Chemical Analysis and Material Characterization by Spectrophotometry

Chemical Analysis and Material Characterization by Spectrophotometry
Author: Bhim Prasad Kaflé
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2019-11-29
ISBN 10: 0128148675
ISBN 13: 9780128148679
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Analysis and Material Characterization by Spectrophotometry Book Review:

Chemical Analysis and Material Characterization by Spectrophotometry integrates and presents the latest known information and examples from the most up-to-date literature on the use of this method for chemical analysis or materials characterization. Accessible to various levels of expertise, everyone from students, to practicing analytical and industrial chemists, the book covers both the fundamentals of spectrophotometry and instrumental procedures for quantitative analysis with spectrophotometric techniques. It contains a wealth of examples and focuses on the latest research, such as the investigation of optical properties of nanomaterials and thin solid films. Covers the basic analytical theory that is essential for understanding spectrophotometry Emphasizes minor/trace chemical component analysis Includes the spectrophotometric analysis of nanomaterials and thin solid films Thoroughly describes methods and uses easy-to-follow, practical examples and experiments

A Guide to Materials Characterization and Chemical Analysis

A Guide to Materials Characterization and Chemical Analysis
Author: John P. Sibilia
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 408
Release: 1988-09-26
ISBN 10: 9780471186335
ISBN 13: 0471186333
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Guide to Materials Characterization and Chemical Analysis Book Review:

Written both for the novice and for the experienced scientist, this miniature encyclopedia concisely describes over one hundred materials methodologies, including evaluation, chemical analysis, and physical testing techniques. Each technique is presented in terms of its use, sample requirements, and the engineering principles behind its methodology. Real life industrial and academic applications are also described to give the reader an understanding of the significance and utilization of technique. There is also a discussion of the limitations of each technique.

Laser Spectroscopy for Material Characterization

Laser Spectroscopy for Material Characterization
Author: Krishna Kanth Ayyalasomayajula
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 115
Release: 2014
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:883609805
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Laser Spectroscopy for Material Characterization Book Review:

Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) is a powerful tool for performing chemical analysis measurements of materials, such as slurries, soils, plastics and powder samples. The LIBS technique has proven to be sensitive, selective and robust for rapid, in situ analysis. The focus of this dissertation is the optimization of laser spectroscopic sensing methodologies for material characterization. The applications of the LIBS technique to slurry samples is very challenging due to the water content (~80%). A new sample preparation method called "spin-on-glass" was adopted to reduce the water content in slurry samples and improve the LIBS signal. The feasibility of using the new sampling method with a LIBS system was tested by applying multivariate analysis to the LIBS spectral data. The calibration results demonstrated that the LIBS technique with the new sampling method could successfully predict the elemental concentrations of slurry samples qualitatively and quantitatively. The possibility of developing a LIBS-based sensor system for total carbon quantification in soil samples was studied. The soil samples were studied in pellet form and the calibration models were developed by using simple linear regression (SLR) and multiple linear regression (MLR) analysis. It was found that both SLR- and MLR-based calibrations successfully predicted the carbon concentration in an unknown sample with relative accuracy (RA) within 8%. The LIBS experimental setup was designed, developed and tested for the determination of elemental impurities in plastic calibration standards that are used in dual-energy computed tomography (CT) scanning for petrophysical applications. Univariate calibration (UC) and multiple linear regression (MLR) analysis were used to develop calibration models. From this study, it was concluded that MLR improved the calibration results and data derived from the LIBS analysis enhanced the predictive capabilities of dual-energy CT scanning in general. A comparative study was performed for quantification of strontium (Sr) in an aluminum (Al) batch with both the atomic and molecular LIBS emissions. The calibration models were developed using SLR analysis and the limits of detection (LOD) were obtained. The study confirmed that molecular LIBS could be used for quantification of Sr in a binary mixture.

Handbook of Materials Characterization

Handbook of Materials Characterization
Author: Surender Kumar Sharma
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 613
Release: 2018-09-18
ISBN 10: 3319929550
ISBN 13: 9783319929552
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Materials Characterization Book Review:

This book focuses on the widely used experimental techniques available for the structural, morphological, and spectroscopic characterization of materials. Recent developments in a wide range of experimental techniques and their application to the quantification of materials properties are an essential side of this book. Moreover, it provides concise but thorough coverage of the practical and theoretical aspects of the analytical techniques used to characterize a wide variety of functional nanomaterials. The book provides an overview of widely used characterization techniques for a broad audience: from beginners and graduate students, to advanced specialists in both academia and industry.

Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation NDE Methods

Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation  NDE  Methods
Author: Gerhard Huebschen,Iris Altpeter,Ralf Tschuncky,Hans-Georg Herrmann
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2016-03-23
ISBN 10: 008100057X
ISBN 13: 9780081000571
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation NDE Methods Book Review:

Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Methods discusses NDT methods and how they are highly desirable for both long-term monitoring and short-term assessment of materials, providing crucial early warning that the fatigue life of a material has elapsed, thus helping to prevent service failures. Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Methods gives an overview of established and new NDT techniques for the characterization of materials, with a focus on materials used in the automotive, aerospace, power plants, and infrastructure construction industries. Each chapter focuses on a different NDT technique and indicates the potential of the method by selected examples of applications. Methods covered include scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray microtomography and diffraction, ultrasonic, electromagnetic, microwave, and hybrid techniques. The authors review both the determination of microstructure properties, including phase content and grain size, and the determination of mechanical properties, such as hardness, toughness, yield strength, texture, and residual stress. Gives an overview of established and new NDT techniques, including scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray microtomography and diffraction, ultrasonic, electromagnetic, microwave, and hybrid techniques Reviews the determination of microstructural and mechanical properties Focuses on materials used in the automotive, aerospace, power plants, and infrastructure construction industries Serves as a highly desirable resource for both long-term monitoring and short-term assessment of materials

Materials Characterization

Materials Characterization
Author: Yang Leng
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2013-08-07
ISBN 10: 3527670793
ISBN 13: 9783527670796
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials Characterization Book Review:

Now in its second edition, this continues to serve as an ideal textbook for introductory courses on materials characterization, based on the author's experience in teaching advanced undergraduate and postgraduate university students. The new edition retains the successful didactical concept of introductions at the beginning of chapters, exercise questions and an online solution manual. In addition, all the sections have been thoroughly revised, updated and expanded, with two major new topics (electron backscattering diffraction and environmental scanning electron microscopy), as well as fifty additional questions - in total about 20% new content. The first part covers commonly used methods for microstructure analysis, including light microscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, as well as scanning probe microscopy. The second part of the book is concerned with techniques for chemical analysis and introduces X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy, fluorescence X-ray spectroscopy and such popular surface analysis techniques as photoelectron and secondary ion mass spectroscopy. This section concludes with the two most important vibrational spectroscopies (infra-red and Raman) and the increasingly important thermal analysis. The theoretical concepts are discussed with a minimal involvement of mathematics and physics, and the technical aspects are presented with the actual measurement practice in mind. Making for an easy-to-read text, the book never loses sight of its intended audience.

A Guide to Materials Characterization and Chemical Analysis

A Guide to Materials Characterization and Chemical Analysis
Author: John P. Sibilia
Publsiher: Wiley-VCH
Total Pages: 318
Release: 1988
ISBN 10: 9780895732699
ISBN 13: 0895732696
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Guide to Materials Characterization and Chemical Analysis Book Review:

Raman Spectroscopy

Raman Spectroscopy
Author: Gunter Hoffman
Publsiher: Momentum Press
Total Pages: 178
Release: 2019-01-16
ISBN 10: 9781945612008
ISBN 13: 1945612002
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Raman Spectroscopy Book Review:

The book provides an up-to-date overview of the fast growing area of Raman spectroscopy. The two-volume work describes how analytic methods using Raman spectroscopy allow for the chemical analysis of materials, providing even spatial resolution without precedent. In addition, external perturbations (strain, temperature, pressure) on molecules and their alignment can be analyzed. Raman spectroscopy can also provide information about the interactions of components, again at a high level of spatial resolution. In the form of tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS), the method is a valuable tool for nanotechnology. This book is intended for researchers or lecturers in chemistry and materials science, who are interested in the composition and properties of their samples. It describes how Raman spectroscopy will enable them to examine thin layers, surfaces, and interfaces and improve their knowledge about the properties of composites. In addition, it can serve as a short introduction to vibrational spectroscopy.

