Applications of Nuclear and Radioisotope Technology

Applications of Nuclear and Radioisotope Technology
Author: Khalid Al Nabhani
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 519
Release: 2021-09-17
ISBN 10: 0128232269
ISBN 13: 9780128232262
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applications of Nuclear and Radioisotope Technology Book Review:

Applications of Nuclear and Radioisotope Technology: For Peace and Sustainable Development presents the latest technology and research on nuclear energy with a practical focus on a variety of applications. Author Dr. Khalid Al-Nabhani provides a thorough and well-rounded view of the status of nuclear power generation in order to promote its benefits towards a sustainable, clean and secure future. This book offers innovative theoretical, analytical, methodological and technological approaches, encourages a positive societal and political uptake. This book enhances awareness of peaceful nuclear applications across a broad spectrum of industries, including power generation, agriculture, and medicine. It presents successful examples and lessons learned across many countries that are working towards their sustainability goals in cooperation with the IAEA and AAEA, to benefit researchers, professionals and decision-makers implementing and developing their own nuclear strategies for the future. Presents theoretical and scientific knowledge which is supported with real examples and successful experiences Provides prevailing perceptions of nuclear safety and security concerns by presenting the most advanced safety and security systems Applies technologies to a variety of applications to guide the reader to make informed decisions to help meet sustainability goals

The Potential Applications of Radioisotope Technology to Water Resource Investigations and Utilization

The Potential Applications of Radioisotope Technology to Water Resource Investigations and Utilization
Author: Herbert W. Feely,Alan Walton,Charles R. Barnett,Fernando Bazan
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 340
Release: 1961
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015095025949
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Potential Applications of Radioisotope Technology to Water Resource Investigations and Utilization Book Review:

Principles and Applications in Nuclear Engineering

Principles and Applications in Nuclear Engineering
Author: Rehab Abdel Rahman,Hosam El-Din M. Saleh
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 172
Release: 2018-09-19
ISBN 10: 1789236169
ISBN 13: 9781789236163
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles and Applications in Nuclear Engineering Book Review:

Nuclear engineering could be viewed as the engineering field that ensures optimum and sustainable technological applications of natural and induced radioactive materials in different industrial sectors. This book presents some advanced applications in radiation effects, thermal hydraulics, and radionuclide migration in the environment. These scientific contributions from esteemed experts introduce some nuclear safety principals, current knowledge about radiation types, sources and applications, thermal properties of heat transfer media, and the role of sorption in retarding radionuclide migration in the environment. This book also covers the advances in identifying radiation effects in dense gas-metal systems, application of dense granular materials as high power targets in accelerator driven systems and irradiation facilities, evaluation of boiling heat transfer in narrow channels, and application of fluorescence quenching techniques to monitor uranium migration.

Radioisotope and Nuclear Technologies for Space Exploration

Radioisotope and Nuclear Technologies for Space Exploration
Author: Robert Charles O'Brien
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:757132666
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioisotope and Nuclear Technologies for Space Exploration Book Review:

Radioisotope heat sources and power systems, traditionally fuelled by 238Pu, have been developed and used for spacecraft thermal management and to provide electrical power during many deep space and planetary science missions. The use of fission reactors in space, however, has been limited to high power applications in Earth orbit. Previous ground based research programs conducted by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission demonstrated the principal of nuclear thermal rocket propulsion but to date, flight heritage of nuclear propulsion has been limited to nuclear-electric propulsion. The development of space nuclear systems and tributary components that are capable of meeting the rigors of space flight is of paramount importance. Performance, lifetime and operational safety under all foreseeable conditions are essential considerations that must be made. The selection of appropriate materials and environmental compatibility is vital to the success of any given design. The ability for radioisotope heat sources to survive the extreme temperatures and mechanical loads associated with launch related accidents, is both legally mandated and necessary for the protection of life and the Earth?s environment. Nuclear fuels for fission systems must provide equal protection during accidents while the integral design ensures that a reactor remains in a safe configuration. A historical overview of nuclear systems for space is presented. Traditional and modern system designs and fabrication techniques are discussed. Applicable solid state and mechanical power conversion methods are described and their performances are evaluated. Consideration is made for the effect of radioisotope selection and heat source encapsulation architecture upon radiation safety. The identification of 241Am as an alternative isotope fuel is made. Other candidate isotopes such as 210Po, 242Cm and 244Cm are assessed. The development of encapsulation methods that are resistant to the extraction and dispersion of the radioactive materials enclosed is increasingly attractive for security reasons. Spark Plasma Sintering(SPS) processes are presented as novel, simple and rapid techniques for the encapsulation of radioisotopic materials within tungsten ceramic-metallic or cermet matrices. Computational modelling via Monte-Carlo simulation has shown that the encapsulation of radioisotopes within heterogeneous tungsten cermet matrices may reduce the neutron, X-ray and Gamma-ray radiation dose delivered to the localised environment. The prevention of fabrication related volatilisation of radioisotopic compounds is fundamental to the success of the encapsulation process. SPS is empirically demonstrated via the use of CeO2 as an inert simulant for radioisotopic compounds such as PuO2, AmO2 and UO2. The chemical compatibility of americium oxides within a tungsten matrix is also demonstrated through pressureless sintering within a Differential Scanning Calorimetric furnace. The techniques developed for radioisotope encapsulation are also demonstrated in context of cermet fuel fabrication for high temperature space power and propulsion reactor systems. The use of tungsten cermet fuels may eliminate material incompatibilities and failures experienced by historical nuclear thermal propulsion programs. Finally, three novel concept applications of nuclear energy as an enabling technology for planetary exploration are presented. Melt penetration of icy surfaces and long range mobility on planetary surfaces is proposed via the use of pulsed high power heat capacitive radioisotope sources. In-situ resource utilization is considered for propellant production. The use of CO2 is proposed as a propellant for a radioisotope thermal rocket in the context of a?Mars Hopper?. A CO2 propellant is also considered in the context of a high temperature (3000?C) nuclear thermal propulsion system for a single stage surface ascent vehicle under a Mars sample return mission.

