Basics of Computational Geophysics

Basics of Computational Geophysics
Author: Pijush Samui,Barnali Dixon,Dieu Tien Bui
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2020-11-27
ISBN 10: 0128209011
ISBN 13: 9780128209011
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Basics of Computational Geophysics Book Review:

Basics of Computational Geophysics provides a one-stop, collective resource for practitioners on the different techniques and models in geoscience, their practical applications, and case studies. The reference provides the modeling theory in an easy-to-read format that is verified with onsite models for specific regions and scenarios, including the use of big data and artificial intelligence. This book offers a platform whereby readers will learn theory, practical applications, and the comparison of real-world problems surrounding geomechanics, modeling and optimizations. Covers various advanced computational techniques for solving different problems in geophysics, including the use of Big Data and artificial intelligence Includes case studies that provide examples surrounding practical applications Provides an assessment of the capabilities of commercial software

Computational Methods for Geodynamics

Computational Methods for Geodynamics
Author: Alik Ismail-Zadeh,Paul Tackley
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2010-07-22
ISBN 10: 1139489356
ISBN 13: 9781139489355
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Methods for Geodynamics Book Review:

Written as both a textbook and a handy reference, this text deliberately avoids complex mathematics assuming only basic familiarity with geodynamic theory and calculus. Here, the authors have brought together the key numerical techniques for geodynamic modeling, demonstrations of how to solve problems including lithospheric deformation, mantle convection and the geodynamo. Building from a discussion of the fundamental principles of mathematical and numerical modeling, the text moves into critical examinations of each of the different techniques before concluding with a detailed analysis of specific geodynamic applications. Key differences between methods and their respective limitations are also discussed - showing readers when and how to apply a particular method in order to produce the most accurate results. This is an essential text for advanced courses on numerical and computational modeling in geodynamics and geophysics, and an invaluable resource for researchers looking to master cutting-edge techniques. Links to supplementary computer codes are available online.

Geophysical Potential Fields

Geophysical Potential Fields
Author: Lev Eppelbaum
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2019-07-18
ISBN 10: 0128116862
ISBN 13: 9780128116869
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Geophysical Potential Fields Book Review:

Geophysical Potential Fields: Geological and Environmental Applications, Volume Two, investigates the similarities and differences of potential geophysical fields, including gravity, magnetics, temperature, resistivity and self-potential, along with the influence of noise on these fields. As part of the Computational Geophysics series, this volume provides computational examples and methods for effectively solving geophysical problems in a full cycle manner. Including both quantitative and qualitative analysis, the book offers different filtering and transformation procedures, integrated analysis, and special interpretation methodologies, also presenting a developed 3D algorithm for combined modeling of gravity and magnetic fields in complex environments. The book also includes applications of the unified potential field system, such as studying deep structure, searching hydrocarbon and ore deposits, localizing buried water horizons and rockslide areas, tectono-structural mapping of water basins, and classifying archaeological targets. It is an ideal and unique resource for geophysicists, exploration geologists, archaeologists and environmental scientists. Clearly demonstrates the successive stages of geophysical field analysis for different geological and environmental targets Provides a unified system for potential geophysical field analysis that is demonstrated by numerous examples of system application Demonstrates the possibilities for rapidly and effectively interpreting anomalies, receiving some knowledge of modern wavelet, diffusion maps and informational approach applications in geophysics, and combined gravity-magnetic methodology of 3D modeling Includes text of the Geological Space Field Calculation (GSFC) software intended for 3D combined modeling of gravity and magnetic fields in complex environments

Computational geophysics series

Computational geophysics series
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1105608166
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational geophysics series Book Review:

Fundamentals of Geophysics

Fundamentals of Geophysics
Author: William Lowrie
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2007-09-20
ISBN 10: 1139465953
ISBN 13: 9781139465953
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Geophysics Book Review:

This second edition of Fundamentals of Geophysics has been completely revised and updated, and is the ideal geophysics textbook for undergraduate students of geoscience with an introductory level of knowledge in physics and mathematics. It gives a comprehensive treatment of the fundamental principles of each major branch of geophysics, and presents geophysics within the wider context of plate tectonics, geodynamics and planetary science. Basic principles are explained with the aid of numerous figures and step-by-step mathematical treatments, and important geophysical results are illustrated with examples from the scientific literature. Text-boxes are used for auxiliary explanations and to handle topics of interest for more advanced students. This new edition also includes review questions at the end of each chapter to help assess the reader's understanding of the topics covered and quantitative exercises for more thorough evaluation. Solutions to the exercises and electronic copies of the figures are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521859028.