Surface Chemical Analysis Characterization of Nanostructured Materials

Surface Chemical Analysis  Characterization of Nanostructured Materials
Author: British Standards Institute Staff
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 50
Release: 1911-08-31
ISBN 10: 9780580683985
ISBN 13: 0580683982
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surface Chemical Analysis Characterization of Nanostructured Materials Book Review:

Surface chemistry, Chemical analysis and testing, Surfaces, Nanomaterials, Nanoparticles, Nanotechnology, Films (states of matter), Spectroscopy, Auger electron spectroscopy, Photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Mass spectrometry, Microscopic analysis

Materials Characterization Techniques

Materials Characterization Techniques
Author: Sam Zhang,Lin Li,Ashok Kumar
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2008-12-22
ISBN 10: 1420042955
ISBN 13: 9781420042955
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials Characterization Techniques Book Review:

Experts must be able to analyze and distinguish all materials, or combinations of materials, in use today—whether they be metals, ceramics, polymers, semiconductors, or composites. To understand a material’s structure, how that structure determines its properties, and how that material will subsequently work in technological applications, researchers apply basic principles of chemistry, physics, and biology to address its scientific fundamentals, as well as how it is processed and engineered for use. Emphasizing practical applications and real-world case studies, Materials Characterization Techniques presents the principles of widely used, advanced surface and structural characterization techniques for quality assurance, contamination control, and process improvement. This useful volume: Explores scientific processes to characterize materials using modern technologies Provides analysis of materials’ performance under specific use conditions Focuses on the interrelationships and interdependence between processing, structure, properties, and performance Details the sophisticated instruments involved in an interdisciplinary approach to understanding the wide range of mutually interacting processes, mechanisms, and materials Covers electron, X-ray-photoelectron, and UV spectroscopy; scanning-electron, atomic-force, transmission-electron, and laser-confocal-scanning-florescent microscopy, and gel electrophoresis chromatography Presents the fundamentals of vacuum, as well as X-ray diffraction principles Explaining appropriate uses and related technical requirements for characterization techniques, the authors omit lengthy and often intimidating derivations and formulations. Instead, they emphasize useful basic principles and applications of modern technologies used to characterize engineering materials, helping readers grasp micro- and nanoscale properties. This text will serve as a valuable guide for scientists and engineers involved in characterization and also as a powerful introduction to the field for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

Concise Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization

Concise Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization
Author: R.W. Cahn,E.M. Lifshitz
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 670
Release: 2016-01-22
ISBN 10: 1483287513
ISBN 13: 9781483287515
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Concise Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization Book Review:

To use materials effectively, their composition, degree of perfection, physical and mechanical characteristics, and microstructure must be accurately determined. This concise encyclopledia covers the wide range of characterization techniques necessary to achieve this. Articles included are not only concerned with the characterization techniques of specific materials such as polymers, metals, ceramics and semiconductors but also techniques which can be applied to materials in general. The techniques described cover bulk methods, and also a number of specific methods to study the topography and composition of surface and near-surface regions. These techniques range from the well-established and traditional to the very latest including: atomic force microscopy; confocal optical microscopy; gamma ray diffractometry; thermal wave imaging; x-ray diffraction and time-resolved techniques. This unique concise encyclopedia comprises 116 articles by leading experts in the field from around the world to create the ideal guide for materials scientists, chemists and engineers involved with any aspect of materials characterization. With over 540 illustrations, extensive cross-referencing, approximately 900 references, and a detailed index, this concise encyclopedia will be a valuable asset to any materials science collection.

Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization

Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization
Author: C. R. Brundle,Leslie Wilson, PhD,Charles A. Evans,Shaun Wilson,Geoff Wilson
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 751
Release: 1992
ISBN 10: 9780750691680
ISBN 13: 0750691689
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization Book Review:

Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization is a comprehensive volume on analytical techniques used in materials science for the characterization of surfaces, interfaces and thin films. This flagship volume in the Materials Characterization Series is a unique, stand-alone reference for materials science practitioners, process engineers, students and anyone with a need to know about the capabilities available in materials analysis. An encyclopedia of 50 concise articles, this book will also be a practical companion to the forthcoming books in the Series. It describes widely-ranging techniques in a jargon-free manner and includes summary pages for each technique to supply a quick survey of its capabilities.

