Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion

Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion
Author: David C. Dayton,Thomas D. Foust
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2019-11-05
ISBN 10: 0128156066
ISBN 13: 9780128156063
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion Book Review:

Analytical Methods for Biomass Characterization and Conversion is a thorough resource for researchers, students and professors who investigate the use of biomass for fuels, chemicals and products. Advanced analytical chemistry methods and techniques can now provide detailed compositional and chemical measurements of biomass, biomass conversion process streams, intermediates and products. This volume from the Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series brings together the current knowledge on each of these methods, including spectroscopic methods (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Near-infrared Spectroscopy, Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance), pyrolysis (Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry), Liquid Chromatography/High Performance Liquid Chromatography, Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry, and so on. Authors David C. Dayton and Thomas D. Foust show how these can be used for measuring biomass composition and for determining the composition of intermediates with regard to subsequent processing for biofuels, bio-chemicals and bio-based products. Covers the broad range of techniques and applications that have been developed and perfected in the last decade Highlights specific analyses required for understanding biomass conversion to select intermediates Provides references to seminal books, review articles and technical articles that go into greater depth, serving as a basis for further study

Analytical Techniques and Methods for Biomass

Analytical Techniques and Methods for Biomass
Author: Sílvio Vaz Jr.
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2016-10-27
ISBN 10: 3319414143
ISBN 13: 9783319414140
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Techniques and Methods for Biomass Book Review:

This book deals with the application of techniques and methods of chemical analysis for the study of biomass and its conversion processes, aiming to fill the current gap in the book literature on the subject. The use of various techniques and analytical methods is presented and discussed in a straightforward manner, providing the reader with the possibility of choosing the most appropriate methodologies for analysis of the major classes of plant biomass and its products. In the present volume, a select group of international specialists describes different approaches to understand the biomass structure, their physical and chemical properties, the parameters of conversion processes, the products and by-products formation and quantification, quality parameters, etc. Modern chemistry plays a strong economic role in industrial activities based on biomass, with an increasing trend of the importance of its application from the deployment of biorefineries and the principles of green chemistry, which make use of the potential of biomass with decreasing impact negative environmental. In this context, analytical chemistry can contribute significantly to the supply chains of biomass, be it plant or animal origin; however, with the first offering the greatest challenges and the greatest opportunity for technical, scientific and economic progress, given its diversified chemical constitution. Thus, the chemical analysis can be used to examine the composition for characterizing physicochemical properties and to monitor their conversion processes, in order to obtain better products and uses of biomass. The quality of the biomass used determines the product quality. Therefore, reliable information is required about the chemical composition of the biomass to establish the best use (e.g., most suitable conversion process and its conditions), which will influence harvest and preparation steps. Conversion processes should be monitored for their yield, integrity, safety, and environmental impact. Effluent or residues should be monitored and analyzed for environmental control. Co-products need to be monitored to avoid interference with the product yield and product purity; however, co-products are also a good opportunity to add value to the biomass chain. Finally, products need to be monitored and analyzed to determine their yields and purity and to ensure their quality. In this context, analytical chemistry can contribute significantly to the biomass supply chains, be it of plant or animal origin.

Valorization of Biomass to Value Added Commodities

Valorization of Biomass to Value Added Commodities
Author: Michael O. Daramola,Augustine O. Ayeni
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 595
Release: 2020-04-21
ISBN 10: 3030380327
ISBN 13: 9783030380328
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Valorization of Biomass to Value Added Commodities Book Review:

This book presents the most up-to-date technologies for the transformation of biomass into valuable fuels, chemicals, materials, and products. It provides comprehensive coverage of the characterization and fractionation of various types of biomass and details the many challenges that are currently encountered during this process. Divided into two sections, this book discusses timely topics such as the characterization of biomass feedstock, pretreatment and fractionation of biomass, and describes the process for conversion of biomass to value-added commodities. The authors bring biomass transformational strategies that are yet to be explored to the forefront, making this innovative book useful for graduate students and researchers in academia, government, and industry.