The Study of the Potential Applications of Radioisotope Technology to Water Resource Investigations and Utilization

The Study of the Potential Applications of Radioisotope Technology to Water Resource Investigations and Utilization
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCR:31210025032804
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Study of the Potential Applications of Radioisotope Technology to Water Resource Investigations and Utilization Book Review:

Ionising Radiation and Mankind

Ionising Radiation and Mankind
Author: D.V. Gopinath,N. Ramamoorthy
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 349
Release: 2020-08-19
ISBN 10: 1527558320
ISBN 13: 9781527558328
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ionising Radiation and Mankind Book Review:

This book provides a comprehensive account of the developments and current status in several fields of the application of radioactivity and ionising radiation. It covers such topics as radiation-based techniques, radiation’s applications in medicine, food and agriculture, its impact on industry, and its associated materials. The book will be of interest to a wide variety of readers including professionals in radiation medicine, industrial processes, food preservation, and agriculture.

A Handbook of Nuclear Applications in Humans Lives

A Handbook of Nuclear Applications in Humans    Lives
Author: Farshid Tabbakh
Publsiher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2019-12-10
ISBN 10: 1527544516
ISBN 13: 9781527544512
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Handbook of Nuclear Applications in Humans Lives Book Review:

Without using nuclear technology, today’s societies would not be as developed as they are. Increasing public knowledge about the countless advantages of this technology not only improves people’s health, but also it significantly provides economic growth for the whole society. This handbook provides a full, comprehensive introduction to the applications of nuclear technology. It details the usage of nuclear technology in every aspect of life, including in various different industries, medicine and health, art and cultural heritage, and security and forensics.

Nuclear Physics

Nuclear Physics
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Committee on the Assessment of and Outlook for Nuclear Physics
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2013-02-25
ISBN 10: 0309260434
ISBN 13: 9780309260435
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Physics Book Review:

The principal goals of the study were to articulate the scientific rationale and objectives of the field and then to take a long-term strategic view of U.S. nuclear science in the global context for setting future directions for the field. Nuclear Physics: Exploring the Heart of Matter provides a long-term assessment of an outlook for nuclear physics. The first phase of the report articulates the scientific rationale and objectives of the field, while the second phase provides a global context for the field and its long-term priorities and proposes a framework for progress through 2020 and beyond. In the second phase of the study, also developing a framework for progress through 2020 and beyond, the committee carefully considered the balance between universities and government facilities in terms of research and workforce development and the role of international collaborations in leveraging future investments. Nuclear physics today is a diverse field, encompassing research that spans dimensions from a tiny fraction of the volume of the individual particles (neutrons and protons) in the atomic nucleus to the enormous scales of astrophysical objects in the cosmos. Nuclear Physics: Exploring the Heart of Matter explains the research objectives, which include the desire not only to better understand the nature of matter interacting at the nuclear level, but also to describe the state of the universe that existed at the big bang. This report explains how the universe can now be studied in the most advanced colliding-beam accelerators, where strong forces are the dominant interactions, as well as the nature of neutrinos.