Spectroscopy for Materials Characterization

Spectroscopy for Materials Characterization
Author: Simonpietro Agnello
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2021-08-23
ISBN 10: 1119698057
ISBN 13: 9781119698050
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spectroscopy for Materials Characterization Book Review:

SPECTROSCOPY FOR MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION Learn foundational and advanced spectroscopy techniques from leading researchers in physics, chemistry, surface science, and nanoscience In Spectroscopy for Materials Characterization, accomplished researcher Simonpietro Agnello delivers a practical and accessible compilation of various spectroscopy techniques taught and used to today. The book offers a wide-ranging approach taught by leading researchers working in physics, chemistry, surface science, and nanoscience. It is ideal for both new students and advanced researchers studying and working with spectroscopy. Topics such as confocal and two photon spectroscopy, as well as infrared absorption and Raman and micro-Raman spectroscopy, are discussed, as are thermally stimulated luminescence and spectroscopic studies of radiation effects on optical materials. Each chapter includes a basic introduction to the theory necessary to understand a specific technique, details about the characteristic instrumental features and apparatuses used, including tips for the appropriate arrangement of a typical experiment, and a reproducible case study that shows the discussed techniques used in a real laboratory. Readers will benefit from the inclusion of: Complete and practical case studies at the conclusion of each chapter to highlight the concepts and techniques discussed in the material Citations of additional resources ideal for further study A thorough introduction to the basic aspects of radiation matter interaction in the visible-ultraviolet range and the fundamentals of absorption and emission A rigorous exploration of time resolved spectroscopy at the nanosecond and femtosecond intervals Perfect for Master and Ph.D. students and researchers in physics, chemistry, engineering, and biology, Spectroscopy for Materials Characterization will also earn a place in the libraries of materials science researchers and students seeking a one-stop reference to basic and advanced spectroscopy techniques.

Glass Filters as a Standard Reference Material for Spectrophotometry

Glass Filters as a Standard Reference Material for Spectrophotometry
Author: Radu Mavrodineanu,John Raymond Baldwin
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 107
Release: 1975
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015086505982
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Glass Filters as a Standard Reference Material for Spectrophotometry Book Review:

Spectroscopy for Materials Characterization

Spectroscopy for Materials Characterization
Author: Simonpietro Agnello
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2021-09-08
ISBN 10: 1119697328
ISBN 13: 9781119697329
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spectroscopy for Materials Characterization Book Review:

SPECTROSCOPY FOR MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION Learn foundational and advanced spectroscopy techniques from leading researchers in physics, chemistry, surface science, and nanoscience In Spectroscopy for Materials Characterization, accomplished researcher Simonpietro Agnello delivers a practical and accessible compilation of various spectroscopy techniques taught and used to today. The book offers a wide-ranging approach taught by leading researchers working in physics, chemistry, surface science, and nanoscience. It is ideal for both new students and advanced researchers studying and working with spectroscopy. Topics such as confocal and two photon spectroscopy, as well as infrared absorption and Raman and micro-Raman spectroscopy, are discussed, as are thermally stimulated luminescence and spectroscopic studies of radiation effects on optical materials. Each chapter includes a basic introduction to the theory necessary to understand a specific technique, details about the characteristic instrumental features and apparatuses used, including tips for the appropriate arrangement of a typical experiment, and a reproducible case study that shows the discussed techniques used in a real laboratory. Readers will benefit from the inclusion of: Complete and practical case studies at the conclusion of each chapter to highlight the concepts and techniques discussed in the material Citations of additional resources ideal for further study A thorough introduction to the basic aspects of radiation matter interaction in the visible-ultraviolet range and the fundamentals of absorption and emission A rigorous exploration of time resolved spectroscopy at the nanosecond and femtosecond intervals Perfect for Master and Ph.D. students and researchers in physics, chemistry, engineering, and biology, Spectroscopy for Materials Characterization will also earn a place in the libraries of materials science researchers and students seeking a one-stop reference to basic and advanced spectroscopy techniques.

Practical Materials Characterization

Practical Materials Characterization
Author: Mauro Sardela
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 237
Release: 2014-07-10
ISBN 10: 1461492815
ISBN 13: 9781461492818
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Practical Materials Characterization Book Review:

Practical Materials Characterization covers the most common materials analysis techniques in a single volume. It stands as a quick reference for experienced users, as a learning tool for students, and as a guide for the understanding of typical data interpretation for anyone looking at results from a range of analytical techniques. The book includes analytical methods covering microstructural, surface, morphological, and optical characterization of materials with emphasis on microscopic structural, electronic, biological, and mechanical properties. Many examples in this volume cover cutting-edge technologies such as nanomaterials and life sciences.