Sourcebook of Methods of Analysis for Biomass and Biomass Conversion Processes

Sourcebook of Methods of Analysis for Biomass and Biomass Conversion Processes
Author: T. Milne,A.H. Brennan,B.H. Glenn
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 341
Release: 1990-09-30
ISBN 10: 9781851665273
ISBN 13: 1851665277
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sourcebook of Methods of Analysis for Biomass and Biomass Conversion Processes Book Review:

Advancements in Biomass Feedstock Preprocessing Conversion Ready Feedstocks

Advancements in Biomass Feedstock Preprocessing  Conversion Ready Feedstocks
Author: J. Richard Hess,Allison E. Ray,Timothy G. Rials
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2020-03-12
ISBN 10: 2889634655
ISBN 13: 9782889634651
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advancements in Biomass Feedstock Preprocessing Conversion Ready Feedstocks Book Review:

The success of lignocellulosic biofuels and biochemical industries depends upon an economic and reliable supply of quality biomass. However, research and development efforts have historically focused on the utilization of agriculturally-derived, cellulosic feedstocks without consideration of their low energy density, high variations in physical and chemical characteristics and potential supply risks in terms of availability and affordability. This Research Topic will explore strategies that enable supply chain improvements in biomass quality and consistency through blending, preprocessing, diversity and landscape design for development of conversion-ready, lignocellulosic feedstocks for production of biofuels and bio-products. Biomass variability has proven a formidable challenge to the emerging biorefining industry, impeding continuous operation and reducing yields required for economical production of lignocellulosic biofuels at scale. Conventional supply systems lack the preprocessing capabilities necessary to ensure consistent biomass feedstocks with physical and chemical properties that are compatible with supply chain operations and conversion processes. Direct coupling of conventional feedstock supply systems with sophisticated conversion systems has reduced the operability of biorefining processes to less than 50%. As the bioeconomy grows, the inherent variability of biomass resources cannot be managed by passive means alone. As such, there is a need to fully recognize the magnitude of biomass variability and uncertainty, as well as the cost of failing to design feedstock supply systems that can mitigate biomass variability and uncertainty. A paradigm shift is needed, from biorefinery designs using raw, single-resource biomass, to advanced feedstock supply systems that harness diverse biomass resources to enable supply chain resilience and development of conversion-ready feedstocks. Blending and preprocessing (e.g., drying, sorting, sizing, fractionation, leaching, densification, etc.) can mitigate variable quality and performance in diverse resources when integrated with downstream conversion systems. Decoupling feedstock supply from biorefining provides an opportunity to manage supply risks and incorporate value-added upgrading to develop feedstocks with improved convertibility and/ or market fungibility. Conversion-ready feedstocks have undergone the required preprocessing to ensure compatibility with conversion and utilization prior to delivery at the biorefinery and represent lignocellulosic biomass with physical and chemical properties that are tailored to meet the requirements of industrially-relevant handling and conversion systems.

Biomass Compositional Analysis Laboratory Fact Sheet

Biomass Compositional Analysis Laboratory  Fact Sheet
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 2
Release: 2014
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1066537701
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Compositional Analysis Laboratory Fact Sheet Book Review:

At the Biomass Compositional Analysis Laboratory, NREL scientists have more than 20 years of experience supporting the biomass conversion industry. They develop, refine, and validate analytical methods to determine the chemical composition of biomass samples before, during, and after conversion processing. These high-quality compositional analysis data are used to determine feedstock compositions as well as mass balances and product yields from conversion processes.

Handbook on Characterization of Biomass Biowaste and Related By products

Handbook on Characterization of Biomass  Biowaste and Related By products
Author: Ange Nzihou
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 1387
Release: 2020-02-17
ISBN 10: 3030350207
ISBN 13: 9783030350208
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook on Characterization of Biomass Biowaste and Related By products Book Review:

This book provides authoritative information, techniques and data necessary for the appropriate understanding of biomass and biowaste (understood as contaminated biomass) composition and behaviour while processed in various conditions and technologies. Numerous techniques for characterizing biomass, biowaste and by-product streams exist in literature. However, there lacks a reference book where these techniques are gathered in a single book, although such information is in increasingly high demand. This handbook provides a wealth of characterization methods, protocols, standards, databases and references relevant to various biomass, biowaste materials and by-products. It specifically addresses sampling and preconditioning methods, extraction techniques of elements and molecules, as well as biochemical, mechanical and thermal characterization methods. Furthermore, advanced and innovative methods under development are highlighted. The characterization will allow the analysis, identification and quantification of molecules and species including biomass feedstocks and related conversion products. The characterization will also provide insight into physical, mechanical and thermal properties of biomass and biowaste as well as the resulting by-products.

