Arctic Ocean Sediments Processes Proxies and Paleoenvironment

Arctic Ocean Sediments  Processes  Proxies  and Paleoenvironment
Author: R. Stein
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2008-07-22
ISBN 10: 9780080558851
ISBN 13: 0080558852
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Arctic Ocean Sediments Processes Proxies and Paleoenvironment Book Review:

Although it is generally accepted that the Arctic Ocean is a very sensitive and important region for changes in the global climate, this region is the last major physiographic province of the earth whose short-and long-term geological history is much less known in comparison to other ocean regions. This lack of knowledge is mainly caused by the major technological/logistic problems in reaching this harsh, ice-covered region with normal research vessels and in retrieving long and undisturbed sediment cores. During the the last about 20 years, however, several international and multidisciplinary ship expeditions, including the first scientific drilling on Lomonosov Ridge in 2004, a break-through in Arctic research, were carried out into the central Artic and its surrounding shelf seas. Results from these expeditions have greatly advanced our knowledge on Arctic Ocean paleoenvironments. Published syntheses about the knowledge on Arctic Ocean geology, on the other hand, are based on data available prior to 1990. A comprehensive compilation of data on Arctic Ocean paleoenvironment and its short-and long-term variability based on the huge amount of new data including the ACEX drilling data, has not been available yet. With this book, presenting (1) detailed information on glacio-marine sedimentary processes and geological proxies used for paleoenvironmental reconstructions, and (2) detailed geological data on modern environments, Quaternary variability on different time scales as well as the long-term climate history during Mesozoic-Tertiary times, this gap in knowledge will be filled. *Aimed at specialists and graduates *Presents background research, recent developments, and future trends *Written by a leading scholar and industry expert

Arctic Ocean Sediments Processes Proxies and Paleoenvironment

Arctic Ocean Sediments  Processes  Proxies  and Paleoenvironment
Author: R. Stein
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 608
Release: 2008-07-22
ISBN 10: 9780080558851
ISBN 13: 0080558852
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Arctic Ocean Sediments Processes Proxies and Paleoenvironment Book Review:

Although it is generally accepted that the Arctic Ocean is a very sensitive and important region for changes in the global climate, this region is the last major physiographic province of the earth whose short-and long-term geological history is much less known in comparison to other ocean regions. This lack of knowledge is mainly caused by the major technological/logistic problems in reaching this harsh, ice-covered region with normal research vessels and in retrieving long and undisturbed sediment cores. During the the last about 20 years, however, several international and multidisciplinary ship expeditions, including the first scientific drilling on Lomonosov Ridge in 2004, a break-through in Arctic research, were carried out into the central Artic and its surrounding shelf seas. Results from these expeditions have greatly advanced our knowledge on Arctic Ocean paleoenvironments. Published syntheses about the knowledge on Arctic Ocean geology, on the other hand, are based on data available prior to 1990. A comprehensive compilation of data on Arctic Ocean paleoenvironment and its short-and long-term variability based on the huge amount of new data including the ACEX drilling data, has not been available yet. With this book, presenting (1) detailed information on glacio-marine sedimentary processes and geological proxies used for paleoenvironmental reconstructions, and (2) detailed geological data on modern environments, Quaternary variability on different time scales as well as the long-term climate history during Mesozoic-Tertiary times, this gap in knowledge will be filled. *Aimed at specialists and graduates *Presents background research, recent developments, and future trends *Written by a leading scholar and industry expert

Stratigraphy and Glacial marine Sediments of the Amerasian Basin Central Arctic Ocean

Stratigraphy and Glacial marine Sediments of the Amerasian Basin  Central Arctic Ocean
Author: David L. Clark, Rick R. Whitman, Kirk A. Morgan, Scudder D. Mackey
Publsiher: Geological Society of America
Total Pages: 57
Release: 1980-01-01
ISBN 10: 0813721814
ISBN 13: 9780813721811
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stratigraphy and Glacial marine Sediments of the Amerasian Basin Central Arctic Ocean Book Review:

The Arctic Seas

The Arctic Seas
Author: Yvonne Herman
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 888
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461306779
ISBN 13: 9781461306771
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Arctic Seas Book Review:

