Chickpea Crop Wild Relatives for Enhancing Genetic Gains

Chickpea  Crop Wild Relatives for Enhancing Genetic Gains
Author: Mohar Singh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2020-02-29
ISBN 10: 0128183004
ISBN 13: 9780128183007
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chickpea Crop Wild Relatives for Enhancing Genetic Gains Book Review:

Chickpea: Crop Wild Relatives for Enhancing Genetic Gains explores aspects related to critical analysis on factors responsible for narrow genetic base of chickpea productions including domestication bottleneck, the level of diversity present in different cultivated and wild species, the uniqueness and usefulness of potential gene sources available and maintained in production systems across the globe, the level of genetic erosion both at landrace and species level over time and space etc. Despite considerable international investment in conventional breeding, production of chickpea has not yet been significantly improved beyond that achieved through its normal single domestication event and high self-pollination rate. Total annual pulse production of ~12 million tons (FAO 2016) is far below actual potential. Susceptibility to both biotic and abiotic stresses have created a production level bottleneck whose solution possibly lies in the use of crop wild relatives and other genetic traits cultivated by tailoring novel germplasm. Presenting options for widening the genetic base of chickpea cultivars by introgression of diverse genes available in distantly related wild Cicer taxa, thus expanding the genetic base and maximize genetic gains from the selection, it is necessary to accumulate other complimentary alleles from CWRs. This review will focus on present status of gene pool and species distribution, germplasm conservation, characterization and evaluation, problems associated with crop production, sources of target traits available in wild species, status of trait introgression in synthesizing new gene pool of chickpea along with progress made in chickpea genomics. An edited book with contributions from leading scientists, this information will guide and inform chickpea breeders, PGR researchers and crop biologists across the world. Presents both conventional and emerging techniques Provides insights into gene pyramiding as cytogenic manipulations Includes case studies highlighting the impact of improving chickpea production

Lentils

Lentils
Author: Mohar Singh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 245
Release: 2018-08-10
ISBN 10: 0128135239
ISBN 13: 9780128135235
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lentils Book Review:

Lentils: Potential Resources for Enhancing Genetic Gains describes the evolutionary aspects and agronomic potential of this important pulse with emphasis placed on wide hybridization, including molecular aspects and future breeding strategies. The existing variability among cultivated germplasm has been exploited to reach a desirable level of productivity. However, to attain further breakthroughs in increasing yield and improving stability in future cultivars, new sources of genes/alleles need to be identified and incorporated into cultivated varieties. This book provides specific use information, including wild lentil germplasm utilization, thus allowing for the selection of transgressive interspecific recombinants that can be adapted to specific environments. Identifies breeding resources and the agronomic value assessed for specific traits of interest Presents marker assisted breeding work and genomic resources Describes strategies for wild lentils using wide hybridization Features key breeding strategies

Genomic Designing of Climate Smart Pulse Crops

Genomic Designing of Climate Smart Pulse Crops
Author: Chittaranjan Kole
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 469
Release: 2019-05-28
ISBN 10: 3319969323
ISBN 13: 9783319969329
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genomic Designing of Climate Smart Pulse Crops Book Review:

This book describes the concepts, strategies and techniques for pulse-crop improvement in the era of climate change, highlighting the latest advances in plant molecular mapping and genome sequencing. Genetic mapping of genes and QTLs has broadened the scope of marker-assisted breeding and map-based cloning in almost all major pulse crops. Genetic transformation, particularly using alien genes conferring resistance to herbicide, insects and diseases has facilitated the development of a huge number of genetically modified varieties of the major pulse crops. Since the genome sequencing of rice in 2002, genomes of over 7 pulse crops have been sequenced. This has resulted in the possibility of deciphering the exact nucleotide sequence and chromosomal positions of agroeconomic genes. Most importantly, comparative genomics and genotyping-by-sequencing has opened up a new vista for exploring wild crop relatives for identification of useful donor genes.

