Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides

Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides
Author: Pavel Povinec
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 538
Release: 2011-07-28
ISBN 10: 9780080553375
ISBN 13: 0080553370
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides Book Review:

The purpose of this book is to present a state of art summary of current knowledge of methods of assessment of radionuclides in the terrestrial and marine environments. It cover the traditional methods of radioactivity measurements such as radiometrics techniques, but also recent developments in the mass spectrometry sector. The book starts with a short preface introducing the subject of the book, summarising content and philosophy of the book, as well as the most important historical achievements. The scientific topics are introduced by description of sampling methods, optimisation of sampling sites and sampling frequency. The recent developments in radiochemical separation methods using chromatography resins for the treatment of actinides, transuranics and other groups of radioelements are also described. No other book is available covering all aspects of environmental radioactivity measurements, although remarkable progress has been made in detection techniques over the last ten years. At present the new methods enable to carry out investigations which were not possible before, either because of lack of sensitivity or because of the fact that they required too large samples.

Chemical Analysis of environmental radionuclides

Chemical Analysis of environmental radionuclides
Author: Training Branch Division of Radiological health
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1965
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:833204125
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Analysis of environmental radionuclides Book Review:

Radionuclides in the Environment

Radionuclides in the Environment
Author: Clemens Walther,Dharmendra K. Gupta
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 273
Release: 2015-10-30
ISBN 10: 331922171X
ISBN 13: 9783319221717
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radionuclides in the Environment Book Review:

This book provides extensive and comprehensive information to researchers and academicians who are interested in radionuclide contamination, its sources and environmental impact. It is also useful for graduate and undergraduate students specializing in radioactive-waste disposal and its impact on natural as well as manmade environments. A number of sites are affected by large legacies of waste from the mining and processing of radioactive minerals. Over recent decades, several hundred radioactive isotopes (radioisotopes) of natural elements have been produced artificially, including 90Sr, 137Cs and 131I. Several other anthropogenic radioactive elements have also been produced in large quantities, for example technetium, neptunium, plutonium and americium, although plutonium does occur naturally in trace amounts in uranium ores. The deposition of radionuclides on vegetation and soil, as well as the uptake from polluted aquifers (root uptake or irrigation) are the initial point for their transfer into the terrestrial environment and into food chains. There are two principal deposition processes for the removal of pollutants from the atmosphere: dry deposition is the direct transfer through absorption of gases and particles by natural surfaces, such as vegetation, whereas showery or wet deposition is the transport of a substance from the atmosphere to the ground by snow, hail or rain. Once deposited on any vegetation, radionuclides are removed from plants by the airstre am and rain, either through percolation or by cuticular scratch. The increase in biomass during plant growth does not cause a loss of activity, but it does lead to a decrease in activity concentration due to effective dilution. There is also systemic transport (translocation) of radionuclides within the plant subsequent to foliar uptake, leading the transfer of chemical components to other parts of the plant that have not been contaminated directly.

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis VI

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis VI
Author: Nicholas Evans
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2019-09-18
ISBN 10: 1788017358
ISBN 13: 9781788017350
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis VI Book Review:

Anthropogenic radionuclides have been introduced into the environment by incidents such as nuclear weapon tests, accidents in nuclear power plants, transport accidents and accidental or authorised discharges from nuclear facilities. Scientists need accurate analysis of these radionuclides in order to estimate the risk to the public from released radioactivity. This book is a snapshot of the work of leading scientists from across the globe on environmental radiochemistry and radioecology, nuclear forensics and radiation detection, radioanalytical techniques and nuclear industry applications. The research contributions were first presented at the 13th International Symposium on Nuclear and Environmental Radiochemical Analysis in September 2018. This essential work provides a key reference for graduates and professionals who work across fields involving analytical chemistry, radiochemistry, environmental science and technology, and waste disposal.

