Telomere

Telomere
Author: Marcelo Larramendy
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2016-11-23
ISBN 10: 9535127527
ISBN 13: 9789535127529
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Telomere Book Review:

This book, Telomere - A Complex End of a Chromosome, is organized into nine chapters containing the latest aspects of the current knowledge about the structure of telomeres and the crucial role that telomerase plays not only in maintaining chromosomal stability but also in relation to cell immortality, cell instability, and cancer biology. We now appreciate that these unusual complexes of DNA and proteins we all know as "telomeres" are dynamic and key structures that depend on telomerase and other cellular factors for continuance. Regulation of telomere activity is a dynamic area of current research, and new insights into telomeres and their role in aging and cancer, among other biological functions and pathologies, appear regularly in the scientific world. However, one fact is more than understandable in this difficult biological conundrum: the end of the telomere story is far from being totally unraveled.

Cellular Ageing and Replicative Senescence

Cellular Ageing and Replicative Senescence
Author: Suresh I.S. Rattan,Leonard Hayflick
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 364
Release: 2016-05-09
ISBN 10: 3319262394
ISBN 13: 9783319262390
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cellular Ageing and Replicative Senescence Book Review:

This book covers the origins and subsequent history of research results in which attempts have been made to clarify issues related to cellular ageing, senescence, and age-related pathologies including cancer. Cellular Ageing and Replicative Senescence revisits more than fifty-five years of research based on the discovery that cultured normal cells are mortal and the interpretation that this phenomenon is associated with the origins of ageing. The mortality of normal cells and the immortality of cancer cells were also reported to have in vivo counterparts. Thus began the field of cytogerontology. Cellular Ageing and Replicative Senescence is organized into five sections: history and origins; serial passaging and progressive ageing; cell cycle arrest and senescence; system modulation; and recapitulation and future expectations. These issues are discussed by leading thinkers and researchers in biogerontology and cytogerontology. This collection of articles provides state-of-the-art information, and will encourage students, teachers, health care professionals and others interested in the biology of ageing to explore the fascinating and challenging question of why and how our cells age, and what can and cannot be done about it.

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Author: Costin Teodor Streba,Cristin Constantin Vere,Ion Rogoveanu
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2018-11-28
ISBN 10: 1789842735
ISBN 13: 9781789842739
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hepatocellular Carcinoma Book Review:

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) currently ranks as the third most common cause of death. As the primary malignancy of the liver is directly related to an underlying liver condition, its incidence and profile are expected to change soon. While effective prevention programs and antiviral therapies for hepatitis B and C will lower the incidence of HCC, emerging socioeconomic issues will deliver new at-risk populations. Moreover, diagnostic techniques and protocols have undergone significant advancements. Reliance on contrast enhanced ultrasound has been re-evaluated, imaging methods being considered as sufficient diagnostic tools. Molecular characterization remains desirable, since chemotherapeutic agents still have limited applicability. In light of recent diagnostic advancements and novel therapeutic solutions, it is our belief that a comprehensive update on recent paradigm shifts and interesting upcoming developments is highly needed.

Innovative Medicine

Innovative Medicine
Author: Kazuwa Nakao,Nagahiro Minato,Shinji Uemoto
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 339
Release: 2015-10-13
ISBN 10: 4431556516
ISBN 13: 9784431556510
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Innovative Medicine Book Review:

This book is devoted to innovative medicine, comprising the proceedings of the Uehara Memorial Foundation Symposium 2014. It remains extremely rare for the findings of basic research to be developed into clinical applications, and it takes a long time for the process to be achieved. The task of advancing the development of basic research into clinical reality lies with translational science, yet the field seems to struggle to find a way to move forward. To create innovative medical technology, many steps need to be taken: development and analysis of optimal animal models of human diseases, elucidation of genomic and epidemiological data, and establishment of “proof of concept”. There is also considerable demand for progress in drug research, new surgical procedures, and new clinical devices and equipment. While the original research target may be rare diseases, it is also important to apply those findings more broadly to common diseases. The book covers a wide range of topics and is organized into three complementary parts. The first part is basic research for innovative medicine, the second is translational research for innovative medicine, and the third is new technology for innovative medicine. This book helps to understand innovative medicine and to make progress in its realization.

Cells Aging and Human Disease

Cells  Aging  and Human Disease
Author: Michael Fossel
Publsiher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Total Pages: 489
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 0195140354
ISBN 13: 9780195140354
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cells Aging and Human Disease Book Review:

It explains both the limited and general model of cell senescence as the central component in human clinical aging."--BOOK JACKET.

