Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion

Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion
Author: David C. Dayton,Thomas D. Foust
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2019-11-05
ISBN 10: 0128156066
ISBN 13: 9780128156063
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion Book Review:

Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion is a thorough resource for researchers, students and professors who investigate the use of biomass for fuels, chemicals and products. Advanced analytical chemistry methods and techniques can now provide detailed compositional and chemical measurements of biomass, biomass conversion process streams, intermediates and products. This volume from the Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series brings together the current knowledge on each of these methods, including spectroscopic methods (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Near-infrared Spectroscopy, Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance), pyrolysis (Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry), Liquid Chromatography/High Performance Liquid Chromatography, Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry, and so on. Authors David C. Dayton and Thomas D. Foust show how these can be used for measuring biomass composition and for determining the composition of intermediates with regard to subsequent processing for biofuels, bio-chemicals and bio-based products. Covers the broad range of techniques and applications that have been developed and perfected in the last decade Highlights specific analyses required for understanding biomass conversion to select intermediates Provides references to seminal books, review articles and technical articles that go into greater depth, serving as a basis for further study

Analytical Techniques and Methods for Biomass

Analytical Techniques and Methods for Biomass
Author: Sílvio Vaz Jr.
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2016-10-27
ISBN 10: 3319414143
ISBN 13: 9783319414140
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Techniques and Methods for Biomass Book Review:

This book deals with the application of techniques and methods of chemical analysis for the study of biomass and its conversion processes, aiming to fill the current gap in the book literature on the subject. The use of various techniques and analytical methods is presented and discussed in a straightforward manner, providing the reader with the possibility of choosing the most appropriate methodologies for analysis of the major classes of plant biomass and its products. In the present volume, a select group of international specialists describes different approaches to understand the biomass structure, their physical and chemical properties, the parameters of conversion processes, the products and by-products formation and quantification, quality parameters, etc. Modern chemistry plays a strong economic role in industrial activities based on biomass, with an increasing trend of the importance of its application from the deployment of biorefineries and the principles of green chemistry, which make use of the potential of biomass with decreasing impact negative environmental. In this context, analytical chemistry can contribute significantly to the supply chains of biomass, be it plant or animal origin; however, with the first offering the greatest challenges and the greatest opportunity for technical, scientific and economic progress, given its diversified chemical constitution. Thus, the chemical analysis can be used to examine the composition for characterizing physicochemical properties and to monitor their conversion processes, in order to obtain better products and uses of biomass. The quality of the biomass used determines the product quality. Therefore, reliable information is required about the chemical composition of the biomass to establish the best use (e.g., most suitable conversion process and its conditions), which will influence harvest and preparation steps. Conversion processes should be monitored for their yield, integrity, safety, and environmental impact. Effluent or residues should be monitored and analyzed for environmental control. Co-products need to be monitored to avoid interference with the product yield and product purity; however, co-products are also a good opportunity to add value to the biomass chain. Finally, products need to be monitored and analyzed to determine their yields and purity and to ensure their quality. In this context, analytical chemistry can contribute significantly to the biomass supply chains, be it of plant or animal origin.

Sourcebook of Methods of Analysis for Biomass and Biomass Conversion Processes

Sourcebook of Methods of Analysis for Biomass and Biomass Conversion Processes
Author: T. Milne,A.H. Brennan,B.H. Glenn
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 341
Release: 1990-09-30
ISBN 10: 9781851665273
ISBN 13: 1851665277
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sourcebook of Methods of Analysis for Biomass and Biomass Conversion Processes Book Review:

Technologies for Biochemical Conversion of Biomass

Technologies for Biochemical Conversion of Biomass
Author: Hongzhang Chen,Lan Wang
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2016-12-14
ISBN 10: 0128025948
ISBN 13: 9780128025949
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Technologies for Biochemical Conversion of Biomass Book Review:

Technologies for Biochemical Conversion of Biomass introduces biomass biochemical conversion technology, including the pretreatment platform, enzyme platform, cell refining platform, sugar platform, fermentation platform, and post-treatment platform. Readers will find a systematic treatment, not only of the basics of biomass biochemical conversion and the introduction of each strategy, but also of the current advances of research in this area. Researchers will find the key problems in each technology platform for biomass biochemical conversion identified and solutions offered. This valuable reference book features new scientific research and the related industrial application of biomass biochemical conversion technology as the main content, and then systematically introduces the basic principles and applications of biomass biochemical conversion technology. Combines descriptions of these technologies to provide strategies and a platform for biochemical conversion in terms of basic knowledge, research advances, and key problems Summarizes models of biomass biochemical conversion for multiple products Presents products of biomass biochemical conversion from C1 to C10

