The Handbook of Biomass Combustion and Co firing

The Handbook of Biomass Combustion and Co firing
Author: Sjaak Van Loo,Jaap Koppejan
Publsiher: Earthscan
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2012-05-16
ISBN 10: 1849773041
ISBN 13: 9781849773041
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Handbook of Biomass Combustion and Co firing Book Review:

This unique handbook presents both the theory and application of biomass combustion and co-firing, from basic principles to industrial combustion and environmental impact, in a clear and comprehensive manner. It offers a solid grounding on biomass combustion, and advice on improving combustion systems.Written by leading international academics and industrial experts, and prepared under the auspices of the IEA Bioenergy Implementing Agreement, the handbook is an essential resource for anyone interested in biomass combustion and co-firing technologies varying from domestic woodstoves to utility-scale power generation. The book covers subjects including biomass fuel pre-treatment and logistics, modelling the combustion process and ash-related issues, as well as featuring an overview of the current R&D needs regarding biomass combustion.

Solid Biofuels for Energy

Solid Biofuels for Energy
Author: Panagiotis Grammelis
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 242
Release: 2010-10-22
ISBN 10: 9781849963930
ISBN 13: 1849963932
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Biofuels for Energy Book Review:

Fossil fuels are widely used for electricity generation and heating, creating greenhouse gas emissions and other toxic pollutants, which should be minimised according to the most recent environmental legislation. The utilisation of solid fuels with biogenic origin could contribute to the minimisation of these emissions. Solid Biofuels for Energy presents the current status of the engineering disciplines in this specific area, providing an improved background on the energy exploitation options of solid biomass. Within this framework, all thematic priorities related to the solid bioenergy potential and standardisation, commercialised and emerging energy technologies, and quality of solid residues are presented. Special attention has been given to biomass co-firing with coal, since it has the highest potential for commercial application, while combustion and gasification are more promising for units of medium to small scale. This strong practical focus is evident throughout the book, particularly in discussions of: • international standards for solid biofuel specifications; • supply, cost and sustainability of solid biofuels; • technical issues and non-technical barriers in biomass/coal co-firing; and • biomass combustion and gasification characteristics. Solid Biofuels for Energy is an informative reference, written for researchers and postgraduate students working in the field of biomass. It can also be a useful guide for chemical and mechanical engineers, involved in the environment and energy production sectors.

Recent Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage

Recent Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage
Author: Yongseung Yun
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2017-03-08
ISBN 10: 9535130056
ISBN 13: 9789535130055
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage Book Review:

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) has been considered as a practical way in sequestering the huge anthropogenic CO2 amount with a reasonable cost until a more pragmatic solution appears. The CCS can work as a bridge before fulfilling the no-CO2 era of the future by applying to large-scale CO2 emitting facilities. But CCS appears to lose some passion by the lack of progress in technical developments and in commercial success stories other than EOR. This is the time to go back to basics, starting from finding a solution in small steps. The CCS technology desperately needs far newer ideas and breakthroughs that can overcome earlier attempts through improving, modifying, and switching the known principles. This book tries to give some insight into developing an urgently needed technical breakthrough through the recent advances in CCS research, in addition to the available small steps like soil carbon sequestration. This book provides the fundamental and practical information for researchers and graduate students who want to review the current technical status and to bring in new ideas to the conventional CCS technologies.

Solid Fuel Blending

Solid Fuel Blending
Author: David A. Tillman,Dao N.B. Duong,N. Stanley Harding
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 335
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 0123809320
ISBN 13: 9780123809322
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Fuel Blending Book Review:

