Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers
Author: S.C. Moldoveanu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2020-09-12
ISBN 10: 0128235535
ISBN 13: 9780128235539
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers Book Review:

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers, Second Edition, Volume 20 describes the methodology of analytical pyrolysis, the results of pyrolysis for a variety of biopolymers, and several practical applications of analytical pyrolysis on natural organic polymers and their composite materials. The book describes the results of pyrolysis for biopolymers and some chemically modified natural organic polymers. In addition, the many applications of analytical pyrolysis are covered in detail, including topics such as polymer detection used in forensic science, structure elucidation of specific polymers, and identification of small molecules present in polymers (anti-oxidants, plasticizers, etc.). Assembles all essential information on the pyrolysis of natural polymers in one volume, together with the techniques and instrumentation used Covers advances and developments over the last 20 years, including discussions on the many different types of apparatus commercially available Includes reference lists in every chapter to guide readers on a path to further study

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers
Author: Serban C. Moldoveanu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 714
Release: 2005-01-20
ISBN 10: 9780080455860
ISBN 13: 0080455867
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers Book Review:

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers is a follow-up to Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers, which is volume 20 of the series. The main focus of the book is on practical applications of analytical pyrolysis in synthetic organic polymer identification and characterization. The first part of the book has five chapters including an introduction, a discussion on physico-chemistry of thermal degradation of synthetic polymers and on instrumentation used in analytical pyrolysis, a chapter discussing what type of information can be obtained from analytical pyrolysis, and a chapter dedicated to the analysis and characterization of synthetic polymers. The second part systematically covers the analytical pyrolysis of various classes of synthetic polymers. Some theoretical background for the understanding of polymer structure using analytical pyrolysis is also discussed. * Includes broad coverage of organic synthetic macromolecules * Focuses on physico-chemistry of thermal degradation, and the analytical pyrolysis of various classes of synthetic polymers * Is well written and suitable for both researchers and chemists working in analytical chemistry or in synthetic polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers
Author: Serban C. Moldoveanu
Publsiher: Elsevier Science
Total Pages: 714
Release: 2005-03-17
ISBN 10: 9780444512925
ISBN 13: 0444512926
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers Book Review:

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers is a follow-up to Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers, which is volume 20 of the series. The main focus of the book is on practical applications of analytical pyrolysis in synthetic organic polymer identification and characterization. The first part of the book has five chapters including an introduction, a discussion on physico-chemistry of thermal degradation of synthetic polymers and on instrumentation used in analytical pyrolysis, a chapter discussing what type of information can be obtained from analytical pyrolysis, and a chapter dedicated to the analysis and characterization of synthetic polymers. The second part systematically covers the analytical pyrolysis of various classes of synthetic polymers. Some theoretical background for the understanding of polymer structure using analytical pyrolysis is also discussed. * Includes broad coverage of organic synthetic macromolecules * Focuses on physico-chemistry of thermal degradation, and the analytical pyrolysis of various classes of synthetic polymers * Is well written and suitable for both researchers and chemists working in analytical chemistry or in synthetic polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers
Author: S.C. Moldoveanu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 510
Release: 1998-11-11
ISBN 10: 9780080527161
ISBN 13: 0080527167
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers Book Review:

