Atomic Clusters with Unusual Structure Bonding and Reactivity

Atomic Clusters with Unusual Structure  Bonding and Reactivity
Author: Pratim Kumar Chattaraj,Sudip Pan,Gabriel Merino
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2021-12-15
ISBN 10: 9780128229439
ISBN 13: 0128229438
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atomic Clusters with Unusual Structure Bonding and Reactivity Book Review:

Atomic Clusters with Unusual Structure, Bonding and Reactivity: Theoretical Approaches, Computational Assessment and Applications reviews the latest computational tools and approaches available for accurately assessing the properties of a cluster, while also highlighting how such clusters can be adapted and utilized for the development of novel materials and applications. Sections provide an introduction to the computational methods used to obtain global minima for clusters and effectively analyze bonds, outline experimental approaches to produce clusters, discuss specific applications, and explore cluster reactivity and usage across a number of fields. Drawing on the knowledge of its expert editors and contributors, this book provides a detailed guide to ascertaining the stability, bonding and properties of atomic clusters. Atomic clusters, which exhibit unusual properties, offer huge potential as building blocks for new materials and novel applications, but understanding their properties, stability and bonding is essential in order to accurately understand, characterize and manipulate them for further use. Searching for the most stable geometry of a given cluster is difficult and becomes even more so for clusters of medium and large sizes, where the number of possible isomers sharply increase, hence this book provides a unique and comprehensive approach to the topic and available techniques and applications. Introduces readers to the vast structural and bonding diversity that clusters show and reflects on their potential for novel application and material development Highlights the latest computational methods and theoretical tools available for identification of the most stable isomers and accurate analysis of bonding in the clusters Focuses on clusters which violate the rules established in traditional chemistry and exhibit unusual structure, bonding and reactivity

Atomic and Molecular Clusters

Atomic and Molecular Clusters
Author: Elliot R. Bernstein
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 806
Release: 1990
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015017008098
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atomic and Molecular Clusters Book Review:

The last fifteen years have seen a veritable explosion of clusters research brought about by two relatively new experimental advances - supersonic jet expansions creating cold high density atomic and molecular beams, and laser (mass and optical) spectroscopy. The success and power of these two techniques, taken together and applied to the study of atomic and molecular clusters, are described in this volume. The field of cluster study is a very broad one, propelled by both the potential application of cluster results to many bulk systems and interest in clusters as systems in their own right. The eclectic nature of the collection of chapters in this book reflects well the diverse nature of this area of chemical physics. The book begins with one of the most suprising and controversial of recent cluster studies - those for the carbon system. As with bulk and molecular carbon chemistry, the chemistry of carbon clusters seems to be unique. Nonmetallic main group clusters also form a very interesting set of systems and their structure and chemistry are as fascinating as they are varied. Diatomic/atomic clusters and small polyatomic clusters demonstrate an incredible amount of spectroscopic detail and thus structure, dynamics and, in some instances, chemistry can be characterized for them. Clusters of larger molecules also yield information on structure, dynamics and chemistry but can in addition give information on changes in molecular structure with degree of solvation. As clusters become larger they begin to assume the properties of bulk systems. Finally, some chapters discuss the nucleation and growth of clusters, each from its own unique perspective and point of view. Current efforts involve following these processes from the formation of a two-molecule cluster to liquid drop. Atomic and Molecular Clusters provides the researcher with a survey of the current status of the field and will also be of interest to the student who may discover a new and exciting area of investigation.

Structure and Properties of Clusters from a few Atoms to Nanoparticles

Structure and Properties of Clusters  from a few Atoms to Nanoparticles
Author: George Maroulis
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2006-10-27
ISBN 10: 9047418603
ISBN 13: 9789047418603
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structure and Properties of Clusters from a few Atoms to Nanoparticles Book Review:

This volume on Clusters brings together contributions from a large number of specialists. A central element for all contributions is the use of advanced computational methodologies and their application to various aspects of structure, reactivity and properties of clusters. The size of clusters varies from a few atoms to nanoparticles. Special emphasis is given to bringing forth new insights on the structure and properties of these systems with an eye towards potential applications in Materials Science. Overal, the volume presents to the readers an amazing wealth of new results. Particular subjects include water clusters, Silicon, Iron, Nickel and Gold clusters, carbon-titanium microclusters and nanoparticles, fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, chiral carbon nanotubes, boron nanoclusters and more.