Senolytics in Disease Ageing and Longevity

Senolytics in Disease  Ageing and Longevity
Author: Daniel Muñoz-Espin,Marco Demaria
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 222
Release: 2020-04-27
ISBN 10: 3030449033
ISBN 13: 9783030449032
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Senolytics in Disease Ageing and Longevity Book Review:

This book offers comprehensive information on the new and rapidly evolving science of identifying and targeting senescent cells, and on the exciting prospect of new diagnostic and therapeutic opportunities for stopping, and even reversing, the progression of disease and the deterioration of the human body due to ageing. According to recent United Nations data, by 2050 one in six people worldwide will be older than age 65, with peaks rising to one in four people in Europe and North America. Remarkably, the number of persons aged 80 years or older is expected to triple, from 143 million in 2019 to 426 million in 2050. First documented in the 1960s, the concept of cellular senescence as an underlying cause of ageing has been established in the course of the last decade. Using genetically engineered mouse models, researchers have demonstrated that the selective elimination of senescent cells can block and even reverse a number of age-related dysfunctions and pathologies, promoting both better health and longer life in the elderly. These include cardiovascular diseases; neurological disorders; type 1 and type 2 diabetes; inflammatory diseases; fibrosis; geriatric syndromes; chronic diseases resulting in organ dysfunction; the integrity of the musculoskeletal system; and cancer. Some senolytic agents have already progressed into trials. These include UBX0101 for the treatment of osteoarthritis (now in phase II), a cocktail of dasatinib and quercetin for the management of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and chronic kidney disease, and ABT-263 in combination with senescence-inducing chemotherapies for the treatment of advanced solid tumours. In addition, the book discusses pathways to early phase clinical trials and translational approaches in medicine and ageing, highlighting new opportunities as well as current limitations, challenges and alternatives. Given its scope, it will benefit a broad audience of advanced educators, researchers, graduate students and practitioners.

Cellular Senescence and Tumor Suppression

Cellular Senescence and Tumor Suppression
Author: Peter D. Adams,John M. Sedivy
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2010-01-23
ISBN 10: 9781441910752
ISBN 13: 1441910751
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cellular Senescence and Tumor Suppression Book Review:

As cells mature they naturally stop dividing and enter a period called senescence. But cellular senescence can also be induced prematurely by certain oncogenes involved in cancer development. Cellular senescence, a growth-arrest program that limits the lifespan of mammalian cells and prevents unlimited cell proliferation, is attracting considerable interest because of its links to tumor suppression.

Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging

Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging
Author: Marco Malavolta,Eugenio Mocchegiani
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 784
Release: 2016-04-15
ISBN 10: 0128018275
ISBN 13: 9780128018279
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging Book Review:

Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging: A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series focuses on the nutritional issues associated with aging and the important metabolic consequences of diet, nutrition, and health. The book is subdivided into four parts that reflect the impact of nutrition from a biomolecular level to individual health. In Part One, chapters explore the general aspects of aging, aging phenotypes, and relevant aspects of nutrition related to the elderly and healthy aging. Part Two includes molecular and cellular targets of nutrition in aging, with chapters exploring lipid peroxidation, inflammaging, anabolic and catabolic signaling, epigenetics, DNA damage and repair, redox homeostasis, and insulin sensitivity, among others. Part Three looks at system-level and organ targets of nutrition in aging, including a variety of tissues, systems, and diseases, such as immune function, the cardiovascular system, the brain and dementia, muscle, bone, lung, and many others. Finally, Part Four focuses on the health effects of specific dietary compounds and dietary interventions in aging, including vitamin D, retinol, curcumin, folate, iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, selenium, iodine, vitamin B, fish oil, vitamin E, resveratrol, polyphenols, vegetables, and fruit, as well as the current nutritional recommendations. Offers updated information and a perspectives on important future developments to different professionals involved in the basic and clinical research on all major nutritional aspects of aging Explores how nutritional factors are involved in the pathogenesis of aging across body systems Investigates the molecular and genetic basis of aging and cellular senescence through the lens of the rapidly evolving field of molecular nutrition

Protein Expression in Down Syndrome Brain

Protein Expression in Down Syndrome Brain
Author: G. Lubec
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2001-10-15
ISBN 10: 9783211837320
ISBN 13: 3211837329
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Protein Expression in Down Syndrome Brain Book Review:

