Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards

Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards
Author: David Alexander
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 219
Release: 2014-08
ISBN 10: 9780124105287
ISBN 13: 0124105289
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Book Review:

"Reducing risk that emerges from hazards of natural origin and societal vulnerability is a key challenge for the development of more resilient communities and the overall goal of sustainable development. Newest global assessment reports (GAR 2011, Welle et al. 2012; IPCC 2013) underscore that risk reduction and resilience building remains a key challenge for developing and developed countries alike particularly due to the increasing exposure of people and assets in high risk zones and the intensification of extreme events in the context of climate change (see e.g. IPCC 2013). It is increasingly recognized that natural hazard associated risk and threats to human security cannot be reduced by focusing solely on the hazards. Societies will have to live with changing environmental conditions and therefore need to build resilience by reducing vulnerabilities to natural hazards. Vulnerability assessment of natural hazards and climate change has emerged in the past decades as an important research field (see e.g., Maskrey, 1984; Chambers, 1989; Pelling, 1997; Cardona, 2001; Birkmann, 2006a/b; Adger, 2006; IPCC, 2007; Bohle, 2008; Bohle and Glade, 2008; Oxfam America, 2009, Birkmann 2013) bringing together scientists from different disciplines (Fuchs, 2009)"--

Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards

Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards
Author: Jörn Birkmann,Stefan Kienberger,David Alexander
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2014-06-12
ISBN 10: 0124105483
ISBN 13: 9780124105485
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Book Review:

Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards covers the vulnerability of human and environmental systems to climate change and eight natural hazards: earthquakes, floods, landslides, avalanches, forest fires, drought, coastal erosion, and heat waves. This book is an important contribution to the field, clarifying terms and investigating the nature of vulnerability to hazards in general and in various specific European contexts. In addition, this book helps improve understanding of vulnerability and gives thorough methodologies for investigating situations in which people and their environments are vulnerable to hazards. With case studies taken from across Europe, the underlying theoretical frame is transferrable to other geographical contexts, making the content relevant worldwide. Provides a framework of theory and methodology designed to help researchers and practitioners understand the phenomenon of vulnerability to natural hazards and disasters and to climate change Contains case studies that illustrate how to apply the methodology in different ways to diverse hazards in varied settings (rural, urban, coastal, mountain, and more) Describes how to validate the results of methodology application in different situations and how to respond to the needs of diverse groups of stakeholders represented by the public and private sectors, civil society, researchers, and academics

Natural Hazards

Natural Hazards
Author: José Simão Antunes Do Carmo
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2018-12-12
ISBN 10: 1789848202
ISBN 13: 9781789848205
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Hazards Book Review:

This book addresses different aspects of natural hazards and vulnerabilities, with a focus on prevention and protection. It consists of nine chapters, five on flood events addressing vulnerabilities, risk assessments, impacts, sensitivity analyses, and mitigation measures, two on climate change and reconstruction of natural hazard events such as avalanches and rockslides, and two on tsunamis and volcanoes. All chapters provide relevant information and useful elements for readers interested and concerned about the lack of action or its ineffectiveness in containing the vulnerabilities and risks of possible natural hazards worldwide.

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards
Author: Birkmann
Publsiher: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
Total Pages: 524
Release: 2007-01-01
ISBN 10: 9788179931226
ISBN 13: 8179931226
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Book Review:

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards presents a broad range of current approaches to measuring vulnerability. It provides a comprehensive overview of different concepts at the global, regional, national, and local levels, and explores various schools of thought. More than 40 distinguished academics and practitioners analyse quantitative and qualitative approaches, and examine their strengths and limitations. This book contains concrete experiences and examples from Africa, Asia, the Americas and Europe to illustrate the theoretical analyses.The authors provide answers to some of the key questions on how to measure vulnerability and they draw attention to issues with insufficient coverage, such as the environmental and institutional dimensions of vulnerability and methods to combine different methodologies.This book is a unique compilation of state-of-the-art vulnerability assessment and is essential reading for academics, students, policy makers, practitioners, and anybody else interested in understanding the fundamentals of measuring vulnerability. It is a critical review that provides important conclusions which can serve as an orientation for future research towards more disaster resilient communities.