Atomic Clusters Theory Experiments

Atomic Clusters  Theory   Experiments
Author: Ambrish Kumar Srivastava,Iwona Anusiewicz,Neeraj Misra,Suzana Velickovic,Wei-Ming Sun
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022-01-03
ISBN 10: 2889719200
ISBN 13: 9782889719204
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atomic Clusters Theory Experiments Book Review:

Atomic Clusters

Atomic Clusters
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 648
Release: 2007-05-24
ISBN 10: 9780080475950
ISBN 13: 0080475957
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atomic Clusters Book Review:

Atomic Clusters: From Gas Phase to Deposited brings together a series of chapters, prepared by acknowledged experts in their fields. Both fundamental and practical aspects are addressed of the physics and chemistry of a novel state of matter, namely clusters of small numbers of atoms of nanometre dimensions. This is a field of nanoscience that existed before the word was invented, but has particularly achieved major advances in the recent years. * Contributions from leading experts in solid surfaces research * Cluster science is concerned with the properties of materials on the nano-metre scale * Brings together work on both free (gas-phase) clusters and those deposited on surfaces

Femtochemistry VII

Femtochemistry VII
Author: Michele Kimble
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 610
Release: 2006-10-03
ISBN 10: 9780080466828
ISBN 13: 0080466826
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Femtochemistry VII Book Review:

Femtochemistry VII presents the most recent developments in femtochemistry and highlights the significance of the field today. This book contains extracts from the proceedings, presentations and posters from the Femtochemistry VII conference, held in Washington D.C., on July 17-22, 2005. The stimulating conference was opened by Professor Ahmed Zewail (1999 Nobel Prize Winner), and as was evident by the attendees at the conference, had a very active program with the presentation of numerous talks and a large number of posters. This collection of papers reflects the remarkable progress that has been made in femtosecond spectroscopy, and especially to its emergence as a field of research devoted to chemistry and biology, giving rise to femtochemistry and femtobiology. Subjects covered include imaging, structural dynamics, and spectroscopies, fundamentals of reaction dynamics, salvation phenomenta, liquids and interfaces, aggregates/particles/surfaces, protein dynamics and photobiology, quantum control, and intense laser-matter interactions. Subjects covered by this book include imaging, structural dynamics, and spectroscopies; fundamentals of reaction dynamics; salvation phenomenta; liquids and interfaces; aggregates/particles/surfaces; protein dynamics and photobiology; quantum control; and intense laser-matter interactions. This book would appeal to chemists, physicists and biologists in the fields of atomic and molecular science. * Contains the most recent developments in Femtochemistry from the Femtochemistry VII conference * Highlights the significance of femtochemistry today * Displays extracts from the proceedings, presentations and posters from the conference

Cluster Assembled Materials

Cluster Assembled Materials
Author: Klaus Sattler
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 293
Release: 1996
ISBN 10: 9780878497478
ISBN 13: 0878497471
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cluster Assembled Materials Book Review:

It is now some 15 years since atomic clusters were first produced and investigated in laboratories. Since then, knowledge concerning clusters has enjoyed rapid and sustained growth, and cluster research has become a new branch of science.

Physics and Chemistry of Small Clusters

Physics and Chemistry of Small Clusters
Author: P. Jena
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 957
Release: 2013-04-16
ISBN 10: 9781475703597
ISBN 13: 1475703597
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics and Chemistry of Small Clusters Book Review:

Recent advances in experimental techniques now enable researchers to produce in a laboratory clusters of atoms of desired composition from any of the elements of the periodic table. This has created a new area of research into novel materials since clusters cannot be regarded either as a "large" molecule or as a fragment of the bulk. Both experimental and theoretical studies are revealing unusual properties that are not ob served in solid state environments. The structures of micro-clusters are found to be significantly distorted from the most symmetric arrangement, some even exhibiting pentagonal symmetry commonly found in icosahedric structures. The unusual stability of certain clusters, now described as "magic number species", shows striking similarities with the nuclear shell structure. The relative stabilities of clusters depend not only on the composition of the clusters but also on their charged states. The studies on spontaneous fragmentation of mUltiply charged clusters, commonly referred to as Coulomb explosion, illustrate the role of electronic bonding mechanisms on stability of clusters. The effect of foreign atoms on geometry and stability of clusters and the interaction of gas atoms with clusters are showing promise for an indepth understanding of chemisorption and catalysis. The magnetic and optical properties are dependent not only on cluster size but also on its geometry. These findings have the potential for aiding industry in the area of micro-electronics and catalysis.

Atomic and Nuclear Clusters

Atomic and Nuclear Clusters
Author: G.S. Anagostatos,W.v. Oertzen
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 317
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642796966
ISBN 13: 9783642796968
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atomic and Nuclear Clusters Book Review:

The Second International Conference on Atomic and Nuclear Clusters '93 was orga nized in a joint effort by the 'Demokritos' National Center for Scientific Research, G. S. Anagnostatos (representing the atomic physics) and the Hahn-Meitner-Institut, W. von Oertzen (representing the nuclear physics). The subject of clusters - small aggregates of particles - is a topic of primary interest in both atomic and nuclear physics, and also in other fields like in the case of quark-structure of baryons and in cosmology. The interplay between atomic and nuclear physics is a particularly fascinating one because many concepts are common to both fields (quantal effects, shells, geometric structures, collective modes, fission etc. ) This conference was the second after the first one organized by Professor M. Brenner in Abo (Finland) in 1991. The general atmosphere of a joint forum for atomic and nuclear physicists was very fruitful and thus the decision to have a sequence of such meetings has been taken. A third one is planned in St. Petersburg (Russia) with Professor K. Gridnev (St. Petersburg) and Mme. Professor C. Bnkhignac (Orsay) as Chairpersons. The conference site, Fin\. on Santorini island (Greece), was a wonderful choice for a conference. It is small, which helps to keep people concentrated in a smaller community, it has a perfect convention center, the P. Nomikos Conference Center, and a very beautiful landscape formed by a large volcanic crater.

Gold Clusters Colloids and Nanoparticles I

Gold Clusters  Colloids and Nanoparticles I
Author: D. Michael P. Mingos
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2014-09-27
ISBN 10: 3319078488
ISBN 13: 9783319078489
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gold Clusters Colloids and Nanoparticles I Book Review:

The series Structure and Bonding publishes critical reviews on topics of research concerned with chemical structure and bonding. The scope of the series spans the entire Periodic Table and addresses structure and bonding issues associated with all of the elements. It also focuses attention on new and developing areas of modern structural and theoretical chemistry such as nanostructures, molecular electronics, designed molecular solids, surfaces, metal clusters and supramolecular structures. Physical and spectroscopic techniques used to determine, examine and model structures fall within the purview of Structure and Bonding to the extent that the focus is on the scientific results obtained and not on specialist information concerning the techniques themselves. Issues associated with the development of bonding models and generalizations that illuminate the reactivity pathways and rates of chemical processes are also relevant. The individual volumes in the series are thematic. The goal of each volume is to give the reader, whether at a university or in industry, a comprehensive overview of an area where new insights are emerging that are of interest to a larger scientific audience. Thus each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years should be presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. A description of the physical basis of the experimental techniques that have been used to provide the primary data may also be appropriate, if it has not been covered in detail elsewhere. The coverage need not be exhaustive in data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the new principles being developed that will allow the reader, who is not a specialist in the area covered, to understand the data presented. Discussion of possible future research directions in the area is welcomed. Review articles for the individual volumes are invited by the volume editors. Readership: research scientists at universities or in industry, graduate students Special offer For all customers who have a standing order to the print version of Structure and Bonding, we offer free access to the electronic volumes of the Series published in the current year via SpringerLink.

Clusters Contemporary Insight in Structure and Bonding

Clusters     Contemporary Insight in Structure and Bonding
Author: Stefanie Dehnen
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 379
Release: 2017-03-23
ISBN 10: 3319522965
ISBN 13: 9783319522968
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Clusters Contemporary Insight in Structure and Bonding Book Review:

Chemical structure and bonding. The scope of the series spans the entire Periodic Table and addresses structure and bonding issues associated with all of the elements. It also focuses attention on new and developing areas of modern structural and theoretical chemistry such as nanostructures, molecular electronics, designed molecular solids, surfaces, metal clusters and supramolecular structures. Physical and spectroscopic techniques used to determine, examine and model structures fall within the purview of Structure and Bonding to the extent that the focus is on the scientific results obtained and not on specialist information concerning the techniques themselves. Issues associated with the development of bonding models and generalizations that illuminate the reactivity pathways and rates of chemical processes are also relevant. The individual volumes in the series are thematic. The goal of each volume is to give the reader, whether at a university or in industry, a comprehensive overview of an area where new insights are emerging that are of interest to a larger scientific audience.

Clusters

Clusters
Author: Minh Tho Nguyen,Boggavarapu Kiran
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 363
Release: 2017-01-31
ISBN 10: 3319489186
ISBN 13: 9783319489186
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Clusters Book Review:

The field of atomic clusters continues to attract great interest amongst physicists and chemists alike. This is in part due to their intrinsic properties and potential industrial applications. The first part of Binary Clusters is devoted to recent developments in experimental techniques, the second part covers a variety of theoretical approaches. Different theoretical methods based on group/graph theories and quantum chemical computational methods as well as various spectroscopy techniques (such as mass, laser, infrared, photoelectron etc.) are applied to the determination of the existence of geometrical and electronic structures, chemical bonding phenomena, and the thermodynamic stabilities of several classes of binary clusters. All chapters within this review volume have been contributed by experts in chemistry, physics, and material sciences based at the University of Leuven, Belgium. This book is aimed at professionals and students working in cluster science.

Structural Chemistry

Structural Chemistry
Author: Mihai V. Putz,Fanica Cimpoesu,Marilena Ferbinteanu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 802
Release: 2018-03-24
ISBN 10: 3319558757
ISBN 13: 9783319558752
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structural Chemistry Book Review:

This book explains key concepts in theoretical chemistry and explores practical applications in structural chemistry. For experimentalists, it highlights concepts that explain the underlying mechanisms of observed phenomena, and at the same time provides theoreticians with explanations of the principles and techniques that are important in property design. Themes covered include conceptual and applied wave functions and density functional theory (DFT) methods, electronegativity and hard and soft (Lewis) acid and base (HSAB) concepts, hybridization and aromaticity, molecular magnetism, spin transition and thermochromism. Offering insights into designing new properties in advanced functional materials, it is a valuable resource for undergraduates of physical chemistry, cluster chemistry and structure/reactivity courses as well as graduates and researchers in the fields of physical chemistry, chemical modeling and functional materials.

Annual Report to Congress U S Atomic Energy Commission

Annual Report to Congress   U S  Atomic Energy Commission
Author: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1970
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015012302942
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Annual Report to Congress U S Atomic Energy Commission Book Review:

India in the World of Physics

India in the World of Physics
Author: Asoke Nath Mitra
Publsiher: Pearson Education India
Total Pages: 579
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 9788131715796
ISBN 13: 8131715795
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

India in the World of Physics Book Review:

Contributed articles.

Fundamental Nuclear Energy Research

Fundamental Nuclear Energy Research
Author: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Division of Plans and Reports,U.S. Atomic Energy Commission
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1970
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015003423053
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamental Nuclear Energy Research Book Review:

Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths

Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths
Author: Vitalij K. Pecharsky,Jean-Claude G. Bunzli
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2020-11-11
ISBN 10: 012821113X
ISBN 13: 9780128211137
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths Book Review:

Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths: Including Actinides, Volume 58, the latest release in this continuous series that covers all aspects of rare earth science, including chemistry, life sciences, materials science and physics, presents interesting chapters on Forensic applications of rare earth materials, and Rare earths, the seventeen-position nob. Presents up-to-date overviews and new developments in the field of rare earths, covering both their physics and chemistry Contains individual chapters that are comprehensive and broad, along with critical reviews Provides contributions from highly experienced, invited experts

The Physics and Chemistry of Nanosolids

The Physics and Chemistry of Nanosolids
Author: Frank J. Owens,Charles P. Poole, Jr.
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 540
Release: 2008-04-11
ISBN 10: 0470067403
ISBN 13: 9780470067406
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Physics and Chemistry of Nanosolids Book Review:

A comprehensive textbook that addresses the recent interest in nanotechnology in the engineering, materials science, chemistry, and physics communities In recent years, nanotechnology has become one of the most promising and exciting fields of science, triggering an increasing number of university engineering, materials science, chemistry, and physics departments to introduce courses on this emerging topic. Now, Drs. Owens and Poole have revised, updated, and revamped their 2003 work, Introduction to Nanotechnology, to make it more accessible as a textbook for advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level courses on the fascinating field of nanotechnology and nanoscience. The Physics and Chemistry of Nanosolids takes a pedagogical approach to the subject and assumes only an introductory understanding of the physics and chemistry of macroscopic solids and models developed to explain properties, such as the theory of phonon and lattice vibrations and electronic band structure. The authors describe how properties depend on size in the nanometer regime and explain why these changes occur using relatively simple models of the physics and chemistry of the solid state. Additionally, this accessible book: Provides an introductory overview of the basic principles of solids Describes the various methods used to measure the properties of nanosolids Explains how and why properties change when reducing the size of solids to nano-dimensions, and what they predict when one or more dimensions of a solid has a nano-length Presents data on how various properties of solids are affected by nanosizing and examines why these changes occur Contains a chapter entirely devoted to the importance of carbon nanostructured materials and the potential applications of carbon nanostructures The Physics and Chemistry of Nanosolids is complete with a series of exercises at the end of each chapter for readers to enhance their understanding of the material presented, making this an ideal textbook for students and a valuable tutorial for technical professionals and researchers who are interested in learning more about this important topic.