Accelerated Plant Breeding Volume 3

Accelerated Plant Breeding  Volume 3
Author: Satbir Singh Gosal,Shabir Hussain Wani
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2020-09-09
ISBN 10: 3030473066
ISBN 13: 9783030473068
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Accelerated Plant Breeding Volume 3 Book Review:

Plant improvement has shifted its focus from yield, quality and disease resistance to factors that will enhance commercial export, such as early maturity, shelf life and better processing quality. Conventional plant breeding methods aiming at the improvement of a self-pollinating crop, such as wheat, usually take 10-12 years to develop and release of the new variety. During the past 10 years, significant advances have been made and accelerated methods have been developed for precision breeding and early release of crop varieties. This work summarizes concepts dealing with germplasm enhancement and development of improved varieties based on innovative methodologies that include doubled haploidy, marker assisted selection, marker assisted background selection, genetic mapping, genomic selection, high-throughput genotyping, high-throughput phenotyping, mutation breeding, reverse breeding, transgenic breeding, shuttle breeding, speed breeding, low cost high-throughput field phenotyping, etc. It is an important reference with special focus on accelerated development of improved crop varieties.

Broadening the Genetic Base of Grain Legumes

Broadening the Genetic Base of Grain Legumes
Author: Mohar Singh,Ishwari Singh Bisht,Manoranjan Dutta
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 215
Release: 2014-10-28
ISBN 10: 8132220234
ISBN 13: 9788132220237
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Broadening the Genetic Base of Grain Legumes Book Review:

Grain legumes play significant and diverse role in the farming systems and provide nutrition security to the largely vegetarian and relatively poorer people around the world. These are ideal crops for achieving three simultaneous developmental goals viz. reducing poverty, improving human health and nutrition and enhancing ecosystem resilience. Globally, grain legumes are the second most important crop group next only to cereals but a large proportion of area of it is under rainfed-low input systems as compared to cereals contributing to lower yields. The other important factor responsible for reduced yield in grain legumes is the narrow genetic base of the present day pulse varieties. In order to break the yield barriers of these cultivars, new sources of genes/ alleles need to be identified and suitably incorporated into the adapted background. The information on various aspects of grain legume improvement although has been considerable in the recent past, these information are highly scattered and not available at one place. The present book consists of comprehensive and latest crop-wise information on important grain legumes of the world including their distribution, gene pool, systematics, status of genetic and genomic resources, production constraints, traits of importance, crop improvement methodologies - both conventional as well as contemporary and future strategies to be adopted for comprehensive grain legume improvement in various agro-ecological target areas of the globe. The chapters have been contributed by eminent crop experts from across the world engaged in research in their respective crops for the past several years thus providing a rare insight into the crop specific constraints and prospects drawing from their rich overall experience. The book therefore will be a useful source of information to the grain legume researchers, students, policy planners and developmental experts alike.

Legume Genetics and Biology

Legume Genetics and Biology
Author: Petr Smýkal,Eric J. Bishop von Wettberg,Kevin McPhee
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2020-12-29
ISBN 10: 3039368125
ISBN 13: 9783039368129
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Legume Genetics and Biology Book Review:

Legumes have played an important part as human food and animal feed in cropping systems since the dawn of agriculture. The legume family is arguably one of the most abundantly domesticated crop plant families. Their ability to symbiotically fix nitrogen and improve soil fertility has been rewarded since antiquity and makes them a key protein source. Pea was the original model organism used in Mendel´s discovery of the laws of inheritance, making it the foundation of modern plant genetics. This book based on Special Issue provides up-to-date information on legume biology, genetic advances, and the legacy of Mendel.

The Chickpea Genome

The Chickpea Genome
Author: Rajeev K. Varshney,Mahendar Thudi,Fred Muehlbauer
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 142
Release: 2018-01-02
ISBN 10: 3319661175
ISBN 13: 9783319661179
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Chickpea Genome Book Review:

This book sheds new light on the chickpea genome sequencing and resequencing of chickpea germplasm lines and provides insights into classical genetics, cytogenetics, and trait mapping. It also offers an overview of the latest advances in genome sequencing and analysis. The growing human population, rapid climate changes and limited amounts of arable land are creating substantial challenges in connection with the availability and affordability of nutritious food for smallholder farmers in developing countries. In this context, climate smart crops are essential to alleviating the hunger of the millions of poor and undernourished people living in developing countries. In addition to cereals, grain legumes are an integral part of the human diet and provide sustainable income for smallholder farmers in the arid and semi-arid regions of the world. Among grain legumes, the chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is the second most important in terms of production and productivity. Besides being a rich source of proteins, it can fix atmospheric nitrogen through symbiosis with rhizobia and increase the input of combined nitrogen. Several abiotic stresses like drought, heat, salinity, together with biotic stresses like Fusarium wilt, Ascochyta blight, and Botrytis grey mould have led to production losses, as the chickpeas is typically grown in the harsh climates of our planet’s semi-arid regions.