Biomass Volume Estimation and Valorization for Energy

Biomass Volume Estimation and Valorization for Energy
Author: Jaya Shankar Tumuluru
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2017-02-22
ISBN 10: 9535129376
ISBN 13: 9789535129370
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Volume Estimation and Valorization for Energy Book Review:

This book is the outcome of contributions by many experts in the field from different disciplines, various backgrounds, and diverse expertise. This book provides information on biomass volume calculation methods and biomass valorization for energy production. The chapters presented in this book include original research and review articles. I hope the research presented in this book will help to advance the use of biomass for bioenergy production and valorization. The key features of the book are: Providing information on biomass volume estimation using direct, nondestructive and remote sensing methods Biomass valorization for energy using thermochemical (gasification and pyrolysis) and biochemical (fermentation) conversion processes.

Valorization of Biomass to Value Added Commodities

Valorization of Biomass to Value Added Commodities
Author: Michael O. Daramola,Augustine O. Ayeni
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 595
Release: 2020-04-21
ISBN 10: 3030380327
ISBN 13: 9783030380328
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Valorization of Biomass to Value Added Commodities Book Review:

This book presents the most up-to-date technologies for the transformation of biomass into valuable fuels, chemicals, materials, and products. It provides comprehensive coverage of the characterization and fractionation of various types of biomass and details the many challenges that are currently encountered during this process. Divided into two sections, this book discusses timely topics such as the characterization of biomass feedstock, pretreatment and fractionation of biomass, and describes the process for conversion of biomass to value-added commodities. The authors bring biomass transformational strategies that are yet to be explored to the forefront, making this innovative book useful for graduate students and researchers in academia, government, and industry.

Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass

Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass
Author: Ashok Pandey,Thallada Bhaskar,Michael Stöcker,Rajeev Sukumaran
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2015-01-28
ISBN 10: 0444632905
ISBN 13: 9780444632906
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass Book Review:

This book provides general information and data on one of the most promising renewable energy sources: biomass for its thermochemical conversion. During the last few years, there has been increasing focus on developing the processes and technologies for the conversion of biomass to liquid and gaseous fuels and chemicals, in particular to develop low-cost technologies. This book provides date-based scientific information on the most advanced and innovative processing of biomass as well as the process development elements on thermochemical processing of biomass for the production of biofuels and bio-products on (biomass-based biorefinery). The conversion of biomass to biofuels and other value-added products on the principle biorefinery offers potential from technological perspectives as alternate energy. The book covers intensive R&D and technological developments done during the last few years in the area of renewable energy utilizing biomass as feedstock and will be highly beneficial for the researchers, scientists and engineers working in the area of biomass-biofuels- biorefinery. Provides the most advanced and innovative thermochemical conversion technology for biomass Provides information on large scales such as thermochemical biorefinery Useful for researchers intending to study scale up Serves as both a textbook for graduate students and a reference book for researchers Provides information on integration of process and technology on thermochemical conversion of biomass

Biomass as a Sustainable Energy Source for the Future

Biomass as a Sustainable Energy Source for the Future
Author: Wiebren de Jong,J. Ruud van Ommen
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2014-11-03
ISBN 10: 1118304918
ISBN 13: 9781118304914
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass as a Sustainable Energy Source for the Future Book Review:

Focusing on the conversion of biomass into gas or liquid fuels the book covers physical pre-treatment technologies, thermal, chemical and biochemical conversion technologies • Details the latest biomass characterization techniques • Explains the biochemical and thermochemical conversion processes • Discusses the development of integrated biorefineries, which are similar to petroleum refineries in concept, covering such topics as reactor configurations and downstream processing • Describes how to mitigate the environmental risks when using biomass as fuel • Includes many problems, small projects, sample calculations and industrial application examples

Biomass Modification Characterization and Process Monitoring Analytics to Support Biofuel and Biomaterial Production

Biomass Modification  Characterization and Process Monitoring Analytics to Support Biofuel and Biomaterial Production
Author: Robert Henry,Blake Simmons,Jason Lupoi
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2016-06-09
ISBN 10: 2889198677
ISBN 13: 9782889198672
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Modification Characterization and Process Monitoring Analytics to Support Biofuel and Biomaterial Production Book Review:

The conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into renewable fuels and other commodities has provided an appealing alternative towards supplanting global dependence on fossil fuels. The suitability of multitudes of plants for deconstruction to useful precursor molecules and products is currently being evaluated. These studies have probed a variety of phenotypic traits, including cellulose, non-cellulosic polysaccharide, lignin, and lignin monomer composition, glucose and xylose production following enzymatic hydrolysis, and an assessment of lignin-carbohydrate and lignin-lignin linkages, to name a few. These quintessential traits can provide an assessment of biomass recalcitrance, enabling researchers to devise appropriate deconstruction strategies. Plants with high polysaccharide and lower lignin contents have been shown to breakdown to monomeric sugars more readily. Not all plants contain ideal proportions of the various cell wall constituents, however. The capabilities of biotechnology can alleviate this conundrum by tailoring the chemical composition of plants to be more favorable for conversion to sugars, fuels, etc. Increases in the total biomass yield, cellulose content, or conversion efficiency through, for example, a reduction in lignin content, are pathways being evaluated to genetically improve plants for use in manufacturing biofuels and bio-based chemicals. Although plants have been previously domesticated for food and fiber production, the collection of phenotypic traits prerequisite for biofuel production may necessitate new genetic breeding schemes. Given the plethora of potential plants available for exploration, rapid analytical methods are needed to more efficiently screen through the bulk of samples to hone in on which feedstocks contain the desired chemistry for subsequent conversion to valuable, renewable commodities. The standard methods for analyzing biomass and related intermediates and finished products are laborious, potentially toxic, and/or destructive. They may also necessitate a complex data analysis, significantly increasing the experimental time and add unwanted delays in process monitoring, where delays can incur in significant costs. Advances in thermochemical and spectroscopic techniques have enabled the screening of thousands of plants for different phenotypes, such as cell-wall cellulose, non-cellulosic polysaccharide, and lignin composition, lignin monomer composition, or monomeric sugar release. Some instrumental methods have been coupled with multivariate analysis, providing elegant chemometric predictive models enabling the accelerated identification of potential feedstocks. In addition to the use of high-throughput analytical methods for the characterization of feedstocks based on phenotypic metrics, rapid instrumental techniques have been developed for the real-time monitoring of diverse processes, such as the efficacy of a specific pretreatment strategy, or the formation of end products, such as biofuels and biomaterials. Real-time process monitoring techniques are needed for all stages of the feedstocks-to-biofuels conversion process in order to maximize efficiency and lower costs by monitoring and optimizing performance. These approaches allow researchers to adjust experimental conditions during, rather than at the conclusion, of a process, thereby decreasing overhead expenses. This Frontiers Research Topic explores options for the modification of biomass composition and the conversion of these feedstocks into to biofuels or biomaterials and the related innovations in methods for the analysis of the composition of plant biomass, and advances in assessing up- and downstream processes in real-time. Finally, a review of the computational models available for techno-economic modeling and lifecycle analysis will be presented.

Valorization of Biomass to Value Added Commodities

Valorization of Biomass to Value Added Commodities
Author: Michael O. Daramola,Augustine O. Ayeni
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 595
Release: 2020-04-21
ISBN 10: 3030380327
ISBN 13: 9783030380328
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Valorization of Biomass to Value Added Commodities Book Review:

This book presents the most up-to-date technologies for the transformation of biomass into valuable fuels, chemicals, materials, and products. It provides comprehensive coverage of the characterization and fractionation of various types of biomass and details the many challenges that are currently encountered during this process. Divided into two sections, this book discusses timely topics such as the characterization of biomass feedstock, pretreatment and fractionation of biomass, and describes the process for conversion of biomass to value-added commodities. The authors bring biomass transformational strategies that are yet to be explored to the forefront, making this innovative book useful for graduate students and researchers in academia, government, and industry.