At Risk

At Risk
Author: Piers Blaikie,Terry Cannon,Ian Davis,Ben Wisner
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2014-01-21
ISBN 10: 1134528612
ISBN 13: 9781134528615
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

At Risk Book Review:

The term 'natural disaster' is often used to refer to natural events such as earthquakes, hurricanes or floods. However, the phrase 'natural disaster' suggests an uncritical acceptance of a deeply engrained ideological and cultural myth. At Risk questions this myth and argues that extreme natural events are not disasters until a vulnerable group of people is exposed. The updated new edition confronts a further ten years of ever more expensive and deadly disasters and discusses disaster not as an aberration, but as a signal failure of mainstream 'development'. Two analytical models are provided as tools for understanding vulnerability. One links remote and distant 'root causes' to 'unsafe conditions' in a 'progression of vulnerability'. The other uses the concepts of 'access' and 'livelihood' to understand why some households are more vulnerable than others. Examining key natural events and incorporating strategies to create a safer world, this revised edition is an important resource for those involved in the fields of environment and development studies.

Quantitative Risk Assessment QRA for Natural Hazards

Quantitative Risk Assessment  QRA  for Natural Hazards
Author: Nasim Uddin,Alfredo Hua-Sing Ang
Publsiher: Amer Society of Civil Engineers
Total Pages: 87
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 9780784411537
ISBN 13: 0784411530
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantitative Risk Assessment QRA for Natural Hazards Book Review:

CDRM 5 explains the the practical aspects of using quantitative risk assessment (QRA) to develop optimal engineering designs that mitigate the effects of natural hazards, especially on civil infrastructure.

An Assessment of Natural Hazards and Disasters in Canada

An Assessment of Natural Hazards and Disasters in Canada
Author: David Etkin,C.E. Haque,Gregory R. Brooks
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 380
Release: 2003-04-30
ISBN 10: 9781402011795
ISBN 13: 1402011792
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Assessment of Natural Hazards and Disasters in Canada Book Review:

The problems and issues of natural hazards and disasters, both globally and in Canada, are becoming increasingly important since the costs of extreme natural events have been escalating, and significant vulnerabilities exist in Canadian society. Without thoughtful and effective mitigation, these costs and human suffering are likely to continue to increase. An assessment of knowledge, research, and practice in risk, hazards and disasters fields is a fundamental step towards the goal of prevention and mitigation. This book on natural hazards and disasters in Canada is the first comprehensive interdisciplinary publication on this subject, and is the result of a national assessment on this topic. A variety of papers from the physical and social sciences explores both the risks associated with these hazards, and adaptive strategies that can be used to reduce those risks. Audience: This excellent collection of papers is intended for academics, professionals and practitioners involved in hazard reduction activities who wish to obtain a better understanding of Canadian natural hazards.

Risk Analysis of Natural Hazards

Risk Analysis of Natural Hazards
Author: Paolo Gardoni,Colleen Murphy,Arden Rowell
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 311
Release: 2015-10-17
ISBN 10: 3319221264
ISBN 13: 9783319221267
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Risk Analysis of Natural Hazards Book Review:

This volume investigates the interdisciplinary and cross-cutting challenges in the risk analysis of natural hazards. It brings together leading minds in engineering, science, philosophy, law, and the social sciences. Parts I and II of this volume explore risk assessment, first by providing an overview of the interdisciplinary interactions involved in the assessment of natural hazards, and then by exploring the particular impacts of climate change on natural hazard assessment. Part III discusses the theoretical frameworks for the evaluation of natural hazards. Finally, Parts IV and V address the risk management of natural hazards, providing first an overview of the interdisciplinary interactions underlying natural hazard management, and then exploring decision frameworks that can help decision makers integrate and respond to the complex relationships among natural events, the built environment, and human behavior.

Vulnerability and Resilience to Natural Hazards

Vulnerability and Resilience to Natural Hazards
Author: Sven Fuchs,Thomas Thaler
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2018-03-31
ISBN 10: 1107154898
ISBN 13: 9781107154896
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Vulnerability and Resilience to Natural Hazards Book Review:

A comprehensive overview of the concepts of vulnerability and resilience for natural hazards research for both physical and social scientists.

Natural Hazards and Disaster Management

Natural Hazards and Disaster Management
Author: R. B. Singh
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2006
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015067816184
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Hazards and Disaster Management Book Review:

"Disaster management is a multidisciplinary area, covering a wide range of issues such as monitoring, forecasting, evacuation, search and rescue, relief, reconstruction and rehabilitation. It also requires multi-sectoral governance as scientists, planners, volunteers and communities all have important roles to play. These roles and activities span the pre-, during and post-disaster phases. Besides, shift of emphasis from disaster response to risk reduction has opened up areas of exploratory research in the subject. Vulnerability refers to the susceptibility of a community to a hazard. Vulnerability analysis seeks to predict disasters by ensuring timely preparedness on the part of people and institutions and concerned government agencies. The emerging arena of disaster mitigation is also becoming an integral aspect of development planning, policy formulation and implementation. This is where this book comes in. It contains 22 chapters in the form of conceptual and empirical case studies from India and other developed countries. The blend of theory, research and policy makes this book eminently worthwhile for anyone interested in disaster vulnerability and mitigation together with monitoring and forecasting and policy perspectives. It would be useful for students, researchers and teachers of geography, environmental studies, disaster management, civil engineering and policy science."