Catalysis for the Conversion of Biomass and Its Derivatives

Catalysis for the Conversion of Biomass and Its Derivatives
Author: Malte Behrens,Abhaya K. Datye
Publsiher: epubli
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2013-02-28
ISBN 10: 3844242821
ISBN 13: 9783844242829
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Catalysis for the Conversion of Biomass and Its Derivatives Book Review:

An introduction to the emerging field of biomass conversion.

Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions

Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions
Author: Sergio Capareda
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 645
Release: 2013-07-09
ISBN 10: 1466513330
ISBN 13: 9781466513334
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions Book Review:

The potential that biomass energy has to supplement traditional fuels and reduce greenhouse gas emissions has put it front and center in the plan to replace fossil-based fuels with renewable fuels. While much has been written about biomass conversions, no single textbook contains all the information needed to teach a biomass conversion course—until now. Introduction to Biomass Energy Conversions presents a comprehensive review of biomass resources available for conversion into heat, power, and biofuels. The textbook covers biomass characterization and discusses facilities, equipment, and standards (e.g. ASTM or NREL) used for analysis. It examines the range of biomass resources available for conversion and presents traditional biomass conversion processes along with extensive biomass characterization data tables, illustrations, and graphical presentations of the various biomass energy conversion processes. The author also describes how to set up a laboratory for biomass energy conversion, and presents economics and sustainability issues. Loaded with real-world examples, the text includes numerous worked examples and problems in each chapter. No one knows what the price of oil will be next year or in future decades. It is governed by many factors other than supply and demand (politics, wars, etc.), however, whatever the future of energy is, bio-fuels will play an important role. This technical guide prepares students for managing bio-refineries, no matter what type of bio-fuel is produced. It also provides practicing engineers with a resource for starting a small bio-fuel business.

Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass

Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass
Author: Ashok Pandey,Thallada Bhaskar,Michael Stöcker,Rajeev Sukumaran
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2015-01-28
ISBN 10: 0444632905
ISBN 13: 9780444632906
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass Book Review:

This book provides general information and data on one of the most promising renewable energy sources: biomass for its thermochemical conversion. During the last few years, there has been increasing focus on developing the processes and technologies for the conversion of biomass to liquid and gaseous fuels and chemicals, in particular to develop low-cost technologies. This book provides date-based scientific information on the most advanced and innovative processing of biomass as well as the process development elements on thermochemical processing of biomass for the production of biofuels and bio-products on (biomass-based biorefinery). The conversion of biomass to biofuels and other value-added products on the principle biorefinery offers potential from technological perspectives as alternate energy. The book covers intensive R&D and technological developments done during the last few years in the area of renewable energy utilizing biomass as feedstock and will be highly beneficial for the researchers, scientists and engineers working in the area of biomass-biofuels- biorefinery. Provides the most advanced and innovative thermochemical conversion technology for biomass Provides information on large scales such as thermochemical biorefinery Useful for researchers intending to study scale up Serves as both a textbook for graduate students and a reference book for researchers Provides information on integration of process and technology on thermochemical conversion of biomass

Biomass Volume Estimation and Valorization for Energy

Biomass Volume Estimation and Valorization for Energy
Author: Jaya Shankar Tumuluru
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2017-02-22
ISBN 10: 9535129376
ISBN 13: 9789535129370
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Volume Estimation and Valorization for Energy Book Review:

This book is the outcome of contributions by many experts in the field from different disciplines, various backgrounds, and diverse expertise. This book provides information on biomass volume calculation methods and biomass valorization for energy production. The chapters presented in this book include original research and review articles. I hope the research presented in this book will help to advance the use of biomass for bioenergy production and valorization. The key features of the book are: Providing information on biomass volume estimation using direct, nondestructive and remote sensing methods Biomass valorization for energy using thermochemical (gasification and pyrolysis) and biochemical (fermentation) conversion processes.