Handbook on Characterization of Biomass Biowaste and Related By products

Handbook on Characterization of Biomass  Biowaste and Related By products
Author: Ange Nzihou
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 1387
Release: 2020-02-17
ISBN 10: 3030350207
ISBN 13: 9783030350208
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook on Characterization of Biomass Biowaste and Related By products Book Review:

This book provides authoritative information, techniques and data necessary for the appropriate understanding of biomass and biowaste (understood as contaminated biomass) composition and behaviour while processed in various conditions and technologies. Numerous techniques for characterizing biomass, biowaste and by-product streams exist in literature. However, there lacks a reference book where these techniques are gathered in a single book, although such information is in increasingly high demand. This handbook provides a wealth of characterization methods, protocols, standards, databases and references relevant to various biomass, biowaste materials and by-products. It specifically addresses sampling and preconditioning methods, extraction techniques of elements and molecules, as well as biochemical, mechanical and thermal characterization methods. Furthermore, advanced and innovative methods under development are highlighted. The characterization will allow the analysis, identification and quantification of molecules and species including biomass feedstocks and related conversion products. The characterization will also provide insight into physical, mechanical and thermal properties of biomass and biowaste as well as the resulting by-products.

Process Design Strategies for Biomass Conversion Systems

Process Design Strategies for Biomass Conversion Systems
Author: Denny K. S. Ng,Raymond R. Tan,Dominic C. Y. Foo,Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2016-01-19
ISBN 10: 1118699130
ISBN 13: 9781118699133
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Process Design Strategies for Biomass Conversion Systems Book Review:

This book covers recent developments in process systems engineering (PSE) for efficient resource use in biomass conversion systems. It provides an overview of process development in biomass conversion systems with focus on biorefineries involving the production and coproduction of fuels, heating, cooling, and chemicals. The scope includes grassroots and retrofitting applications. In order to reach high levels of processing efficiency, it also covers techniques and applications of natural-resource (mass and energy) conservation. Technical, economic, environmental, and social aspects of biorefineries are discussed and reconciled. The assessment scales vary from unit- to process- and life-cycle or supply chain levels. The chapters are written by leading experts from around the world, and present an integrated set of contributions. Providing a comprehensive, multi-dimensional analysis of various aspects of bioenergy systems, the book is suitable for both academic researchers and energy professionals in industry.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1991-10
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: PSU:000052605901
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Research Abstracts Book Review:

Pretreatment of Biomass

Pretreatment of Biomass
Author: Ashok Pandey,Sangeeta Negi,Parmeswaran Binod,Christian Larroche
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2014-09-18
ISBN 10: 0128003960
ISBN 13: 9780128003961
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pretreatment of Biomass Book Review:

Pretreatment of Biomass provides general information, basic data, and knowledge on one of the most promising renewable energy sources—biomass for their pretreatment—which is one of the most essential and critical aspects of biomass-based processes development. The quest to make the environment greener, less polluted, and less hazardous has led to the concept of biorefineries for developing bio-based processes and products using biomass as a feedstock. Each kind of biomass requires some kind of pretreatment to make it suitable for bioprocess. This book provides state-of-art information on the methods currently available for this. This book provides data-based scientific information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatment of lignocellulosic and algal biomass for further processing. Pretreatment of biomass is considered one of the most expensive steps in the overall processing in a biomass-to-biofuel program. With the strong advancement in developing lignocellulose biomass- and algal biomass-based biorefineries, global focus has been on developing pretreatment methods and technologies that are technically and economically feasible. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the latest developments in methods used for the pretreatment of biomass. An entire section is devoted to the methods and technologies of algal biomass due to the increasing global attention of its use. Provides information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatament processes and technologies for biomass Covers information on lignocellulosic and algal biomass to work on the principles of biorefinery Useful for researchers intending to study scale-up Provides information on integration of processes and technologies for the pretreatment of biomass

Biomass Gasification and Pyrolysis

Biomass Gasification and Pyrolysis
Author: Prabir Basu
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2010-07-19
ISBN 10: 9780080961620
ISBN 13: 0080961622
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Gasification and Pyrolysis Book Review:

This book offers comprehensive coverage of the design, analysis, and operational aspects of biomass gasification, the key technology enabling the production of biofuels from all viable sources--some examples being sugar cane and switchgrass. This versatile resource not only explains the basic principles of energy conversion systems, but also provides valuable insight into the design of biomass gasifiers. The author provides many worked out design problems, step-by-step design procedures and real data on commercially operating systems. After fossil fuels, biomass is the most widely used fuel in the world. Biomass resources show a considerable potential in the long term if residues are properly handled and dedicated energy crops are grown. Includes step-by-step design procedures and case studies for Biomass Gasification Provides worked process flow diagrams for gasifier design. Covers integration with other technologies (e.g. gas turbine, engine, fuel cells)

Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions

Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions
Author: Sergio Capareda
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 645
Release: 2013-07-09
ISBN 10: 1466513330
ISBN 13: 9781466513334
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions Book Review:

The potential that biomass energy has to supplement traditional fuels and reduce greenhouse gas emissions has put it front and center in the plan to replace fossil-based fuels with renewable fuels. While much has been written about biomass conversions, no single textbook contains all the information needed to teach a biomass conversion course—until now. Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions presents a comprehensive review of biomass resources available for conversion into heat, power, and biofuels. The textbook covers biomass characterization and discusses facilities, equipment, and standards (e.g. ASTM or NREL) used for analysis. It examines the range of biomass resources available for conversion and presents traditional biomass conversion processes along with extensive biomass characterization data tables, illustrations, and graphical presentations of the various biomass energy conversion processes. The author also describes how to set up a laboratory for biomass energy conversion, and presents economics and sustainability issues. Loaded with real-world examples, the text includes numerous worked examples and problems in each chapter. No one knows what the price of oil will be next year or in future decades. It is governed by many factors other than supply and demand (politics, wars, etc.), however, whatever the future of energy is, bio-fuels will play an important role. This technical guide prepares students for managing bio-refineries, no matter what type of bio-fuel is produced. It also provides practicing engineers with a resource for starting a small bio-fuel business.

Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels

Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels
Author: Michael E Himmel
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 422
Release: 2015-05-19
ISBN 10: 0444595899
ISBN 13: 9780444595898
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels Book Review:

'Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels' is a stylized text that is rich in both the basic and applied sciences. It provides a higher level summary of the most important aspects of the topic, addressing critical problems solved by deep science. Expert users will find new, critical methods that can be applied to their work, detailed experimental plans, important outcomes given for illustrative problems, and conclusions drawn for specific studies that address broad based issues. A broad range of readers will find this to be a comprehensive, informational text on the subject matter, including experimentalists and even CEOs deciding on new business directions. Describes an important new field in biotechnology, the consolidated conversion of lignocellulosic feedstocks to advanced fuels Up-to-date views of promising technologies used in the production of advanced biofuels Presents the newest ideas, well-designed experiments, and outcomes Provides outstanding illustrations from NREL and contributing researchers Contains contributions from leaders in the field that provide numerous examples and insights into the most important aspects of the topic

Biomass Conversion

Biomass Conversion
Author: Michael E. Himmel
Publsiher: Humana Press
Total Pages: 275
Release: 2012-07-28
ISBN 10: 9781617799556
ISBN 13: 1617799556
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Conversion Book Review:

Biomass conversion research is a combination of basic science, applied science, and engineering testing and analysis. Conversion science includes the initial treatment (called pre-treatment) of the feedstock to render it more amenable to enzyme action, enzymatic saccharification, and finally product formation by microbiological or chemical processes. In Biomass Conversion: Methods and Protocols, expert researchers in the field detail methods which are now commonly used to study biomass conversion. These methods include Biomass Feedstocks and Cellulose, Plant Cell Wall Degrading Enzymes and Microorganisms, and Lignins and Hemicelluloses. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, the chapters include the kind of detailed description and implementation advice that is crucial for getting informed, reproducible results in the laboratory.

Advances in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion

Advances in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion
Author: A.V. Bridgwater
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1734
Release: 2013-04-17
ISBN 10: 940111336X
ISBN 13: 9789401113366
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion Book Review:

This book provides an account of the state-of-the-art in thermochemical biomass conversion and arises from the third conference in a series sponsored by the International Energy Agency's Bioenergy Agreement. Fundamental and applied research topics are included, reflecting recent advances as well as demonstration and commercial innovation.

Progress in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion

Progress in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion
Author: A. V. Bridgwater
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1744
Release: 2008-04-30
ISBN 10: 047069484X
ISBN 13: 9780470694848
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Progress in Thermochemical Biomass Conversion Book Review:

This book is for chemical engineers, fuel technologists, agricultural engineers and chemists in the world-wide energy industry and in academic, research and government institutions. It provides a thorough review of, and entry to, the primary and review literature surrounding the subject. The authors are internationally recognised experts in their field and combine to provide both commercial relevance and academic rigour. Contributions are based on papers delivered to the Fifth International Conference sponsored by the IEA Bioenergy Agreement.