Biological and Medical Experiments on the Space Shuttle, 1981 - 1985

Biological and Medical Experiments on the Space Shuttle, 1981 - 1985
Author: Thora W. Halstead
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 180
Release: 1986
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: NASA:31769000618440
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biological and Medical Experiments on the Space Shuttle, 1981 - 1985 Book Review:

Space Station Biological Research Project: Reference Experiment Book

Space Station Biological Research Project: Reference Experiment Book
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 548
Release: 1996
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: NASA:31769000624752
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Station Biological Research Project: Reference Experiment Book Book Review:

Fundamentals of Space Biology

Fundamentals of Space Biology
Author: Gilles Clément,K. Slenzka
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2006-10-28
ISBN 10: 0387379401
ISBN 13: 9780387379401
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Space Biology Book Review:

This book examines the effects of spaceflight at cellular and organism levels. Research on the effects of gravity - or its absence - and ionizing radiation on the evolution, development, and function of living organisms is presented in layman's terms. The book describes the benefits of space biology for basic and applied research to support human space exploration and the advantages of space as a laboratory for scientific, technological, and commercial research.

Biology in Space and Life on Earth

Biology in Space and Life on Earth
Author: Enno Brinckmann
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2008-01-08
ISBN 10: 9783527616992
ISBN 13: 3527616993
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biology in Space and Life on Earth Book Review:

This concise yet comprehensive treatment of the effects of spaceflight on biological systems includes issues at the forefront of life sciences research, such as gravitational biology, immune system response, bone cell formation and the effects of radiation on biosystems. Edited by a leading specialist at the European Space Agency (ESA) with contributions by internationally renowned experts, the chapters are based on the latest space laboratory experiments, including those on SPACELAB, ISS, parabolic flights and unmanned research satellites. An indispensable source for biologists, medical researchers and astronautics experts alike. The results of Space flight experiments, ground controls and flight simulations pave the way for a better understanding of gravity reactions in various organisms down to molecular mechanisms. This publication marks also the beginning of a new Space flight era with the construction and exploitation of the International Space Station (ISS) which provides a platform for an in-depth continuation of experiments under weightlessness in Low Earth Orbit and beyond.

Terrestrial Space Radiation and Its Biological Effects

Terrestrial Space Radiation and Its Biological Effects
Author: Percival D. McCormack,Charles E. Swenberg,Horst Bucker
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 864
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461315670
ISBN 13: 9781461315674
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Terrestrial Space Radiation and Its Biological Effects Book Review:

This volume is based on the proceedings of an Advanced Study Institute (ASI) sponsored by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) held October 1987 in Corfu, Greece. The Institute received financial support from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, U.S.A. Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute, U.S.A. Department of Energy, U.S.A. Deutsche Forschungs-und Versuchanstalt fur Luft und Raumfahrt e.v., Kaln, Germany The advent of the shuttle era is providing fresh impetus for large space ventures such as communication centers, solar power stations, astronomical observatories, orbiting factories, and space based radar. Such ventures will rely heavily on an extensive and prolonged human presence in space doing in-orbit construction, maintenance, and opera tion. Among the advantages of location in space are the near zero gravity environment, commanding location, and the reception of solar energy and astronomical signals unattenuated by the atmosphere. Central to long-term manned space missions are the problems associated with the effects of exposure to ionizing radiations on humans. Manned space mis sions in the past have encountered relatively benign radiation environ ments because of their very short duration and orbit configuration. However, crew stay time of up to a year has been recently achieved by the Soviet space program; and Mars missions lasting several years are under serious consideration.

Fundamental Plant Biology Enabled by The Space Shuttle1

Fundamental Plant Biology Enabled by The Space Shuttle1
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2013
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1051815532
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamental Plant Biology Enabled by The Space Shuttle1 Book Review:

Abstract : The relationship between fundamental plant biology and space biology was especially synergistic in the era of the Space Shuttle. While all terrestrial organisms are influenced by gravity, the impact of gravity as a tropic stimulus in plants has been a topic of formal study for more than a century. And while plants were parts of early space biology payloads, it was not until the advent of the Space Shuttle that the science of plant space biology enjoyed expansion that truly enabled controlled, fundamental experiments that removed gravity from the equation. The Space Shuttle presented a science platform that provided regular science flights with dedicated plant growth hardware and crew trained in inflight plant manipulations. Part of the impetus for plant biology experiments in space was the realization that plants could be important parts of bioregenerative life support on long missions, recycling water, air, and nutrients for the human crew. However, a large part of the impetus was that the Space Shuttle enabled fundamental plant science essentially in a microgravity environment. Experiments during the Space Shuttle era produced key science insights on biological adaptation to spaceflight and especially plant growth and tropisms. In this review, we present an overview of plant science in the Space Shuttle era with an emphasis on experiments dealing with fundamental plant growth in microgravity. This review discusses general conclusions from the study of plant spaceflight biology enabled by the Space Shuttle by providing historical context and reviews of select experiments that exemplify plant space biology science.