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis
Author: Michael F. L'Annunziata
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1074
Release: 2020-03-07
ISBN 10: 0128143967
ISBN 13: 9780128143964
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis Book Review:

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis: Radiation Physics and Detectors, Volume One, and Radioanalytical Applications, Volume Two, Fourth Edition, constitute an authoritative reference on the principles, practical techniques and procedures for the accurate measurement of radioactivity - everything from the very low levels encountered in the environment, to higher levels measured in radioisotope research, clinical laboratories, biological sciences, radionuclide standardization, nuclear medicine, nuclear power, and fuel cycle facilities, and in the implementation of nuclear forensic analysis and nuclear safeguards. It includes sample preparation techniques for all types of matrices found in the environment, including soil, water, air, plant matter and animal tissue, and surface swipes. Users will find the latest advances in the applications of radioactivity analysis across various fields, including environmental monitoring, radiochemical standardization, high-resolution beta imaging, automated radiochemical separation, nuclear forensics, and more. Spans two volumes, Radiation Physics and Detectors and Radioanalytical Applications Includes a new chapter on the analysis of environmental radionuclides Provides the latest advances in the applications of liquid and solid scintillation analysis, alpha- and gamma spectrometry, mass spectrometric analysis, Cherenkov counting, flow-cell radionuclide analysis, radionuclide standardization, aerosol analysis, high-resolution beta imaging techniques, analytical techniques in nuclear forensics, and nuclear safeguards Describes the timesaving techniques of computer-controlled automatic separation and activity analysis of radionuclides Provides an extensive table of the radiation characteristics of most radionuclides of interest for the radioanalytical chemist

Chemical Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides

Chemical Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides
Author: United States. Public Health Service. Division of Radiological Health
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1965
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:229095482
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides Book Review:

Development of Ion Exchange Resin Methods for Direct Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides

Development of Ion Exchange Resin Methods for Direct Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides
Author: Paul Allan Blakeslee
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 154
Release: 1964
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: MSU:31293030581411
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Development of Ion Exchange Resin Methods for Direct Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides Book Review:

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis
Author: Michael F. L'Annunziata
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 771
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN 10: 0323137881
ISBN 13: 9780323137881
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis Book Review:

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis is written by experts in the measurement of radioactivity. The book describes the broad scope of analytical methods available and instructs the reader on how to select the proper technique. It is intended as a practical manual for research which requires the accurate measurement of radioactivity at all levels, from the low levels encountered in the environment to the high levels measured in radioisotope research. This book contains sample preparation procedures, recommendations on steps to follow, necessary calculations, computer controlled analysis, and high sample throughput techniques. Each chapter includes practical techniques for application to nuclear safety, nuclear safeguards, environmental analysis, weapons disarmament, and assays required for research in biomedicine and agriculture. The fundamentals of radioactivity properties, radionuclide decay, and methods of detection are included to provide the basis for a thorough understanding of the analytical procedures described in the book. Therefore, the Handbook can also be used as a teaching text. Key Features * Includes sample preparation techniques for matrices such as soil, air, plant, water, animal tissue, and surface swipes * Provides procedures and guidelines for the analysis of commonly encountered na

Environmental Radionuclides

Environmental Radionuclides
Author: Klaus Froehlich
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2009-09-23
ISBN 10: 9780080913292
ISBN 13: 0080913296
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Radionuclides Book Review:

Environmental Radionuclides presents a state-of-the-art summary of knowledge on the use of radionuclides to study processes and systems in the continental part of the Earth’s environment. It is conceived as a companion to the two volumes of this series, which deal with isotopes as tracers in the marine environment (Livingston, Marine Radioactivity) and with the radioecology of natural and man-made terrestrial systems (Shaw, Radioactivity in Terrestrial Ecosystems). Although the book focuses on natural and anthropogenic radionuclides (radioactive isotopes), it also refers to stable environmental isotopes, which in a variety of applications, especially in hydrology and climatology, have to be consulted to evaluate radionuclide measurements in terms of the ages of groundwater and climate archives, respectively. The basic principles underlying the various applications of natural and anthropogenic radionuclides in environmental studies are described in the first part of the book. The book covers the two major groups of applications: the use of radionuclides as tracers for studying transport and mixing processes: and as time markers to address problems of the dynamics of such systems, manifested commonly as the so-called residence time in these systems. The applications range from atmospheric pollution studies, via water resource assessments to contributions to global climate change investigation. The third part of the book addresses new challenges in the development of new methodological approaches, including analytical methods and fields of applications. A state-of-the-art summary of knowledge on the use of radionuclides Conceived as a companion to the two volumes of this series, which deal with isotopes as tracers