Advancing Nuclear Medicine Through Innovation

Advancing Nuclear Medicine Through Innovation
Author: National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board,Committee on State of the Science of Nuclear Medicine
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 173
Release: 2007-09-11
ISBN 10: 9780309134156
ISBN 13: 0309134153
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advancing Nuclear Medicine Through Innovation Book Review:

Nearly 20 million nuclear medicine procedures are carried out each year in the United States alone to diagnose and treat cancers, cardiovascular disease, and certain neurological disorders. Many of the advancements in nuclear medicine have been the result of research investments made during the past 50 years where these procedures are now a routine part of clinical care. Although nuclear medicine plays an important role in biomedical research and disease management, its promise is only beginning to be realized. Advancing Nuclear Medicine Through Innovation highlights the exciting emerging opportunities in nuclear medicine, which include assessing the efficacy of new drugs in development, individualizing treatment to the patient, and understanding the biology of human diseases. Health care and pharmaceutical professionals will be most interested in this book's examination of the challenges the field faces and its recommendations for ways to reduce these impediments.

Nuclear Technology in Developing Countries Radioisotopes and radiation program for Arab countries

Nuclear Technology in Developing Countries  Radioisotopes and radiation program for Arab countries
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1980
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105071550177
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Technology in Developing Countries Radioisotopes and radiation program for Arab countries Book Review:

Contributions and Future of Radioisotopes in Medical Industrial and Space Applications

Contributions and Future of Radioisotopes in Medical  Industrial and Space Applications
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 9
Release: 1990
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:727308121
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Contributions and Future of Radioisotopes in Medical Industrial and Space Applications Book Review:

There are 333 isotopes that have a half-life between 1 day and 100,000 years that have a wide variety of applications including public health, medicine, industrial technology, food technology and packaging, agriculture, energy supply, and national security. This paper provides an overview of some of the most extensive applications of radioisotopes including some observations of future uses. Examples are discussed that indicate that the use of radioisotopes is almost unlimited and will continue to grow. There is a growing need for future applications development and production. 12 refs., 1 tab. (BM).

Application of Nuclear Technology to Art Identification Problems

Application of Nuclear Technology to Art Identification Problems
Author: Bernard Keisch,Holly H. Miller
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 89
Release: 1972
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015095159144
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Application of Nuclear Technology to Art Identification Problems Book Review:

Radioactive Sources

Radioactive Sources
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,National Academies Of Sciences Engineeri,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board,Committee on Radioactive Sources: Applications and Alternative Technologies
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2022-03-14
ISBN 10: 9780309447911
ISBN 13: 0309447917
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactive Sources Book Review:

Radioactive Sources: Applications and Alternative Technologies assesses the status of medical, research, sterilization, and other commercial applications of radioactive sources and alternative (nonradioisotopic) technologies in the United States and internationally. Focusing on Category 1, 2, and 3 sources, this report reviews the current state of these sources by application and reviews the current state of existing technologies on the market or under development that are or could be used to replace radioisotopic technologies in those applications. Radioactive Sources will support existing and future activities under the National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Radiological Security program to reduce the use of high-risk radiological materials in commercial applications.

A Study of Factors Affecting the Development and Utilization of AEC Sponsored Radioisotope Applications Technology

A Study of Factors Affecting the Development and Utilization of AEC Sponsored Radioisotope Applications Technology
Author: North Carolina State University. Department of Nuclear Engineering
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 122
Release: 1971
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:692306527
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Study of Factors Affecting the Development and Utilization of AEC Sponsored Radioisotope Applications Technology Book Review:

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization
Author: Salah Ud-Din Khan,Alexander V. Nakhabov
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2020-06-16
ISBN 10: 0128189436
ISBN 13: 9780128189436
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization Book Review:

Nuclear Reactor Technology Development and Utilization presents the theory and principles of the most common advanced nuclear reactor systems and provides a context for the value and utilization of nuclear power in a variety of applications both inside and outside a traditional nuclear setting. As countries across the globe realize their plans for a sustainable energy future, the need for innovative nuclear reactor design is increasing, and this book will provide a deep understanding of how these technologies can aid in a region’s goal for clean and reliable energy. Dr Khan and Dr Nakhabov, alongside their team of expert contributors, discuss a variety of important topics, including nuclear fuel cycles, plant decommissioning and hybrid energy systems, while considering a variety of diverse uses such as nuclear desalination, hydrogen generation and radioisotope production. Knowledge acquired enables the reader to conduct further research in academia and industry, and apply the latest design, development, integration, safety and economic guidance to their work and research. Combines reactor fundamentals with a contemporary look at evolving trends in the design of advanced reactors and their application to both nuclear and non-nuclear uses Analyses the latest research and uses of hybrid systems which bring together nuclear technology with renewable energy technologies Presents applications, economic factors and an analysis of sustainability factors in one comprehensive resource

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1973
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015023544722
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Science Abstracts Book Review:

Atomic Nanoscale Technology in the Nuclear Industry

Atomic Nanoscale Technology in the Nuclear Industry
Author: Taeho Woo
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2018-09-03
ISBN 10: 1439881596
ISBN 13: 9781439881590
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atomic Nanoscale Technology in the Nuclear Industry Book Review:

Developments at the nanoscale are leading to new possibilities and challenges for nuclear applications in areas ranging from medicine to international commerce to atomic power production/waste treatment. Progress in nanotech is helping the nuclear industry slash the cost of energy production. It also continues to improve application reliability and safety measures, which remain a critical concern, especially since the reactor disasters in Japan. Exploring the new wide-ranging landscape of nuclear function, Atomic Nanoscale Technology in the Nuclear Industry details the breakthroughs in nanoscale applications and methodologies that are revolutionizing power production, biotechnology, and material science. Developments in atomic nanoscale technology have given us the ability to: Use ion beams to Investigate and optimize radiation energy losses at the nanoscopic level Assess nanoscopic safety circumstances involved in a reactor failure Analyze characteristics of nuclear spacecraft operating in the nanogravity of deep space Evaluate light collection enhancement for digital X-ray detection Apply brachytherapy using radioisotopes for cancer therapy Treat nuclear waste at the nanoscopic level Use systems-thinking decision making to analyze financial progress of nanotech in the energy industry Assess safety (and safety management methods) for nuclear nanomaterials used in plant operations Representing a first step in multi-combinatorial research, this text incorporates advanced studies that use Monte Carlo and solid-state measurement (including radiation detection) methods. Researchers used these to demonstrate the potential to upgrade methods of radiation protection and nuclear reactor operation (safety, waste disposal, etc.). The author also addresses how we can use nanotechnology to address industrial concerns and enhance nuclear medicine techniques. He highlights several nanomaterial systems and devices to illustrate developments in this area. About the Author: Taeho Woo launched the specialized field of atomic multinology (interdisciplinary research of nuclear technology), which combines the application of information technology, biotechnology, and nanotechnology in the nuclear industry.

The Future of Advanced Nuclear Technologies

The Future of Advanced Nuclear Technologies
Author: The National Academies Keck Futures Initiative
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 130
Release: 2014-05-22
ISBN 10: 0309300894
ISBN 13: 9780309300896
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Future of Advanced Nuclear Technologies Book Review:

The National Academies Keck Futures Initiative (NAKFI) Conference in 2013 focused on the Future of Advanced Nuclear Technologies to generate new ideas about how to move nuclear technology forward while making the world safer and more secure. Beyond the public's apprehension concerning the safety of nuclear power, which calls out for better communications strategies, several challenges lie ahead for the nuclear enterprise in the United States. The workforce in nuclear technology is aging, there is an overreliance on large, high-risk reactor designs, and the supply of radioisotopes for nuclear medicine remains unstable-all problems crying out for solutions. The Future of Advanced Nuclear Technologies summarizes the 14 Interdisciplinary Research (IDR) teams' collaborations on creative solutions to challenges designed to propel the policy, engineering, and social aspects of the nuclear enterprise forward.

Nuclear Material Performance

Nuclear Material Performance
Author: Rehab Abdel Rahman,Hosam El-Din M. Saleh
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 172
Release: 2016-06-29
ISBN 10: 9535124471
ISBN 13: 9789535124474
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Material Performance Book Review:

Assessing and improving nuclear material performance is a crucial subject for the sustainability of the nuclear energy and radioactive isotope supplies. This book aims to present research efforts used to identify nuclear materials performances in different areas. The contributions of esteemed international experts have covered important research aspects in fission and fusion technologies and naturally occurring radioactive materials management. The authors introduced current and anticipated trends toward better performances and mitigating challenges for commercial application of innovative technologies, biological remediation of mine effluents, nuclear fuel performance in power and research fission reactors, gamma ray spectrometer calibration, and recent advances in understanding the performance of tungsten composite in fusion reactor environment.

Man and Atom

Man and Atom
Author: Glenn Theodore Seaborg,William R. Corliss
Publsiher: Dutton Adult
Total Pages: 411
Release: 1971
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015003410506
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Man and Atom Book Review:

Discusses current developments and future applications of nuclear energy in oceanography, astronautics, medicine, agriculture, urban systems, and other areas.