Latest Advances in Atomic Cluster Collisions

Latest Advances in Atomic Cluster Collisions
Author: Jean-Patrick Connerade,Andrey Solov'yov
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 460
Release: 2008-09-10
ISBN 10: 1908978783
ISBN 13: 9781908978783
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Latest Advances in Atomic Cluster Collisions Book Review:

This book presents a “snapshot” of the most recent and significant advances in the field of cluster physics. It is a comprehensive review based on contributions by the participants of the 2nd International Symposium on Atomic Cluster Collisions (ISACC 2007) held in July 19–23, 2007 at GSI, Darmstadt, Germany. The purpose of the Symposium is to promote the growth and exhange of scientific information on the structure and properties of nuclear, atomic, molecular, biological and complex cluster systems studied by means of photonic, electronic, heavy particle and atomic collisions. Particular attention is devoted to dynamic phenomena, many-body effects taking place in cluster systems of a different nature — these include problems of fusion and fission, fragmentation, collective electron excitations, phase transitions, etc. Both the experimental and theoretical aspects of cluster physics, uniquely placed between nuclear physics on the one hand and atomic, molecular and solid state physics on the other, are discussed. Contents:Clustering Phenomena at Nuclear and Subnuclear ScalesStructure and Properties of Atomic ClustersElectron, Photon and Ion Cluster CollisionsClusters on a SurfacePhase Transitions, Fusion, Fission and Fragmentation in Finite SystemsClusters in Laser FieldsClustering Phenomenon in System of Various Degrees of ComplexityStructure and Dynamics of BiomoleculesFrom Biomolecules to Cells and System Biology Readership: Researchers in physics, chemistry, biophysics, and materials science, both academic and professional. Keywords:Atomic Clusters;Biomolecules;Nanophysics;Nanoparticles;Collisions;Cluster Deposition;Fission and Fusion Processes;Phase TransitionsKey Features:Provides an overview of the traditional tools of the atomic, nuclear, molecular and biological physics applied to atomic clustersEmphasizes collisions with electrons, photons, heavy particles and atoms, as well as fusion and fissionUtilizes an interdisciplinary approach that joins many very different branches of physics, chemistry and mathematics

Aromaticity and Metal Clusters

Aromaticity and Metal Clusters
Author: Pratim Kumar Chattaraj
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 466
Release: 2010-10-15
ISBN 10: 9781439813355
ISBN 13: 1439813353
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aromaticity and Metal Clusters Book Review:

Metal clusters, an intermediate state between molecules and the extended solid, show peculiar bonding and reactivity patterns. Their significance is critical to many areas, including air pollution, interstellar matter, clay minerals, photography, catalysis, quantum dots, and virus crystals. In Aromaticity and Metal Clusters, dozens of international experts explore not only the basic aspects of aromaticity, but also the structures, properties, reactivity, stability, and other consequences of the aromaticity of a variety of metal clusters. Although the concept of aromaticity has been known for nearly two centuries, there is no way to measure it experimentally and no theoretical formula to calculate it. In order to gain insight into its exact nature, the authors of this volume examine various indirect characteristics such as geometrical, electronic, magnetic, thermodynamic, and reactivity considerations. The book begins by discussing the evolution of aromaticity from benzene to atomic clusters. Next, more specialized chapters focus on areas of significant interest. Topics discussed include: Computational studies on molecules with unusual aromaticity Electronic shells and magnetism in small metal clusters A density functional investigation on the structures, energetics, and properties of sodium clusters through electrostatic guidelines and molecular tailoring The correlation between electron delocalization and ring currents in all metallic aromatic compounds Phenomenological shell model and aromaticity in metal clusters Rationalizing the aromaticity indexes used to describe the aromatic behavior of metal clusters 5f orbital successive aromatic and antiaromatic zones in triangular uranium cluster chemistry This collection of diverse contributions, composed of the work of scientists worldwide, is destined to not only answer puzzling questions about the nature of aromaticity, but also to provoke further inquiry in the minds of researchers.