Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter

Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter
Author: Dennis A. Hansell,Craig A. Carlson
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 712
Release: 2014-10-02
ISBN 10: 0124071538
ISBN 13: 9780124071537
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter Book Review:

Marine dissolved organic matter (DOM) is a complex mixture of molecules found throughout the world's oceans. It plays a key role in the export, distribution, and sequestration of carbon in the oceanic water column, posited to be a source of atmospheric climate regulation. Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Second Edition, focuses on the chemical constituents of DOM and its biogeochemical, biological, and ecological significance in the global ocean, and provides a single, unique source for the references, information, and informed judgments of the community of marine biogeochemists. Presented by some of the world's leading scientists, this revised edition reports on the major advances in this area and includes new chapters covering the role of DOM in ancient ocean carbon cycles, the long term stability of marine DOM, the biophysical dynamics of DOM, fluvial DOM qualities and fate, and the Mediterranean Sea. Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Second Edition, is an extremely useful resource that helps people interested in the largest pool of active carbon on the planet (DOC) get a firm grounding on the general paradigms and many of the relevant references on this topic. Features up-to-date knowledge of DOM, including five new chapters The only published work to synthesize recent research on dissolved organic carbon in the Mediterranean Sea Includes chapters that address inputs from freshwater terrestrial DOM

Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter

Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter
Author: Dennis A. Hansell,Craig A. Carlson
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 774
Release: 2002-06-20
ISBN 10: 9780123238412
ISBN 13: 0123238412
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter Book Review:

"Marine dissolved organic matter (DOM) is a complex mixture of molecules found throughout the world's oceans. It plays a key role in the export, distribution, and sequestration of carbon in the oceanic water column, posited to be a source of atmospheric climate regulation. Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Second Edition, focuses on the chemical constituents of DOM and its biogeochemical, biological, and ecological significance in the global ocean, and provides a single, unique source for the references, information, and informed judgments of the community of marine biogeochemists. Presented by some of the world's leading scientists, this revised edition reports on the major advances in this area and includes new chapters covering the role of DOM in ancient ocean carbon cycles, the long term stability of marine DOM, the biophysical dynamics of DOM, fluvial DOM qualities and fate, and the Mediterranean Sea. Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Second Edition, is an extremely useful resource that helps people interested in the largest pool of active carbon on the planet (DOC) get a firm grounding on the general paradigms and many of the relevant references on this topic"--

Aquatic Humic Substances

Aquatic Humic Substances
Author: Dag Hessen,Lars J. Tranvik
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2013-03-09
ISBN 10: 366203736X
ISBN 13: 9783662037362
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aquatic Humic Substances Book Review:

Humic substances occur in all kinds of aquatic systems, but are particularly important in northern, coniferous areas. They strongly modify the aquatic ecosystems and also constitute a major problem in the drinking water supply. This volume covers all aspects of aquatic humic substances, from their origin and chemical properties, their effects on light and nutrient regimes and biogeochemical cycling, to their role regarding organisms, productivity and food web organization from bacteria to fish. Special emphasis is paid to carbon cycling and food web organization in humic lakes, but aspects of marine carbon cycling related to humus are treated as well.

Linking Optical and Chemical Properties of Dissolved Organic Matter in Natural Waters

Linking Optical and Chemical Properties of Dissolved Organic Matter in Natural Waters
Author: Christopher L. Osburn,Thomas S. Bianchi
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2017-01-17
ISBN 10: 2889450813
ISBN 13: 9782889450817
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Linking Optical and Chemical Properties of Dissolved Organic Matter in Natural Waters Book Review:

A substantial increase in the number of studies using the optical properties (absorbance and fluorescence) of dissolved organic matter (DOM) as a proxy for its chemical properties in estuaries and the coastal and open ocean has occurred during the last decade. We are making progress on finding the actual chemical compounds or phenomena responsible for DOM’s optical properties. Ultrahigh resolution mass spectrometry, in particular, has made important progress in making the key connections between optics and chemistry. But serious questions remain and the last major special issue on DOM optics and chemistry occurred nearly 10 years ago. Controversies remain from the non-specific optical properties of DOM that are not linked to discrete sources, and sometimes provide conflicting information. The use of optics, which is relatively easier to employ in synoptic and high resolution sampling to determine chemistry, is a critical connection to make and can lead to major advances in our understanding of organic matter cycling in all aquatic ecosystems. The contentions and controversies raised by our poor understanding of the linkages between optics and chemistry of DOM are bottlenecks that need to be addressed and overcome.

