guidelines focus on a set of discrete clinical questions of relevance to an overarching subject area. A systematic review of evidence is conducted to address these clinical questions and involves a detailed assessment of individual studies. The quality of the overall body of evidence is also rated and is summarized in the practice guideline. With the new process, recommendations are determined by weighing potential benefits and harms of an intervention in a specific clinical context. Clear, concise, and actionable recommendation statements help clinicians to incorporate recommendations into clinical practice, with the goal of improving quality of care. The new practice guideline format is also designed to be more user friendly by dividing information into modules on specific clinical questions. Each module has a consistent organization, which will assist users in finding clinically useful and relevant information quickly and easily. This new edition of the practice guidelines on psychiatric evaluation for adults is the first set of the APA's guidelines developed under the new guideline development process. These guidelines address the following nine topics, in the context of an initial psychiatric evaluation: review of psychiatric symptoms, trauma history, and treatment history; substance use assessment; assessment of suicide risk; assessment for risk of aggressive behaviors; assessment of cultural factors; assessment of medical health; quantitative assessment; involvement of the patient in treatment decision making; and documentation of the psychiatric evaluation. Each guideline recommends or suggests topics to include during an initial psychiatric evaluation. Findings from an expert opinion survey have also been taken into consideration in making recommendations or suggestions. In addition to reviewing the available evidence on psychiatry evaluation, each guideline also provides guidance to clinicians on implementing these recommendations to enhance patient care.

Cognitive Behavioural Processes Across Psychological Disorders

Cognitive Behavioural Processes Across Psychological Disorders
Author: Allison G. Harvey,Edward Watkins,Warren Mansell
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 365
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9780198528883
ISBN 13: 0198528884
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Behavioural Processes Across Psychological Disorders Book Review:

What do patients with obsessive compulsive disorder, insomnia and schizophrenia have in common? This book proposes that these disorders share several important cognitive and behavioural processes and, by studying what they have in common, more effective methods of treatment can be administered.

Thinking Fast and Slow

Thinking  Fast and Slow
Author: Daniel Kahneman
Publsiher: Doubleday Canada
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2011-11-01
ISBN 10: 0385676522
ISBN 13: 9780385676526
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thinking Fast and Slow Book Review:

The guru to the gurus at last shares his knowledge with the rest of us. Nobel laureate Daniel Kahneman's seminal studies in behavioral psychology, behavioral economics, and happiness studies have influenced numerous other authors, including Steven Pinker and Malcolm Gladwell. In Thinking, Fast and Slow, Kahneman at last offers his own, first book for the general public. It is a lucid and enlightening summary of his life's work. It will change the way you think about thinking. Two systems drive the way we think and make choices, Kahneman explains: System One is fast, intuitive, and emotional; System Two is slower, more deliberative, and more logical. Examining how both systems function within the mind, Kahneman exposes the extraordinary capabilities as well as the biases of fast thinking and the pervasive influence of intuitive impressions on our thoughts and our choices. Engaging the reader in a lively conversation about how we think, he shows where we can trust our intuitions and how we can tap into the benefits of slow thinking, contrasting the two-system view of the mind with the standard model of the rational economic agent. Kahneman's singularly influential work has transformed cognitive psychology and launched the new fields of behavioral economics and happiness studies. In this path-breaking book, Kahneman shows how the mind works, and offers practical and enlightening insights into how choices are made in both our business and personal lives--and how we can guard against the mental glitches that often get us into trouble.

13 Things Mentally Strong People Don t Do

13 Things Mentally Strong People Don t Do
Author: Amy Morin
Publsiher: Harper Collins
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2014-12-23
ISBN 10: 0062358316
ISBN 13: 9780062358318
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

13 Things Mentally Strong People Don t Do Book Review:

"Kick bad mental habits and toughen yourself up."—Inc. Master your mental strength—revolutionary new strategies that work for everyone from homemakers to soldiers and teachers to CEOs. Don’t waste time feeling sorry for yourself Don’t give away your power Don’t shy away from change Don’t focus on things you can’t control Don’t worry about pleasing everyone Don’t fear taking calculated risks Don’t dwell on the past Don’t make the same mistakes over and over Don’t resent other people’s success Don’t give up after the first failure Don’t fear alone time Don’t feel the world owes you anything Don’t expect immediate results