When we worked on Down Syndrome brain in the past we have been focus ing on adult brain. This was a major step forwards as most work on Down Syndrome was carried out on fibroblasts or other tissues and, moreover, we introduced proteomics to identify and quantify brain protein expression. We considered evaluation of brain protein expression in Down Syndrome brain by and by more important than gene hunting at the nucleic acid level realiz ing the long unpredictable way from RNA to protein. The availability of fetal samples along with the proteomic appproach stimulated and reinforced studies on Down Syndrome brain. And indeed, it was found out that some observations on aberrant protein expression in adult Down Syndrome brain could not be verified in the fetal samples indi cating that neurodegeneration in adult Down Syndrome brain may have been responsible rather than trisomy 21. Using brains from the early second trimester of gestation led to the generation of a series of clues for the under standing of aberrant wiring of the brain in Down Syndrome and enabled the determination of altered key functions in early life; e. g. undetectably low drebrin was observed in Down Syndrome cortex, an integral constituent and marker for dendritic spines, main effectors of cross-talk between neurons. In addition, evaluation of the nature of the neuronal deficits in terms of neuro transmission markers could be established as well as neuronal density in fetal Down Syndrome cortex.

Skin Aging

Skin Aging
Author: Barbara A. Gilchrest,Jean Krutmann
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2006-04-20
ISBN 10: 3540329536
ISBN 13: 9783540329534
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Skin Aging Book Review:

The topic of skin aging is of growing importance to all working in the field of dermatology, aesthetic medicine and cosmetic medicine. Two internationally well-known and leading experts in the field present a comprehensive state-of-the-art review on all aspects of skin aging. With its clear, concise and reader-friendly format this book has all the potential to become the Bible of skin aging. Every specialist interested in dermatology, aesthetic medicine, cosmetic science, cutaneous biology and aging research will find indispensable information of great value for his or her daily work.

Oxidative Stress in Heart Diseases

Oxidative Stress in Heart Diseases
Author: Sajal Chakraborti,Naranjan S Dhalla,Nirmal K Ganguly,Madhu Dikshit
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 596
Release: 2019-11-06
ISBN 10: 9811382735
ISBN 13: 9789811382734
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxidative Stress in Heart Diseases Book Review:

This book bridges the gap between fundamental and translational research in the area of heart disease. It describes a multidisciplinary approach, and demonstrates biochemical mechanisms associated with dysregulation of redox signaling, which leads heart disease. Presenting recent studies on improved forms of ROS scavenging enzymes; specific inhibitors for different ROS generating enzymes; and oxidant induced signaling pathways and their antagonists that allow subtle modulation of redox signaling, it also discusses the spatial and temporal aspects of oxidative stress in the cardiovascular system, which are of vital importance in developing better strategies for treating heart disease. Each chapter offers researchers valuable insights into identifying targets for drug development for different types of heart disease.

Aging

Aging
Author: L. Robert,T. Fulop
Publsiher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2014-05-16
ISBN 10: 3318026530
ISBN 13: 9783318026535
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aging Book Review:

Aging inspired a large number of theories trying to rationalize the aging process common to all living beings. In this publication the most important environmental and intrinsic mechanisms involved in the aging process and in its pathological consequences are reviewed. Furthermore theoretical and experimental evidence of the most important theoretical elements based on Darwinian evolution, cellular aging, role of cell membranes, free radicals and oxidative processes, receptor-mediated reactions, the extracellular matrix and immune functions as well as the most important environmental and intrinsic mechanisms involved in the aging process and in its pathological consequences are discussed. These presentations of theories and related experimental facts give a global overview of up to date concepts of the biology of the aging process and are of essential reading not only for specialists in this field but also for practitioners of scientific, medical, social and experimental sciences.

Cellular Aging and Cell Death

Cellular Aging and Cell Death
Author: Nikki J. Holbrook,George R. Martin,Richard A. Lockshin
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 336
Release: 1995-12-20
ISBN 10: 9780471121237
ISBN 13: 0471121231
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cellular Aging and Cell Death Book Review:

Cellular AGING AND CELL DEATH Edited by Nikki J. Holbrook, George R. Martin, and Richard A.Lockshin Cellular Aging and Cell Death provides a thorough understanding ofthe mechanisms responsible for cellular aging, covering the recentresearch on programmed cell death and senescence, and describingtheir role in the control of cell proliferation and the agingprocess. This one-of-a-kind book is the first to combine the twohottest research areas of cell biology into one comprehensivetext. Leading experts contribute to give readers an authoritativeoverview of the distinct fields of cellular aging and programmedcell death, as well as to demonstrate how both fields are criticalto understanding the aging process. They address the large andgrowing interest in apoptosis, especially with regard to themolecular signals that induce and regulate programmed cell death,and the role of apoptosis in a variety of age-associated diseasesand disabilities. Throughout the book, a strong emphasis is placedon the interrelationship of the molecular, cellular, andphysiological aspects of senescence. Individual chapters discuss such topics as the role and regulationof apoptosis in development, the potential impact of cell death onsuch postmitotic tissues as nerve and muscle, and suggest thatprogrammed cell death plays an important role in both pathologicaland nonpathological aspects of aging, including neurodegenerativediseases. One important chapter focuses on the most recent research involvingthe study of telomeres, whose reduction in length with age and celldivision may underlie cellular senescence. The subject of neuronalcell death is also put into the perspective of aging. Cellular Aging and Cell Death bridges the rapidly growing fields ofcellular aging and programmed cell death. This thorough, yetconcise book will be of particular interest to graduate studentsand researchers within the fields of cell and developmentalbiology, neurobiology, immunology, and physiology. Physicians andmedical students involved in the fields of gerontology andpathology will also find this an informative reference.

Frailty and Cardiovascular Diseases

Frailty and Cardiovascular Diseases
Author: Nicola Veronese
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2020-01-01
ISBN 10: 3030333302
ISBN 13: 9783030333300
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Frailty and Cardiovascular Diseases Book Review:

This book aims to clarify the potential association between frailty and cardiovascular disease in older people. Covering the biological as well as the clinical point of view, it allows researchers and clinicians to discover the significance of this topic. The contributions cover the most important aspects in the potential relationship between frailty and cardiovascular disease. In particular, authoritative authors in this field have clarified the definition and the epidemiology of frailty and cardiovascular disease in older people. A large part of the volume is dedicated to the biological mechanisms of frailty and cardiovascular disease, trying to find those in common between these two conditions. Since this book is dedicated to both researchers and clinicians, we have proposed some chapters to the importance of comprehensive geriatric assessment in the evaluation and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and frailty. In this regard, the importance of geriatric evaluation in cardiac surgery for older people is well covered. Finally, the importance of cardiac rehabilitation and physical exercise is summarized, being, actually, the most important treatments for both frailty and cardiovascular disease. Written by many well-known and widely published experts in their respective fields, this book will appeal to a wide readership such as researchers in the field and clinicians, especially suited in geriatric medicine and cardiology who, every day, face frail older patients.

Handbook of the Biology of Aging

Handbook of the Biology of Aging
Author: Matt Kaeberlein,George Martin
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2015-08-20
ISBN 10: 0124116205
ISBN 13: 9780124116207
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of the Biology of Aging Book Review:

Handbook of the Biology of Aging, Eighth Edition, provides readers with an update on the rapid progress in the research of aging. It is a comprehensive synthesis and review of the latest and most important advances and themes in modern biogerontology, and focuses on the trend of ‘big data’ approaches in the biological sciences, presenting new strategies to analyze, interpret, and understand the enormous amounts of information being generated through DNA sequencing, transcriptomic, proteomic, and the metabolomics methodologies applied to aging related problems. The book includes discussions on longevity pathways and interventions that modulate aging, innovative new tools that facilitate systems-level approaches to aging research, the mTOR pathway and its importance in age-related phenotypes, new strategies to pharmacologically modulate the mTOR pathway to delay aging, the importance of sirtuins and the hypoxic response in aging, and how various pathways interact within the context of aging as a complex genetic trait, amongst others. Covers the key areas in biological gerontology research in one volume, with an 80% update from the previous edition Edited by Matt Kaeberlein and George Martin, highly respected voices and researchers within the biology of aging discipline Assists basic researchers in keeping abreast of research and clinical findings outside their subdiscipline Presents information that will help medical, behavioral, and social gerontologists in understanding what basic scientists and clinicians are discovering New chapters on genetics, evolutionary biology, bone aging, and epigenetic control Provides a close examination of the diverse research being conducted today in the study of the biology of aging, detailing recent breakthroughs and potential new directions

Cancer and Aging

Cancer and Aging
Author: M. Extermann
Publsiher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Total Pages: 178
Release: 2013-01-18
ISBN 10: 3318023078
ISBN 13: 9783318023077
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cancer and Aging Book Review:

Cancer is clearly an age-related disease. Recent research in both aging and cancer has demonstrated the complex interaction between the two phenomena. This affects a wide spectrum of research and practice, anywhere from basic research to health care organization. Core examples of these close associations are addressed in this book. Starting with basic research, the first chapters cover cancer development, mTOR inhibition, senescent cells altering the tumor microenvironment, and immune senescence affecting cancer vaccine response. Taking into account the multidisciplinarity of geriatric oncology, several chapters focus on geriatric and oncologic aspects in patient assessment, treatment options, nursing and exercise programs. The book is rounded off by a discussion on the impact of the metabolic syndrome illustrating the interactions between comorbidity and cancer and a chapter on frailty.This book provides the reader with insights that will hopefully foster his or her reflection in their own research and practice to further the development of this most exciting field. Given the aging of the population worldwide and the high prevalence of cancer, it is essential reading not only for oncologists and geriatricians but for all health practitioners.

