Balancing Greenhouse Gas Budgets

Balancing Greenhouse Gas Budgets
Author: Benjamin Poulter,Daniel Hayes,Joseph Canadell,Rona Thompson
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2022-02-01
ISBN 10: 0128149531
ISBN 13: 9780128149539
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Balancing Greenhouse Gas Budgets Book Review:

Balancing Greenhouse Gas Budgets: Accounting for Natural and Anthropogenic Flows of CO2 and other Trace Gases provides a synthesis of greenhouse gas budgeting activities across the world. Organized in four sections, including background, methods, case studies and opportunities, it is an interdisciplinary book covering both science and policy. All environments are covered, from terrestrial to ocean, along with atmospheric processes using models, inventories and observations to give a complete overview of greenhouse gas accounting. Perspectives presented give readers the tools necessary to understand budget activities, think critically, and use the framework to carry out initiatives. Written by a combination of experts across career stages, presenting an integrated perspective for graduate students and professionals alike Includes sections authored by those involved in both early and later IPCC assessments Provides an interdisciplinary resource that spans many topics and methodologies in oceanic, land and atmospheric processes

Integrated Observations of Greenhouse Gas Budgets at the Ecosystem Level

Integrated Observations of Greenhouse Gas Budgets at the Ecosystem Level
Author: Dimmie Miep Doortje Hendriks
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 9789086593804
ISBN 13: 9086593801
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrated Observations of Greenhouse Gas Budgets at the Ecosystem Level Book Review:

The Greenhouse Gas Balance of Italy

The Greenhouse Gas Balance of Italy
Author: Riccardo Valentini,Franco Miglietta
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 211
Release: 2014-12-29
ISBN 10: 364232424X
ISBN 13: 9783642324246
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Greenhouse Gas Balance of Italy Book Review:

The book addresses in a comprehensive way the full greenhouse gases budget of the Italian landscape, focusing on land use and terrestrial ecosystems. In recent years there has been a growing interest in the role of terrestrial ecosystems with regard to the carbon cycle and only recently a regional approach has been considered for its specificity in terms of new methodologies for observations and models and its relevance for national policies on mitigation and adaptation to climate changes. In terms of methods this book describes the role of flux networks and data-driven models, airborne regional measurements of fluxes and specific sectoral approaches related to important components of the human and natural landscapes. There is also a growing need on the part of institutions, agencies and policy stakeholders for new data and analyses enabling them to improve their national inventories of greenhouse gases and their compliance with the UNFCCC process. In this respect the data presented is a basis for a full carbon accounting and available to relevant stakeholders for improvements and/or verification of national inventories. The wealth of research information is the result of a national project, CARBOITALY, which involved 15 Italian institutions and several researchers to provide new data and analyses in the framework of climate policies.

The Continental Scale Greenhouse Gas Balance of Europe

The Continental Scale Greenhouse Gas Balance of Europe
Author: Han Dolman,Riccardo Valentini,A. Freibauer
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2008-06-06
ISBN 10: 0387765700
ISBN 13: 9780387765709
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Continental Scale Greenhouse Gas Balance of Europe Book Review:

This book assesses the current greenhouse gas (GHG) monitoring capabilities of Europe, identifies and quantifies the uncertainties involved, and outlines the direction to a continental scale GHG monitoring network. The book uniquely addresses both the methodology of carbon cycle science and the science itself, providing a synthesis of carbon cycle science. The methods included provide the first comprehensive coverage of a full GHG accounting and monitoring system.