Create affordable solid fuel blends that will burn efficiently while reducing the carbon footprint. Solid Fuel Blending Handbook: Principles, Practices, and Problems describes a new generation of solid fuel blending processes. The book includes discussions on such topics as flame structure and combustion performance, boiler efficiency, capacity as influenced by flue gas volume and temperature, slagging and fouling, corrosion, and emissions. Attention is given to the major types of combustion systems including stokers, pulverized coal, cyclone, and fluidized bed boilers. Specific topics considered include chlorine in one or more coals, alkali metals (e.g., K, Na) and alkali earth elements, and related topics. Coals of consideration include Appalachian, Interior Province, and Western bituminous coals; Powder River Basin (PRB) and other subbituminous coals; Fort Union and Gulf Coast lignites, and many of the off-shore coals (e.g., Adaro coal, an Indonesian subbituminous coal with very low sulfur; other off-shore coals from Germany, Poland, Australia, South Africa, Columbia, and more). Interactions between fuels and the potential for blends to be different from the parent coals will be a critical focus of this of the book. One stop source to solid fuel types and blending processes Evaluate combustion systems and calculate their efficiency Recognize the interactions between fuels and their potential energy output Be aware of the Environmental Aspects of Fuel Blending

Biomass Gasification Pyrolysis and Torrefaction

Biomass Gasification  Pyrolysis and Torrefaction
Author: Prabir Basu
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 548
Release: 2013-07-18
ISBN 10: 0123965438
ISBN 13: 9780123965431
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Gasification Pyrolysis and Torrefaction Book Review:

Biomass is the most widely used non-fossil fuel in the world. Biomass resources show a considerable potential in the long-term given the increasing proliferation of dedicated energy crops for biofuels. The second edition of Biomass Gasification and Pyrolysis is enhanced with new topics, such as torrefaction and cofiring, making it a versatile resource that not only explains the basic principles of energy conversion systems, but also provides valuable insight into the design of biomass conversion systems. This book will allow professionals, such as engineers, scientists, and operating personnel of biomass gasification, pyrolysis or torrefaction plants, to gain a better comprehension of the basics of biomass conversion. The author provides many worked out design problems, step-by-step design procedures and real data on commercially operating systems. With a dedicated focus on the design, analysis, and operational aspects of biomass gasification, pyrolysis, and torrefaction, Biomass Gasification, Pyrolysis and Torrefaction, Second Edition offers comprehensive coverage of biomass in its gas, liquid, and solid states in a single easy-to-access source. Contains new and updated step-by-step process flow diagrams, design data and conversion charts, and numerical examples with solutions Includes chapters dedicated to evolving torrefaction technologies, practicing option of biomass cofiring, and biomass conversion economics Expanded coverage of syngas and other Fischer-Tropsch alternatives Spotlights advanced processes such as supercritical water gasification and torrefaction of biomass. Provides available research results in an easy-to-use design methodology

New Trends in Coal Conversion

New Trends in Coal Conversion
Author: Isabel Suarez-Ruiz,Fernando Rubiera,Maria Antonia Diez
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 542
Release: 2018-08-30
ISBN 10: 0081022026
ISBN 13: 9780081022023
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Trends in Coal Conversion Book Review:

New Trends in Coal Conversion: Combustion, Gasification, Emissions, and Coking covers the latest advancements in coal utilization, including coal conversion processes and mitigation of environmental impacts, providing an up-to-date source of information for a cleaner and more environmentally friendly use of coal, with a particular emphasis on the two biggest users of coal—utilities and the steel industry. Coverage includes recent advances in combustion co-firing, gasification, and on the minimization of trace element and CO2 emissions that is ideal for plant engineers, researchers, and quality control engineers in electric utilities and steelmaking. Other sections cover new advances in clean coal technologies for the steel industry, technological advances in conventional by-products, the heat-recovery/non-recovering cokemaking process, and the increasing use of low-quality coals in coking blends. Readers will learn how to make more effective use of coal resources, deliver higher productivity, save energy and reduce the environmental impact of their coal utilization. Provides the current state-of-the-art and ongoing activities within coal conversion processes, with an emphasis on emerging technologies for the reduction of CO2 and trace elements Discusses innovations in cokemaking for improved efficiency, energy savings and reduced environmental impact Include case studies and examples throughout the book

NO Emission During Co firing Coal and Biomass in an Oxy fuel Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustor

NO Emission During Co firing Coal and Biomass in an Oxy fuel Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustor
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2015
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1052073741
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

NO Emission During Co firing Coal and Biomass in an Oxy fuel Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustor Book Review:

Highlights: Burning biomass alone has a higher NO emission than coal. Nitrogen conversion is in agreement with the H/N ratio in the fuel. In oxy-fuel combustion, lower NO emission has been observed. Oxygen staging combustion succeeds in controlling the NO emission. Abstract: Co-firing biomass and coal under oxy-fuel combustion in a circulating fluidized bed combustor (CFBC) holds the potential for negative CO2 emission into the atmosphere and is a promising technology to realized atmospheric CO2 reduction. Experiments co-firing coal and three kinds of Chinese biomass, i.e. rice husk (RH), wood chips (WC) and dry wood flour (WF) under oxy-fuel condition were carried out in a 10 kWt CFBC. Results show that burning biomass separately produces higher NO emissions and a higher fuel nitrogen conversion ratio than burning coal without biomass addition due to the higher volatile matter content of the biomass; the fuel nitrogen conversion ratio is in agreement with the H/N ratio in the fuel under both air and oxy-fuel atmosphere. In oxy-fuel combustion, lower NO emission is observed than in air combustion, because CO2 replacing N2 reduces the yield of NO precursors like NH3 during the devolatilization process and enhances NO reduction via char/NO/CO reaction. NO emission increases as temperature, overall oxygen concentration and primary oxidant fraction increase during oxy-fuel combustion. Oxygen staging succeeds in controlling NO emission in a comparatively low level at high overall oxygen concentration condition. The results can be helpful for the design and operation of the oxy-fuel fluidized bed combustor.

Computational Fluid Dynamics

Computational Fluid Dynamics
Author: Adela Ionescu
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2018-02-14
ISBN 10: 9535137905
ISBN 13: 9789535137900
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Fluid Dynamics Book Review:

This book is the result of a careful selection of contributors in the field of CFD. It is divided into three sections according to the purpose and approaches used in the development of the contributions. The first section describes the "high-performance computing" (HPC) tools and their impact on CFD modeling. The second section is dedicated to "CFD models for local and large-scale industrial phenomena." Two types of approaches are basically contained here: one concerns the adaptation from global to local scale, - e.g., the applications of CFD to study the climate changes and the adaptations to local scale. The second approach, very challenging, is the multiscale analysis. The third section is devoted to "CFD in numerical modeling approach for experimental cases." Its chapters emphasize on the numerical approach of the mathematical models associated to few experimental (industrial) cases. Here, the impact and the importance of the mathematical modeling in CFD are focused on. It is expected that the collection of these chapters will enrich the state of the art in the CFD domain and its applications in a lot of fields. This collection proves that CFD is a highly interdisciplinary research area, which lies at the interface of physics, engineering, applied mathematics, and computer science.

The Selection Process of Biomass Materials for the Production of Bio Fuels and Co firing

The Selection Process of Biomass Materials for the Production of Bio Fuels and Co firing
Author: N. Altawell
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2014-03-28
ISBN 10: 111885246X
ISBN 13: 9781118852460
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Selection Process of Biomass Materials for the Production of Bio Fuels and Co firing Book Review:

A functional discussion of the crop selection process for biomass energy The Selection Process of Biomass Materials for the Production of Bio-fuels and Co-firing provides a detailed examination and analysis for a number of energy crops and their use as a source for generating electricity and for the production of bio-fuels. Renowned renewable energy expert and consultant Dr. Najib Altawell begins with the fundamentals of bio-fuels and co-firing and moves on to the main feature, which is the methodology that assists energy scientists and engineers to arrive at the most suitable biomass materials tailored to each company’s business and economic environments and objectives. This methodology provides a framework whereby power-generating companies can insert their own values for each factor, whether business factor (BF) or scientific & technical factors (S&T) or both simultaneously. The methodology provides a list of factors related to the biomass energy business. The average values have been obtained from the survey method and laboratory tests. These values are the standard values power companies can use if they need or wish to use them. The Selection Process of Biomass Materials for the Production of Bio-fuels and Co-firing has been designed and compiled for the widest possible range of readers, researchers, businesspeople, and economists who are connected to the renewable energy field in general, and biomass energy in particular. Because of its focus on practical data and applications, the book is also accessible for general readers who may or may not have a technical or scientific background.

Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion

Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion
Author: Guangxi Yue,Hai Zhang,Changsui Zhao,Zhongyang Luo
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1182
Release: 2010-07-28
ISBN 10: 9783642026829
ISBN 13: 3642026826
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion Book Review:

The proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion (FBC) collect 9 plenary lectures and 175 peer-reviewed technical papers presented in the conference held in Xi'an China in May 18-21,2009. The conference was the 20th conference in a series, covering the latest fundamental research results, as well as the application experience from pilot plants, demonstrations and industrial units regarding to the FBC science and technology. It was co-hosted by Tsinghua University, Southeast University, Zhejiang University, China Electricity Council and Chinese Machinery Industry Federation. A particular feature of the proceedings is the balance between the papers submitted by experts from industry and the papers submitted by academic researchers, aiming to bring academic knowledge to application as well as to define new areas for research. The authors of the proceedings are the most active researchers, technology developers, experienced and representative facility operators and manufacturers. They presented the latest research results, state-of-the-art development and projects, and the useful experience. The proceedings are divided into following sections: • CFB Boiler Technology, Operation and Design • Fundamental Research on Fluidization and Fluidized Combustion • C02 Capture and Chemical Looping • Gasification • Modeling and Simulation on FBC Technology • Environments and Pollutant Control • Sustainable Fuels The proceedings can be served as idea references for researchers, engineers, academia and graduate students, plant operators, boiler manufacturers, component suppliers, and technical managers who work on FBC fundamental research, technology development and industrial application.

Biomass Combustion Science Technology and Engineering

Biomass Combustion Science  Technology and Engineering
Author: Lasse Rosendahl
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2013-04-04
ISBN 10: 0857097431
ISBN 13: 9780857097439
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Combustion Science Technology and Engineering Book Review:

The utilisation of biomass is increasingly important for low- or zero-carbon power generation. Developments in conventional power plant fuel flexibility allow for both direct biomass combustion and co-firing with fossil fuels, while the integration of advanced technologies facilitates conversion of a wide range of biomass feedstocks into more readily combustible fuel. Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering reviews the science and technology of biomass combustion, conversion and utilisation. Part one provides an introduction to biomass supply chains and feedstocks, and outlines the principles of biomass combustion for power generation. Chapters also describe the categorisation and preparation of biomass feedstocks for combustion and gasification. Part two goes on to explore biomass combustion and co-firing, including direct combustion of biomass, biomass co-firing and gasification, fast pyrolysis of biomass for the production of liquids and intermediate pyrolysis technologies. Largescale biomass combustion and biorefineries are then the focus of part three. Following an overview of large-scale biomass combustion plants, key engineering issues and plant operation are discussed, before the book concludes with a chapter looking at the role of biorefineries in increasing the value of the end-products of biomass conversion. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering provides a clear overview of this important area for all power plant operators, industrial engineers, biomass researchers, process chemists and academics working in this field. Reviews the science and technology of biomass combustion, conversion and utilisation Provides an introduction to biomass supply chains and feedstocks and outlines the principles of biomass combustion for power generation Describes the categorisation and preparation of biomass feedstocks for combustion and gasification

Investigation of Ash Deposition During Co firing Biomass peat with Coal in a Pilot scale Fluidized bed Reactor

Investigation of Ash Deposition During Co firing Biomass peat with Coal in a Pilot scale Fluidized bed Reactor
Author: Yuanyuan Shao
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2011
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1069595747
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Investigation of Ash Deposition During Co firing Biomass peat with Coal in a Pilot scale Fluidized bed Reactor Book Review:

Biomass, a promising alternative to fossil fuels, has been applied widely for energy generation by co-firing technology in recent year particularly in the EU countries. In this thesis, a key issue of biomass co-firing technology - ash deposition in combustion, co-combustion and gasification, was comprehensively investigated in a pilot-scale bubbling fluidized bed reactor. A custom-designed, air-cooled probe was installed in the freeboard zone of the reactor to simulate the heat-transfer surface and collect ash deposits from the process. A local lignite coal, a woody biomass (white pine), and a Canadian peat were involved in the tests. The main varying operating parameters investigated in this study included: blending ratio, air/fuel ratio, moisture content and sulphur addition for the combustion/combustion tests; equivalence ratio, bed materials and fuel types for the gasification tests. A new parameter, "relative deposition rate" (RDA) was proposed in this study to evaluate the relative deposition tendencies of biomass fuels and biomass-coal mixed fuels against the coal as the base fuel for co-firing. As expected, co-firing of the lignite and the wood pellets (with a much lower ash-content than the lignite) resulted in a decreased superficial rate of ash deposition. However, co-firing of woody biomass and lignite coal did not significantly increase the ash deposition tendency in terms of the values of RDA, and more interestingly, co-firing of the fuel blend of 50% lignite-50% white pine pellets produced a lower RDA. Co-combustion of three-fuel blend at 20%lignite-40%peat-40%pine resulted in the lowest deposition rate and the least deposition tendency among all the combustion tests with various mixed fuels or individual fuels. Another new and interesting discovery of this study was that fluidized-bed combustion of an individual fuel or a fuel blend with a higher moisture content produced not only a more uniform temperature profile along the fluidized-bed column but also a reduced ash deposition rate. A higher chlorine concentration in the feed would generally result in a higher tendency of ash deposition. Adding sulfur into the fuel of coal or peat could effectively decrease the chloride deposition in the ash deposits via sulphation. The sulphur addition could also reduce the ash deposition rate for the combustion of lignite, while it slightly increased the ash deposition rate for the peat fuel. In air-blown gasification of a woody biomass and a Canadian peat, the experimental results demonstrated that among the four bed materials (olivine, limestone, iron ore, and dolomite), the use of olivine resulted in the lowest ash deposition rate. The superb performance of olivine in retarding ash deposition could be accounted for by its outstanding thermal stability and mechanical strength. The other three bed materials, in particular limestone, were fragile during the fluidized bed gasification, and the fractured fines from the bed materials were found to deposit along with the fuel-ash on the heat transfer surface, leading to higher ash deposition rates. Finally, mathematical models parameterized with interactions between fuel chlorine, alkali and ash particles were developed to analyze the ash and chlorine deposition behavior based on the experimental data from co-firing peat with lignite coal. The developed equations in this study can not only describe the dependence of the deposition rate and the ash chlorine content on the fraction of peat, but can also determine suitable range of the peat fraction for smooth operations, which would be useful for co-firing other fuel blends.

Clean Coal Engineering Technology

Clean Coal Engineering Technology
Author: Bruce G. Miller
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2010-11-15
ISBN 10: 9780080961163
ISBN 13: 0080961169
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Clean Coal Engineering Technology Book Review:

Concern over the effects of airborne pollution, green house gases, and the impact of global warming has become a worldwide issue that transcends international boundaries, politics, and social responsibility. The 2nd Edition of Coal Energy Systems: Clean Coal Technology describes a new generation of energy processes that sharply reduce air emissions and other pollutants from coal-burning power plants. Coal is the dirtiest of all fossil fuels. When burned, it produces emissions that contribute to global warming, create acid rain, and pollute water. With all of the interest and research surrounding nuclear energy, hydropower, and biofuels, many think that coal is finally on its way out. However, coal generates half of the electricity in the United States and throughout the world today. It will likely continue to do so as long as it's cheap and plentiful [Source: Energy Information Administration]. Coal provides stability in price and availability, will continue to be a major source of electricity generation, will be the major source of hydrogen for the coming hydrogen economy, and has the potential to become an important source of liquid fuels. Conservation and renewable/sustainable energy are important in the overall energy picture, but will play a lesser role in helping us satisfy our energy demands today. Dramatically updated to meet the needs of an ever changing energy market, Coal Energy Systems, 2nd Edition is a single source covering policy and the engineering involved in implementing that policy. The book addresses many coal-related subjects of interest ranging from the chemistry of coal and the future engineering anatomy of a coal fired plant to the cutting edge clean coal technologies being researched and utilized today. A 50% update over the first edition, this new book contains new chapters on processes such as CO2 capture and sequestration, Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) systems, Pulverized-Coal Power Plants and Carbon Emission Trading. Existing materials on worldwide coal distribution and quantities, technical and policy issues regarding the use of coal, technologies used and under development for utilizing coal to produce heat, electricity, and chemicals with low environmental impact, vision for utilizing coal well into the 21st century, and the security coal presents. Clean Liquids and Gaseous Fuels from Coal for Electric Power Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) systems Pulverized-Coal Power Plants Advanced Coal-Based Power Plants Fluidized-Bed Combustion Technology CO2 capture and sequestration