Wild Germplasm for Genetic Improvement in Crop Plants

Wild Germplasm for Genetic Improvement in Crop Plants
Author: Muhammad Tehseen Azhar,Shabir Hussain Wani
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2021-03-15
ISBN 10: 0128221704
ISBN 13: 9780128221709
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wild Germplasm for Genetic Improvement in Crop Plants Book Review:

Wild Germplasm for Genetic Improvement in Crop Plants addresses the need for an integrated reference on a wide variety of crop plants, facilitating comparison and contrast, as well as providing relevant relationships for future research and development. The book presents the genetic and natural history value of wild relatives, covers what wild relatives exist, explores the existing knowledge regarding specific relatives and the research surrounding them and identifies knowledge gaps. As understanding the role of crop wild relatives in plant breeding expands the genetic pool for abiotic and biotic stress resistance, this is an ideal reference on this important topic. Provides a single-volume resource to important crops for accessible comparison and research Explores both conventional and molecular approaches to breeding for targeted traits and allows for expanded genetic variability Guides the development of hybrids for germplasm with increased tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses

Crop Wild Relatives and Climate Change

Crop Wild Relatives and Climate Change
Author: Robert J. Redden,Shyam Singh Yadav,Nigel Maxted,Mohammad Ehsan Dulloo,Luigi Guarino,Paul Smith
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2015-09-01
ISBN 10: 1118854373
ISBN 13: 9781118854372
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crop Wild Relatives and Climate Change Book Review:

Two major challenges to continued global food security are the ever increasing demand for food products, and the unprecedented abiotic stresses that crops face due to climate change.Wild relatives of domesticated crops serve as a reservoir of genetic material, with the potential to be used to develop new, improved varieties of crops. Crop Wild Relative and Climate Change integrates crop evolution, breeding technologies and biotechnologies, improved practices and sustainable approaches while exploring the role wild relatives could play in increasing agricultural output. Crop Wild Relative and Climate Change begins with overviews of the impacts of climate change on growing environments and the challenges that agricultural production face in coming years and decades. Chapters then explore crop evolution and the potential for crop wild relatives to contribute novel genetic resources to the breeding of more resilient and productive crops. Breeding technologies and biotechnological advances that are being used to incorporate key genetic traits of wild relatives into crop varieties are also covered. There is also a valuable discussion on the importance of conserving genetic resources to ensure continued successful crop production. A timely resource, Crop Wild Relative and Climate Change will be an invaluable resource for the crop science community for years to come.

Proceedings of the FAO International Symposium on the Role of Agricultural Biotechnologies in Sustainable Food Systems and Nutrition

Proceedings of the FAO International Symposium on the Role of Agricultural Biotechnologies in Sustainable Food Systems and Nutrition
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2019-01-31
ISBN 10: 925109330X
ISBN 13: 9789251093306
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the FAO International Symposium on the Role of Agricultural Biotechnologies in Sustainable Food Systems and Nutrition Book Review:

The FAO international symposium on “The role of agricultural biotechnologies in sustainable food systems and nutrition” took place from 15 to 17 February 2016 at FAO headquarters, Rome. Over 400 people attended, including 230 delegates from 75 member countries and the European Union, as well as representatives of intergovernmental organizations, private sector entities, civil society organizations, academia/research organizations and producer organizations/cooperatives. The symposium encompassed the crop, livestock, forestry and fishery sectors and was organized around three main themes: i) climate change; ii) sustainable food systems and nutrition; and iii) people, policies, institutions and communities. The proceedings provide the main highlights of the symposium which covered a broad range of biotechnologies, from low-tech approaches such as those involving use of microbial fermentation processes, biofertilizers, biopesticides and artificial insemination, to high-tech approaches suc h as those involving advanced DNA-based methodologies and genetically modified organisms. The full report has been divided into sections and individual chapters for ease of downloading: Introduction to the Proceedings Chapter 1. Opening plenary session Chapter 2. High-level ministerial session Chapter 3. Parallel sessions: Climate change Chapter 4. Parallel sessions: Sustainable food systems and nutrition Chapter 5. Parallel sessions: People, policies, institutions and communities Chapter 6. Student interactive session: Bringing fresh perspectives Chapter 7. Side events: Reports Chapter 8. Final plenary session For more information, visit the webpage http://www.fao.org/about/meetings/agribiotechs-symposium/en/.