Using Micrometeorological Methods and Modeling to Determine Greenhouse Gas Budgets Over Agricultural Systems in the Inland Pacific Northwest

Using Micrometeorological Methods and Modeling to Determine Greenhouse Gas Budgets Over Agricultural Systems in the Inland Pacific Northwest
Author: Sarah Rachel Waldo
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2016
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:961107792
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Using Micrometeorological Methods and Modeling to Determine Greenhouse Gas Budgets Over Agricultural Systems in the Inland Pacific Northwest Book Review:

Cropping systems can be net sources or net sinks of greenhouse gases (GHGs) depending on climate and management. Agriculture can be a sink for carbon dioxide (CO2) if climate and management conditions are conducive for the build-up of soil organic matter. At the same time, agricultural soils are the main anthropogenic source of nitrous oxide (N2O), which is both a GHG and an ozone depleting substance. The work presented in this dissertation investigates the dynamics of CO2 and N2O fluxes over terrestrial systems in the Pacific Northwest (PNW) using measurements and modeling. The first study used the eddy covariance micrometeorological method to monitor fluxes of CO2 for two years at two agricultural sites representing the low- and high-end of the regional precipitation gradient. Combining the measured net ecosystem exchange of CO2 with information on carbon (C) export during harvest, we found that both sites were net carbon sinks. The high-rainfall site had a two-year C balance of 202 +/- 60 g C m-2, and the low-rainfall site had a C balance of 444 +/- 34 g C m-2. The second study used the flux gradient micrometeorological technique and automated static chambers to measure N 2O emissions over one year at two agricultural sites, one under no-tillage management (CAF-NT) and one that had conventional tillage (CAF-CT). The chamber results indicated total annual emissions of 2.7 +/- 1.6 kg N2O-N ha-1 and 4.4 +/- 3.2 kg N2O-N a-1 from CAF-NT and CAF-CT, respectively, while the flux gradient results indicated that CAF-NT and CAF-CT had total annual emissions of 2.1 +/- 0.4 and 1.7 +/- 0.3 kg N2O-N a-1, respectively. The third study investigates coupling the GHG processes in the Community Land Model (CLM) with a PNW regional air quality model. Results from two exploratory model runs are presented, which indicate that using CLM can strengthen monitoring and improve emission inventories in the PNW. The policy chapter is a review of California's plan to reduce elevated drinking-water nitrate levels, which are due to agricultural fertilizer use. This is a case where open-access to publications and data sets would expedite the formulation of good policy.

Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases The Hungarian Perspective

Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases  The Hungarian Perspective
Author: László Haszpra
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 393
Release: 2010-10-29
ISBN 10: 9789048199501
ISBN 13: 9048199506
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases The Hungarian Perspective Book Review:

Human induced global climate change is the biggest challenge humankind faces today. Increasing amount of atmospheric greenhouse gases play a crucial role in the evolution of the climate. Without the understanding of the contributing processes, feedbacks and interactions we cannot predict the future changes and develop effective mitigation strategies. To decrease the uncertainty of the global studies detailed regional studies are needed surveying the regional characteristics of the atmospheric greenhouse gas budget and the influencing factors. Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases: The Hungarian Perspective covers a coherent subset of the Hungarian climate change oriented research that is directly related to greenhouse gases. Topics discussed in the book range from the monitoring of the concentrations and fluxes of atmospheric greenhouse gases, through the modeling of atmosphere-biosphere interaction and greenhouse gas exchange processes, to the review of the anthropogenic contribution of Hungary to the greenhouse gas budget of the atmosphere. The studies call the attention to the regional properties which may modulate the European scale or global picture on the variation of atmospheric greenhouse gases.

Soils and the Greenhouse Effect

Soils and the Greenhouse Effect
Author: International Conference Soils and the Greenhouse Effect
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Total Pages: 575
Release: 1990
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822005134200
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soils and the Greenhouse Effect Book Review:

Conclusions and recommendations of conference working groups. Background. Global distribution of the major soils and land cover types. Exchange of greenhouse gases between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere. Estimating the effect of changing land use on transpiration and evaporation. The effect changing land cover on the surface energy balance. Remote sensing techniques for monitoring of vegetation, and for estimating evapotranspiration and phytomass production . Soil processes and properties involved in the production of greenhouse gases, with special relevance to soil taxonomic systems. Geography. Quantification of soil and change in their properties. Modelling global terrestrial sources and sinkes of CO2 with special reference to soil organic matter. Biotic sources of nitous oxide(N2O) in the context of the global budget of nitrous oxide. Soil and land use related sources and sinks of methane(CH4) in the context of the global methane budget. Gas flux measurement techiques with special reference to techniques suitable for measurements over large ecologically uniform areas. Analysis of vegetation changes using satellite data. Global data bases for evaluating trace gas sources and sinks. The effect of land use change on net radiation and its partitioning into heat fluxes. Quantification of regional dry and wet canopy evaporation. Concluding ramarks. Extended abstracts. Greenhouse gas fluxes; carbon dioxide. Grenhouse gas fluxes; methane., Grenhouse gas fluxes; nitrous oxide. Methods. Partitioning of solar energy. Soil moisture.