Advances in Materials Characterization

Advances in Materials Characterization
Author: David R. Rossington,Robert A. Condrate,Robert L. Snyder
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 680
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 146158339X
ISBN 13: 9781461583394
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Materials Characterization Book Review:

The characterization of materials and phenomena has historically been the principal limitation to the development in each area of science. Once what we are observing is well defined, a theoretical analysis rapidly follows. Modern theories of chemical bonding did not evolve until the methods of analytical chemistry had progressed to a point where the bulk stoichiometry of chemical compounds was firmly established. The great progress made during this century in understanding chemistry has followed directly from the development of an analytical chemistry based on the Dalton assumption of multiple proportions. It has only become apparent in recent years that the extension of our understanding of materials hinges on their non-stoichiometric nature. The world of non-Daltonian chemistry is very poorly understood at present because of our lack of ability to precisely characterize it. The emergence of materials science has only just occurred with our recognition of effects, which have been thought previously to be minor variations from ideality, as the principal phenomena controlling properties. The next step in the historical evolution of materials science must be the development of tools to characterize the often subtle phenomena which determine properties of materials. The various discussions of instrumental techniques presented in this book are excellent summaries for the state-of-the-art of materials characterization at this rather critical stage of materials science. The application of the tools described here, and those yet to be developed, holds the key to the development of this infant into a mature science.

Materials Characterization

Materials Characterization
Author: Yang Leng
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2009-03-04
ISBN 10: 0470822996
ISBN 13: 9780470822999
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials Characterization Book Review:

This book covers state-of-the-art techniques commonly used in modern materials characterization. Two important aspects of characterization, materials structures and chemical analysis, are included. Widely used techniques, such as metallography (light microscopy), X-ray diffraction, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, are described. In addition, the book introduces advanced techniques, including scanning probe microscopy. The second half of the book accordingly presents techniques such as X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (commonly equipped in the scanning electron microscope), fluorescence X-ray spectroscopy, and popular surface analysis techniques (XPS and SIMS). Finally, vibrational spectroscopy (FTIR and Raman) and thermal analysis are also covered.

Infrared Spectroscopy

Infrared Spectroscopy
Author: James M. Thompson
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 196
Release: 2018-01-19
ISBN 10: 135120601X
ISBN 13: 9781351206013
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Infrared Spectroscopy Book Review:

It is estimated that there are about 10 million organic chemicals known, and about 100,000 new organic compounds are produced each year. Some of these new chemicals are made in the laboratory and some are isolated from natural products. The structural determination of these compounds is the job of the chemist. There are several instrumental techniques used to determine the structures of organic compounds. These include NMR, UV/visible, infrared spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and X-ray crystallography. Of all the instrumental techniques listed, infrared spectroscopy and mass spectrometry are the two most popular techniques, mainly because they tend to be less expensive and give us the most structural information. This book is an introductory text designed to acquaint undergraduate and graduate students with the basic theory and interpretative techniques of infrared spectroscopy. Much of the material in this text has been used over a period of several years for teaching courses in materials characterization and chemical analysis. It presents the infrared spectra of the major classes of organic compounds and correlates the infrared bands (bond vibrations) of each spectrum with the structural features of the compound it represents. This has been done for hydrocarbons, organic acids, ketones, aldehydes, esters, anhydrides, phenols, amines, and amides. The text discusses the origin of the fragments, techniques, innovations, and applications in infrared spectroscopy. It is interspersed with many illustrations, examples, an adequate but not overwhelming bibliography, and problems for students. It will serve as a lecture text for a one-semester course in infrared spectroscopy or can be used to teach the infrared spectroscopy portion of a broader course in material characterization and chemical analysis.

Raman Spectroscopy

Raman Spectroscopy
Author: Gustavo Morari Do Nascimento
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2018-04-18
ISBN 10: 1789230004
ISBN 13: 9781789230000
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Raman Spectroscopy Book Review:

This book gives a wide overview of the state-of-the-art applications of Raman spectroscopy in characterization of materials and biomaterials. The Raman signal is intrinsically smaller than other vibrational techniques; however, mainly through intensification processes, such as resonance Raman (RR) and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), the Raman cross section can be strongly amplified. Thoroughly in these signal amplifications, the study of a diversity of chemical systems and the use of Raman technique for in situ and in vivo measurements is possible. The main goal of this book is to open up to an extended audience the possibilities of uses of Raman spectroscopy. In fact, this collective work will be beneficial to students, teachers, and researchers of many areas who are interested to expand their knowledge about Raman spectroscopy applied to nanotechnology, biotechnology, environmental science, inorganic chemistry, and health sciences.