The Ocean Carbon Cycle and Climate

The Ocean Carbon Cycle and Climate
Author: Mick Follows,Temel Oguz
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 395
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1402020872
ISBN 13: 9781402020872
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Ocean Carbon Cycle and Climate Book Review:

Our desire to understand the global carbon cycle and its link to the climate system represents a huge challenge. These overarching questions have driven a great deal of scientific endeavour in recent years: What are the basic oceanic mechanisms which control the oceanic carbon reservoirs and the partitioning of carbon between ocean and atmosphere? How do these mechanisms depend on the state of the climate system and how does the carbon cycle feed back on climate? What is the current rate at which fossil fuel carbon dioxide is absorbed by the oceans and how might this change in the future? To begin to answer these questions we must first understand the distribution of carbon in the ocean, its partitioning between different ocean reservoirs (the "solubility" and "biological" pumps of carbon), the mechanisms controlling these reservoirs, and the relationship of the significant physical and biological processes to the physical environment. The recent surveys from the JGOFS and WOCE (Joint Global Ocean Flux Study and World Ocean Circulation Ex periment) programs have given us a first truly global survey of the physical and biogeochemical properties of the ocean. These new, high quality data provide the opportunity to better quantify the present oceans reservoirs of carbon and the changes due to fossil fuel burning. In addition, diverse process studies and time-series observations have clearly revealed the complexity of interactions between nutrient cycles, ecosystems, the carbon-cycle and the physical envi ronment.

Marine Carbon Biogeochemistry

Marine Carbon Biogeochemistry
Author: Jack J. Middelburg
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 118
Release: 2019-01-25
ISBN 10: 3030108228
ISBN 13: 9783030108229
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marine Carbon Biogeochemistry Book Review:

This open access book discusses biogeochemical processes relevant to carbon and aims to provide readers, graduate students and researchers, with insight into the functioning of marine ecosystems. A carbon centric approach has been adopted, but other elements are included where relevant or needed. The book focuses on concepts and quantitative understanding of primary production, organic matter mineralization and sediment biogeochemistry. The impact of biogeochemical processes on inorganic carbon dynamics and organic matter transformation are also discussed.

Towards a Model of Ocean Biogeochemical Processes

Towards a Model of Ocean Biogeochemical Processes
Author: Geoffrey T. Evans,Michael J.R. Fasham
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2013-06-29
ISBN 10: 3642846025
ISBN 13: 9783642846021
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Towards a Model of Ocean Biogeochemical Processes Book Review:

Key biogeochemical events in the ocean take place in less than a second, are studied in experiments lasting a few hours, and determine cycles that last over seasons or even years. Models of the controlling processes thus have to take into account these time scales. This book aims at achieving consensus among these controlling processes at all relevant time scales. It helps understand the global carbon cycle including the production and breakdown of solved organic matter and the production, sinking and breakdown of particles. The emphasis on considering all time scales in submodel formulation is new and of interest to all those working in global ocean models and related fields.

Aquatic Organic Matter Fluorescence

Aquatic Organic Matter Fluorescence
Author: Paula Coble,Jamie Lead,Andy Baker,Darren Reynolds,Robert G. M. Spencer
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 418
Release: 2014-07-14
ISBN 10: 0521764610
ISBN 13: 9780521764612
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aquatic Organic Matter Fluorescence Book Review:

Core text on principles, laboratory/field methodologies, and data interpretation for fluorescence applications in aquatic science, for advanced students and researchers.