Climate Change

Climate Change
Author: The Royal Society,National Academy of Sciences
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 36
Release: 2014-02-26
ISBN 10: 0309302021
ISBN 13: 9780309302029
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change Book Review:

Climate Change: Evidence and Causes is a jointly produced publication of The US National Academy of Sciences and The Royal Society. Written by a UK-US team of leading climate scientists and reviewed by climate scientists and others, the publication is intended as a brief, readable reference document for decision makers, policy makers, educators, and other individuals seeking authoritative information on the some of the questions that continue to be asked. Climate Change makes clear what is well-established and where understanding is still developing. It echoes and builds upon the long history of climate-related work from both national academies, as well as on the newest climate-change assessment from the United Nations' Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. It touches on current areas of active debate and ongoing research, such as the link between ocean heat content and the rate of warming.

Ocean Biogeochemistry

Ocean Biogeochemistry
Author: Michael J.R. Fasham
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 301
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642558445
ISBN 13: 9783642558443
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ocean Biogeochemistry Book Review:

Oceans account for 50% of the anthropogenic CO2 released into the atmosphere. During the past 15 years an international programme, the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS), has been studying the ocean carbon cycle to quantify and model the biological and physical processes whereby CO2 is pumped from the ocean's surface to the depths of the ocean, where it can remain for hundreds of years. This project is one of the largest multi-disciplinary studies of the oceans ever carried out and this book synthesises the results. It covers all aspects of the topic ranging from air-sea exchange with CO2, the role of physical mixing, the uptake of CO2 by marine algae, the fluxes of carbon and nitrogen through the marine food chain to the subsequent export of carbon to the depths of the ocean. Special emphasis is laid on predicting future climatic change.

The Budget of the United States Government

The Budget of the United States Government
Author: United States. Office of Management and Budget
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: WISC:89119222370
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Budget of the United States Government Book Review:

Radiative Forcing of Climate Change

Radiative Forcing of Climate Change
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Climate Research Committee,Committee on Radiative Forcing Effects on Climate
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 222
Release: 2005-03-25
ISBN 10: 0309133505
ISBN 13: 9780309133500
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiative Forcing of Climate Change Book Review:

Changes in climate are driven by natural and human-induced perturbations of the Earth's energy balance. These climate drivers or "forcings" include variations in greenhouse gases, aerosols, land use, and the amount of energy Earth receives from the Sun. Although climate throughout Earth's history has varied from "snowball" conditions with global ice cover to "hothouse" conditions when glaciers all but disappeared, the climate over the past 10,000 years has been remarkably stable and favorable to human civilization. Increasing evidence points to a large human impact on global climate over the past century. The report reviews current knowledge of climate forcings and recommends critical research needed to improve understanding. Whereas emphasis to date has been on how these climate forcings affect global mean temperature, the report finds that regional variation and climate impacts other than temperature deserve increased attention.

Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming

Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming
Author: National Academy of Engineering,National Academy of Sciences,Policy and Global Affairs,Institute of Medicine,Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy,Panel on Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 944
Release: 1992-02-01
ISBN 10: 0309043867
ISBN 13: 9780309043861
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming Book Review:

Global warming continues to gain importance on the international agenda and calls for action are heightening. Yet, there is still controversy over what must be done and what is needed to proceed. Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming describes the information necessary to make decisions about global warming resulting from atmospheric releases of radiatively active trace gases. The conclusions and recommendations include some unexpected results. The distinguished authoring committee provides specific advice for U.S. policy and addresses the need for an international response to potential greenhouse warming. It offers a realistic view of gaps in the scientific understanding of greenhouse warming and how much effort and expense might be required to produce definitive answers. The book presents methods for assessing options to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, offset emissions, and assist humans and unmanaged systems of plants and animals to adjust to the consequences of global warming.