Cognition and Emotion

Cognition and Emotion
Author: Jan de Houwer,Dirk Hermans
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2010-05-09
ISBN 10: 1136980946
ISBN 13: 9781136980947
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognition and Emotion Book Review:

Emotions are complex and multifaceted phenomena. Although they have been examined from a variety of perspectives, the study of the interaction between cognition and emotion has always occupied a unique position within emotion research. Many philosophers and psychologists have been fascinated by the relationship between thinking and feeling. During the past 30 years, research on the relationship between cognition and emotion has boomed and so many studies on this topic have been published that it is difficult to keep track of the evidence. This book fulfils the need for a review of the existing evidence on particular aspects of the interplay between cognition and emotion. The book assembles a collection of state-of-the-art reviews of the most important topics in cognition and emotion research: emotion theories, feeling and thinking, the perception of emotion, the expression of emotion, emotion regulation, emotion and memory, and emotion and attention. By bringing these reviews together, this book presents a unique overview of the knowledge that has been generated in the past decades about the many and complex ways in which cognition and emotion interact. As such, it provides a useful tool for both students and researchers alike, in the fields of social, clinical and cognitive psychology.

Anxiety and Cognition

Anxiety and Cognition
Author: Michael Eysenck
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2014-01-21
ISBN 10: 1317775031
ISBN 13: 9781317775034
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Anxiety and Cognition Book Review:

It is argued in this book that there are three major approaches to anxiety. First, there is anxiety as an emotional state. Second, there is trait anxiety as a dimension of personality. Third, there is anxiety as a set of anxiety disorders. What is attempted is to produce a unified theory of anxiety which integrates all these major approaches. According to this unified theory, there are four sources of information which influence the level of experienced anxiety: (1) experimental stimulation; (2) internal physiological activity; (3) internal cognitions, (e.g., worries); and (4) one's own behaviour. The unified theory is essentially based on a cognitive approach. More specifically, it is assumed that individual differences in experienced anxiety between those high and low in trait anxiety depend largely on cognitive biases. It is also assumed that the various anxiety disorders depend on cognitive biases, and that the main anxiety disorders differ in terms of the source of information most affected by such biases (e.g., social phobics have biased interpretation of their own behaviour). In sum, this book presents a general theory of anxiety from the cognitive perspective. It is intended that this theory will influence theory and research on emotion, personality, and the anxiety disorders.

Cognition and Addiction

Cognition and Addiction
Author: Antonio Verdejo García
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 442
Release: 2019-09-29
ISBN 10: 0128152990
ISBN 13: 9780128152997
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognition and Addiction Book Review:

Cognition and Addiction: A Researcher’s Guide from Mechanisms Towards Interventions provides researchers with a guide to recent cognitive neuroscience advances in addiction theory, phenotyping, treatments and new vistas, including both substance and behavioral addictions. This book focuses on “what to know and “how to apply information, prioritizing novel principles and delineating cutting-edge assessment, phenotyping and treatment tools. Written by world renowned researcher Antonio Verdejo-Garcia, this resource will become a go-to guide for researchers in the field of cognitive neuroscience and addiction. Examines cognitive neuroscience advances in addiction theory, including both substance and behavioral addictions Discusses primary principles of cutting-edge assessment, phenotyping and treatment tools Includes detailed chapters on neuro-epidemiology and genetic imaging

Scarcity

Scarcity
Author: Sendhil Mullainathan,Eldar Shafir
Publsiher: Macmillan
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2013-09-03
ISBN 10: 1429943459
ISBN 13: 9781429943451
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scarcity Book Review:

A surprising and intriguing examination of how scarcity—and our flawed responses to it—shapes our lives, our society, and our culture Why do successful people get things done at the last minute? Why does poverty persist? Why do organizations get stuck firefighting? Why do the lonely find it hard to make friends? These questions seem unconnected, yet Sendhil Mullainathan and Eldar Shafir show that they are all examples of a mind-set produced by scarcity. Drawing on cutting-edge research from behavioral science and economics, Mullainathan and Shafir show that scarcity creates a similar psychology for everyone struggling to manage with less than they need. Busy people fail to manage their time efficiently for the same reasons the poor and those maxed out on credit cards fail to manage their money. The dynamics of scarcity reveal why dieters find it hard to resist temptation, why students and busy executives mismanage their time, and why sugarcane farmers are smarter after harvest than before. Once we start thinking in terms of scarcity and the strategies it imposes, the problems of modern life come into sharper focus. Mullainathan and Shafir discuss how scarcity affects our daily lives, recounting anecdotes of their own foibles and making surprising connections that bring this research alive. Their book provides a new way of understanding why the poor stay poor and the busy stay busy, and it reveals not only how scarcity leads us astray but also how individuals and organizations can better manage scarcity for greater satisfaction and success.

Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy for Bipolar Disorder

Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy for Bipolar Disorder
Author: Thilo Deckersbach,Britta Hölzel,Lori Eisner,Sara W. Lazar,Andrew A. Nierenberg
Publsiher: Guilford Publications
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2014-07-07
ISBN 10: 1462518567
ISBN 13: 9781462518562
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy for Bipolar Disorder Book Review:

Grounded in current knowledge about bipolar disorder and its treatment, this book presents an empirically supported therapy program with step-by-step guidelines for implementation. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) for bipolar disorder is specifically designed for clients who have experienced many mood episodes and who struggle with chronic, pervasive depressive and residual manic symptoms. The authors provide everything needed to conduct the 12 weekly group sessions, which are supplemented by regular individual sessions. Reproducible tools include 29 client handouts and an Instructor Checklist. Purchasers get access to a companion website featuring downloadable audio recordings of the guided mindfulness practices (meditations and mindful movement), plus the reproducible materials, ready to download and print in a convenient 8 1/2" x 11" size. A separate website for use by clients features the audio recordings only.

Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions

Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions
Author: Joy Higgs
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 0750688858
ISBN 13: 9780750688857
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions Book Review:

Clinical reasoning is the foundation of professional clinical practice. Totally revised and updated, this book continues to provide the essential text on the theoretical basis of clinical reasoning in the health professions and examines strategies for assisting learners, scholars and clinicians develop their reasoning expertise. key chapters revised and updated nature of clinical reasoning sections have been expanded increase in emphasis on collaborative reasoning core model of clinical reasoning has been revised and updated

The Hidden Brain

The Hidden Brain
Author: Shankar Vedantam
Publsiher: Random House
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2010-01-19
ISBN 10: 1588369390
ISBN 13: 9781588369390
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Hidden Brain Book Review:

The hidden brain is the voice in our ear when we make the most important decisions in our lives—but we’re never aware of it. The hidden brain decides whom we fall in love with and whom we hate. It tells us to vote for the white candidate and convict the dark-skinned defendant, to hire the thin woman but pay her less than the man doing the same job. It can direct us to safety when disaster strikes and move us to extraordinary acts of altruism. But it can also be manipulated to turn an ordinary person into a suicide terrorist or a group of bystanders into a mob. In a series of compulsively readable narratives, Shankar Vedantam journeys through the latest discoveries in neuroscience, psychology, and behavioral science to uncover the darkest corner of our minds and its decisive impact on the choices we make as individuals and as a society. Filled with fascinating characters, dramatic storytelling, and cutting-edge science, this is an engrossing exploration of the secrets our brains keep from us—and how they are revealed.

The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology

The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Author: Thomas H. Ollendick,Susan W. White,Bradley A. White
Publsiher: Oxford Library of Psychology
Total Pages: 816
Release: 2018-12-07
ISBN 10: 0190634847
ISBN 13: 9780190634841
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology Book Review:

At the founding in 1896 of the first psychological clinic dedicated to children and adolescents, the study of the psychological treatment of young people lagged behind that of adults, and the basic psychopathology underlying mental disorders in this population was largely ignored. Since those early days, the field has evolved steadily and, in recent years, exponentially. The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology is a state-of-the-science volume providing comprehensive coverage of the psychological problems and disorders of childhood. International in scope and penned by the discipline's most eminent scientists and practitioners, the handbook begins with a section on conceptual and empirical issues, followed by exceptional content on specific psychiatric disorders such as intellectual disability, externalizing and internalizing disorders, communication disorders, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, personality disorders, and many more. The third section offers chapters on special problems in childhood and adolescence, including divorce, the incarceration of parents, suicide and non-suicidal self-injury, bullying, and medical illness. A fourth section covers delivery of clinical services in diverse settings, such as schools and prisons, and the handbook concludes with several chapters on emerging trends and future directions for the field. Conceptually rich and evidence-based, this handbook is an essential resource for students, practitioners, and researchers, providing a cutting-edge compendium of the latest theoretical and empirical developments by leaders of the discipline.