The Chemistry of Microbiomes

The Chemistry of Microbiomes
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Chemical Sciences Roundtable
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 132
Release: 2017-07-19
ISBN 10: 0309458390
ISBN 13: 9780309458399
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Chemistry of Microbiomes Book Review:

The 21st century has witnessed a complete revolution in the understanding and description of bacteria in eco- systems and microbial assemblages, and how they are regulated by complex interactions among microbes, hosts, and environments. The human organism is no longer considered a monolithic assembly of tissues, but is instead a true ecosystem composed of human cells, bacteria, fungi, algae, and viruses. As such, humans are not unlike other complex ecosystems containing microbial assemblages observed in the marine and earth environments. They all share a basic functional principle: Chemical communication is the universal language that allows such groups to properly function together. These chemical networks regulate interactions like metabolic exchange, antibiosis and symbiosis, and communication. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine's Chemical Sciences Roundtable organized a series of four seminars in the autumn of 2016 to explore the current advances, opportunities, and challenges toward unveiling this "chemical dark matter" and its role in the regulation and function of different ecosystems. The first three focused on specific ecosystemsâ€"earth, marine, and humanâ€"and the last on all microbiome systems. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the seminars.

Photobiogeochemistry of Organic Matter

Photobiogeochemistry of Organic Matter
Author: Khan M.G. Mostofa,Takahito Yoshioka,Abdul Mottaleb,Davide Vione
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 917
Release: 2012-12-15
ISBN 10: 3642322239
ISBN 13: 9783642322235
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Photobiogeochemistry of Organic Matter Book Review:

Photoinduced processes, caused by natural sunlight, are key functions for sustaining all living organisms through production and transformation of organic matter (OM) in the biosphere. Production of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) from OM is a primary step of photoinduced processes, because H2O2 acts as strong reductant and oxidant. It is potentially important in many aquatic reactions, also in association with photosynthesis. Allochthonous and autochthonous dissolved organic matter (DOM) can be involved into several photoinduced or biological processes. DOM subsequently undergoes several physical, chemical, photoinduced and biological processes, which can be affected by global warming. This book is uniquely structured to overview some vital issues, such as: DOM; H2O2 and ROOH; HO•; Degradation of DOM; CDOM, FDOM; Photosynthesis; Chlorophyll; Metal complexation, and Global warming, as well as their mutual interrelationships, based on updated scientific results.

The Organic Carbon Cycle in the Arctic Ocean

The Organic Carbon Cycle in the Arctic Ocean
Author: Rüdiger Stein,Robie W. Macdonald
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 363
Release: 2011-06-27
ISBN 10: 3642189121
ISBN 13: 9783642189128
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Organic Carbon Cycle in the Arctic Ocean Book Review:

To understand the global oceanic carbon budget and related climate change, exact measurements of organic carbon flux in all oceans environments, especially the continental margins, are crucial. In fact, data have been available for some time on organic carbon sources, pathways, and burial for most of the world’s oceans, with the notable exception of the Arctic. With this book, the editors remedy this gap in knowledge, presenting an overview of organic-carbon sources, pathways, and burial of the circum-Arctic continental margin and deep-sea areas. Data from each Arctic shelf and basin are collated, presented in common and parallel formats, and related to the global carbon cycle. The book is suitable for lecturers, graduate students as well as scientists interested in the organic-carbon-cycle and Arctic Ocean (paleo-)environment.

Microbial Ecology of the Oceans

Microbial Ecology of the Oceans
Author: Josep M. Gasol,David L. Kirchman
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2018-01-31
ISBN 10: 1119107202
ISBN 13: 9781119107200
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Ecology of the Oceans Book Review:

The newly revised and updated third edition of the bestselling book on microbial ecology in the oceans The third edition of Microbial Ecology of the Oceans features new topics, as well as different approaches to subjects dealt with in previous editions. The book starts out with a general introduction to the changes in the field, as well as looking at the prospects for the coming years. Chapters cover ecology, diversity, and function of microbes, and of microbial genes in the ocean. The biology and ecology of some model organisms, and how we can model the whole of the marine microbes, are dealt with, and some of the trophic roles that have changed in the last years are discussed. Finally, the role of microbes in the oceanic P cycle are presented. Microbial Ecology of the Oceans, Third Edition offers chapters on The Evolution of Microbial Ecology of the Ocean; Marine Microbial Diversity as Seen by High Throughput Sequencing; Ecological Significance of Microbial Trophic Mixing in the Oligotrophic Ocean; Metatranscritomics and Metaproteomics; Advances in Microbial Ecology from Model Marine Bacteria; Marine Microbes and Nonliving Organic Matter; Microbial Ecology and Biogeochemistry of Oxygen-Deficient Water Columns; The Ocean’s Microscale; Ecological Genomics of Marine Viruses; Microbial Physiological Ecology of The Marine Phosphorus Cycle; Phytoplankton Functional Types; and more. A new and updated edition of a key book in aquatic microbial ecology Includes widely used methodological approaches Fully describes the structure of the microbial ecosystem, discussing in particular the sources of carbon for microbial growth Offers theoretical interpretations of subtropical plankton biogeography Microbial Ecology of the Oceans is an ideal text for advanced undergraduates, beginning graduate students, and colleagues from other fields wishing to learn about microbes and the processes they mediate in marine systems.

Geochemistry of Marine Sediments

Geochemistry of Marine Sediments
Author: David J. Burdige
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2020-08-04
ISBN 10: 0691216096
ISBN 13: 9780691216096
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geochemistry of Marine Sediments Book Review:

The processes occurring in surface marine sediments have a profound effect on the local and global cycling of many elements. This graduate text presents the fundamentals of marine sediment geochemistry by examining the complex chemical, biological, and physical processes that contribute to the conversion of these sediments to rock, a process known as early diagenesis. Research over the past three decades has uncovered the fact that the oxidation of organic matter deposited in sediment acts as a causative agent for many early diagenetic changes. Summarizing and discussing these findings and providing a much-needed update to Robert Berner's Early Diagenesis: A Theoretical Approach, David J. Burdige describes the ways to quantify geochemical processes in marine sediment. By doing so, he offers a deeper understanding of the cycling of elements such as carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus, along with important metals such as iron and manganese. No other book presents such an in-depth look at marine sediment geochemistry. Including the most up-to-date research, a complete survey of the subject, explanatory text, and the most recent mathematical formulations that have contributed to our greater understanding of early diagenesis, Geochemistry of Marine Sediments will interest graduate students of geology, geochemistry, and oceanography, as well as the broader community of earth scientists. It is poised to become the standard text on the subject for years to come.

Ocean Biogeochemical Dynamics

Ocean Biogeochemical Dynamics
Author: Jorge L. Sarmiento
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2013-07-17
ISBN 10: 1400849071
ISBN 13: 9781400849079
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ocean Biogeochemical Dynamics Book Review:

Ocean Biogeochemical Dynamics provides a broad theoretical framework upon which graduate students and upper-level undergraduates can formulate an understanding of the processes that control the mean concentration and distribution of biologically utilized elements and compounds in the ocean. Though it is written as a textbook, it will also be of interest to more advanced scientists as a wide-ranging synthesis of our present understanding of ocean biogeochemical processes. The first two chapters of the book provide an introductory overview of biogeochemical and physical oceanography. The next four chapters concentrate on processes at the air-sea interface, the production of organic matter in the upper ocean, the remineralization of organic matter in the water column, and the processing of organic matter in the sediments. The focus of these chapters is on analyzing the cycles of organic carbon, oxygen, and nutrients. The next three chapters round out the authors' coverage of ocean biogeochemical cycles with discussions of silica, dissolved inorganic carbon and alkalinity, and CaCO3. The final chapter discusses applications of ocean biogeochemistry to our understanding of the role of the ocean carbon cycle in interannual to decadal variability, paleoclimatology, and the anthropogenic carbon budget. The problem sets included at the end of each chapter encourage students to ask critical questions in this exciting new field. While much of the approach is mathematical, the math is at a level that should be accessible to students with a year or two of college level mathematics and/or physics.