Analytical pyrolysis is one of the many tools utilized for the study of natural organic polymers. This books describes in three parts the methodology of analytical pyrolysis, the results of pyrolysis for a variety of biopolymers, and several practical applications of analytical pyrolysis on natural organic polymers and their composite materials. Analytical pyrolysis methodology covers two distinct subjects, the instrumentation used for pyrolysis and the analytical methods that are applied for the analysis of the pyrolysis products. A variety of pyrolytic techniques and of analytical instruments commonly coupled with pyrolysis devices are given. The description of the results of pyrolysis for biopolymers and some chemically modified natural organic polymers is the core of the book. The main pyrolysis products of numerous compounds as well as the proposed mechanisms for their pyrolysis are described. In this part an attempt is made to present as much as possible the chemistry of the pyrolytic process of natural organic polymers. The applications of analytical pyrolysis include topics such as polymer detection used for example in forensic science, structure elucidation of specific polymers, and identification of small molecules present in polymers (anti-oxidants, plasticizers, etc.). Also, the degradation during heating is a subject of major interest in many practical applications regarding the physical properties of polymers. The applications to composite polymeric materials are in the fields of classification of microorganisms, study of a variety of biological samples, study of fossil materials, etc. Analytical pyrolysis can also be used for obtaining information on the burning area generate pyrolysates that have complex compositions. Their analysis is important in connection with health issues, environmental problems, and taste of food and cigarettes. Features of this book: • Presents analytical pyrolysis as a uniform subject and not as a conglomerate of scientific papers. • Puts together in an organized manner a large volume of available information in this specific field. • Provides original results which address subjects with relatively scarce information in literature. • Gives original views on subjects such as the parallel between the pyrolytic process and the ion fragmentation in mass spectrometry. • Includes the role of pyrolysis in the burning process. The three parts of the book are covered in 18 chapters, each divided into sections. Some sections are further divided by particular subjects. References are given for each chapter, and an effort has been made to include as much as possible from the available representative information. A few unpublished personal results are also included.

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules
Author: Serban C. Moldoveanu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 744
Release: 2009-09-16
ISBN 10: 9780080932156
ISBN 13: 0080932150
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules Book Review:

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules with Applications to Health and Environmental Issues, the 28th volume in the Techniques and Instrumentation in Analytical Chemistry series, gives a systematic and comprehensive description of pyrolysis of non-polymeric organic molecules. Pyrolysis is involved in many practical applications as well as in many common human activities, but harmful compounds can be generated in the process. The study of pyrolysis and of the formation of undesirable compounds as a result of pyrolytic processes is of considerable interest to chemists, chemical engineers, and toxicologists. Pyrolysis results for compounds not previously studied or reported Updated information from a large body of results published on pyrolysis of individual compounds or classes of compounds Information on mechanisms and kinetics of numerous pyrolytic processes

Analytical Pyrolysis

Analytical Pyrolysis
Author: C.E.R. Jones
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN 10: 0444601406
ISBN 13: 9780444601407
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Pyrolysis Book Review:

Analytical Pyrolysis presents the Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Analytical Pyrolysis, held in Amsterdam on September 7-9, 1976. It looks at newly emergent techniques in analytical pyrolysis, including pyrolysis mass spectrometry, gas chromatography, thin-layer chromatography, and pyrolysis-gas liquid chromatography. The book also covers topics ranging from automation and microbiology to forensic science and pharmacology, reproducibility and specificity, biochemistry, laser-induced pyrolysis, pyrolytic reaction mechanisms, and polymers. Comprised of 50 chapters, this book begins with a discussion of automatic analysis of tire rubber blends using computer-linked pyrolysis gas chromatography, thermal procedures in coupling with thin-layer chromatography, the role of pyrolysis-gas liquid chromatography in biomedical studies, and the identification of microorganisms by pyrolysis gas-liquid chromatography. It then examines forensic applications of analytical pyrolysis techniques, structure and degradation behavior of synthetic polymers using pyrolysis in combination with field ion mass spectrometry, determination of polysaccharides in fulvic acids by pyrolysis gas chromatography, and application of Curie-point pyrolysis mass spectrometry in fungal taxonomy. The reader is also introduced to pyrolysis mass spectrometry of model compounds labeled with stable isotopes, the use of pyrolysis/gas chromatography to determine the quality of porous polymers of styrene cross-linked with divinyl benzene, and application of pyrohydrolysis for a rapid and accurate determination of halides in silicate rocks and minerals. This volume will benefit students, researchers, chemists, and scientists working in the field of analytical pyrolysis.