Introgression Breeding in Cultivated Plants

Introgression Breeding in Cultivated Plants
Author: Jaime Prohens,Pietro Gramazio,Mariola Plazas,Laura Toppino
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-11-24
ISBN 10: 2889716732
ISBN 13: 9782889716739
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introgression Breeding in Cultivated Plants Book Review:

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement
Author: Mohar Singh,Hari D. Upadhyaya,I. S. Bisht
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2013-07-18
ISBN 10: 0123984947
ISBN 13: 9780123984944
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement Book Review:

Grain legumes, including common-bean, chickpea, pigeonpea, pea, cowpea, lentil and others, form important constituents of global diets, both vegetarian and non-vegetarian. Despite this significant role, global production has increased only marginally in the past 50 years. The slow production growth, along with a rising human population and improved buying capacity has substantially reduced the per capita availability of food legumes. Changes in environmental climate have also had significant impact on production, creating a need to identify stable donors among genetic resources for environmentally robust genes and designing crops resilient to climate change. Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement is the first book to bring together the latest resources in plant genetics and genomics to facilitate the identification of specific germplasm, trait mapping and allele mining to more effectively develop biotic and abiotic-stress-resistant grains. This book will be an invaluable resource for researchers, crop biologists and students working with crop development. Explores origin, distribution and diversity of grain legumes Presents information on germplasm collection, evaluation and maintenance Offers insight into pre-breeding/germplasm enhancement efforts Integrates genomic and genetic resources in crop improvement Internationally contributed work

Biology and Breeding of Food Legumes

Biology and Breeding of Food Legumes
Author: Aditya Pratap,Jitendra Kumar
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 418
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 184593766X
ISBN 13: 9781845937669
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biology and Breeding of Food Legumes Book Review:

Food legumes are important constituents of the human diet and animal feed where they are crucial to a balanced diet, supplying high quality proteins. These crops also play an important role in low-input agricultural production systems by fixing atmospheric nitrogen. Despite systematic and continuous breeding efforts through conventional methods, substantial genetic gains have not been achieved. With the rise in demand for food legumes/pulses and increased market value of these crops, research has focused on increasing production and improving the quality of pulses for both edible and industrial purposes. "Biology and Breeding of Food Legumes" covers the history, origin and evolution, botany, breeding objectives and procedures, nutritional improvement, industrial uses and post-harvest technology and also recent developments made through biotechnological intervention.

Enhancing Crop Genepool Use

Enhancing Crop Genepool Use
Author: Nigel Maxted,M Ehsan Dulloo,Brian V Ford-Lloyd
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 495
Release: 2016-05-31
ISBN 10: 1780646135
ISBN 13: 9781780646138
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Enhancing Crop Genepool Use Book Review:

Maintaining food security in the face of human population increase and climate change is one of the critical challenges facing us in the 21st Century. Utilisation of the full range of agrobiodiversity will be a necessary tool in addressing this challenge. In this book a team of international contributors review all aspects of utilization and conservation of crop wild relative (CWR) and landrace (LR) diversity as a basis for crop improvement and future food security. This book will appeal to a wide array of specialists and postgraduate students, such as those working in the fields of agrobiodiversity conservation and use, conservation, ecology, botany, genetics, plant breeding and agriculture.

Geneflow 05

Geneflow  05
Author: Ruth D. Raymond
Publsiher: Bioversity International
Total Pages: 36
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 9290436948
ISBN 13: 9789290436942
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geneflow 05 Book Review:

Chickpea Breeding and Management

Chickpea Breeding and Management
Author: Shyam S. Yadav,W. Chen
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 638
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 1845932137
ISBN 13: 9781845932138
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chickpea Breeding and Management Book Review:

The chickpea is an ancient crop that is still important in both developed and developing nations. This authoritative account by international experts covers all aspects of chickpea breeding and management, and the integrated pest management and biotechnology applications that are important to its improvement. With topics covered including origin and taxonomy, ecology, distribution and genetics, this book combines the many and varied research issues impacting on production and utilization of the chickpea crop on its journey from paddock to plate.