Theoretical and Applied Aspects of Biomass Torrefaction

Theoretical and Applied Aspects of Biomass Torrefaction
Author: Stephen Gent,Michael Twedt,Christina Gerometta,Evan Almberg
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2017-06-16
ISBN 10: 0128095172
ISBN 13: 9780128095171
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Theoretical and Applied Aspects of Biomass Torrefaction Book Review:

Theoretical and Applied Aspects of Biomass Torrefaction: For Biofuels and Value-Added Products presents a firm foundation of torrefaction technologies and their economic and sustainability aspects. It offers a theoretical background in the underlying principles of torrefaction reactions, including thermodynamics, chemical reactions, process modeling, end-products, and value-added products such as biochar and torr-gas. It also provides an overview of best practices in torrefaction systems, reactor design and scale-up, and compares torrefaction with other thermochemical processing technologies. The authors discuss feedstock availability for a variety of biomass types, such as agricultural residues, woody residues, energy crops and municipal solid waste. They also examine logistics and markets for torrefied products, which includes their use in co-firing and combined heat and power generation, as well as emissions and other environmental aspects. This balanced and thorough approach to the subject matter makes this an excellent resource for engineers, researchers, and graduate students in the field of biomass conversion, especially with background in energy engineering, mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, environmental engineering, biological engineering, and agriculture. Offers a comprehensive overview of torrefaction, balancing theoretical and applied perspectives of torrefaction technologies from a holistic perspective Examines economic and sustainability aspects, including logistics, markets, feedstock, and emissions Presents a variety of relevant, real-world examples that underscore the production and utilization of torrefied material Offers a balanced and thorough approach to the subject, making it an excellent resource for engineers, researchers, and graduate students in the field of biomass conversion

Adaptive Robust Control Systems

Adaptive Robust Control Systems
Author: Anh Tuan Le
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 362
Release: 2018-03-07
ISBN 10: 9535137964
ISBN 13: 9789535137962
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adaptive Robust Control Systems Book Review:

This book focuses on the applications of robust and adaptive control approaches to practical systems. The proposed control systems hold two important features: (1) The system is robust with the variation in plant parameters and disturbances (2) The system adapts to parametric uncertainties even in the unknown plant structure by self-training and self-estimating the unknown factors. The various kinds of robust adaptive controls represented in this book are composed of sliding mode control, model-reference adaptive control, gain-scheduling, H-infinity, model-predictive control, fuzzy logic, neural networks, machine learning, and so on. The control objects are very abundant, from cranes, aircrafts, and wind turbines to automobile, medical and sport machines, combustion engines, and electrical machines.

Forest Based Biomass Energy

Forest Based Biomass Energy
Author: Frank Spellman
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 514
Release: 2011-12-07
ISBN 10: 1439860203
ISBN 13: 9781439860205
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forest Based Biomass Energy Book Review:

What is forest-based biomass energy and why should we care? Written by environmental expert Frank Spellman, Forest-Based Biomass Energy: Concepts and Applications details how forest biomass can be converted to energy and energy products, including direct combustion, pellets, gasification, and co-firing. It explores the possibilities of forest-based

The Power of Renewables

The Power of Renewables
Author: Chinese Academy of Engineering,Chinese Academy of Sciences,National Research Council,National Academy of Engineering,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on U.S.-China Cooperation on Electricity from Renewable Resources
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2011-01-29
ISBN 10: 0309160006
ISBN 13: 9780309160001
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Power of Renewables Book Review:

The United States and China are the world's top two energy consumers and, as of 2010, the two largest economies. Consequently, they have a decisive role to play in the world's clean energy future. Both countries are also motivated by related goals, namely diversified energy portfolios, job creation, energy security, and pollution reduction, making renewable energy development an important strategy with wide-ranging implications. Given the size of their energy markets, any substantial progress the two countries make in advancing use of renewable energy will provide global benefits, in terms of enhanced technological understanding, reduced costs through expanded deployment, and reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions relative to conventional generation from fossil fuels. Within this context, the U.S. National Academies, in collaboration with the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE), reviewed renewable energy development and deployment in the two countries, to highlight prospects for collaboration across the research to deployment chain and to suggest strategies which would promote more rapid and economical attainment of renewable energy goals. Main findings and concerning renewable resource assessments, technology development, environmental impacts, market infrastructure, among others, are presented. Specific recommendations have been limited to those judged to be most likely to accelerate the pace of deployment, increase cost-competitiveness, or shape the future market for renewable energy. The recommendations presented here are also pragmatic and achievable.

Fuel Processing and Energy Utilization

Fuel Processing and Energy Utilization
Author: Sonil Nanda,Prakash Kumar Sarangi,Dai-Viet N. Vo
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 210
Release: 2019-02-22
ISBN 10: 0429952376
ISBN 13: 9780429952371
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Processing and Energy Utilization Book Review:

This book provides different aspects on fuel processing and refinery for energy generation. Most updated research findings along with case studies, real scenario examples, and extensive analyses of original research work and literature reviews is included in this book.

Fuels of Opportunity Characteristics and Uses In Combustion Systems

Fuels of Opportunity  Characteristics and Uses In Combustion Systems
Author: David Tillman,N. Stanley Harding
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2004-01-20
ISBN 10: 9780080532066
ISBN 13: 0080532063
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuels of Opportunity Characteristics and Uses In Combustion Systems Book Review:

As electricity generators and process industries are increasingly seeking less expensive fuels for the generation of electricity and process heat, there is an ever-increasing industry-led emphasise on exploring the possibility of utilising opportunity fuels. Fuels of Opportunity: Characteristics and Uses In Combustion Systems considers a diverse range of opportunity fuels and their application by addressing the following fundamental issues: What are the specific fuel properties of these opportunity fuels? What are the combustion/conversion characteristics of these fuels fired alone or in combination with conventional fossil fuels? How are they best applied in energy settings? What are the technical and environmental consequences of their use? In considering these fuels the book presents detailed updated information on fuel characterization approaches and fuel utilization technologies. Explores environmental considerations associated with opportunity fuels, such as, how their utilisation of opportunity fuels can reduce airborne emissions Provides professionals in energy generation/energy use industries, a clear definition of fuels of opportunity, evaluates their composition, highlights the modern characteristics, and considers the technologies appropriate for their utilisation in energy applications Offers in-depth analysis of opportunity fuel usage, with a strong concentration on the relationship between the combustion processes and subsequent consequences to the structure, reactivity, and related properties of opportunity fuels

Fuel Flexible Energy Generation

Fuel Flexible Energy Generation
Author: John Oakey
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2015-12-08
ISBN 10: 1782423990
ISBN 13: 9781782423997
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Flexible Energy Generation Book Review:

Fuel Flexible Energy Generation: Solid, Liquid and Gaseous Fuels provides updated information on flexible fuel energy generation, the process by which one or more fuels can be combusted in the same boiler or turbine to generate power. By adapting or building boilers and turbines to accept multiple fuel sources, they can be co-fired with biomass and waste derived fuels, allowing a reduction in carbon output, thus providing cleaner energy. Fuel flexibility is becoming more important in a world of diminishing fossil fuel stocks. Many countries are investing in the development of more efficient fuel flexible boilers and turbines, and their use is becoming more prevalent in industry as well. This book provides comprehensive coverage of flexible fuel energy generation across all potential fuel types, and was written by a selection of experts in the field who discuss the types of fuels which can be used in fuel flexible energy generation, from solid fuels to biomass fuels, the preparation of fuels to be used in fuel flexible operations, that includes their handling and transport, and combustion and conversion technologies with chapters ranging from large-scale coal gasification to technology options and plant design issues. Focuses on fuel flexibility across all potential fuel types Includes thorough treatment of the technology being developed to allow for fuel flexibility Written by leading experts in the field Provides an essential text for R&D managers in firms which produce boilers or turbines, those who work in the fuel industry, and academics working in engineering departments on energy generation