Developmental Biology Research in Space

Developmental Biology Research in Space
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2003-07-01
ISBN 10: 9780080494470
ISBN 13: 0080494471
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Developmental Biology Research in Space Book Review:

In this volume of ASPA, devoted to developmental biology research, 9 authors from different fields of developmental biology present their investigations on various developing plant and animal models. An a priori concern in mind that weightlessness might have negative effects on developmental processes, it is encouraging to know that the overall development of various organisms tested so far is essentially correct under spaceflight conditions, leading to viable individuals with viable offspring. On the other hand, particular studies on specifically neurophysiological aspects in developing organisms reveal important flight or postflight disturbances; however it is encouraging to know that they appear to be transient only. The book contains ten chapters, giving details on how, in technical terms, experiments for spaceflights are prepared, performed and analysed and on how, in scientific terms, the available results have to be interpreted. One contribution is devoted to plant systems, five consider the overall aspects of embryonic development in invertebrates and vertebrates, two focus on neurophysiological aspects and one reports on the "mother-offspring system" in weightlessness in a mammalian model, the last chapter presents new ESA facilities and instruments to be integrated into the European research Laboratory "Columbus" of the ISS.

Biological and Medical Research in Space

Biological and Medical Research in Space
Author: David Moore,Peter Bie,Heinz Oser
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 569
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642610994
ISBN 13: 9783642610998
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biological and Medical Research in Space Book Review:

Life Science studies in space were initially driven by the need to explore how man could survive spaceflight conditions; the effects of being launched un der high accelerations, exposed to weightlessness and radiation for different periods of time, and returned to Earth in safety. In order to substantiate the detailed knowledge of potentially adverse effects, many model experiments were launched using organisms which ranged from bacteria, plants, inverte brates, rodents and primates through to man. Although no immediate life threatening effects were found, these experiments can be considered today as the precursors to life science research in space. Many unexplained effects on these life forms were attributed to the condition of weightlessness. Most of them were poorly recorded, poorly published, or left simply with anecdotal information. Only with the advent of Skylab, and later Spacelab, did the idea emerge, and indeed the infrastructure permit, weightlessness to be considered as an ex tended tool for research into some fundamental mechanisms or processes as sociated with the effect of gravity on organisms at all levels. The initial hy pothesis to extrapolate from hypergravity through 1 x g to near 0 x g effects could no longer be retained, since many of the experiment results were seen to contradict the models or theories in the current textbooks of biology and physiology. The past decade has been dedicated primarily to exploratory research.

Medical and Biological Research in Space

Medical and Biological Research in Space
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences. Subcommittee on Aerospace Technology and National Needs
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 287
Release: 1976
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015078060327
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medical and Biological Research in Space Book Review:

Animals, Pioneers of Outer Space

Animals, Pioneers of Outer Space
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 24
Release: 1969
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105083022454
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Animals, Pioneers of Outer Space Book Review:

Space Radiation Biology and Related Topics

Space Radiation Biology and Related Topics
Author: Cornelius A. Tobias,Paul Todd
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 664
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN 10: 1483273865
ISBN 13: 9781483273860
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Radiation Biology and Related Topics Book Review:

Space Radiation Biology and Related Topics provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of space radiation biology. This book discusses space radiation hazards as well as the importance of natural radiations in the processes of biogenesis. Organized into 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the fundamental aspects of radiobiology. This text then discusses the theoretical treatments of the chronic radiation response and the applicability of some of its features in extended manned space missions. Other chapters review the literature on models for recovery from radiation damage to some cellular systems. This book discusses as well the effects of radiations on mammals, with emphasis on those effects pertinent to the space-flight situation. The final chapter deals with the safety of nuclear power in space and explains the three types of nuclear devices designed for power production in space. This book is a valuable resource for radiologists, radiobiologists, and radiotherapists.