The Arctic region has long held a fascination for explorers and scientists of many countries. Despite the numerous voyages of exploration, the na ture of the central Arctic was unknown only 90 years ago; it was believed to be a shallow sea dotted with islands. During Nansen's historic voyage on the polarship Fram, which commenced in 1893, the great depth of the central basin was discovered. In the Soviet Union, investigation of the Arctic Ocean became national policy after 1917. Today research at several scientific institutions there is devoted primarily to the study of the North Polar Ocean and seas. The systematic exploration of the Arctic by the United States com menced in 1951. Research has been conducted year-round from drifting ice islands, which are tabular fragments of glacier ice that break away from ice shelves. Most frequently, ice islands originate off the northern coast of Ellesmere Island. These research platforms are occupied as weather sta tions, as well as for oceanographic and geophysical studies. Several inter national projects, conducted by Canadian, European, and U. S. groups, have been underway during the last three decades. Although much new data have accumulated since the publication of the Marine Geology and Oceanography of the Arctic Seas volume in 1974 (Yvonne Herman, ed. ), in various fields of polar research-including present-day ice cover, hydrogra phy, fauna, flora, and geology-many questions remain to be answered.

The Organic Carbon Cycle in the Arctic Ocean

The Organic Carbon Cycle in the Arctic Ocean
Author: Rüdiger Stein,Robie W. Macdonald
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 363
Release: 2011-06-27
ISBN 10: 3642189121
ISBN 13: 9783642189128
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Organic Carbon Cycle in the Arctic Ocean Book Review:

To understand the global oceanic carbon budget and related climate change, exact measurements of organic carbon flux in all oceans environments, especially the continental margins, are crucial. In fact, data have been available for some time on organic carbon sources, pathways, and burial for most of the world’s oceans, with the notable exception of the Arctic. With this book, the editors remedy this gap in knowledge, presenting an overview of organic-carbon sources, pathways, and burial of the circum-Arctic continental margin and deep-sea areas. Data from each Arctic shelf and basin are collated, presented in common and parallel formats, and related to the global carbon cycle. The book is suitable for lecturers, graduate students as well as scientists interested in the organic-carbon-cycle and Arctic Ocean (paleo-)environment.

Glacial Marine Sedimentation

Glacial Marine Sedimentation
Author: Bruce F. Molnia
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 844
Release: 2011-11-03
ISBN 10: 9781461337959
ISBN 13: 146133795X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Glacial Marine Sedimentation Book Review:

This volume of 18 papers describes the glacial-marine sedimentary environment in a variety of temporal and spatial settings. The volume's primary emphasis is the characteri zation of Quaternary glacial-marine sedimentation to show (1) the significant differences that exist between glacial marine environments in different geographic settings and (2) their resulting glacial-marine deposits and facies. Addi tionally, papers describing ancient glacial-marine environ ments are also presented to illustrate lithified analogs of the Quaternary deposits. With the Doctrine of Uniformitarianism in mind (the present is the key to the past), it is hoped that this volume will serve to expand the horizons of geologists working on the rock record, especially those whose primary criteria for recognition of ancient glacial-marine environments is the presence of dropstones in a finer-grained matrix. As the papers presented here show, diamictite is only one of many types of deposits that form in the glacial-marine sedimentary environment. Papers presented in this volume examine the Quaternary glacia1-marine sedimentary picture in subarctic Alaska, Antarctica, the Arctic Ocean, the Kane Basin, Baffin Island, the Puget-Fraser Lowland of Washington and British Columbia, and the North Atlantic Ocean. Ancient glacia1-marine depos its described are the Neogene Yakataga Formation of southern Alaska, the Late Paleozoic Dwyka Formation of the Karoo Basin of South Africa, and the Precambrian Mineral Fork Formation of Utah. For continuity, a paper summar1z1ng the temporal and spatial occurrences of glacial-marine deposits is also presented.