Understanding and Modelling Moss Carbon Dynamics in Black Spruce Forests

Understanding and Modelling Moss Carbon Dynamics in Black Spruce Forests
Author: Kelly Ann Bona
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2014
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:911043188
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding and Modelling Moss Carbon Dynamics in Black Spruce Forests Book Review:

"Mosses play a key role in the carbon (C) budget of black spruce forests, which are widely distributed across Canada and throughout the circumboreal region. Mosses are currently not included in the forest C stock accounting of large-scale national models used by Canada to meet international greenhouse gas reporting requirements. It is therefore essential to increase our scientific understanding of the dynamics of moss-C accumulation in black spruce forest ecosystems in a national-scale context. This thesis was inspired by Canada's national-scale carbon accounting model, the Carbon Budget Model of the Canadian Forest Sector (CBM-CFS3). The model was designed to provide operational forest managers with a tool to make informed management decisions based on C balance simulation of future scenarios. The model can also be scaled-up to provide regional- or national-C estimates. Previous research and inventory has shown that black spruce forests are widespread in many regions across the country, and that mosses have the potential to contribute significantly to the carbon budget of these systems. Nevertheless, the CBM-CFS3 does not account for moss-derived carbon in these forests. My overall objective is to improve scientific understanding of the C dynamics of mosses in black spruce-dominated forests from the perspective of including them in nationally-scaled models such as the CBM-CFS3. To accomplish this I: 1) investigate the potential of moss-derived C to improve the current inadequacy present in the simulation of black spruce soil carbon by CBM-CFS3, 2) collect ground plot data across several study regions in Canada to define moss-tree relationships that can be used as tools to model moss-C accumulation at the regional- or national-scale, and 3) build, test and examine a sub-model for moss-C accumulation that can be added to the CBM-CFS3 model framework to improve carbon budget accounting in black spruce forests across Canada. This research demonstrated that large differences between field-measured C stocks and CBM-CFS3 model predictions in poorly drained black spruce forests were of the same order of magnitude as would be expected if mosses could be included in the model. The field component of the research identified significant relationships between merchantable timber, canopy openness, and the relative abundance and productivity of feather moss and sphagnum moss. Together, these relationships allowed the input and loss of C via mosses to be modelled. The addition of the MOSS-C sub-model to CBM-CFS3 reduced the residual error by five fold; however, we found that the dynamics of the productivity-decomposition pathway included in the model were insufficient to account for all of variation in observed C stocks. The study suggests avenues for future research to better understand the complex interactions between decomposition, weather and fire regime on deep layer carbon storage. The key scientific merits of this thesis are: 1) the demonstration and quantification of the importance of mosses in the carbon budget of black spruce forests in national-scale models such as the CBM-CFS3, 2) the examination of the moss-tree relationships derived from field collected data that can be used to predict moss-C accumulation across several study regions in Canada, 3) the creation of a MOSS-C sub-model that can be directly applied into the current CBM-CFS3 model framework and strengthen the model's ability to predict organic soil C in black spruce forest systems nationally. Together these contributions act to provide an important first step at studying moss-C accumulation from the perspective of large-scale national or regional forest carbon budgets. They also help to demonstrate that if natural resource scientists aim to improve our ability to predict moss-C in black spruce stands at a national-scale than future work is needed in black spruce-moss ecology from a multi-scaled perspective to complement the work presented in this thesis." --

The Budget of the United States Government

The Budget of the United States Government
Author: United States. Office of Management and Budget
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2015
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCR:31210023917295
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Budget of the United States Government Book Review:

Fiscal Year 2013 Appendix Budget of the U S Government

Fiscal Year 2013 Appendix  Budget of the U S  Government
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Government Printing Office
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: 9182736450XXX
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fiscal Year 2013 Appendix Budget of the U S Government Book Review:

Presents detailed information on individual programs and appropriation accounts that constitute the budget. Includes for each Government department and agency the text of proposed appropriations language, budget schedules for each account, new legislative proposals, and explanations of the work to be performed and the funds needed, and proposed general provisions applicable to the appropriations of entire agencies or groups of agencies. NOTE: NO FURTHER DISCOUNTS FOR ALREADY REDUCED SALE ITEMS.