Advances in Space Biology and Medicine

Advances in Space Biology and Medicine
Author: S.L. Bonting
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 250
Release: 1999-12-20
ISBN 10: 9780080877310
ISBN 13: 0080877311
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Space Biology and Medicine Book Review:

During the past several years there has been a shortage of flight opportunities for biological and medical projects. And those that were available usually had severe restrictions on instrumentation, number of subjects, duration, time allotted for performing the experiments, a possibility for repetition of experiments. It is our hope and expectation that this will change once the international Space Station is in full operation. The advantages of a permanent space station, already demonstrated by the Russian Mir station, are continuous availability of expert crew and a wide range of equipment, possibility of long-term experiments where this is waranted, increased numbers of subjects through larger laboratory space, proper controls in the large 1-G centrifuge, easier repeatability of experiments when needed. The limited number of flight opportunities during recent years probably explains why it has taken so long to acquire a sufficient number of high quality contributions for this seventh volume of Advances in Space Biology and Medicine. While initially the series wassailed at annually appearing volumes, we are now down to a biannual appearance. Hopefully, it will be possible to return to annual volumes in the future when results from space station experimentation at beginning to pour in. The first three chapters of this volume deal with muscle. Fejtek and Wassersug provide a survey of all studies on muscle of rodents flown in space, and include an interesting demography of this aspect of space research. Riley reviews our current knowledge of the effects of long-term spaceflight and re-entry on skeletal muscle, and considers the questions still to be answered before we can be satisfied that long-term space missions, such as on the space station, can be safely undertaken. Stein reviews our understanding of the nutritional and hormonal aspects of muscle loss in spaceflight, and concludes that the protein loss in space could be deleterious to health during flight and after return. Strollo summarizes our understanding of the major endocrine systems on the ground, then considers what we know about their functioning in space, concluding that there is much to be learned about the changes taking place during spaceflight. The many problems of providing life support (oxygen regeneration and food supply) during extended stay on the Moon, on Mars, or in space by means of plant cultivation are discussed by Salisbury. The challenges of utilizing electrophoresis in microgravity for the separation of cells and proteins are illustrated and explained by Bauer and colleagues. Finally, the chapter on teaching of space life sciences by Schmitt shows that this field of science has come of age, but also that its multidisciplinary character poses interesting challenges to teaching it.

1984-85 NASA Space/gravitational Biology Accomplishments

1984-85 NASA Space/gravitational Biology Accomplishments
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1985
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105024733540
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

1984-85 NASA Space/gravitational Biology Accomplishments Book Review:

Individual technical summaries of research projects of NASA's Space/Gravitational Biology Program are presented. The summaries for each project include a description of the research, a listing of the accomplishments, and an explanation of the significance of the accomplishments. Bibliographies for each project are also included.

The 1987-1988 NASA Space/gravitational Biology Accomplishments

The 1987-1988 NASA Space/gravitational Biology Accomplishments
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 200
Release: 1988
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: NASA:31769000518830
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The 1987-1988 NASA Space/gravitational Biology Accomplishments Book Review:

Publications of the NASA Space Biology Program for 1980 - 1984

Publications of the NASA Space Biology Program for 1980 - 1984
Author: Linda G. Pleasant
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 99
Release: 1984
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: NASA:31769000570286
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Publications of the NASA Space Biology Program for 1980 - 1984 Book Review:

Publications of the NASA Space Biology Program for 1980-1984

Publications of the NASA Space Biology Program for 1980-1984
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 103
Release: 1984
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112105150020
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Publications of the NASA Space Biology Program for 1980-1984 Book Review:

1983-84 NASA Space Biology Accomplishments

1983-84 NASA Space Biology Accomplishments
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 121
Release: 1984
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112105149964
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

1983-84 NASA Space Biology Accomplishments Book Review:

Approximately 42 project summaries from NASA's Space Biology Program are presented. Emphasis is placed on gravitational effects on plant and animal life. The identification of gravity perception; the effects of weightlessness on genetic integrity, cellular differentiation, reproduction, development, growth, maturation, and senescence; and how gravity affects and controls physiology, morphology, and behavior of organisms are studied.

NASA Space Biology Accomplishments, 1982

NASA Space Biology Accomplishments, 1982
Author: Thora W. Halstead
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 119
Release: 1983
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: NASA:31769000563539
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

NASA Space Biology Accomplishments, 1982 Book Review:

Modelling Biological Populations in Space and Time

Modelling Biological Populations in Space and Time
Author: Eric Renshaw
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 403
Release: 1993-08-26
ISBN 10: 9780521448550
ISBN 13: 0521448557
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modelling Biological Populations in Space and Time Book Review:

This volume unifies population studies emphasising the interplay between modelling and experimentation.

Fundamentals of Space Medicine

Fundamentals of Space Medicine
Author: Gilles Clément
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 361
Release: 2007-08-09
ISBN 10: 9781402034343
ISBN 13: 1402034342
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Space Medicine Book Review:

This readable text presents findings from the life science experiments conducted during and after space missions. It provides an insight into the space medical community and the real challenges that face the flight surgeon and life science investigator.