Geochemical Transformations of Sedimentary Sulfur

Geochemical Transformations of Sedimentary Sulfur
Author: Murthy A. Vairavamurthy,American Chemical Society
Publsiher: Amer Chemical Society
Total Pages: 467
Release: 1995
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822023834278
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geochemical Transformations of Sedimentary Sulfur Book Review:

Offers a comprehensive discussion of the geochemistry of sedimentary sulfur, including low temperature transformation in early diagenesis, thermal reactions occurring during later diagenesis and catagenesis. Provides a detailed examination of sulfur-organic matter interactions. Presents an interdisciplinary overview of recent research in the complex process of sedimentary sulfur transformations. Includes contributions from internationally recognized experts in the field.

New Radiocarbon and Size franctionation Approaches for Examining Organic Matter Source and Reactivity in the Sea

New Radiocarbon and Size franctionation Approaches for Examining Organic Matter Source and Reactivity in the Sea
Author: Brett D. Walker
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2011
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCAL:W269702
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Radiocarbon and Size franctionation Approaches for Examining Organic Matter Source and Reactivity in the Sea Book Review:

Sea Ice

Sea Ice
Author: David N. Thomas,Gerhard S. Dieckmann
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2009-11-06
ISBN 10: 9781444317152
ISBN 13: 1444317156
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sea Ice Book Review:

As the Arctic perennial sea ice continues to disappear at an alarming rate, a full understanding of sea ice as a crucial global ecosystem, and the effects of its loss is vital for all those working with and studying global climate change. Building on the success of the previous edition, the second edition of Sea Ice, now much expanded and in full colour throughout, includes six completely new chapters with complete revisions of all the chapters included from the first edition. The Editors, Professor David Thomas and Dr Gerhard Dieckmann have once again drawn together an extremely impressive group of internationally respected contributing authors, ensuring a comprehensive worldwide coverage of this incredibly important topic. Sea Ice, second edition, is an essential purchase for oceanographers and marine scientists, environmental scientists, biologists, geochemists and geologists. All those involved in the study of global climate change will find this book to contain a wealth of important information. All libraries in universities and research establishments where these subjects are studied and taught will need multiple copies of this book on their shelves. truly multidisciplinary approach world leading authors and editors international in scope, covering both Arctic and Antarctic work of vital interest to all those involved in global warming and climate change research highly illustrated full colour book with colour images throughout

Marine Geochemistry

Marine Geochemistry
Author: Horst D. Schulz,Matthias Zabel
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 455
Release: 2013-04-17
ISBN 10: 3662042428
ISBN 13: 9783662042427
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marine Geochemistry Book Review:

A summary of the latest research in this field. The topics comprise the sedimentological examination and physical properties of the sedimentary solid phase, pore water and pore water constituents, organic matter as the driving force of most microbiological processes, biotic and abiotic redox reactions, carbonates and stable isotopes as proxies for paleoclimate reconstruction, metal enrichments in ferromanganese nodules and crusts as well as in hot vents and cold seeps on the seafloor. The current model conceptions lead to the development of different types of computer models, allowing the global mass exchanges between oceans and sediments to be balanced.

Ocean Biogeochemistry

Ocean Biogeochemistry
Author: Michael J.R. Fasham
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 301
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642558445
ISBN 13: 9783642558443
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ocean Biogeochemistry Book Review:

Oceans account for 50% of the anthropogenic CO2 released into the atmosphere. During the past 15 years an international programme, the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS), has been studying the ocean carbon cycle to quantify and model the biological and physical processes whereby CO2 is pumped from the ocean's surface to the depths of the ocean, where it can remain for hundreds of years. This project is one of the largest multi-disciplinary studies of the oceans ever carried out and this book synthesises the results. It covers all aspects of the topic ranging from air-sea exchange with CO2, the role of physical mixing, the uptake of CO2 by marine algae, the fluxes of carbon and nitrogen through the marine food chain to the subsequent export of carbon to the depths of the ocean. Special emphasis is laid on predicting future climatic change.

Current Topics in Marine Organic Biogeochemical Research

Current Topics in Marine Organic Biogeochemical Research
Author: Carol Arnosti,Thorsten Dittmar,Kai-Uwe Hinrichs,Cindy Lee,Stuart Wakeham
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2021-02-25
ISBN 10: 2889664643
ISBN 13: 9782889664641
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current Topics in Marine Organic Biogeochemical Research Book Review: