Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel

Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel
Author: Dipesh Kumar,Bhaskar Singh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2021-01-15
ISBN 10: 9780128218174
ISBN 13: 0128218177
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel Book Review:

Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel provides a fundamental understanding of the state-of-the-art processes involved in the production of biodiesel. It offers a holistic analysis of mass scale biodiesel production in terms of techno-economic viability and sustainability challenges of the 21st century. This book encompasses the entire biodiesel value chain, from feedstock production and conversion processes, to post-production refining and fuel quality assessment. Besides conventional approaches, recent technologies holding promising opportunities are discussed in depth. The authors analyze and address major industry and environmental concerns in their discussion of life cycle assessment and techno-economic assessment. A comparison of biodiesel and renewable diesel produced through hydro-processing of triglycerides is presented a separate chapter, as well as the significant hurdles and opportunities in the industrial scale production and commercialization of biodiesel. By exploring the fundamental concepts, latest developments and sustainability aspects, Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel offers a complete understanding of the feasibility and sustainability of biodiesel. Researchers and PhD students coming into the field will be able to use this reference to acquire a holistic perspective of the subject. More experienced researcher and industry practitioners will benefit from the book's techno-economic approach to make better-informed decisions when developing and deploying biodiesel-based technologies. Presents the state-of-the-art production strategies to transform the state of the biodiesel industry Explores the significant challenges and opportunities in improving the scale of production, acceptability, and marketability of biodiesel Compares biodiesel and renewable diesel on a range of parameters, including techno-economic viability and sustainability dimensions in the medium to long term

Biodiesel

Biodiesel
Author: Ayhan Demirbas
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2007-12-20
ISBN 10: 1846289955
ISBN 13: 9781846289958
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiesel Book Review:

Biodiesel: A Realistic Fuel Alternative for Diesel Engines describes the production and characterization of biodiesel. The book also presents current experimental research work in the field, including techniques to reduce biodiesel’s high viscosity. Researchers in renewable energy, as well as fuel engineers, will discover a myriad of new ideas and promising possibilities.

The Biodiesel Handbook

The Biodiesel Handbook
Author: Gerhard Knothe,Jürgen Krahl,Jon Van Gerpen
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 494
Release: 2015-08-13
ISBN 10: 0983507260
ISBN 13: 9780983507260
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Biodiesel Handbook Book Review:

The second edition of this invaluable handbook covers converting vegetable oils, animal fats, and used oils into biodiesel fuel. The Biodiesel Handbook delivers solutions to issues associated with biodiesel feedstocks, production issues, quality control, viscosity, stability, applications, emissions, and other environmental impacts, as well as the status of the biodiesel industry worldwide. Incorporates the major research and other developments in the world of biodiesel in a comprehensive and practical format Includes reference materials and tables on biodiesel standards, unit conversions, and technical details in four appendices Presents details on other uses of biodiesel and other alternative diesel fuels from oils and fats

Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel

Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel
Author: Saikarthik Gunti
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 134
Release: 2016
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:989126278
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel Book Review:

Biofuels

Biofuels
Author: Mark S. Danigole
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 53
Release: 2009-05
ISBN 10: 1437911080
ISBN 13: 9781437911084
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofuels Book Review:

The USAF is the largest energy consumer in the DoD. In conjunction with the Pres¿s. mandate to reduce dependency on foreign oil and in an effort to stem fuel exp., the USAF estab. an alternative energy program focused on increased conservation and the dev¿t. of new, domestic sources of fuel. This report examines biologically produced fuel alternatives and their ability to meet USAF jet fuel requirements by the year 2025. It examines ethanol, terrestrial produced biodiesel, algae oil and biobutanol and each fuel¿s ability to meet JP-8 fuel standards while achieving compatibility with USAF aircraft and fuel distribution systems. It recommends the continued development of biofuel technology to reduce USAF dependency on foreign oil. Illus.

Use of Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel and as Part of a Dual fuel System

Use of Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel and as Part of a Dual fuel System
Author: Ashwin Krishna Koleshwar
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:148062950
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Use of Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel and as Part of a Dual fuel System Book Review:

Advanced Biofuels

Advanced Biofuels
Author: Kalam Abul Azad,Mohammad Rasul
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 502
Release: 2019-06-09
ISBN 10: 0081027923
ISBN 13: 9780081027929
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Biofuels Book Review:

Advanced Biofuels: Applications, Technologies, and Environmental Sustainability presents recent developments and applications of biofuels in the field of internal combustion engines, with a primary focus on the recent approaches of biodiesel applications, low emission alternative fuels, and environmental sustainability. Editors Dr. Azad and Dr. Rasul, along with their team of expert contributors, combine a collection of extensive experimental investigations on engine performance and emissions and combustion phenomena using different types of oxygenated fuel with in-depth research on fuel applications, an analysis of available technologies and resources, energy efficiency improvement methods, and applications of oxygenated fuel for the sustainable environment. Academics, researchers, engineers and technologists will develop a greater understanding of the relevant concepts and solutions to the global issues related to achieving alternative energy application for future energy security, as well as environmental sustainability in medium and large-scale industries. Fills a gap in the literature on alternative fuel applications with in-depth research and experimental investigations of different approaches, technologies and applications Considers the important issue of sustainability using case studies to deepen understanding Includes energy security within various industries, including aviation and transport

Biodiesel from Waste Cooking Oil

Biodiesel from Waste Cooking Oil
Author: Ravindra Ghodke,Sagar Kadam,Yogesh Katare
Publsiher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Total Pages: 68
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 9783659442346
ISBN 13: 3659442348
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiesel from Waste Cooking Oil Book Review:

This study evaluates the use of biodiesel as an alternative fuel for diesel engines. The fuel properties, performance, emission characteristics and combustion characteristics of a four-stroke, four-cylinder water cooled, direct injection (DI) diesel engine operated on biodiesel, 20% biodiesel,30% biodiesel and 50% biodiesel blended fuels were measured. Results related to the direct use of biodiesel as a diesel engine fuel indicate that this is possible but not preferable because of its high viscosity and cetane number. Biodiesel could be used in the blends with diesel fuel, because most of the measured properties of the biodiesel-diesel blended fuels were close to those of the diesel fuel. It was found that the performance parameters of the biodiesel-diesel blended fuels did not differ greatly from those of diesel fuel. A slight power decrease, with an increase in brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC), was noticed with the blend fuels. Smoke emissions were reduced for the blends while NOx was increased remarkably for the biodiesel-blended fuels. It is consequently argued that biodiesel appears to offer a potential alternative "greener" energy substitute for fossil fuel.

Alternative Fuel

Alternative Fuel
Author: Maximino Manzanera
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2011-08-09
ISBN 10: 9533073721
ISBN 13: 9789533073729
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alternative Fuel Book Review:

Renewable energy sources such as biodiesel, bioethanol, biomethane, biomass from wastes or hydrogen are subject of great interest in the current energy scene. These fuels contribute to the reduction of prices and dependence on fossil fuels. In addition, energy sources such as these could partially replace the use of what is considered as the major factor responsible for global warming and the main source of local environmental pollution. For these reasons they are known as alternative fuels. There is an urgent need to find and optimise the use of alternative fuels to provide a net energy gain, to be economically competitive and to be producible in large quantities without compromising food resources.

Alternative Fuels and Their Utilization Strategies in Internal Combustion Engines

Alternative Fuels and Their Utilization Strategies in Internal Combustion Engines
Author: Akhilendra Pratap Singh,Yogesh C. Sharma,Nirendra N. Mustafi,Avinash Kumar Agarwal
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2019-10-10
ISBN 10: 9811504180
ISBN 13: 9789811504181
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alternative Fuels and Their Utilization Strategies in Internal Combustion Engines Book Review:

This book covers alternative fuels and their utilization strategies in internal combustion engines. The main objective of this book is to provide a comprehensive overview of the recent advances in the production and utilization aspects of different types of liquid and gaseous alternative fuels. In the last few years, methanol and DME have gained significant attention of the energy sector, because of their capability to be utilized in different types of engines. This book will be a valuable resource for researchers and practicing engineers alike.

Advanced Bioprocessing for Alternative Fuels Biobased Chemicals and Bioproducts

Advanced Bioprocessing for Alternative Fuels  Biobased Chemicals  and Bioproducts
Author: Majid Hosseini
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2019-02-23
ISBN 10: 0128179422
ISBN 13: 9780128179420
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Bioprocessing for Alternative Fuels Biobased Chemicals and Bioproducts Book Review:

Advanced Bioprocessing for Alternative Fuels, Bio-based Chemicals, and Bioproducts: Technologies and Approaches for Scale-Up and Commercialization demonstrates novel systems that apply advanced bioprocessing technologies to produce biofuels, bio-based chemicals, and value-added bioproducts from renewable sources. The book presents the use of novel oleaginous microorganisms and utilization strategies for applications of advanced bioprocessing technology in biofuels production and thoroughly depicts the technological breakthroughs of value added bioproducts. It also aides in the design, evaluation and production of biofuels by describing metabolic engineering and genetic manipulation of biofuels feedstocks. Users will find a thorough overview of the most recent discoveries in biofuels research and the inherent challenges associated with scale up. Emphasis is placed on technological milestones and breakthroughs in applications of new bioprocessing technologies for biofuels production. Its essential information can be used to understand how to incorporate advanced bioprocessing technologies into the scaling up of laboratory technologies to industrial applications while complying with biofuels policies and regulations. Presents the use of novel oleaginous microorganisms and utilization strategies for the applications of advanced technologies in biofuels production Provides a basis for technology assessments, progress and advances, as well as the challenges associated with biofuels at industrial scale Describes, in detail, technologies for metabolic engineering and genetic manipulation of biofuels feedstocks, thus aiding in the design, evaluation and production of advanced biofuels

Do It Yourself Guide to Biodiesel

Do It Yourself Guide to Biodiesel
Author: Guy Purcella
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2007-10-28
ISBN 10: 156975456X
ISBN 13: 9781569754566
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Do It Yourself Guide to Biodiesel Book Review:

THE TRUTH ABOUT BIODIESEL •Easy to make at home •Cheaper than buying diesel •Works in unmodified diesel engines •Reduces the need for imported oil •Decreases greenhouse gas emissions If you are ready to start making your own biodiesel, then this book is for you. Do It Yourself Biodiesel provides up-to-date information, step-by-step instructions, and tried-and-true methods as well as helpful tips and tricks. With detailed photos, illustrations, and charts, this book makes it easy to understand the procedures and equipment you will need to make biodiesel at home—in small or large batches.

Prospects of Alternative Transportation Fuels

Prospects of Alternative Transportation Fuels
Author: Akhilendra P Singh,Rashmi Avinash Agarwal,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,Atul Dhar,Mritunjay Kumar Shukla
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 405
Release: 2017-11-28
ISBN 10: 9811075182
ISBN 13: 9789811075186
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prospects of Alternative Transportation Fuels Book Review:

This book discusses different types of alternative fuels, including biodiesel, alcohol, synthetic fuels, compressed natural gas (CNG) and its blend with hydrogen, HCNG, and provides detailed information on the utilization of these alternative fuels in internal combustion (IC) engines. Further, it presents methods for production of these alternative fuels and explores advanced combustion techniques, such as low-temperature and dual-fuel combustion, using alternative fuels. It includes a chapter on the soot morphology of biodiesel, which focuses on the toxicity. There are also four chapters on hydrogen-fueled engines, which discuss use of hydrogen in IC engines and also provide important information on the methodologies. This book is a valuable resource for researchers and practicing engineers alike.

From the Fryer to the Fuel Tank

From the Fryer to the Fuel Tank
Author: Joshua Tickell,Kaia Tickell
Publsiher: Biodiesel America
Total Pages: 162
Release: 2003
ISBN 10: 9780970722706
ISBN 13: 0970722702
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From the Fryer to the Fuel Tank Book Review:

Discusses the American dependence on imported fossil fuel and proposes a solution in the form of biodiesel engines.

Biodiesel As An Alternate Fuel

Biodiesel As An Alternate Fuel
Author: Venkata Ramesh Mamilla,G. Lakshmi Narayana Rao
Publsiher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Total Pages: 104
Release: 2014-07-01
ISBN 10: 9783659565021
ISBN 13: 3659565024
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiesel As An Alternate Fuel Book Review:

The increasing industrialization and motorization of the world has led to a steep rise for the demand of petroleum products. Petroleum based fuels are obtained from limited reserves. These finite reserves are highly concentrated in certain regions of the world. Therefore, those countries not having these resources are facing a foreign exchange crisis, mainly due to the import of crude oil. Hence, it is necessary to look for alternative fuels, which can be produced from materials available within the country. Rapid escalation of fuel prices and depleting hydrocarbon resources of the world have forced us to look for alternative fuels, which can satisfy ever increasing demands of energy as well as protect the environment by repressing the levels of noxious pollutants.

The California Multimedia Risk Assessment Protocol for Alternative Fuels

The California Multimedia Risk Assessment Protocol for Alternative Fuels
Author: Tyler Hatch
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 9781303153563
ISBN 13: 1303153564
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The California Multimedia Risk Assessment Protocol for Alternative Fuels Book Review:

The need to understand and to minimize negative impacts of chemicals to human health and the environment calls for comprehensive assessment of risks associated with impacts in multiple environmental media. In California, multimedia risk assessment (MMRA) has been developed to assist in the process of approving and regulating alternative fuels in the state based on the relative risk of different fuels over their life cycle. As part of this process guidelines for conducting a multimedia risk assessment have been created by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley and the University of California, Davis. The guidelines specify a three-tier process for: determining the state of knowledge about a proposed fuel and its reference fuel; evaluating gaps in knowledge regarding possible impacts to the environment and human health from releases to water, air, and soil; and making recommendations to the Environmental Policy Council (EPC) for conditions for allowing use in the state of California. Emphasis in the California Multimedia Guidelines is on a relative assessment, meaning that a proposed alternative fuel needs to not exceed the risk associated with the reference fuel.Biodiesel is an alternative fuel made from plant- or animal-derived oils and has a growing market. As a popular alternative to petroleum-derived diesel, it requires specifications be developed by the state regulators and as part of this process the State sought to perform a multimedia risk assessment for biodiesel. In California, the current standard diesel is Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel #2 (ULSD) so this was used as the reference fuel for the relative risk assessment of biodiesel. The research reported in this dissertation describes both the overall MMRA for biodiesel, of which my role was as lead junior researcher, and the particular experimental testing for risk of mobility of the fuels in the subsurface, for which I was the primary researcher and hold primary responsibility.The MMRA is performed in three tiers, as detailed in the following chapters. The Tier I multimedia risk assessment identified key knowledge gaps regarding aquatic toxicity, biodegradation, and subsurface fate and transport. Other knowledge gaps were noted, but only the higher priority knowledge gaps were pursued. Tier II experiments were designed and executed to address the knowledge and emphasized Soy and Animal Fat Biodiesel relative to ULSD. Additional studies for air quality were pursued using newer diesel engines and comparing ULSD emissions to those of biodiesel. The biodegradation experiments were performed using aerobic respirometry in microcosms. The aquatic toxicity experiments were performed for 6 species (three estuarine and three freshwater). The subsurface transport experiments were performed using 2D infiltration columns for determining lens formation and redistribution. My contributions were the overall multimedia assessment with emphasis on the subsurface transport experiments in Tier II. Details of each are found in the following chapters.The results of the Tier II experiments suggested that both soy and animal fat biodiesel were more readily biodegradable than ULSD under aerobic conditions. The experimental results for toxicity exhibited somewhat increased toxicity to several tested species compared to ULSD. The antioxidant-additized blends increased toxicity for a smaller group of tested species compared to unadditized blends. The subsurface infiltration and redistribution experiments showed that overall soy and animal fat 20% blends resulted in very similar fuel fate and transport in the subsurface, including similar formation of fuel "lens"es on the water table. The neat soy biodiesel also showed very similar lens distribution to ULSD. The neat animal fat biodiesel showed increased residual in the vadose zone and smaller lens geometry than ULSD. Due to the complexity of laboratory experiments and the qualitative nature of the (photographic) data, simplified numerical simulations of multiphase flow were coded in TMVOC to replicate the conditions seen in the laboratory experiments using physical properties for biodiesel and biodiesel components taken from the literature. Single species, pure biodiesel infiltration experiments were simulated for each soy and animal fat biodiesel and compared to behavior of a simplified ULSD using literature composite properties and other data found with similar carbon chain length, density, and viscosity. The numerical experiments were conducted with homogeneous permeability, and a capillary pressure-saturation relationship for the porous media (medium sand) that was the same for all cases, and I effectively neglected differences in the infiltration due to interfacial tension differences between the biodiesels and ULSD. Where data was not available approximate values were calculated from relationships found in chemical engineering textbooks.The results of the numerical simulations showed a very similar infiltration time to lens formation to the laboratory experiments. The laboratory experiments showed more pore to pore effects not able to be resolved in the macroscale averaged numerical solution. The extent of spreading and thickness of the lenses appear to be consistent between the laboratory simulations and the numerical simulations of the same scale. Due to lower viscosity in the ULSD, it was able to spread slightly further and to make a slightly larger lens in a similar amount of time. In addition, ULSD has a slightly lower density, but it was not low enough to counteract the effects of the lower viscosity. Based on these numerical model simulations, very similar results can be visualized with the use of literature data when comparing laboratory and numerical simulations. The benefit of the numerical simulations is the ability to control the conditions for consistency between trials. On the other hand, the benefit of the laboratory experiments allows for visualization of small scale effects not able to be seen in the numerical model due to macroscale averaging and to small scale heterogeneities in the pore space. From a multimedia risk perspective, numerical models do provide a way to evaluate the mobility of fuels or other chemicals in the subsurface environment in order to make recommendations regarding relative risk. Additional laboratory data would be very helpful in fine tuning the experiments using the properties of the exact fuels used rather than literature values that may be slightly different.

Alternative Fuels

Alternative Fuels
Author: Krzysztof Biernat
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2016-03-24
ISBN 10: 953512269X
ISBN 13: 9789535122692
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alternative Fuels Book Review:

The presented book provides an overview of the most widely used alternative fuels in the power supply systems in spark-ignition engines and compression-ignition engines, such as LPG, CNG and RME, including the assessment of their operational usefulness, especially in terms of environmental impact in urban traffic. The possibilities of optimizing the ignition processes in engines fueled by gas are presented. The monograph also contains the results of exploitation tests with an assessment of the environmental impact of fuels containing oxygen additives in diesel engines. The possibilities of producing a wide range of advanced alternative fuels (biofuels) with the use of microorganisms as raw materials are also presented.

Green Diesel Engines

Green Diesel Engines
Author: Breda Kegl,Marko Kegl,Stanislav Pehan
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 263
Release: 2013-10-19
ISBN 10: 1447153251
ISBN 13: 9781447153252
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Diesel Engines Book Review:

With a focus on ecology, economy and engine performance, diesel engines are explored in relation to current research and developments. The prevalent trends in this development are outlined with particular focus on the most frequently used alternative fuels in diesel engines; the properties of various type of biodiesel and the concurrent improvement of diesel engine characteristics using numeric optimization alongside current investigation and research work in the field. Following of a short overview of engine control, aftertreatment and alternative fuels, Green Diesel Engine explores the effects of biodiesel usage on injection, fuel spray, combustion, and tribology characteristics, and engine performance. Additionally, optimization procedures of diesel engine characteristics are discussed using practical examples and each topic is corroborated and supported by current research and detailed illustrations. This thorough discussion provides a solid foundation in the current research but also a starting point for fresh ideas for engineers involved in developing/adjusting diesel engines for usage of alternative fuels, researchers in renewable energy, as well as to engineers, advanced undergraduates, and postgraduates.

Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies Second Edition

Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies  Second Edition
Author: Sunggyu Lee,James G. Speight,Sudarshan K. Loyalka
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 712
Release: 2014-07-08
ISBN 10: 146659456X
ISBN 13: 9781466594562
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies Second Edition Book Review:

While strides are being made in the research and development of environmentally acceptable and more sustainable alternative fuels—including efforts to reduce emissions of air pollutants associated with combustion processes from electric power generation and vehicular transportation—fossil fuel resources are limited and may soon be on the verge of depletion in the near future. Measuring the correlation between quality of life, energy consumption, and the efficient utilization of energy, the Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies, Second Edition thoroughly examines the science and technology of alternative fuels and their processing technologies. It focuses specifically on environmental, technoeconomic, and socioeconomic issues associated with the use of alternative energy sources, such as sustainability, applicable technologies, modes of utilization, and impacts on society. Written with research and development scientists and engineers in mind, the material in this handbook provides a detailed description and an assessment of available and feasible technologies, environmental health and safety issues, governmental regulations, and issues and agendas for R&D. It also includes alternative energy networks for production, distribution, and consumption. What’s New in This Edition: Contains several new chapters of emerging interest and updates various chapters throughout Includes coverage of coal gasification and liquefaction, hydrogen technology and safety, shale fuel by hydraulic fracturing, ethanol from lignocellulosics, biodiesel, algae fuels, and energy from waste products Covers statistics, current concerns, and future trends A single-volume complete reference, the Handbook of Alternative Fuel Technologies, Second Edition contains relevant information on chemistry, technology, and novel approaches, as well as scientific foundations for further enhancements and breakthroughs. In addition to its purposes as a handbook for practicing scientists and engineers, it can also be used as a textbook or as a reference book on fuel science and engineering, energy and environment, chemical process design, and energy and environmental policy.

Biofuels

Biofuels
Author: Krzysztof Biernat
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2015-09-30
ISBN 10: 9535121774
ISBN 13: 9789535121770
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofuels Book Review:

The edited volume presents the progress of first and second generation biofuel production technology in selected countries. Possibility of producing alternative fuels containing biocomponents and selected research methods of biofuels exploitation characteristics (also aviation fuels) was characterized. The book shows also some aspects of the environmental impact of the production and biofuels using, and describes perspectives of biofuel production technology development. It provides the review of biorefinery processes with a particular focus on pretreatment methods of selected primary and secondary raw materials. The discussion includes also a possibility of sustainable development of presented advanced biorefinery processes.