Endothelial Dysfunction

Endothelial Dysfunction
Author: Helena Lenasi
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2018-10-24
ISBN 10: 1789842530
ISBN 13: 9781789842531
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endothelial Dysfunction Book Review:

The endothelium enables communication between blood and tissues and is actively involved in cardiovascular homeostasis. Endothelial dysfunction has been recognized as an early step in the development of cardiovascular diseases: respectively, endothelium represents a potential therapeutic niche with multiple targets. The purpose of the book is to point out some recent findings of endothelial physiology and pathophysiology emphasizing various aspects of endothelial dysfunction connected to the body's internal and external environment. While basic features of the endothelium are presented in an introductory chapter, the authors of the following 17 chapters have provided extensive insight into some selected topics of endothelial (dys)function. The book would hopefully be useful for anyone interested in recapitulating endothelial (patho)physiology and expanding knowledge of molecular mechanisms involved in endothelial dysfunction, relevant also for further clinical investigations.

Inflammation Aging and Oxidative Stress

Inflammation  Aging  and Oxidative Stress
Author: Stephen C. Bondy,Arezoo Campbell
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 405
Release: 2016-12-14
ISBN 10: 3319334867
ISBN 13: 9783319334868
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Inflammation Aging and Oxidative Stress Book Review:

The book describes the major degenerative processes and pathologies exacerbated by senescence and how they can be alleviated through retardation of cellular aging. Topics discussed include neurodegenerative disease, protein oxidation, cerebrovascular disease, particle-induced inflammation and cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer’s disease, ovarian aging, dietary and endogenous anti-oxidants in management of Parkinson’s disease, and effects of exercise on oxidation and inflammation. The nineteen expertly authored chapters are organized into three sections in order to present a complete picture to the reader: Age Related Cellular Events, Role of Inflammatory and Oxidative Processes in Age-Related Diseases, and Retardation of Cellular Aging. Inflammation, Oxidative Stress and Age-Related Disease draws from a variety of international perspectives and provides a comprehensive overview of the relationship between disease, cell aging, and oxidative stress, as well as potential for preventing or slowing these processes. This installment of Springer’s Oxidative Stress in Applied Basic Research and Clinical Practice is ideal for researchers, clinicians, and advanced graduate students in the fields of cardiology, neuroscience, biogerontolgy, and cell biology.

Stem Cells in Clinical Practice and Tissue Engineering

Stem Cells in Clinical Practice and Tissue Engineering
Author: Rakesh Sharma
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2018-05-02
ISBN 10: 1789230101
ISBN 13: 9781789230109
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stem Cells in Clinical Practice and Tissue Engineering Book Review:

Stem Cells in Clinical Practice and Tissue Engineering is a concise book on applied methods of stem cell differentiation and optimization using tissue engineering methods. These methods offer immediate use in clinical regenerative medicine. The present volume will serve the purpose of applied stem cell differentiation optimization methods in clinical research projects, as well as be useful to relatively experienced stem cell scientists and clinicians who might wish to develop their stem cell clinical centers or research labs further. Chapters are arranged in the order of basic concepts of stem cell differentiation, clinical applications of pluripotent stem cells in skin, cardiac, bone, dental, obesity centers, followed by tissue engineering, new materials used, and overall evaluation with their permitted legal status.

Telomeres and Telomerase in Aging Disease and Cancer

Telomeres and Telomerase in Aging  Disease  and Cancer
Author: K. Lenhard Rudolph
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 330
Release: 2007-11-07
ISBN 10: 354073709X
ISBN 13: 9783540737094
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Telomeres and Telomerase in Aging Disease and Cancer Book Review:

Telomere shortening represents one of the basic aspects of ageing and telomere dysfunction could contribute to the accumulation of DNA damage during ageing. This book summarizes evidence and data indicating that telomere dysfunction influences human ageing, diseases and cancer. The book describes our current knowledge on checkpoints that limit cellular lifespan and survival in response to telomere dysfunction. There is special focus on adult stem cells.