Fundamentals of Computational Geoscience

Fundamentals of Computational Geoscience
Author: Chongbin Zhao,Bruce E. Hobbs,Alison Ord
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 241
Release: 2009-04-21
ISBN 10: 3540897437
ISBN 13: 9783540897439
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Computational Geoscience Book Review:

Geoscience is a fundamental natural science discipline dealing with the origin, evolutionary history and behaviour of the planet Earth. As a result of its complicated and complex nature, the Earth system not only provides the necessary materials and environment for mankind to live, but also brings many types of natural disasters, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, ?oods and tornadoes, to mention just a few. With the ever-increasing demand for improving our living standards, it has been recognized that the existing natural resources will be exhausted in the near future and that our living environments are, in fact, deteriorating. To maintain the sustainable development of our living standards and the further improvement of our living environments, an inevitable and challenging task that geoscientists are now confronting is how accurately to predict not only the occurrences of these natural disasters, but also the locations of large concealed natural resources in the deep Earth. For this reason, geoscientists must study the processes, rules and laws, by which the Earth system operates, instead of simply describing and observing g- science phenomena.

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics
Author: Bashar Alsadik
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 423
Release: 2019-04-16
ISBN 10: 0128175893
ISBN 13: 9780128175897
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics Book Review:

Adjustment Models in 3D Geomatics and Computational Geophysics: With MATLAB Examples, Volume Four introduces a complete package of theoretical and practical subjects in adjustment computations relating to Geomatics and geophysical applications, particularly photogrammetry, surveying, remote sensing, GIS, cartography, and geodesy. Supported by illustrating figures and solved examples with MATLAB codes, the book provides clear methods for processing 3D data for accurate and reliable results. Problems cover free net adjustment, adjustment with constraints, blunder detection, RANSAC, robust estimation, error propagation, 3D co-registration, image pose determination, and more. Covers both the theory and practice of using adjustment techniques in a wide variety of modern applications in Geomatics Presents topics on the Kalman filter, Robust estimation, Levenberg Marquardt technique, and many other vital applications in the context of Geomatics and photogrammetry Provides 75 solved problems in detail, especially related to 3-dimensional applications of Geomatics Offers MATLAB codes to strengthen understanding and give readers up-to-date knowledge on information science

Basic Geophysics

Basic Geophysics
Author: Enders A. Robinson,Dean Clark
Publsiher: SEG Books
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2017-09-01
ISBN 10: 1560803452
ISBN 13: 9781560803454
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Basic Geophysics Book Review:

For a thorough comprehension of the field of geophysics, we need to understand its origins. Basic Geophysics by Enders Robinson and Dean Clark takes us on a journey that demonstrates how the achievements of our predecessors have paved the way for our modern science. From the ancient Greeks through the Enlightenment to the greats of the contemporary age, the reasoning behind basic principles is explored and clarified. With that foundation, several advanced topics are examined, including: the 3D wave equation; ray tracing and seismic modeling; reflection, refraction, and diffraction; and WKBJ migration. The successful integration of the historical narrative alongside practical analysis of relevant principles makes this book an excellent resource for both novices and professionals, and all readers will gain insight and appreciation for the seismic theory that underlies modern exploration seismology.

Computational Geo Electromagnetics

Computational Geo Electromagnetics
Author: Viacheslav V. Spichak
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2020-02
ISBN 10: 0128196319
ISBN 13: 9780128196311
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Geo Electromagnetics Book Review:

Computational Geo-Electromagnetics: Methods, Models, and Forecasts, Volume Five in the Computational Geophysics series, is devoted to techniques for building of geoelectrical models from electromagnetic data, featuring Bayesian statistical analysis and neural network algorithms. These models are applied to studying the geoelectrical structure of famous volcanoes (i.e., Vesuvio, Kilauea, Elbrus, Komagatake, Hengill) and geothermal zones (i.e., Travale, Italy; Soultz-sous-Forets, Elsace). Methodological recommendations are given on electromagnetic sounding of faults as well as geothermal and hydrocarbon reservoirs. Techniques for forecasting of petrophysical properties from the electrical resistivity as proxy parameter are also considered. Computational Geo-Electromagnetics: Methods, Models, and Forecasts offers techniques and algorithms for building geoelectrical models under conditions of rare or irregularly distributed EM data and/or lack of prior geological and geophysical information. This volume also includes methodological guidelines on interpretation of electromagnetic sounding data depending on goals of the study. Finally, it details computational algorithms for using electrical resistivity for properties beyond boreholes. Provides algorithms for inversion of incomplete, rare or irregularly distributed EM data Features methodological issues of building geoelectrical models Offers techniques for retrieving petrophysical properties from EM sounding data and well logs

Computational geophysics

Computational geophysics
Author: Victor Pereyra
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 139
Release: 1988
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:46139961
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational geophysics Book Review:

Computational Neural Networks for Geophysical Data Processing

Computational Neural Networks for Geophysical Data Processing
Author: M.M. Poulton
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2001-06-13
ISBN 10: 9780080529653
ISBN 13: 0080529658
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Neural Networks for Geophysical Data Processing Book Review:

This book was primarily written for an audience that has heard about neural networks or has had some experience with the algorithms, but would like to gain a deeper understanding of the fundamental material. For those that already have a solid grasp of how to create a neural network application, this work can provide a wide range of examples of nuances in network design, data set design, testing strategy, and error analysis. Computational, rather than artificial, modifiers are used for neural networks in this book to make a distinction between networks that are implemented in hardware and those that are implemented in software. The term artificial neural network covers any implementation that is inorganic and is the most general term. Computational neural networks are only implemented in software but represent the vast majority of applications. While this book cannot provide a blue print for every conceivable geophysics application, it does outline a basic approach that has been used successfully.

Computational Geosciences with Mathematica

Computational Geosciences with Mathematica
Author: William Haneberg
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 381
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642185541
ISBN 13: 9783642185540
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Geosciences with Mathematica Book Review:

Computational Geosciences with Mathematica is the only book written by a geologist specifically to show geologists and geoscientists how to use Mathematica to formulate and solve problems. It spans a broad range of geologic and mathematical topics, which are drawn from the author's extensive experience in research, consulting, and teaching. The reference and text leads readers step-by-step through geologic applications such as custom graphics programming, data input and output, linear and differential equations, linear and nonlinear regression, Monte Carlo simulation, time series and image analysis, and the visualization and analysis of geologic surfaces. It is packed with actual Mathematica output and includes boxed Computer Notes with tips and exploration suggestions.

Advantages and Pitfalls of Pattern Recognition

Advantages and Pitfalls of Pattern Recognition
Author: Horst Langer,Susanna Falsaperla,Conny Hammer
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2019-11-23
ISBN 10: 0128118431
ISBN 13: 9780128118436
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advantages and Pitfalls of Pattern Recognition Book Review:

Advantages and Pitfalls of Pattern Recognition presents various methods of pattern recognition and classification, useful to geophysicists, geochemists, geologists, geographers, data analysts, and educators and students of geosciences. Scientific and technological progress has dramatically improved the knowledge of our planet with huge amounts of digital data available in various fields of Earth Sciences, such as geology, geophysics, and geography. This has led to a new perspective of data analysis, requiring specific techniques that take several features into consideration rather than single parameters. Pattern recognition techniques offer a suitable key for processing and extracting useful information from the data of multivariate analysis. This book explores both supervised and unsupervised pattern recognition techniques, while providing insight into their application. Offers real-world examples of techniques for pattern recognition and handling multivariate data Includes examples, applications, and diagrams to enhance understanding Provides an introduction and access to relevant software packages

Computational Methods in Geophysical Electromagnetics

Computational Methods in Geophysical Electromagnetics
Author: Eldad Haber
Publsiher: SIAM
Total Pages: 150
Release: 2014-12-11
ISBN 10: 1611973791
ISBN 13: 9781611973792
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Methods in Geophysical Electromagnetics Book Review:

This monograph provides a framework for students and practitioners who are working on the solution of electromagnetic imaging in geophysics. Bridging the gap between theory and practical applied material (for example, inverse and forward problems), it provides a simple explanation of finite volume discretization, basic concepts in solving inverse problems through optimization, a summary of applied electromagnetics methods, and MATLAB?÷code for efficient computation.

Essentials of Geophysical Data Processing

Essentials of Geophysical Data Processing
Author: Clark R. Wilson
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2021-10-31
ISBN 10: 1108931006
ISBN 13: 9781108931007
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essentials of Geophysical Data Processing Book Review:

Concise, self-contained survey of data processing methods in geophysics and other sciences, for upper level science and engineering students.

Computational Seismology

Computational Seismology
Author: Heiner Igel,Professor of Seismology Heiner Igel
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2016-11-03
ISBN 10: 0198717407
ISBN 13: 9780198717409
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Seismology Book Review:

This book is an introductory text to a range of numerical methods used today to simulate time-dependent processes in Earth science, physics, engineering, and many other fields. The physical problem of elastic wave propagation in 1D serves as a model system with which the various numerical methods are introduced and compared. The theoretical background is presented with substantial graphical material supporting the concepts. The results can be reproduced with the supplementary electronic material provided as python codes embedded in Jupyter notebooks. The book starts with a primer on the physics of elastic wave propagation, and a chapter on the fundamentals of parallel programming, computational grids, mesh generation, and hardware models. The core of the book is the presentation of numerical solutions of the wave equation with six different methods: 1) the finite-difference method; 2) the pseudospectral method (Fourier and Chebyshev); 3) the linear finite-element method; 4) the spectral-element method; 5) the finite-volume method; and 6) the discontinuous Galerkin method. Each chapter contains comprehension questions, theoretical, and programming exercises. The book closes with a discussion of domains of application and criteria for the choice of a specific numerical method, and the presentation of current challenges. Readers are welcome to visit the author's website www.geophysik.lmu.de/Members/igel for more information on his research, projects, publications, and other activities.

Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics

Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics
Author: Harsh Gupta
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1539
Release: 2011-06-29
ISBN 10: 904818701X
ISBN 13: 9789048187010
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics Book Review:

The past few decades have witnessed the growth of the Earth Sciences in the pursuit of knowledge and understanding of the planet that we live on. This development addresses the challenging endeavor to enrich human lives with the bounties of Nature as well as to preserve the planet for the generations to come. Solid Earth Geophysics aspires to define and quantify the internal structure and processes of the Earth in terms of the principles of physics and forms the intrinsic framework, which other allied disciplines utilize for more specific investigations. The first edition of the Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics was published in 1989 by Van Nostrand Reinhold publishing company. More than two decades later, this new volume, edited by Prof. Harsh K. Gupta, represents a thoroughly revised and expanded reference work. It brings together more than 200 articles covering established and new concepts of Geophysics across the various sub-disciplines such as Gravity, Geodesy, Geomagnetism, Seismology, Seismics, Deep Earth Processes, Plate Tectonics, Thermal Domains, Computational Methods, etc. in a systematic and consistent format and standard. It is an authoritative and current reference source with extraordinary width of scope. It draws its unique strength from the expert contributions of editors and authors across the globe. It is designed to serve as a valuable and cherished source of information for current and future generations of professionals.

Special Issue on Computational Geophysics

Special Issue on Computational Geophysics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 139
Release: 1988
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:246693717
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Special Issue on Computational Geophysics Book Review:

A Student s Guide to Geophysical Equations

A Student s Guide to Geophysical Equations
Author: William Lowrie
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2011-05-26
ISBN 10: 1139499246
ISBN 13: 9781139499248
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Student s Guide to Geophysical Equations Book Review:

The advent of accessible student computing packages has meant that geophysics students can now easily manipulate datasets and gain first-hand modeling experience - essential in developing an intuitive understanding of the physics of the Earth. Yet to gain a more in-depth understanding of physical theory, and to develop new models and solutions, it is necessary to be able to derive the relevant equations from first principles. This compact, handy book fills a gap left by most modern geophysics textbooks, which generally do not have space to derive all of the important formulae, showing the intermediate steps. This guide presents full derivations for the classical equations of gravitation, gravity, tides, earth rotation, heat, geomagnetism and foundational seismology, illustrated with simple schematic diagrams. It supports students through the successive steps and explains the logical sequence of a derivation - facilitating self-study and helping students to tackle homework exercises and prepare for exams.

Spectral Methods in Geodesy and Geophysics

Spectral Methods in Geodesy and Geophysics
Author: Christopher Jekeli
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2017-10-02
ISBN 10: 1351644947
ISBN 13: 9781351644945
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spectral Methods in Geodesy and Geophysics Book Review:

The purpose of the book is to provide a rigorous treatment of spectral analysis using Fourier-based techniques in the geosciences, specifically geodesy and geophysics that deal with global and regional spatial data. The basic motivation is to get students to think about spatial data in the corresponding spectral domain. As such, the book emphasizes spatial-frequency analysis for data on the plane and sphere. Most books in spectral analysis develop the topic for time signals and are oriented to electrical and communications engineering. There are very few books for the spatial domain, which develop methods in two dimensions on the plane or the sphere for geodetic and geophysical applications. In the modern era of satellite remote sensing, these techniques are particularly important, as space-borne sensors generate global data (gravity, magnetics, topography, sea level, etc.). The proposed book includes applications to stochastic processes on the plane and sphere, which are important for many estimation problems that are based on some kind of stochastic constraints in inverse theory. There is a final chapter that briefly outlines wavelet analysis. Although a bit outside the scope, it is included to illustrate the contrast to traditional spectral analysis, going more toward a time-frequency analysis. For example, some applications such as wavelet-denoising, as opposed to low-pass filtering, are considered important supplements to the usual spectral methods. This book does not compete with the plethora of recent books on Spatial Data Analysis, which typically do not develop methods in the spectral domain. There are a few books on spectral methods in geophysics (none in geodesy) with which this book might compete. However, those books tend to emphasize specific applications, such as seismology or meteorology, rather than more general spatial signals on the plane and sphere. What this proposed book offers is more fundamental in this respect, and thus offers unique perspective for students in the geosciences.