Arterial Stiffness and Pulsatile Hemodynamics in Health and Disease

Arterial Stiffness and Pulsatile Hemodynamics in Health and Disease
Author: Julio A. Chirinos
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 750
Release: 2021-09-15
ISBN 10: 9780128202937
ISBN 13: 0128202939
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Arterial Stiffness and Pulsatile Hemodynamics in Health and Disease Book Review:

Arterial Stiffness and Pulsatile Hemodynamics in Health and Disease cover the principles, physiology, biologic pathways, clinical implications and therapeutics surrounding the topic, providing a thorough overview of the field and presenting complex engineering concepts in a way that those in science and medicine can more easily understand. Additionally, advanced bioengineering concepts are presented in boxes for the reader who wants more in-depth biophysical knowledge. This is a must-have reference for students, researchers and clinicians interested in learning more about this field. It includes detailed illustrations, animations and slideshows to assist readers with learning objectives. Provides a comprehensive review of the clinical implications of arterial stiffness and pulsatile hemodynamics and its role in human disease Incorporates case studies and calculations/worked examples with mathematical principles explained in a conceptual manner without complicated formulas Features chapter contributions from leading international researchers and clinicians

Blood Pressure and Arterial Wall Mechanics in Cardiovascular Diseases

Blood Pressure and Arterial Wall Mechanics in Cardiovascular Diseases
Author: Michel E. Safar,Michael F. O'Rourke,Edward D. Frohlich
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 567
Release: 2014-07-30
ISBN 10: 1447151984
ISBN 13: 9781447151982
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Blood Pressure and Arterial Wall Mechanics in Cardiovascular Diseases Book Review:

In cardiovascular prevention, there is classically a small number of cardiovascular risk factors to treat, such as hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and smoking excess, which are widely detected and treated. Recently, it has been widely recognized that new mechanical factors should be detected and treated and involves specifically pulsatile arterial hemodynamic (PAH) parameters such as: arterial stiffness, pulse pressure, and, to a lesser extent, augmentation index and pulse pressure amplification. The pedagogic aspect of this new CV specialty involves 3 principal parts: a. –Basic concepts and pathophysiological mechanisms of PAHb. –Clinical aspects and end-organ damage in PAHc. – Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics of PAH This book represents the first that spans basic science and clinical management of this new CV subspecialty. Much has been learned regarding the management of these patients in recent years and this book presents extensive data on the techniques needed to maximize outcomes.​

Basic Sciences for MCEM

Basic Sciences for MCEM
Author: Chetan Trivedy,Matthew Hall,Harold Ellis
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2016-05-15
ISBN 10: 0340985011
ISBN 13: 9780340985014
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Basic Sciences for MCEM Book Review:

This book is a dedicated resource for those sitting the Part A of the MCEM (Membership of the College of Emergency Medicine) examination. It forms an essential revision guide for emergency trainees who need to acquire a broad understanding of the basic sciences, which underpin their approach to clinical problems in the emergency department. Common clinical scenarios are used to highlight the essential underlying basic science principles, providing a link between clinical management and a knowledge of the underlying anatomical, physiological, pathological and biochemical processes. Multiple choice questions with reasoned answers are used to confirm the candidates understanding and for self testing. Unlike other recent revision books which provide MCQ questions with extended answers, this book uses clinical cases linked to the most recent basic science aspects of the CEM syllabus to provide a book that not only serves as a useful revision resource for the Part A component of the MCEM examination, but also a unique way of understanding the processes underlying common clinical cases seen every day in the emergency department. This book is essential for trainees sitting the Part A of the MCEM exam and for clinicians and medical students who need to refresh their knowledge of basic sciences relevant to the management of clinical emergencies.

Arterial Stiffness in Hypertension

Arterial Stiffness in Hypertension
Author: Michel Safar, MD,Michael F. O'Rourke, MD, DSc
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2006-04-21
ISBN 10: 0444517588
ISBN 13: 9780444517586
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Arterial Stiffness in Hypertension Book Review:

Main headings: I. Basic concepts of pulsatile arterial hemodynamics. - II. Pathophysiological mechanisms. - III. Arterial stiffness, wave reflections, cardiovascular risk and end-organ damage. - IV. Clinical aspects of arterial stiffness and wave reflections. - V. Therapeutic aspects of arterial stiffness and wave reflections.

Primer on Cerebrovascular Diseases

Primer on Cerebrovascular Diseases
Author: Louis R. Caplan,José Biller,Megan C. Leary,Eng H. Lo,Ajith J Thomas,Midori Yenari,John H. Zhang
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 968
Release: 2017-02-10
ISBN 10: 0128030593
ISBN 13: 9780128030592
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Primer on Cerebrovascular Diseases Book Review:

Primer on Cerebrovascular Diseases, Second Edition, is a handy reference source for scientists, students, and physicians needing reliable, up-to-date information on basic mechanisms, physiology, pathophysiology, and medical issues related to brain vasculature. The book consists of short, specific chapters written by international experts on cerebral vasculature, presenting the information in a comprehensive and easily accessible manner. Numerous changes have occurred in the field since the publication of the first edition in 1997, particularly our understanding of the genetic aspects of cerebrovascular disease. This updated edition reflects the advances made over the last two decades, not only demonstrating the promise for therapy, but also for a molecular understanding of cerebrovascular diseases. The new edition includes new and expanded topics, including carotid stenting, Iatrogenic causes of stroke, axonal transport and injury, RNAIs, proteomics, and more. Provides concise chapters on topics in cerebral blood flow and metabolism, pathogenesis of cerebrovascular disorders, diagnostic testing, and management in a comprehensive and accessible format Written by international leading authorities on cerebral vasculature Provides up-to-date information on practical applications of basic research and the main clinical issues facing the community, such as axonal transport and proteomics

The Cambridge Handbook of Successful Aging

The Cambridge Handbook of Successful Aging
Author: Rocío Fernández-Ballesteros,Athanase Benetos,Jean-Marie Robine
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2019-01-24
ISBN 10: 1108641431
ISBN 13: 9781108641432
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cambridge Handbook of Successful Aging Book Review:

Recent studies show that more people than ever before are reaching old age in better health and enjoying that health for a longer time. This Handbook outlines the latest discoveries in the study of aging from bio-medicine, psychology, and socio-demography. It treats the study of aging as a multidisciplinary scientific subject, since it requires the interplay of broad disciplines, while offering high motivation, positive attitudes, and behaviors for aging well, and lifestyle changes that will help people to stay healthier across life span and in old age. Written by leading scholars from various academic disciplines, the chapters delve into the most topical aspects of aging today - including biological mechanisms of aging, aging with health, active and productive aging, aging with satisfaction, aging with respect, and aging with dignity. Aimed at health professionals as well as general readers, this Cambridge Handbook offers a new, positive approach to later life.

Pulse Waves

Pulse Waves
Author: Paolo Salvi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 217
Release: 2016-10-29
ISBN 10: 3319405012
ISBN 13: 9783319405018
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pulse Waves Book Review:

This new, revised and updated edition takes into account the most recent advances in the understanding of human pathophysiology. The book presents the complex basic principles of vascular hemodynamics and its pathophysiologie in a direct and effective way, stressing the importance of the mechanical properties of large arteries in the origin of blood pressure. The readily understandable text, supported by helpful images, describes the elements that define blood pressure and explains such important concepts as pulse wave velocity, central blood pressure, reflected waves, and pulse pressure amplification. Entirely new chapters are included on the sympathetic nervous system and arterial stiffness and on the role played by arterial stiffness in influencing blood pressure variability. The book will enable the physician to answer some of the key questions encountered when addressing the problem of arterial hypertension in everyday clinical practice: How is blood pressure generated? How should blood pressure values be interpreted? Is systolic blood pressure of greater importance than diastolic blood pressure?

Maternal Hemodynamics

Maternal Hemodynamics
Author: Christoph Lees,Wilfried Gyselaers
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2018-05-03
ISBN 10: 1107157374
ISBN 13: 9781107157378
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Maternal Hemodynamics Book Review:

Discover new concepts in cardiovascular and hemodynamic functionality in feto-maternal medicine, from leading experts in the field.

Snapshots of Hemodynamics

Snapshots of Hemodynamics
Author: Nico Westerhof,Nikos Stergiopulos,Mark I.M. Noble
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2004-10-29
ISBN 10: 9780387233451
ISBN 13: 0387233458
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Snapshots of Hemodynamics Book Review:

Hemodynamics makes it possible to characterize in a quantitative way, the function of the heart and arterial system, thereby producing information about what genetic and molecular processes are of importance for cardiovascular function. Snapshots of Hemodynamics: An Aid for Clinical Research and Graduate Education by Nico Westerhof, Nikos Stergiopulos and Mark I. M. Noble is a quick reference guide designed to help basic and clinical researchers as well as graduate students to understand hemodynamics. The layout of the book provides short and independent chapters that provide teaching diagrams as well as clear descriptions of the essentials of basic and applied principles of hemodynamics. References are provided at the end of each chapter for further reading and reference.

Effects of Exercise on Hypertension

Effects of Exercise on Hypertension
Author: Linda S. Pescatello
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2015-07-08
ISBN 10: 3319170767
ISBN 13: 9783319170763
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Effects of Exercise on Hypertension Book Review:

As the first primer on the effects of exercise on human hypertension, Effects of Exercise on Hypertension: From Cells to Physiological Systems provides the state-of-the-art effects of exercise on the many possible mechanisms underlying essential hypertension in humans. The book contains chapters by distinguished experts on the effects of exercise on physiological systems known to be involved in hypertension development and maintenance as well as less well known aspects of hypertension such as 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure profile and oxidative stress. An emerging area, the effects of resistance exercise training on blood pressure is also covered. A unique aspect of the book is that it covers the effects of exercise mimetics on vascular cell adaptations in order to begin to elucidate some of the cellular mechanisms that may underlie blood pressure reductions with exercise training. Lastly, the book will end with a chapter on the interactive effects of genes and exercise on blood pressure. Chapters are grouped by physiological system or mechanism. The text begins with two overview chapters; one on the general effects of aerobic exercise training and the second on the general effects of resistance exercise training on blood pressure. Each chapter begins with a bulleted list of key points. Effects of Exercise on Hypertension: From Cells to Physiological Systems will be of great value to professional individuals in cardiovascular medicine, the cardiovascular sciences, allied health care professionals, and medical and graduate students in the cardiovascular sciences and medicine.

Prehypertension and Cardiometabolic Syndrome

Prehypertension and Cardiometabolic Syndrome
Author: Reuven Zimlichman,Stevo Julius,Giuseppe Mancia
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 689
Release: 2018-12-06
ISBN 10: 331975310X
ISBN 13: 9783319753102
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prehypertension and Cardiometabolic Syndrome Book Review:

This book sheds new light on the management of patients with borderline cardiovascular risk factors in order to prevent their progression to end organ damage. The book stimulates discussion of this poorly understood condition and lays the groundwork for developing recommendations and guidelines. While the diagnostic and therapeutic approach to full-blown diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia and obesity is well defined, there is still a lack of clear understanding and guidelines as far as patients with borderline conditions – especially when multiple – are concerned. Moreover, end-organ damage depends on several factors, including genetic factors, making it difficult to predict its extent. As such, the gradual transition from a healthy subject to one with functional hemodynamic changes, and then one with structurally asymptomatic changes and lastly to overt disease needs further investigation. In order to address these knowledge gaps, the book covers a broad variety of topics, making it a valuable tool for identifying which asymptomatic subjects could profit from being appropriately screened and at what stage. Furthermore it offers insights into better treating these patients to prevent their progression to overt disease. The book appeals to cardiologists, primary care physicians and all those healthcare professional looking to optimize the management of these complex and often undiagnosed cases.

Nadas Pediatric Cardiology

Nadas  Pediatric Cardiology
Author: Alexander S. Nadas
Publsiher: W B Saunders Company
Total Pages: 934
Release: 2006
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015073923321
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nadas Pediatric Cardiology Book Review:

The second edition of the well respected Nadas' Pediatric Cardiology includes all tools for diagnosis and management of the pediatric patient with heart disease. Both acquired and congenital heart disease are covered in this practical and accessible textbook. Therapy and surgery of the pediatric cardiac patient are covered from basics through clinical applications. Provides quick access to understanding complex heart problems Includes updated information on high profile pediatric cardiology problems from a clinical perspective Includes an index of drugs used in pediatric heart conditionsm Features 7 new chapters including Sedation and Anesthesia; Cardiac Transplantation and Tissue Engineering; and Clinical Research.

Hypertension and the Brain as an End Organ Target

Hypertension and the Brain as an End Organ Target
Author: Hélène Girouard
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 221
Release: 2016-01-12
ISBN 10: 3319256165
ISBN 13: 9783319256160
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hypertension and the Brain as an End Organ Target Book Review:

The first comprehensive overview of the effects of hypertension on the brain. The book discusses not only the relationship between hypertension and stroke, but also the much less studied relationship between hypertension and cognitive decline and neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's. It seeks to answer two important questions. First, what are the conditions under which hypertension is associated with stroke, cognitive decline, and neurodegenerative disease? And second, what are the biological mechanisms by which hypertension alters brain homeostasis? By looking at the biological mechanisms of these relationships, this book provides insight to neuroscientists and neurologists regarding why anti-hypertension treatments make a big difference in the case of stroke, but have very little impact on cognitive decline and brain aging.

Fractal Analysis

Fractal Analysis
Author: Fernando Brambila
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2017-07-26
ISBN 10: 953513213X
ISBN 13: 9789535132134
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fractal Analysis Book Review:

Fractal analysis has entered a new era. The applications to different areas of knowledge have been surprising. Benoit Mandelbrot, creator of fractal geometry, would have been surprised by the use of fractal analysis presented in this book. Here we present the use of fractal geometry, in particular, fractal analysis in two sciences: health sciences and social sciences and humanities. Part 1 is Health Science. In it, we present the latest advances in cardiovascular signs, kidney images to determine cancer growth, EEG signals, magnetoencephalography signals, and photosensitive epilepsy. We show how it is possible to produce ultrasonic lenses or even sound focusing. In Part 2, we present the use of fractal analysis in social sciences and humanities. It includes anthropology, hierarchical scaling, human settlements, language, fractal dimension of different cultures, cultural traits, and Mesoamerican complexity. And in Part 3, we present a few useful tools for fractal analysis, such as graphs and correlation, self-affine and self-similar graphs, and correlation function. It is impossible to picture today's research without fractal geometry.

Cerebral oxygenation in health and disease

Cerebral oxygenation in health and disease
Author: Patrice Brassard,Phil Neil Ainslie,Niels H Secher
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2015-03-26
ISBN 10: 2889194531
ISBN 13: 9782889194537
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cerebral oxygenation in health and disease Book Review:

Scientists and clinicians interested in cerebrovascular physiology in humans now have numerous possibilities to monitor, invasively or non-invasively, the oxygenation status of cerebral tissue. Monitoring cerebral oxygenation has several utilities; to improve patient outcome, to better understand the mechanisms underlying orthostatic hypotension; to provide insight into functional neurovascular coupling; to evaluate the influence of vasopressors on cerebral oxygen levels in patients under anesthesia; and to study the limitations of exercise tolerance. This themed research topic, through theoretical and experimental papers, covers new and exciting issues related to the study of cerebral oxygenation in health and disease. This e-book includes manuscripts inclusive of original research, methodologies and reviews in the field of integrative physiology, cognitive testing, orthostatic stress, exercise physiology and anesthesia.

Viscoelastic and Viscoplastic Materials

Viscoelastic and Viscoplastic Materials
Author: Mohamed El-Amin
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2016-09-21
ISBN 10: 9535126024
ISBN 13: 9789535126027
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Viscoelastic and Viscoplastic Materials Book Review:

This book introduces numerous selected advanced topics in viscoelastic and viscoplastic materials. The book effectively blends theoretical, numerical, modeling and experimental aspects of viscoelastic and viscoplastic materials that are usually encountered in many research areas such as chemical, mechanical and petroleum engineering. The book consists of 14 chapters that can serve as an important reference for researchers and engineers working in the field of viscoelastic and viscoplastic materials.

Assessment of Preclinical Organ Damage in Hypertension

Assessment of Preclinical Organ Damage in Hypertension
Author: Enrico Agabiti Rosei,Giuseppe Mancia
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2015-05-15
ISBN 10: 3319156039
ISBN 13: 9783319156033
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Assessment of Preclinical Organ Damage in Hypertension Book Review:

This book presents up-to-date information on how to assess early preclinical alterations in the heart, the small and large arteries and the kidney using the most sensitive, specific and cost-effective techniques. A wide variety of techniques are discussed, with careful attention to the latest developments. For each organ, evidence is documented regarding the prevalence of organ damage in the general and the hypertensive population. Information is provided on the potential induction of regression of organ damage by treatment, the criteria for establishing significant changes and the clinical prognostic significance of regression. The manual will be invaluable for all practitioners responsible for the clinical management of hypertensive patients, given that the assessment of early preclinical cardiovascular and renal damage permits more accurate risk stratification at baseline and facilitates evaluation of cardiovascular protection when regression of structural changes is achieved during treatment.