Sedimentation History in the Arctic Ocean and Subarctic Seas for the Last 130 kyr

Sedimentation History in the Arctic Ocean and Subarctic Seas for the Last 130 kyr
Author: M. A. Levitan,Yu A. Lavrushin
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 387
Release: 2009-07-14
ISBN 10: 3642002889
ISBN 13: 9783642002885
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sedimentation History in the Arctic Ocean and Subarctic Seas for the Last 130 kyr Book Review:

The book reflects the results of the study of sedimentation history, paleoclimatology, and paleoceanography of the Arctic and Subarctic during the last 130 ka. The main objects under consideration are marine basins of the West Subarctic (Iceland, Norwegian, and Greenland Seas), the Arctic Ocean (Barents, Pechora, Kara, Laptev, East Siberian, Chukchi Seas and deep-sea Arctic Ocean proper), East Subarctic (Bering and Okhotsk Seas). The modern environment and geological history of water- (ice-) sheds and marine basins have been studied for each region, using different sedimentological and geochemical proxies. Mainly results of the authors' own studies are represented, with special emphasis on glacial/interglacial variability and land-ocean interaction. The book is aimed at sedimentologists, quaternary and marine geologists, paleoclimatologists and paleoceanographers, as well as being of great interest to students in the related fields.

Marine Geology and Oceanography of the Arctic Seas

Marine Geology and Oceanography of the Arctic Seas
Author: Y. Herman
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642874118
ISBN 13: 9783642874116
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Marine Geology and Oceanography of the Arctic Seas Book Review:

Lorsqu'il n'est pas en notre pouvoir de discerner les plus vraies opinions, nous devons suivre les plus pro babies.-Rene Descartes When, in the early 1960's I undertook to covered, due to limitations imposed by a single study Arctic Ocean deep-sea cores, I did not volume. anticipate that 10 years later the climatic history Although not comprehensive, it is hoped that of the north polar basin would be still a matter of this book will provide an insight into the current debate. Although much new data have accumu status of Arctic research and will also serve as a lated in various fields of Arct.

The Organic Carbon Cycle in the Arctic Ocean

The Organic Carbon Cycle in the Arctic Ocean
Author: Rüdiger Stein,Robie W. Macdonald
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 363
Release: 2011-06-27
ISBN 10: 3642189121
ISBN 13: 9783642189128
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Organic Carbon Cycle in the Arctic Ocean Book Review:

To understand the global oceanic carbon budget and related climate change, exact measurements of organic carbon flux in all oceans environments, especially the continental margins, are crucial. In fact, data have been available for some time on organic carbon sources, pathways, and burial for most of the world’s oceans, with the notable exception of the Arctic. With this book, the editors remedy this gap in knowledge, presenting an overview of organic-carbon sources, pathways, and burial of the circum-Arctic continental margin and deep-sea areas. Data from each Arctic shelf and basin are collated, presented in common and parallel formats, and related to the global carbon cycle. The book is suitable for lecturers, graduate students as well as scientists interested in the organic-carbon-cycle and Arctic Ocean (paleo-)environment.

The Interconnected Arctic UArctic Congress 2016

The Interconnected Arctic     UArctic Congress 2016
Author: Kirsi Latola,Hannele Savela
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 311
Release: 2017-06-15
ISBN 10: 3319575325
ISBN 13: 9783319575322
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Interconnected Arctic UArctic Congress 2016 Book Review:

This open access book presents the most current research results and knowledge from five multidisciplinary themes: Vulnerability of Arctic Environments, Vulnerability of Arctic Societies, Local and Traditional Knowledge, Building Long-term Human Capacity, New Markets for the Arctic, including tourism and safety. The themes are those discussed at the first ever UArctic Congress Science Section, St. Petersburg, Russia, September 2016. The book looks at the Arctic from a holistic perspective; how the environment (both marine and terrestrial) and communities can adapt and manage the changes due to climate change. The chapters provide examples of the state-of-the-art research, bringing together both scientific and local knowledge to form a comprehensive and cohesive volume. Except where otherwise noted, this book is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Natural Gas Hydrate Arctic Ocean Deepwater Resource Potential

Natural Gas Hydrate   Arctic Ocean Deepwater Resource Potential
Author: Michael D. Max,Arthur H. Johnson,William P. Dillon
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 113
Release: 2013-10-11
ISBN 10: 3319025082
ISBN 13: 9783319025087
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Gas Hydrate Arctic Ocean Deepwater Resource Potential Book Review:

The book is an up-to-date basic reference for natural gas hydrate (NGH) in the Arctic Ocean. Geographical, geological, environmental, energy, new technology, and regulatory matters are discussed. The book should be of interest to general readers and scientists and students as well as industry and government agencies concerned with energy and ocean management. NGH is a solid crystalline material that compresses gas by about a factor of about 164 during crystallization from natural gas (mainly methane) - rich pore waters over time. NGH displaces water and may form large concentrations in sediment pore space. Its formation introduces changes in the geotechnical character of host sediment that allows it to be distinguished by seismic and electric exploration methods. The chemical reaction that forms NGH from gas and water molecules is highly reversible, which allows controlled conversion of the NGH to its constituent gas and water. This can be achieved rapidly by one of a number of processes including heating, depressurization, inhibitor injection, dissolution, and molecular replacement. The produced gas has the potential to make NGH a valuable unconventional natural gas resource, and perhaps the largest on earth. Estimates for NGH distribution, concentration, economic targets, and volumes in the Arctic Ocean have been carried out by restricting the economic target to deepwater turbidite sands, which are also sediment hosts for more deeply buried conventional hydrocarbon deposits. Resource base estimates are based on NGH petroleum system analysis approach using industry-standard parameters along with analogs from three relatively well known examples (Nankai-Japan, Gulf of Mexico-United States, and Arctic permafrost hydrate). Drilling data has substantiated new geotechnical-level seismic analysis techniques for estimating not just the presence of NGH but prospect volumes. In addition to a volumetric estimate for NGH having economic potential, a sedimentary depositional model is proposed to aid exploration in the five different regions around the deep central Arctic Ocean basin. Related topics are also discussed. Transport and logistics for NGH may also be applicable for stranded conventional gas and oil deposits. Arising from a discussion of new technology and methodologies that could be applied to developing NGH, suggestions are made for the lowering of exploration and capital expenses that could make NGH competitive on a produced cost basis. The basis for the extraordinarily low environmental risk for exploration and production of NGH is discussed, especially with respect to the environmentally fragile Arctic region. It is suggested that because of the low environmental risk, special regulations could be written that would provide a framework for very low cost and safe development.

Physical Stratigraphy of Pleistocene Sediments from the Central Arctic Ocean

Physical Stratigraphy of Pleistocene Sediments from the Central Arctic Ocean
Author: Scudder Draper Mackey
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 214
Release: 1977
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: WISC:89092456953
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physical Stratigraphy of Pleistocene Sediments from the Central Arctic Ocean Book Review:

Land Ocean Systems in the Siberian Arctic

Land Ocean Systems in the Siberian Arctic
Author: Heidemarie Kassens,Henning A. Bauch,Igor A. Dmitrenko,Hajo Eicken,Hans-Wolfgang Hubberten,Martin Melles,Jörn Thiede,Leonid A. Timokhov
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 711
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642601340
ISBN 13: 9783642601347
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Land Ocean Systems in the Siberian Arctic Book Review:

The Arctic and its surrounding marginal seas are considered some of the most sensitive elements of the global environment, which may respond rapidly to climate change. However, due to various reasons, our knowledge of the processes which drive the Arctic system today and in the past is still relatively sparse. Based on a multidisciplinary approach, German and Russian scientists describe in this book the natural paleorecords and modern data which were collected over the past 6 years. These marine and terrestrial datasets provide important new insights into the causes, impacts, and feedback mechanisms of this extreme Arctic environment.

Carbonate Cycles and Clay Mineralogy of Arctic Ocean Sediment Cores

Carbonate Cycles and Clay Mineralogy of Arctic Ocean Sediment Cores
Author: Dennis Arnold Darby
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 234
Release: 1971
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: WISC:89011025038
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Carbonate Cycles and Clay Mineralogy of Arctic Ocean Sediment Cores Book Review:

Quaternary Stratigraphy and Paleoceanography of the Canada Basin Western Arctic Ocean

Quaternary Stratigraphy and Paleoceanography of the Canada Basin  Western Arctic Ocean
Author: Richard Z. Poore,Scott E. Ishman,R. L. Phillips,D. H. McNeil
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 32
Release: 1994
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015095145002
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quaternary Stratigraphy and Paleoceanography of the Canada Basin Western Arctic Ocean Book Review:

Climate and paleoceanography of the western Arctic Ocean for the last 1 million years interpreted from our four marine sediment cores.

Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences

Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 4306
Release: 2019-04-12
ISBN 10: 0128130822
ISBN 13: 9780128130827
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences Book Review:

The oceans cover 70% of the Earth’s surface, and are critical components of Earth’s climate system. This new edition of Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences summarizes the breadth of knowledge about them, providing revised, up to date entries as well coverage of new topics in the field. New and expanded sections include microbial ecology, high latitude systems and the cryosphere, climate and climate change, hydrothermal and cold seep systems. The structure of the work provides a modern presentation of the field, reflecting the input and different perspective of chemical, physical and biological oceanography, the specialized area of expertise of each of the three Editors-in-Chief. In this framework maximum attention has been devoted to making this an organic and unified reference. Represents a one-stop. organic information resource on the breadth of ocean science research Reflects the input and different perspective of chemical, physical and biological oceanography, the specialized area of expertise of each of the three Editors-in-Chief New and expanded sections include microbial ecology, high latitude systems and climate change Provides scientifically reliable information at a foundational level, making this work a resource for students as well as active researches

Distribution of Benthic Foraminifers 125 Um in the Surface Sediments of the Arctic Ocean

Distribution of Benthic Foraminifers   125 Um  in the Surface Sediments of the Arctic Ocean
Author: Lisa E. Osterman,Richard Z. Poore,Kevin M. Foley,Geological Survey (U.S.)
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 28
Release: 1999
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015095144922
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Distribution of Benthic Foraminifers 125 Um in the Surface Sediments of the Arctic Ocean Book Review:

Sediment Records of Biomass Burning and Global Change

Sediment Records of Biomass Burning and Global Change
Author: James S. Clark,Helene Cachier,Johann Georg Goldammer,Brian J. Stocks
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 492
Release: 1997-02-20
ISBN 10: 9783540624349
ISBN 13: 3540624341
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sediment Records of Biomass Burning and Global Change Book Review:

Biomass burning profoundly affects atmospheric chemistry, the carbon cycle, and climate and may have done so for millions of years. Bringing together renowned experts from paleoecology, fire ecology, atmospheric chemistry, and organic chemistry, the volume elucidates the role of fire during global changes of the past and future. Topics covered include: the characterization of combustion products that occur in sediments, including char, soot/fly ash, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; the calibration of these constituents against atmospheric measurements from wildland and prescribed fire emissions; spatial and temporal patterns in combustion emissions at scales of individual burns to the globe.

Sea Ice and Iceberg Sedimentation in the Ocean

Sea Ice and Iceberg Sedimentation in the Ocean
Author: Alexander P. Lisitzin
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 563
Release: 2002-10-02
ISBN 10: 9783540679653
ISBN 13: 3540679650
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sea Ice and Iceberg Sedimentation in the Ocean Book Review:

This reference book for researchers working on glacial sediments provides a complete overview of the various glacial deposits in the ocean. It presents a collection of worldwide data on glacio-marine phenomena.

The Arctic Seas

The Arctic Seas
Author: Yvonne Herman
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 888
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461306779
ISBN 13: 9781461306771
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Arctic Seas Book Review:

The Arctic region has long held a fascination for explorers and scientists of many countries. Despite the numerous voyages of exploration, the na ture of the central Arctic was unknown only 90 years ago; it was believed to be a shallow sea dotted with islands. During Nansen's historic voyage on the polarship Fram, which commenced in 1893, the great depth of the central basin was discovered. In the Soviet Union, investigation of the Arctic Ocean became national policy after 1917. Today research at several scientific institutions there is devoted primarily to the study of the North Polar Ocean and seas. The systematic exploration of the Arctic by the United States com menced in 1951. Research has been conducted year-round from drifting ice islands, which are tabular fragments of glacier ice that break away from ice shelves. Most frequently, ice islands originate off the northern coast of Ellesmere Island. These research platforms are occupied as weather sta tions, as well as for oceanographic and geophysical studies. Several inter national projects, conducted by Canadian, European, and U. S. groups, have been underway during the last three decades. Although much new data have accumulated since the publication of the Marine Geology and Oceanography of the Arctic Seas volume in 1974 (Yvonne Herman, ed. ), in various fields of polar research-including present-day ice cover, hydrogra phy, fauna, flora, and geology-many questions remain to be answered.