Crop Adaptation to Climate Change

Crop Adaptation to Climate Change
Author: Shyam Singh Yadav,Robert J. Redden,Jerry L. Hatfield,Hermann Lotze-Campen
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 595
Release: 2011-10-25
ISBN 10: 0813820162
ISBN 13: 9780813820163
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crop Adaptation to Climate Change Book Review:

A major task of our time is to ensure adequate food supplies for the world's current population (now nearing 7 billion) in a sustainable way while protecting the vital functions and biological diversity of the global environment. The task of providing for a growing population is likely to be even more difficult in view of actual and potential changes in climatic conditions due to global warming, and as the population continues to grow. Current projections suggest that the world's temperatures will rise 1.8-4.0 by 2100 and population may reach 8 billion by the year 2025 and some 9 billion by mid-century, after which it may stabilize. This book addresses these critical issues by presenting the science needed not only to understand climate change effects on crops but also to adapt current agricultural systems, particularly in regard to genetics, to the changing conditions. Crop Adaptation to Climate Change covers a spectrum of issues related to both crops and climatic conditions. The first two sections provide a foundation on the factors involved in climate stress, assessing current climate change by region and covering crop physiological responses to these changes. The third and final section contains chapters focused on specific crops and the current research to improve their genetic adaptation to climate change. Written by an international team of authors, Crop Adaptation to Climate Change is a timely look at the potentially serious consequences of climate change for our global food supply, and is an essential resource for academics, researchers and professionals in the fields of crop science, agronomy, plant physiology and molecular biology; crop consultants and breeders; as well as climate and food scientists.

Domestication of Agronomic Traits in Legume Crops

Domestication of Agronomic Traits in Legume Crops
Author: Gaofeng Zhou,Xin Chen,Jiayin Pang,Peerasak Srinives
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-09-28
ISBN 10: 2889713687
ISBN 13: 9782889713684
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Domestication of Agronomic Traits in Legume Crops Book Review:

Legumes for Global Food Security

Legumes for Global Food Security
Author: Jose C. Jimenez-Lopez,Karam B. Singh,Alfonso Clemente,Matthew Nicholas Nelson,Sergio J. Ochatt,Penelope Mary Collina Smith
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-08-12
ISBN 10: 2889639355
ISBN 13: 9782889639359
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Legumes for Global Food Security Book Review:

Breeding Insect Resistant Crops for Sustainable Agriculture

Breeding Insect Resistant Crops for Sustainable Agriculture
Author: Ramesh Arora,Surinder Sandhu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 421
Release: 2017-10-16
ISBN 10: 9811060568
ISBN 13: 9789811060564
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Breeding Insect Resistant Crops for Sustainable Agriculture Book Review:

This book reviews and synthesizes the recent advances in exploiting host plant resistance to insects, highlighting the role of molecular techniques in breeding insect resistant crops. It also provides an overview of the fascinating field of insect-plant relationships, which is fundamental to the study of host-plant resistance to insects. Further, it discusses the conventional and molecular techniques utilized/useful in breeding for resistance to insect-pests including back-cross breeding, modified population improvement methods for insect resistance, marker-assisted backcrossing to expedite the breeding process, identification and validation of new insect-resistance genes and their potential for utilization, genomics, metabolomics, transgenesis and RNAi. Lastly, it analyzes the successes, limitations and prospects for the development of insect-resistant cultivars of rice, maize, sorghum and millet, cotton, rapeseed, legumes and fruit crops, and highlights strategies for management of insect biotypes that limit the success and durability of insect-resistant cultivators in the field. Arthropod pests act as major constraints in the agro-ecosystem. It has been estimated that arthropod pests may be destroying around one-fifth of the global agricultural production/potential production every year. Further, the losses are considerably higher in the developing tropics of Asia and Africa, which are already battling severe food shortage. Integrated pest management (IPM) has emerged as the dominant paradigm for minimizing damage by the insects and non-insect pests over the last 50 years. Pest resistant cultivars represent one of the most environmentally benign, economically viable and ecologically sustainable options for utilization in IPM programs. Hundreds of insect-resistant cultivars of rice, wheat, maize, sorghum, cotton, sugarcane and other crops have been developed worldwide and are extensively grown for increasing and/or stabilizing crop productivity. The annual economic value of arthropod resistance genes developed in global agriculture has been estimated to be greater than US$ 2 billion Despite the impressive achievements and even greater potential in minimizing pest- related losses, only a handful of books have been published on the topic of host-plant resistance to insects. This book fills this wide gap in the literature on breeding insect- resistant crops. It is aimed at plant breeders, entomologists, plant biotechnologists and IPM experts, as well as those working on sustainable agriculture and food security.