A Safer Future

A Safer Future
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,U.S. National Committee for the Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 76
Release: 1991-02-01
ISBN 10: 0309045460
ISBN 13: 9780309045469
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Safer Future Book Review:

Initial priorities for U.S. participation in the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, declared by the United Nations, are contained in this volume. It focuses on seven issues: hazard and risk assessment; awareness and education; mitigation; preparedness for emergency response; recovery and reconstruction; prediction and warning; learning from disasters; and U.S. participation internationally. The committee presents its philosophy of calls for broad public and private participation to reduce the toll of disasters.

Risk and Uncertainty Assessment for Natural Hazards

Risk and Uncertainty Assessment for Natural Hazards
Author: Jonathan Rougier,Steve Sparks,Lisa J. Hill
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2013-02-21
ISBN 10: 1107310768
ISBN 13: 9781107310766
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Risk and Uncertainty Assessment for Natural Hazards Book Review:

Assessment of risk and uncertainty is crucial for natural hazard risk management, facilitating risk communication and informing strategies to successfully mitigate our society's vulnerability to natural disasters. Written by some of the world's leading experts, this book provides a state-of-the-art overview of risk and uncertainty assessment in natural hazards. It presents the core statistical concepts using clearly defined terminology applicable across all types of natural hazards and addresses the full range of sources of uncertainty, the role of expert judgement and the practice of uncertainty elicitation. The core of the book provides detailed coverage of all the main hazard types and concluding chapters address the wider societal context of risk management. This is an invaluable compendium for academic researchers and professionals working in the fields of natural hazards science, risk assessment and management and environmental science and will be of interest to anyone involved in natural hazards policy.

Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research

Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research
Author: Fernando I. Rivera
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2019-06-07
ISBN 10: 0128162651
ISBN 13: 9780128162651
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research Book Review:

Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research provides a synthesis of the most pressing issues in natural hazards research by new professionals. The book begins with an overview of emerging research on natural hazards, such as hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, wildfires, sea-level rise, global warming, climate change, and tornadoes, among others. Remaining sections include topics such as socially vulnerable populations and the cycles of emergency management. Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research is intended to serve as a consolidated resource for academics, students, and researchers to learn about the most pressing issues in natural hazard research today. Provides a platform for readers to keep up-to-date with the interdisciplinary research that new professionals are producing Covers the multidisciplinary perspectives of the hazards and disasters field Includes international perspectives from new professionals around the world, including developing countries

Social Vulnerability to Disasters Second Edition

Social Vulnerability to Disasters  Second Edition
Author: Deborah S.K. Thomas,Brenda D. Phillips,William E. Lovekamp,Alice Fothergill
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 514
Release: 2013-05-09
ISBN 10: 1466516372
ISBN 13: 9781466516373
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Social Vulnerability to Disasters Second Edition Book Review:

The 2010 Haiti and Chili earthquakes, the 2010 BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, and the 2011 Fukushima earthquake and tsunami in Japan are but a few examples of recent catastrophic events that continue to reveal how social structure and roles produce extensive human suffering and differential impacts on individuals and communities. These events bring social vulnerability to the forefront in considering how disasters unfold, clearly revealing that disasters are not created from the physical event alone. Equally important, people—even those considered vulnerable—respond in innovative and resilient ways that unveil the strength of human ingenuity and spirit. It is not a foregone conclusion that a hazard event, even a large one, will result in catastrophic loss. This updated second edition of Social Vulnerability to Disasters focuses on the social construction of disasters, demonstrating how the characteristics of an event are not the only reason that tragedies unfurl. By carefully examining and documenting social vulnerabilities throughout the disaster management cycle, the book remains essential to emergency management professionals, the independent volunteer sector, homeland security, and related social science fields, including public policy, sociology, geography, political science, urban and regional planning, and public health. The new edition is fully updated, more international in scope, and incorporates significant recent disaster events. It also includes new case studies to illustrate important concepts. By understanding the nuances of social vulnerability and how these vulnerabilities compound one another, we can take steps to reduce the danger to at-risk populations and strengthen community resilience overall. Features and Highlights from the Second Edition: Contains contributions from leading scholars, professionals, and academics, who draw on their areas of expertise to examine vulnerable populations Incorporates disaster case studies to illustrate concepts, relevant and seminal literature, and the most recent data available In addition to highlighting the U.S. context, integrates a global approach and includes numerous international case studies Highlights recent policy changes and current disaster management approaches Infuses the concept of community resilience and building capacity throughout the text Includes new chapters that incorporate additional perspectives on social vulnerability Instructor’s guide, PowerPoint® slides, and test bank available with qualifying course adoption

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation
Author: Christopher B. Field,Vicente Barros,Thomas F. Stocker,Qin Dahe
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2012-05-28
ISBN 10: 1107380103
ISBN 13: 9781107380103
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation Book Review:

This Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report (IPCC-SREX) explores the challenge of understanding and managing the risks of climate extremes to advance climate change adaptation. Extreme weather and climate events, interacting with exposed and vulnerable human and natural systems, can lead to disasters. Changes in the frequency and severity of the physical events affect disaster risk, but so do the spatially diverse and temporally dynamic patterns of exposure and vulnerability. Some types of extreme weather and climate events have increased in frequency or magnitude, but populations and assets at risk have also increased, with consequences for disaster risk. Opportunities for managing risks of weather- and climate-related disasters exist or can be developed at any scale, local to international. Prepared following strict IPCC procedures, SREX is an invaluable assessment for anyone interested in climate extremes, environmental disasters and adaptation to climate change, including policymakers, the private sector and academic researchers.

Natural Hazards Analysis

Natural Hazards Analysis
Author: John Pine
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2008-10-22
ISBN 10: 9781420070408
ISBN 13: 1420070401
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Hazards Analysis Book Review:

Emphasizes Resilient Policies, Rather Than Rigid PhilosophyEconomic and environmental consequences of natural and man-made disasters have grown exponentially during the past few decades. Whether from hurricanes, chemical spills, terrorist incidents, or other catastrophes, the negative impacts can often be felt on a global scale. Natural Hazards Ana

At Risk

At Risk
Author: Benjamin Wisner
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 471
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 0415252164
ISBN 13: 9780415252164
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

At Risk Book Review:

The new edition of At Risk confronts a further ten years of ever more expensive and deadly disasters since it was first published and argues that extreme natural events are not disasters until a vulnerable group of people is exposed.

Natural Disaster Hotspots

Natural Disaster Hotspots
Author: Maxx Dilley
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 132
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 9780821359303
ISBN 13: 0821359304
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Disaster Hotspots Book Review:

This synthesis summarizes the findings of the Global Natural Disaster Risk Hotspots project. The Hotspots project generated a global disaster risk assessment and a set of more localized or hazard-specific case studies. The synthesis draws primarily from the results of the global assessment. Full details on the data, methods and results of the global analysis can be found in volume one of Natural Disaster Hotspots: A Global Risk Analysis. The case studies are contained in volume two (forthcoming).

Natural Disasters

Natural Disasters
Author: P. A. Merriman,C. W. A. Browitt
Publsiher: Thomas Telford
Total Pages: 591
Release: 1993
ISBN 10: 9780727719362
ISBN 13: 072771936X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Disasters Book Review:

It has been estimated that, as a result of natural disasters, during the 1970s and 1980s three million lives were lost worldwide, the number of disasters increased threefold, the economic losses per decade almost doubled and the insurance losses quadrupled. In the light of these figures, the United Nations proclaimed the 1990s as the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction and this book focuses on the British contribution to the Decade and is supplemented by papers from America, Asia, Europe and Africa.

Mapping Vulnerability

Mapping Vulnerability
Author: Greg Bankoff,Georg Frerks,Dorothea Hilhorst
Publsiher: Earthscan
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2013-06-17
ISBN 10: 1849771928
ISBN 13: 9781849771924
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mapping Vulnerability Book Review:

Raging floods, massive storms and cataclysmic earthquakes: every year up to 340 million people are affected by these and other disasters, which cause loss of life and damage to personal property, agriculture, and infrastructure. So what can be done? The key to understanding the causes of disasters and mitigating their impacts is the concept of 'vulnerability'. Mapping Vulnerability analyses 'vulnerability' as a concept central to the way we understand disasters and their magnitude and impact. Written and edited by a distinguished group of disaster scholars and practitioners, this book is a counterbalance to those technocratic approaches that limit themselves to simply looking at disasters as natural phenomena. Through the notion of vulnerability, the authors stress the importance of social processes and human-environmental interactions as causal agents in the making of disasters. They critically examine what renders communities unsafe - a condition, they argue, that depends primarily on the relative position of advantage or disadvantage that a particular group occupies within a society's social order. The book also looks at vulnerability in terms of its relationship to development and its impact on policy and people's lives, through consideration of selected case studies drawn from Africa, Asia and Latin America. Mapping Vulnerability is essential reading for academics, students, policymakers and practitioners in disaster studies, geography, development studies, economics, environmental studies and sociology.