Improving Assessments of Hemodynamics and Vascular Disease

Improving Assessments of Hemodynamics and Vascular Disease
Author: Magnus Ziegler
Publsiher: Linköping University Electronic Press
Total Pages: 64
Release: 2019-04-24
ISBN 10: 9176850986
ISBN 13: 9789176850985
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Improving Assessments of Hemodynamics and Vascular Disease Book Review:

Blood vessels are more than simple pipes, passively enabling blood to pass through them. Their form and function are dynamic, changing with both aging and disease. This process involves a feedback loop wherein changes to the shape of a blood vessel affect the hemodynamics, causing yet more structural adaptation. This feedback loop is driven in part by the hemodynamic forces generated by the blood flow, and the distribution and strength of these forces appear to play a role in the initiation, progression, severity, and the outcome of vascular diseases. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) offers a unique platform for investigating both the form and function of the vascular system. The form of the vascular system can be examined using MR-based angiography, to generate detailed geometric analyses, or through quantitative techniques for measuring the composition of the vessel wall and atherosclerotic plaques. To complement these analyses, 4D Flow MRI can be used to quantify the functional aspect of the vascular system, by generating a full time-resolved three-dimensional velocity field that represents the blood flow. This thesis aims to develop and evaluate new methods for assessing vascular disease using novel hemodynamic markers generated from 4D Flow MRI and quantitative MRI data towards the larger goal of a more comprehensive non-invasive examination oriented towards vascular disease. In Paper I, we developed and evaluated techniques to quantify flow stasis in abdominal aortic aneurysms to measure this under-explored aspect of aneurysmal hemodynamics. In Paper II, the distribution and intensity of turbulence in the aorta was quantified in both younger and older men to understand how aging changes this aspect of hemodynamics. A method to quantify the stresses generated by turbulence that act on the vessel wall was developed and evaluated using simulated flow data in Paper III, and in Paper V this method was utilized to examine the wall stresses of the carotid artery. The hemodynamics of vascular disease cannot be uncoupled from the anatomical changes the vessel wall undergoes, and therefore Paper IV developed and evaluated a semi-automatic method for quantifying several aspects of vessel wall composition. These developments, taken together, help generate more valuable information from imaging data, and can be pooled together with other methods to form a more comprehensive non-invasive examination for vascular disease.

Mind and Brain

Mind and Brain
Author: Vida Demarin
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-02-13
ISBN 10: 3030386066
ISBN 13: 9783030386061
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mind and Brain Book Review:

This book discusses the link between the brain and the mind. Adopting an evidence-based neuropsychiatry approach while also touching on philosophical aspects, it examines the association between diseases of the brain and mental health, offering comprehensive insights into the emerging new discipline of psychoneuroendocrinoimmunology and its translation to clinical practice. The book particularly focuses on brain plasticity and on explaining the ability of the brain to learn new pathways in everyday situations and at the same time improve creativity. Written by clinicians and leading experts in the field of brain physiology and pathology, this book is a valuable resource for medical professionals and postgraduate students.

Cardiovascular Hemodynamics

Cardiovascular Hemodynamics
Author: Saif Anwaruddin,Joseph M. Martin,John C. Stephens,Arman T. Askari
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2012-12-15
ISBN 10: 1607611953
ISBN 13: 9781607611950
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cardiovascular Hemodynamics Book Review:

A basic understanding of cardiovascular physiology is essential for optimal patient care. This practical book provides a concise tutorial of all the essential aspects of cardiovascular hemodynamics and the techniques used to assess cardiovascular performance. A high-yield reference, this book is replete with figures, tracings, tables, and clinical pearls that reinforce the basic tenets of hemodynamics. From identifying key findings of the patient history and physical exam to correlating hemodynamic tracings with acute clinical presentations, this book arms the reader with the tools necessary to handle any hemodynamic-related situation.