Functions of Natural Organic Matter in Changing Environment

Functions of Natural Organic Matter in Changing Environment
Author: Jianming Xu,Jianjun Wu,Yan He
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1149
Release: 2013-02-15
ISBN 10: 9400756348
ISBN 13: 9789400756342
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Functions of Natural Organic Matter in Changing Environment Book Review:

Functions of Natural Organic Matter in Changing Environment presents contributions from the 16th Meeting of the International Humic Substances Society (IHSS 16) held in Hangzhou, China on September 9-14, 2012. It provides a comprehensive and updated research advance in the field of characterization, function, application of humic substances (HS) and natural organic matter (NOM) in environment, agriculture, and industry. A broad range of topics are covered: i) formation, structure and characteristics of HS and NOM; ii) HS/NOM and carbon sequestration; iii) HS/NOM and biogeochemical cycling of nutrients; iv) HS/NOM and the environmental processes of toxic elements and anthropogenic organics; v) HS/NOM, naturally occurring and engineered nanoparticles; vi) HS/NOM, biodiversity and ecosystem health; vii) HS/NOM in water and water treatment; viii) characterization and function of biochar in the environment; and ix) industrial products and application of HS. The book will be an invaluable reference for chemists, biologists, environmental scientists, ecologists, soil scientists, water scientists, agronomists, global change researchers and policy makers. Jianming Xu is Professor and Director at the Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. Jianjun Wu is Professor at the Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. Yan He is Associate Professor at the Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Pyrolysis GC MS Data Book of Synthetic Polymers

Pyrolysis   GC MS Data Book of Synthetic Polymers
Author: Shin Tsuge,Hajima Ohtani,Chuichi Watanabe
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 420
Release: 2011-08-02
ISBN 10: 0444538933
ISBN 13: 9780444538932
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pyrolysis GC MS Data Book of Synthetic Polymers Book Review:

In this data book, both conventional Py-GC/MS where thermal energy alone is used to cause fragmentation of given polymeric materials and reactive Py-GC/MS in the presence of organic alkaline for condensation polymers are compiled. Before going into detailed presentation of the data, however, acquiring a firm grip on the proper understanding about the situation of Py-GC/MS would promote better utilization of the following pyrolysis data for various polymers samples. This book incorporates recent technological advances in analytical pyrolysis methods especially useful for the characterization of 163 typical synthetic polymers. The book briefly reviews the instrumentation available in advanced analytical pyrolysis, and offers guidance to perform effectually this technique combining with gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Main contents are comprehensive sample pyrograms, thermograms, identification tables, and representative mass spectra (MS) of pyrolyzates for synthetic polymers. This edition also highlights thermally-assisted hydrolysis and methylation technique effectively applied to 33 basic condensation polymers. Coverage of Py-GC/MS data of conventional pyrograms and thermograms of basic 163 kinds of synthetic polymers together with MS and retention index data for pyrolyzates, enabling a quick identification Additional coverage of the pyrograms and their related data for 33 basic condensation polymers obtained by the thermally-assisted hydrolysis and methylation technique All compiled data measured under the same experimental conditions for pyrolysis, gas chromatography and mass spectrometry to facilitate peak identification Surveyable instant information on two facing pages dedicated to the whole data of a given polymer sample

Pyrolysis gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Of Polymeric Materials

Pyrolysis gas Chromatography  Mass Spectrometry Of Polymeric Materials
Author: Peter Kusch
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2018-10-08
ISBN 10: 1786345773
ISBN 13: 9781786345776
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pyrolysis gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry Of Polymeric Materials Book Review:

The methodology of analytical pyrolysis-GC/MS has been known for several years, but is seldom used in research laboratories and process control in the chemical industry. This is due to the relative difficulty of interpreting the identified pyrolysis products as well as the variety of them. This book contains full identification of several classes of polymers/copolymers and biopolymers that can be very helpful to the user. In addition, the practical applications can encourage analytical chemists and engineers to use the techniques explored in this volume.The structure and the functions of various types of pyrolyzers and the results of the pyrolysis-gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric identification of synthetic polymers/copolymers and biopolymers at 700°C are described. Practical applications of these techniques are also included, detailing the analysis of microplastics, failure analysis in the automotive industry and solutions for technological problems.