Global Climate Change

Global Climate Change
Author: Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 35
Release: 1990
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCR:31210010947263
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Global Climate Change Book Review:

Understanding Climate Change Impacts on Crop Productivity and Water Balance

Understanding Climate Change Impacts on Crop Productivity and Water Balance
Author: S. K. Jalota,B. B. Vashisht,Sandeep Sharma,Samanpreet Kaur
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2018-02-19
ISBN 10: 0128097213
ISBN 13: 9780128097212
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding Climate Change Impacts on Crop Productivity and Water Balance Book Review:

Understanding Climate Change Impacts on Crop Productivity and Water examines the greenhouse gas emissions and their warming effect, climate change projections, crop productivity and water. The book explores the most important greenhouse gases that influence the climate system, technical terms associated with climate projections, and the different mechanisms impacting crop productivity and water balance. Adaptive and mitigative strategies are proposed to cope with negative effects of climate change in particular domains. This book will help researchers interested in climate change impacts on the atmosphere, soil and plants. Uncovers links between climate change and its impact on crop and water outputs Integrates information on greenhouse gas cycles and mathematical equations into climate/crop models for analysis and seasonal prediction systems Provides strategies for efficient resource management and sustainable crop production in future Helps researchers interested in climate change impacts on the atmosphere, soil and plants

Encyclopedia of the Arctic

Encyclopedia of the Arctic
Author: Mark Nuttall
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 740
Release: 2005-09-23
ISBN 10: 1136786805
ISBN 13: 9781136786808
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of the Arctic Book Review:

With detailed essays on the Arctic's environment, wildlife, climate, history, exploration, resources, economics, politics, indigenous cultures and languages, conservation initiatives and more, this Encyclopedia is the only major work and comprehensive reference on this vast, complex, changing, and increasingly important part of the globe. Including 305 maps. This Encyclopedia is not only an interdisciplinary work of reference for all those involved in teaching or researching Arctic issues, but a fascinating and comprehensive resource for residents of the Arctic, and all those concerned with global environmental issues, sustainability, science, and human interactions with the environment.

Atmospheric Justice

Atmospheric Justice
Author: Steve Vanderheiden
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 0199733120
ISBN 13: 9780199733125
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atmospheric Justice Book Review:

"While making justice a primary objective of global climate policy has been the movement's noblest aspiration, it remains an onerous challenge for policymakers. - Atmospheric Justice is the first single-authored work of political theory that addresses this pressing challenge via the conceptual frameworks of justice, equality, and responsibility. - Steve Vanderheiden points toward ways to achieve environmental justice by exploring how climate change raises issues of both international and intergenerational justice."--BOOK JACKET.

Remote Sensing in Northern Hydrology

Remote Sensing in Northern Hydrology
Author: Claude R. Dugua,Alain Pietroniro
Publsiher: American Geophysical Union
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2005-01-14
ISBN 10: 0875904289
ISBN 13: 9780875904283
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Remote Sensing in Northern Hydrology Book Review:

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 163. The North, with its vast and varied landscapes, sparse population, and cold climate has always challenged its explorers: physically, mentally, logistically, and technically. The scientific community in particular has known such challenges in the past and does so today, especially in light of the projected intensification of climate change at high latitudes. Indeed, there are clear signs that change is already ongoing in many environmental variables: Air temperature and annual precipitation (including snowfall) are increasing in many regions; spring snow cover extent is decreasing; lake and river ice freeze-up dates are occurring later and breakup dates earlier; glaciers are retreating rapidly; permafrost temperatures are increasing and, in many cases, the permafrost is thawing; and sea-ice extent is at record minimums and thinning.