Technologies for Biochemical Conversion of Biomass

Technologies for Biochemical Conversion of Biomass
Author: Hongzhang Chen,Lan Wang
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2016-12-14
ISBN 10: 0128025948
ISBN 13: 9780128025949
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Technologies for Biochemical Conversion of Biomass Book Review:

Technologies for Biochemical Conversion of Biomass introduces biomass biochemical conversion technology, including the pretreatment platform, enzyme platform, cell refining platform, sugar platform, fermentation platform, and post-treatment platform. Readers will find a systematic treatment, not only of the basics of biomass biochemical conversion and the introduction of each strategy, but also of the current advances of research in this area. Researchers will find the key problems in each technology platform for biomass biochemical conversion identified and solutions offered. This valuable reference book features new scientific research and the related industrial application of biomass biochemical conversion technology as the main content, and then systematically introduces the basic principles and applications of biomass biochemical conversion technology. Combines descriptions of these technologies to provide strategies and a platform for biochemical conversion in terms of basic knowledge, research advances, and key problems Summarizes models of biomass biochemical conversion for multiple products Presents products of biomass biochemical conversion from C1 to C10

Sourcebook of Methods of Analysis for Biomass and Biomaas Conversion Processes

Sourcebook of Methods of Analysis for Biomass and Biomaas Conversion Processes
Author: T.A. Milne
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1990
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1141036368
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sourcebook of Methods of Analysis for Biomass and Biomaas Conversion Processes Book Review:

Biomass as a Sustainable Energy Source for the Future

Biomass as a Sustainable Energy Source for the Future
Author: Wiebren de Jong,J. Ruud van Ommen
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 600
Release: 2014-11-03
ISBN 10: 1118304918
ISBN 13: 9781118304914
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass as a Sustainable Energy Source for the Future Book Review:

Focusing on the conversion of biomass into gas or liquid fuels the book covers physical pre-treatment technologies, thermal, chemical and biochemical conversion technologies • Details the latest biomass characterization techniques • Explains the biochemical and thermochemical conversion processes • Discusses the development of integrated biorefineries, which are similar to petroleum refineries in concept, covering such topics as reactor configurations and downstream processing • Describes how to mitigate the environmental risks when using biomass as fuel • Includes many problems, small projects, sample calculations and industrial application examples

Issues in Energy Conversion Transmission and Systems 2011 Edition

Issues in Energy Conversion  Transmission  and Systems  2011 Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ScholarlyEditions
Total Pages: 861
Release: 2012-01-09
ISBN 10: 1464965323
ISBN 13: 9781464965326
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Issues in Energy Conversion Transmission and Systems 2011 Edition Book Review:

Issues in Energy Conversion, Transmission, and Systems: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Energy Conversion, Transmission, and Systems. The editors have built Issues in Energy Conversion, Transmission, and Systems: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Energy Conversion, Transmission, and Systems in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Energy Conversion, Transmission, and Systems: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels

Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels
Author: Michael E Himmel
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 422
Release: 2015-05-19
ISBN 10: 0444595899
ISBN 13: 9780444595898
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels Book Review:

'Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels' is a stylized text that is rich in both the basic and applied sciences. It provides a higher level summary of the most important aspects of the topic, addressing critical problems solved by deep science. Expert users will find new, critical methods that can be applied to their work, detailed experimental plans, important outcomes given for illustrative problems, and conclusions drawn for specific studies that address broad based issues. A broad range of readers will find this to be a comprehensive, informational text on the subject matter, including experimentalists and even CEOs deciding on new business directions. Describes an important new field in biotechnology, the consolidated conversion of lignocellulosic feedstocks to advanced fuels Up-to-date views of promising technologies used in the production of advanced biofuels Presents the newest ideas, well-designed experiments, and outcomes Provides outstanding illustrations from NREL and contributing researchers Contains contributions from leaders in the field that provide numerous examples and insights into the most important aspects of the topic

Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals

Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals
Author: Charles E. Wyman
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2013-03-27
ISBN 10: 111856040X
ISBN 13: 9781118560402
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals Book Review:

Plant biomass is attracting increasing attention as asustainable resource for large-scale production of renewable fuelsand chemicals. However, in order to successfully compete withpetroleum, it is vital that biomass conversion processes aredesigned to minimize costs and maximize yields. Advances inpretreatment technology are critical in order to develophigh-yielding, cost-competitive routes to renewable fuels andchemicals. Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological andChemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals presents acomprehensive overview of the currently available aqueouspretreatment technologies for cellulosic biomass, highlighting thefundamental chemistry and biology of each method, key attributesand limitations, and opportunities for future advances. Topics covered include: • The importance of biomass conversion to fuels • The role of pretreatment in biological and chemicalconversion of biomass • Composition and structure of biomass, andrecalcitrance to conversion • Fundamentals of biomass pretreatment at low, neutraland high pH • Ionic liquid and organosolv pretreatments tofractionate biomass • Comparative data for application of leadingpretreatments and effect of enzyme formulations • Physical and chemical features of pretreatedbiomass • Economics of pretreatment for biologicalprocessing • Methods of analysis and enzymatic conversion ofbiomass streams • Experimental pretreatment systems from multiwellplates to pilot plant operations This comprehensive reference book provides an authoritativesource of information on the pretreatment of cellulosic biomass toaid those experienced in the field to access the most currentinformation on the topic. It will also be invaluable to thoseentering the growing field of biomass conversion.

Biomass Gasification Pyrolysis and Torrefaction

Biomass Gasification  Pyrolysis and Torrefaction
Author: Prabir Basu
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 548
Release: 2013-07-18
ISBN 10: 0123965438
ISBN 13: 9780123965431
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Gasification Pyrolysis and Torrefaction Book Review:

Biomass is the most widely used non-fossil fuel in the world. Biomass resources show a considerable potential in the long-term given the increasing proliferation of dedicated energy crops for biofuels. The second edition of Biomass Gasification and Pyrolysis is enhanced with new topics, such as torrefaction and cofiring, making it a versatile resource that not only explains the basic principles of energy conversion systems, but also provides valuable insight into the design of biomass conversion systems. This book will allow professionals, such as engineers, scientists, and operating personnel of biomass gasification, pyrolysis or torrefaction plants, to gain a better comprehension of the basics of biomass conversion. The author provides many worked out design problems, step-by-step design procedures and real data on commercially operating systems. With a dedicated focus on the design, analysis, and operational aspects of biomass gasification, pyrolysis, and torrefaction, Biomass Gasification, Pyrolysis and Torrefaction, Second Edition offers comprehensive coverage of biomass in its gas, liquid, and solid states in a single easy-to-access source. Contains new and updated step-by-step process flow diagrams, design data and conversion charts, and numerical examples with solutions Includes chapters dedicated to evolving torrefaction technologies, practicing option of biomass cofiring, and biomass conversion economics Expanded coverage of syngas and other Fischer-Tropsch alternatives Spotlights advanced processes such as supercritical water gasification and torrefaction of biomass. Provides available research results in an easy-to-use design methodology

Technologies for Converting Biomass to Useful Energy

Technologies for Converting Biomass to Useful Energy
Author: Erik Dahlquist
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2013-04-16
ISBN 10: 0203120264
ISBN 13: 9780203120262
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Technologies for Converting Biomass to Useful Energy Book Review:

Officially, the use of biomass for energy meets only 10-13% of the total global energy demand of 140 000 TWh per year. Still, thirty years ago the official figure was zero, as only traded biomass was included. While the actual production of biomass is in the range of 270 000 TWh per year, most of this is not used for energy purposes, and mostly it

Biomass Conversion

Biomass Conversion
Author: Michael E. Himmel
Publsiher: Humana Press
Total Pages: 275
Release: 2012-07-28
ISBN 10: 9781617799556
ISBN 13: 1617799556
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Conversion Book Review:

Biomass conversion research is a combination of basic science, applied science, and engineering testing and analysis. Conversion science includes the initial treatment (called pre-treatment) of the feedstock to render it more amenable to enzyme action, enzymatic saccharification, and finally product formation by microbiological or chemical processes. In Biomass Conversion: Methods and Protocols, expert researchers in the field detail methods which are now commonly used to study biomass conversion. These methods include Biomass Feedstocks and Cellulose, Plant Cell Wall Degrading Enzymes and Microorganisms, and Lignins and Hemicelluloses. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, the chapters include the kind of detailed description and implementation advice that is crucial for getting informed, reproducible results in the laboratory.