Black Sea Oceanography

Black Sea Oceanography
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 3
Release: 2006
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822033850348
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Black Sea Oceanography Book Review:

Biophysico Chemical Processes Involving Natural Nonliving Organic Matter in Environmental Systems

Biophysico Chemical Processes Involving Natural Nonliving Organic Matter in Environmental Systems
Author: Nicola Senesi,Baoshan Xing,Pan Ming Huang
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 896
Release: 2009-07-23
ISBN 10: 9780470494943
ISBN 13: 0470494948
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biophysico Chemical Processes Involving Natural Nonliving Organic Matter in Environmental Systems Book Review:

An up-to-date resource on natural nonliving organic matter Bringing together world-renowned researchers to explore natural nonliving organic matter (NOM) and its chemical, biological, and ecological importance, Biophysico-Chemical Processes Involving Natural Nonliving Organic Matter in Environmental Systems offers an integrated view of the dynamics and processes of NOM. This multidisciplinary approach allows for a comprehensive treatment encompassing all the formation processes, properties, reactions, environments, and analytical techniques associated with the latest research on NOM. After briefly outlining the historical background, current ideas, and future prospects of the study of NOM, the coverage examines: The formation mechanisms of humic substances Organo-clay complexes The effects of organic matter amendment Black carbon in the environment Carbon sequestration and dynamics in soil Biological activities of humic substances Dissolved organic matter Humic substances in the rhizosphere Marine organic matter Organic matter in atmospheric particles In addition to the above topics, the coverage includes such relevant analytical techniques as separation technology; analytical pyrolysis and soft-ionization mass spectrometry; nuclear magnetic resonance; EPR, FTIR, Raman, UV-visible adsorption, fluorescence, and X-ray spectroscopies; and thermal analysis. Hundreds of illustrations and photographs further illuminate the various chapters. An essential resource for both students and professionals in environmental science, environmental engineering, water science, soil science, geology, and environmental chemistry, Biophysico-Chemical Processes Involving Natural Nonliving Organic Matter in Environmental Systems provides a unique combination of the latest discoveries, developments, and future prospects in this field.

Polymer Green Flame Retardants

Polymer Green Flame Retardants
Author: Constantine D. Papaspyrides,Pantelis Kiliaris
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 942
Release: 2014-08-14
ISBN 10: 0444538097
ISBN 13: 9780444538093
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Green Flame Retardants Book Review:

Polymer Green Flame Retardants covers key issues regarding the response of polymers during fire, the mechanisms of their flame retardation, the regulations imposed on their use, and the health hazards arising from their combustion. Presenting the latest research developments, the book focuses in particular on nanocomposites, believed to be the most promising approach for producing physically superior materials with low flammability and ecological impact. The fire properties of nanocomposites of various matrixes and fillers are discussed, the toxicological characteristics of these materials are analyzed, addressing also their environmental sustainability. Edited by distinguished scientists, including an array of international industry and academia experts, this book will appeal to chemical, mechanical, environmental, material and process engineers, upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines, and generally to researchers developing commercially attractive and environmentally friendly fire-proof products. Provides recent findings on the manufacture of environmentally sustainable flame retardant polymeric materials Covers legislation and regulations concerning flame retarded polymeric material use Includes tables containing the fire properties of the most common polymeric materials

Compendium of Polymer Terminology and Nomenclature

Compendium of Polymer Terminology and Nomenclature
Author: International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature,Richard G. Jones
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 443
Release: 2009-01
ISBN 10: 0854044914
ISBN 13: 9780854044917
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Compendium of Polymer Terminology and Nomenclature Book Review:

Rev. and enl. ed. of: Compendium of macromolecular nomenclature. 1991.

Polymer Science and Engineering

Polymer Science and Engineering
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Polymer Science and Engineering
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 192
Release: 1994-01-01
ISBN 10: 0309049989
ISBN 13: 9780309049986
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Science and Engineering Book Review:

Polymers are used in everything from nylon stockings to commercial aircraft to artificial heart valves, and they have a key role in addressing international competitiveness and other national issues. Polymer Science and Engineering explores the universe of polymers, describing their properties and wide-ranging potential, and presents the state of the science, with a hard look at downward trends in research support. Leading experts offer findings, recommendations, and research directions. Lively vignettes provide snapshots of polymers in everyday applications. The volume includes an overview of the use of polymers in such fields as medicine and biotechnology, information and communication, housing and construction, energy and transportation, national defense, and environmental protection. The committee looks at the various classes of polymers--plastics, fibers, composites, and other materials, as well as polymers used as membranes and coatings--and how their composition and specific methods of processing result in unparalleled usefulness. The reader can also learn the science behind the technology, including efforts to model polymer synthesis after nature's methods, and breakthroughs in characterizing polymer properties needed for twenty-first-century applications. This informative volume will be important to chemists, engineers, materials scientists, researchers, industrialists, and policymakers interested in the role of polymers, as well as to science and engineering educators and students.

