Atmospheric Sources and Sinks of Volatile Organic Compounds

Atmospheric Sources and Sinks of Volatile Organic Compounds
Author: Dudley Shallcross,Carl Percival
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2021-10-15
ISBN 10: 9780128228623
ISBN 13: 0128228628
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atmospheric Sources and Sinks of Volatile Organic Compounds Book Review:

Climate change and air quality are two of the most pressing concerns in the 21st century and VOCs play a pivotal role in both spheres. Scientists across the world are becoming aware of the importance of understanding the role that VOCs play from a wide range of fields. Atmospheric Sources and Sinks of Volatile Organic Compounds is comprehensive but concise book with information that is extremely important to groups in the field of atmospheric science but also to the myriad groups that border this field, such as climate scientists, analytical scientists, health professionals, agricultural and botanical related researchers and many more. Atmospheric Sources and Sinks of Volatile Organic Compounds provides the reader with information in a form that they can adapt, such as emission factors, ways to estimate emissions as a function of appropriate variables, removal processes etc. The research also is connected to topics allied fields including land use, agriculture, measurement (analytical), and climate science. Features datasets and global maps of VOC distributions with supporting data Provides readers with information so that they can carry out 'what if' calculations, to be able to estimate the change in emissions in the future or make the information relevant to their region of the world Includes comprehensive coverage of VOCs and demonstrations of patterns in emission and removal

Atmospheric Degradation

Atmospheric Degradation
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2018-05
ISBN 10: 9781642240559
ISBN 13: 1642240559
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atmospheric Degradation Book Review:

Earth's atmosphere holds a mass of organic compounds, which differ by orders of magnitude regarding fundamental properties such as volatility, reactivity, and propensity to form cloud droplets, affecting their impact on global climate and human health. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) play a vital role in the chemistry of the atmosphere by impelling ozone and hydroxyl radical (OH) concentrations and the renovation rates of nitrogen oxides (NOx). Elevated levels of VOCs and NOx have led to an approximate doubling of ozone in the lower troposphere over the past couple of centuries, making tropospheric ozone the third most important anthropogenic greenhouse gas after carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane. Monitoring of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) is a key piece in understanding photochemical air quality in urban atmosphere. Anthropogenic sources such as incomplete combustion of organic substances, the use of petrochemical solvents, and vaporizations of petroleum products are sources of VOCs. Every day, large quantities of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are emitted into the atmosphere from both anthropogenic and natural sources. Therefore, their sources, sinks and dwelling times are the subject of current research. Atmospheric Degradation of Organic Substances describes the current state of knowledge of the chemistry of VOCs as well as the methods and techniques to analyze gaseous and particulate organic compounds in the atmosphere. The book also includes evaluation of the relative ozone-forming potentials of the captured VOC species in the atmosphere of urban settlement. The analytical toolbox available for chemists to study atmospheric organic compounds has expanded considerably during the past decade, opening new windows into speciation, time resolution and detection of reactive and semi-volatile compounds at low concentrations. This has provided unprecedented opportunities, but also revealed new scientific challenges.This book is of interest to students, practitioners, as well as guiding tool for researchers in the field of atmospheric research.

Indoor Air Pollution

Indoor Air Pollution
Author: Peter Pluschke
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2004-09-27
ISBN 10: 9783540210986
ISBN 13: 3540210989
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Indoor Air Pollution Book Review:

Indoor Air Pollution has become a major topic in environmental research and health. Most people spend more than 80% of their time in buildings and are exposed to a broad range of pollutants from indoor sources such as building materials, furniture, carpets and textiles, heating and cooking, household and consumer products, etc. The volume provides a comprehensive review of the major indoor air pollutants: volatile organic compounds, biocides, indoor particles and fibres, combustion products and micro-organisms and their metabolites. Sources and sinks of air pollutants in indoor environments and their chemistry are distinctly different from ambient air pollution, even though the latter may influence indoor air quality. Adsorption and desorption processes, the pollutant source dynamics, gas phase reactions and kinetics - including the fate and final chemical destiny of chemically unstable intermediate compounds - are topics of scientific research as well as the evaluation of their sensory impact and irritation potential. Guidelines for assessing indoor pollution and a broad range of analytical methods have been recently developed and are reviewed by internationally renowned scientists. The specific characteristics of indoor air pollution in developing countries due to the widespread use of open fires for cooking, heating and lighting are analysed as well as the Chinese strategies to address the growing pollution problems by air pollution in its modern building stock.

Volatile Organic Compounds in the Atmosphere

Volatile Organic Compounds in the Atmosphere
Author: Ralf Koppmann
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2008-04-15
ISBN 10: 0470994150
ISBN 13: 9780470994153
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Volatile Organic Compounds in the Atmosphere Book Review:

Every day, large quantities of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are emitted into the atmosphere from both anthropogenic and natural sources. The formation of gaseous and particulate secondary products caused by oxidation of VOCs is one of the largest unknowns in the quantitative prediction of the earth’s climate on a regional and global scale, and on the understanding of local air quality. To be able to model and control their impact, it is essential to understand the sources of VOCs, their distribution in the atmosphere and the chemical transformations which remove these compounds from the atmosphere. In recent years techniques for the analysis of organic compounds in the atmosphere have been developed to increase the spectrum of detectable compounds and their detection limits. New methods have been introduced to increase the time resolution of those measurements and to resolve more complex mixtures of organic compounds. Volatile Organic Compounds in the Atmosphere describes the current state of knowledge of the chemistry of VOCs as well as the methods and techniques to analyse gaseous and particulate organic compounds in the atmosphere. The aim is to provide an authoritative review to address the needs of both graduate students and active researchers in the field of atmospheric chemistry research.

Indoor Air Pollution

Indoor Air Pollution
Author: Peter Pluschke
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2010-12-01
ISBN 10: 9783642059261
ISBN 13: 3642059260
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Indoor Air Pollution Book Review:

Indoor Air Pollution has become a major topic in environmental research and health. Most people spend more than 80% of their time in buildings and are exposed to a broad range of pollutants from indoor sources such as building materials, furniture, carpets and textiles, heating and cooking, household and consumer products, etc. The volume provides a comprehensive review of the major indoor air pollutants: volatile organic compounds, biocides, indoor particles and fibres, combustion products and micro-organisms and their metabolites. Sources and sinks of air pollutants in indoor environments and their chemistry are distinctly different from ambient air pollution, even though the latter may influence indoor air quality. Adsorption and desorption processes, the pollutant source dynamics, gas phase reactions and kinetics - including the fate and final chemical destiny of chemically unstable intermediate compounds - are topics of scientific research as well as the evaluation of their sensory impact and irritation potential. Guidelines for assessing indoor pollution and a broad range of analytical methods have been recently developed and are reviewed by internationally renowned scientists. The specific characteristics of indoor air pollution in developing countries due to the widespread use of open fires for cooking, heating and lighting are analysed as well as the Chinese strategies to address the growing pollution problems by air pollution in its modern building stock.

Indoor Air Pollution

Indoor Air Pollution
Author: Peter Pluschke
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2004-09-27
ISBN 10: 9783540210986
ISBN 13: 3540210989
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Indoor Air Pollution Book Review:

Indoor Air Pollution has become a major topic in environmental research and health. Most people spend more than 80% of their time in buildings and are exposed to a broad range of pollutants from indoor sources such as building materials, furniture, carpets and textiles, heating and cooking, household and consumer products, etc. The volume provides a comprehensive review of the major indoor air pollutants: volatile organic compounds, biocides, indoor particles and fibres, combustion products and micro-organisms and their metabolites. Sources and sinks of air pollutants in indoor environments and their chemistry are distinctly different from ambient air pollution, even though the latter may influence indoor air quality. Adsorption and desorption processes, the pollutant source dynamics, gas phase reactions and kinetics - including the fate and final chemical destiny of chemically unstable intermediate compounds - are topics of scientific research as well as the evaluation of their sensory impact and irritation potential. Guidelines for assessing indoor pollution and a broad range of analytical methods have been recently developed and are reviewed by internationally renowned scientists. The specific characteristics of indoor air pollution in developing countries due to the widespread use of open fires for cooking, heating and lighting are analysed as well as the Chinese strategies to address the growing pollution problems by air pollution in its modern building stock.

Indoor Air Pollution

Indoor Air Pollution
Author: Peter Pluschke
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2014-03-12
ISBN 10: 9783662144503
ISBN 13: 3662144506
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Indoor Air Pollution Book Review:

Indoor Air Pollution has become a major topic in environmental research and health. Most people spend more than 80% of their time in buildings and are exposed to a broad range of pollutants from indoor sources such as building materials, furniture, carpets and textiles, heating and cooking, household and consumer products, etc. The volume provides a comprehensive review of the major indoor air pollutants: volatile organic compounds, biocides, indoor particles and fibres, combustion products and micro-organisms and their metabolites. Sources and sinks of air pollutants in indoor environments and their chemistry are distinctly different from ambient air pollution, even though the latter may influence indoor air quality. Adsorption and desorption processes, the pollutant source dynamics, gas phase reactions and kinetics - including the fate and final chemical destiny of chemically unstable intermediate compounds - are topics of scientific research as well as the evaluation of their sensory impact and irritation potential. Guidelines for assessing indoor pollution and a broad range of analytical methods have been recently developed and are reviewed by internationally renowned scientists. The specific characteristics of indoor air pollution in developing countries due to the widespread use of open fires for cooking, heating and lighting are analysed as well as the Chinese strategies to address the growing pollution problems by air pollution in its modern building stock.

Airborne VOC measurements on board the Zeppelin NT during the PEGASOS campaigns in 2012 deploying the improved Fast GC MSD System

Airborne VOC measurements on board the Zeppelin NT during the PEGASOS campaigns in 2012 deploying the improved Fast GC MSD System
Author: Jäger, Julia
Publsiher: Forschungszentrum Jülich
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2014
ISBN 10: 3893369368
ISBN 13: 9783893369362
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Airborne VOC measurements on board the Zeppelin NT during the PEGASOS campaigns in 2012 deploying the improved Fast GC MSD System Book Review:

The Chemistry and Biology of Volatiles

The Chemistry and Biology of Volatiles
Author: Andreas Herrmann
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2011-06-15
ISBN 10: 1119956986
ISBN 13: 9781119956983
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Chemistry and Biology of Volatiles Book Review:

"Coming to a conclusion, this wonderful, informative and very interesting book presents an excellent overview of small volatile organic compounds and their role in our life and environment. Really fascinating is the entirety of scientific disciplines which were addressed by this book." –Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 2011 "... this book deserves to be a well-used reference in the library of any laboratory specialising in VOC". –Chemistry World, 2011 Volatile compounds are molecules with a relatively low molecular weight allowing for an efficient evaporation into the air. They are found in many areas of our everyday-life: they are responsible for the communication between species such as plants, insects or mammals; they serve as flavours or fragrances in many food products or perfumed consumer articles; and they play an important role in atmospheric chemistry. This book takes an interdisciplinary approach to volatile molecules. Review-style introductions to the main topics in volatile chemistry and biology are provided by international experts, building into a broad overview of this fascinating field. Topics covered include: The structural variety of volatile compounds Biogeneration of volatiles Synthesis of natural and non-natural volatiles Analysis of volatiles Volatile compounds as semiochemicals in plant-plant or plant-insect interactions Volatiles in pest control Pheromones and the influence of volatiles on mammals Olfaction and human perception Volatiles as fragrances The generation of flavours and food aroma compounds Stabilisation and controlled release of volatiles The impact of volatiles on the environment and the atmosphere

Modeling of Volatile Organic Compounds Emissions and Sinks from Building Materials

Modeling of Volatile Organic Compounds Emissions and Sinks from Building Materials
Author: Hongyu Huang
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2003
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1032984407
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modeling of Volatile Organic Compounds Emissions and Sinks from Building Materials Book Review:

Reactive Hydrocarbons in the Atmosphere

Reactive Hydrocarbons in the Atmosphere
Author: C. Nicholas Hewitt
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 322
Release: 1998-10-20
ISBN 10: 9780080540306
ISBN 13: 0080540309
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reactive Hydrocarbons in the Atmosphere Book Review:

The vast family of volatile organic compounds plays a central role in the chemistry of the Earth's atmosphere. Reactive Hydrocarbons in the Atmosphere provides comprehensive and up-to-date reviews covering all aspects of the behavior, sources, occurrence, and chemistry of these compounds. The book considers both biogenic and anthropogenic sources, plus their effects in the atmosphere at local, regional, and global scales. Covers a major component of atmospheric chemistry and air pollution Considers both natural background chemistry and pollution processes Provides authoritative reviews for a wide range of audiences

Advances in Building Energy Research

Advances in Building Energy Research
Author: Mat Santamouris
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2013-07-23
ISBN 10: 1136572465
ISBN 13: 9781136572463
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Building Energy Research Book Review:

'Several high quality scientific journals are published in the area of building energy and indoor/outdoor environment; however, one has been missing. Advances in Building Energy Research fills the gap. I recommend ABER to all technical libraries, research institutes and universities. It should also be used by construction companies and those manufacturing building materials and building products.' Professor Olli Sepp nen, President of REHVA (Federation of Heating and Air-conditioning Associations) 'Advances in Building Energy Research is a unique index. It will be an inexhaustible resource for energy related sciences and a continuous inspiration for architects around the world.' N. Fintikakis, Architect and Director of UIA-ARES WP (Architecture and Renewable Energy Sources) Advances in Building Energy Research (ABER) offers state-of-the-art information on the environmental science and performance of buildings, linking new technologies and methodologies with the latest research on systems, simulations and standards. As stringently reviewed as a journal but with the breadth of a book, this annual volume brings together invited contributions from the foremost international experts on energy efficiency and environmental quality of buildings. Spanning a broad range of technical subjects, this is a 'must have' reference on global developments in the field, suitable for architects and building engineers, environmental engineers, industry professionals, students, teachers and researchers in building science, technical libraries and laboratories.

Indoor Air Pollution

Indoor Air Pollution
Author: Peter Pluschke
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2004-09-27
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015060583435
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Indoor Air Pollution Book Review:

Indoor Air Pollution has become a major topic in environmental research and health. Most people spend more than 80% of their time in buildings and are exposed to a broad range of pollutants from indoor sources such as building materials, furniture, carpets and textiles, heating and cooking, household and consumer products, etc. The volume provides a comprehensive review of the major indoor air pollutants: volatile organic compounds, biocides, indoor particles and fibres, combustion products and micro-organisms and their metabolites. Sources and sinks of air pollutants in indoor environments and their chemistry are distinctly different from ambient air pollution, even though the latter may influence indoor air quality. Adsorption and desorption processes, the pollutant source dynamics, gas phase reactions and kinetics - including the fate and final chemical destiny of chemically unstable intermediate compounds - are topics of scientific research as well as the evaluation of their sensory impact and irritation potential. Guidelines for assessing indoor pollution and a broad range of analytical methods have been recently developed and are reviewed by internationally renowned scientists. The specific characteristics of indoor air pollution in developing countries due to the widespread use of open fires for cooking, heating and lighting are analysed as well as the Chinese strategies to address the growing pollution problems by air pollution in its modern building stock.

Toxicity of Building Materials

Toxicity of Building Materials
Author: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,S Jalali,Aleksandra Fucic
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2012-08-13
ISBN 10: 0857096354
ISBN 13: 9780857096357
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toxicity of Building Materials Book Review:

From long-standing worries regarding the use of lead and asbestos to recent research into carcinogenic issues related to the use of plastics in construction, there is growing concern regarding the potential toxic effects of building materials on health. Toxicity of building materials provides an essential guide to this important problem and its solutions. Beginning with an overview of the material types and potential health hazards presented by building materials, the book goes on to consider key plastic materials. Materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds, are then explored in depth, before a review of wood preservatives and mineral fibre-based building materials. Issues related to the use of radioactive materials and materials that release toxic fumes during burning are the focus of subsequent chapters, followed by discussion of the range of heavy metals, materials prone to mould growth, and antimicrobials. Finally, Toxicity of building materials concludes by considering the potential hazards posed by waste based/recycled building materials, and the toxicity of nanoparticles. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Toxicity of building materials is an invaluable tool for all civil engineers, materials researchers, scientists and educators working in the field of building materials. Provides an essential guide to the potential toxic effects of building materials on health Comprehensively examines materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds Later chapters focus on issues surrounding the use of radioactive materials and materials that release toxic fumes during burning

Chemistry and Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds in the Environment

Chemistry and Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds in the Environment
Author: H.J. Bloemen,J. Burn
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9401121524
ISBN 13: 9789401121521
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemistry and Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds in the Environment Book Review:

Interest in the occurrence and behaviour of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) is increasing due to their adverse effects on the environment and human health. It is essential that information is made available on the various aspects of research on VOCs to enable better understanding and control of the various environmental and human health threats. The information in this book will be used to improve communication and understanding of the various approaches. In particular the potential and limitations of the described analytical methods will be essential in defining environmental studies and interpreting the results.

Organic Indoor Air Pollutants

Organic Indoor Air Pollutants
Author: Tunga Salthammer
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 343
Release: 2008-07-11
ISBN 10: 3527613676
ISBN 13: 9783527613670
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organic Indoor Air Pollutants Book Review:

Indoor air quality has gained more and more attention in recent years. The book covers organic pollutants in indoor air, their sources, measurement, and evaluation. It is written from a chemical-analytical point of view. Therefore it fills a gap in the literature on this very topical subject. The book is divided into four parts covering the measurement of organic pollutants, environmental test chambers, the release of organic compounds from indoor materials as well as investigation concepts and quality guidelines. Each section was written by an experienced expert. The authors work in Europe, the USA, and Australia. The book is adressed to chemists, physicists, biologists, and medical doctors at universities and research facilities, in industry and environmental laboratories as well as regulative bodies.

Research Strategies for the U S Global Change Research Program

Research Strategies for the U S  Global Change Research Program
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Global Change
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 294
Release: 1990-02-01
ISBN 10: 0309043484
ISBN 13: 9780309043489
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Strategies for the U S Global Change Research Program Book Review:

This book recommends research priorities and scientific approaches for global change research. It addresses the scientific approaches for documenting global change, developing integrated earth system models, and conducting focused studies to improve understanding of global change on topics such as earth system history and human sources of global change.

Characterizing Sources of Indoor Air Pollution and Related Sink Effects

Characterizing Sources of Indoor Air Pollution and Related Sink Effects
Author: Bruce A. Tichenor
Publsiher: ASTM International
Total Pages: 406
Release: 1996
ISBN 10: 0803120303
ISBN 13: 9780803120303
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Characterizing Sources of Indoor Air Pollution and Related Sink Effects Book Review:

Based on presentations at a 1994 Symposium, these detailed papers review source/sink characterization; design, construction, characterization, and operation of test chambers and facilities; testing protocols for determining emission factors and sink absorption/desorption rates; models for predicting

Microbial Growth on C1 Compounds

Microbial Growth on C1 Compounds
Author: Mary E. Lidstrom,F. Robert Tabita
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 363
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9400902131
ISBN 13: 9789400902138
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Growth on C1 Compounds Book Review:

The 8th International Symposium on Microbial Growth on C1 Compounds was held at the Bahia Resort Hotel, San Diego, CA, 27 August-1 September, 1995. A total of 160 participants from 18 countries were registered. Eight Scientific Sessions were held in which 45 papers were presented, and 114 posters were displayed and discussed in 3 separate poster sessions. The Symposium covered a broad range of topics, including acetogenesis, methanogenesis, CO2 fixation, lithoautotrophy, carboxidotrophy, methylotrophy and methanotrophy. The theme of the Symposium was mechanistic, and under this rubric the physiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, and both applied and environmental aspects of microbial growth on C1 compounds were addressed. This Symposium Volume contains 46 chapters, including the text of an Opening Address delivered at the Symposium by J.R. Quayle. This chapter elegantly presents an historical perspective on the past 7 Symposia, in the context of major breakthroughs in the field and of what is termed `giant' topics. The reader will be pleased to see that the tradition of the past Symposia Volumes is upheld, and that both familiar and new `giant' topics are covered. This Volume presents a cutting edge view of the broad field of microbial one-carbon metabolism, and provides a valuable resource for researcher and student alike.

Modeling Individual Exposure from Indoor Sources

Modeling Individual Exposure from Indoor Sources
Author: LE. Sparks,BA. Tichenor,JB. White
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 12
Release: 1993
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1251646313
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modeling Individual Exposure from Indoor Sources Book Review:

Individual exposure to air pollutants is determined by the behavior of indoor sources and sinks and activity patterns. This paper discusses a model that allows analysis of individual exposure for a wide range of sources and sinks. Emphasis of the discussion is on exposures to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from commonly used sources. The effects of source and sink behavior on exposure are complex. Important factors include source strength, source decay rate, rates to the sink, re-emissions from the sink, and building operation parameters such as ventilation rate. Sources provide the primary exposure and dominate exposure while the source strength is strong. Sinks modify exposure by reducing peak concentrations and, because of re-emissions from sinks, by increasing the time of relatively high concentrations. Exposures from several different sources are analyzed both with and without sinks and under a range of different building operation scenarios. The need for standard scenarios in evaluating the effects of sources on individual exposure is discussed. Model concentration predictions are compared with data from an indoor air quality (IAQ) test house.