Polymer Composites with Functionalized Nanoparticles

Polymer Composites with Functionalized Nanoparticles
Author: Krzysztof Pielichowski,Tomasz M. Majka
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2018-09-22
ISBN 10: 0128140658
ISBN 13: 9780128140659
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Composites with Functionalized Nanoparticles Book Review:

Polymer Composites with Functional Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications reviews the latest research in the area of polymer nanocomposites and functionalized nanoparticles, providing an introduction for those new to the field, and supporting further research and development. The book helps researchers and practitioners better understand the key role of nanoparticle functionalization for improving the compatibility of inorganic metallic nanomaterials with organic polymers, and for the fabrication of nanostructured materials with special properties. A range of nanoparticles, such as carbon nanotubes are covered, along with descriptions of the methods of functionalization to support better compatibility with polymer matrices. The book also discusses the various applications of this technology, including uses in electronics and the medical and energy industries. Summarizes the latest research in functionalized nanoparticles for modification of polymer matrices, providing a valuable platform for further research Includes functionalization of a range of nanoparticles for incorporation into nanocomposites, including carbon nanotubes, graphene, gold and silver, silica and clay Provides detailed coverage of application areas, including energy, electronics, biomedical applications, and end-of-life considerations

Polymer Science

Polymer Science
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1993
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015026513922
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Science Book Review:

Lignin

Lignin
Author: Matheus Poletto
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2018-03-21
ISBN 10: 9535139010
ISBN 13: 9789535139010
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lignin Book Review:

Lignin - Trends and Applications consists of 11 chapters related to the lignin structure, modification, depolymerization, degradation process, computational modeling, and applications. This is a useful book for readers from diverse areas, such as physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and engineering. It is expected that this book may expand the reader's knowledge about this complex natural polymer.

Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology

Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1992
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCLA:L0065162943
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology Book Review:

Humus Chemistry

Humus Chemistry
Author: F. J. Stevenson
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 512
Release: 1994-08-12
ISBN 10: 9780471594741
ISBN 13: 0471594741
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Humus Chemistry Book Review:

A reference text focusing on basic organic chemistry and reactions of naturally occurring organic substances in soils. Covers pools of organic matter in soils, transformations, methods of extraction and fractionation. Section two deals primarily with the chemistry of known classes of organic compounds in soils including saccharides, lipids and constituents containing nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur. Section three is concerned with basic organic chemistry of humic substances, followed by the importance of organic matter associations and interactions. Contains new chapters on NMR spectroscopy, analytical pyrolysis and on chemical structures.

Analytical Pyrolysis

Analytical Pyrolysis
Author: Peter Kusch
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 102
Release: 2019-02-13
ISBN 10: 1789849586
ISBN 13: 9781789849585
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Pyrolysis Book Review:

Analytical pyrolysis deals with the structural identification and quantitation of pyrolysis products with the ultimate aim of establishing the identity of the original material and the mechanisms of its thermal decomposition. The pyrolytic process is carried out in a pyrolyzer interfaced with analytical instrumentation such as gas chromatography (GC), mass spectrometry (MS), gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC/MS), or with Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (GC/FTIR). By measurement and identification of pyrolysis products, the molecular composition of the original sample can often be reconstructed.This book is the outcome of contributions by experts in the field of pyrolysis and includes applications of the analytical pyrolysis-GC/MS to characterize the structure of synthetic organic polymers and lignocellulosic materials as well as cellulosic pulps and isolated lignins, solid wood, waste particle board, and bio-oil. The thermal degradation of cellulose and biomass is examined by scanning electron micrography, FTIR spectroscopy, thermogravimetry (TG), differential thermal analysis, and TG/MS. The calorimetric determination of high heating values of different raw biomass, plastic waste, and biomass/plastic waste mixtures and their by-products resulting from pyrolysis is described.