Chemistry and Analysis of Radionuclides

Chemistry and Analysis of Radionuclides
Author: Jukka Lehto,Xiaolin Hou
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2011-01-19
ISBN 10: 3527633022
ISBN 13: 9783527633029
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemistry and Analysis of Radionuclides Book Review:

Written by chemists for chemists, this is a comprehensive guide to the important radionuclides as well as techniques for their separation and analysis. It introduces readers to the important laboratory techniques and methodologies in the field, providing practical instructions on how to handle nuclear waste and radioactivity in the environment.

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis IV

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis IV
Author: Peter Warwick
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 1849731551
ISBN 13: 9781849731553
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis IV Book Review:

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis IV is a collection of original papers presented at the Eleventh International Symposium on Environmental Radiochemical Analysis. Representing the work of leading scientists across the globe this new edition provides information on: "new methods of radionuclide analyses "developments and improvements in existing methods "mass spectrometry in radionuclide measurements "results of an intercomparison study "gamma detector performance "emergency radiological foodchain monitoring. The book is essential reading for practising radioanalysts and students who are specialising in radiochemical analysis.

Radionuclides and Heavy Metals in Environment

Radionuclides and Heavy Metals in Environment
Author: Marina Marinova,Vladimir P. Perelygin,Peter Vater
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9401009937
ISBN 13: 9789401009935
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radionuclides and Heavy Metals in Environment Book Review:

This volume entitled "Radionuclides and Heavy Metals in Environment" contains the Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) "Monitoring of Natural and Man-Made Radionuclides and Heavy Metal Waste in Environment" that was held at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JlNR), Dubna, Russia from 3 October to 6 October, 2000. Originally, it was planned to held the ARW in 1999, the year when NATO was celebrating its 50th anniversary. Few days before opening it had to be postponed because of problems in issuing visa for all the colleagues who intended to participate. The ARW was organized and conducted by the co-directors Prof. Vladimir P. Perelygin, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia and Dr. Peter Vater, Philipps Universitat, Marburg, Germany. The JlNR was chosen as the host institute of ARW because of the lack of contact and real co-operation between the former Soviet Union (FSU) countries specialists in ecology and their Western well experienced colleagues. The selection of this location and supplementary funds provided by Russian Foundation on Basic Research, Moscow, Russia, and the JINR, Dubna., Russia made it possible to attain a rather large number of participants and observers from FSU countries. The JlNR provided to all the participants of the workshop an effective car/minibus transportation Moscow-Dubna-Moscow and a rather good accommodation in Dubna.

Radionuclides in the Environment

Radionuclides in the Environment
Author: David A. Atwood
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2013-02-19
ISBN 10: 1118632699
ISBN 13: 9781118632697
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radionuclides in the Environment Book Review:

Nuclear energy is the one energy source that could meet the world'sgrowing energy needs and provide a smooth transition from fossilfuels to renewable energy in the coming decades and centuries. Itis becoming abundantly clear that an increase in nuclear energycapacity will, and probably must, take place. However, nuclear energy and the use of radionuclides forcivilian and military purposes lead to extremely long-lived wastethat is costly and highly problematic to deal with. Therefore, itis critically important ot understand the environmentalimplications of radionuclides for ecosystems and human health ifnuclear energy is to be used to avoid the impending global energycrisis. The present volume of the EIC Books series addresses thiscritical need by providing fundamental information onenvironmentally significant radionuclides. The content of this book was developed in collaboration withmany of the authors of the chapters. Given the enormity of thesubject the Editor and the Authors had to be judicious in selectingthe chapters that would appropriately encompass and describe theprimary topics, particularly those that are of importance to thehealth of ecosystems and humans. The resulting chapters were chosento provide this information in a book of useful and appropriatelength. Each chapter provides fundamental information on thechemistry of the radionuclides, their occurrence and movement inthe enivornment, separation and analyses, and the technologiesneeded for their remediation and mitigation. The chapters arestructured with a common, systematic format in order to facilitatecomparions between elements and groups of elements. About EIC Books The Encyclopedia of Inorganic Chemistry (EIC) has provedto be one of the defining standards in inorganic chemistry, andmost chemistry libraries around the world have access either to thefirst of second print editon, or to the online version. Manyreaders, however, prefer to have more concise thematic volumes,targeted to their specific area of interest. This feedback from EICreaders has encouraged the Editors to plan a series of EIC Books,focusing on topics of current interest. They will appear on aregular basis, and will feature leading scholars in their fields.Like the Encyclopedia, EIC Books aims to provide both the startingresearch student and the confirmed research worker with a criticaldistillation of the leading concepts in inorganic and bioinorganicchemistry, and provide a structured entry into the fieldscovered. This volume is also available as part of Encyclopedia ofInorganic Chemistry, 5 Volume Set. This set combines all volumes published as EIC Books from 2007to 2010, representing areas of key developments in the field ofinorganic chemistry published in the Encyclopedia of InorganicChemistry. ahref="http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1119994284.html"Findout more/a.

Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment
Author: Vlado Valkovic
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2000-09-26
ISBN 10: 0080540244
ISBN 13: 9780080540245
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactivity in the Environment Book Review:

Numerous sources of ionizing radiation can lead to human exposure: natural sources, nuclear explosions, nuclear power generation, use of radiation in medical, industrial and research purposes, and radiation emitting consumer products. Before assessing the radiation dose to a population one requires a precise knowledge of the activity of a number of radionuclides. The basis for the assessment of the dose to a population from a release of radioactivity to the environment, the estimation of the potential clinical heath effects due to the dose received and, ultimately, the implementation of countermeasures to protect the population, is the measurement of radioactive contamination in the environment after the release. It is the purpose of this book to present the facts about the presence of radionuclides in the environment, natural and man made. There is no aspect of radioactivity, which has marked the passing century, not mentioned or discussed in this book.

Behavior of Radionuclides in the Environment I

Behavior of Radionuclides in the Environment I
Author: Kenji Kato,Alexei Konoplev,Stepan N. Kalmykov
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 225
Release: 2020-02-18
ISBN 10: 9811506795
ISBN 13: 9789811506796
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Behavior of Radionuclides in the Environment I Book Review:

The 3-volume set highlights the behavior of radionuclides in the environment and focusing on the development of related fields of study, including microbiology and nanoscience. In this context, it discusses the behavior of radionuclides released in areas of Lake Karachai in Ural, and those released as a result of Chernobyl accident (1986), and in Fukushima (2011). Volume I presents the experiences gained in South Urals (“Mayak” plant, Lake Karachai), providing a scientific basis for more precise understanding of the behavior of radionuclides in complex subsurface environments. On the basis of monitoring data, it examines the pathways of radionuclide migration and the influence of the geological environment and groundwater on the migration, with a particular focus on particles from the nanoscale to microscale. It also discusses the function of microbes and microscale particles, from their direct interaction with radionuclides to their ecological role in changing the physic-chemical condition of a given environment. Lastly, the protective properties of geological media are also characterized, and mathematical modeling of contaminant migration in the area of Lake Karachai is used to provide information regarding the migration of radionuclides.

Radiation Dose Reconstruction for Epidemiologic Uses

Radiation Dose Reconstruction for Epidemiologic Uses
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee on an Assessment of CDC Radiation Studies
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 150
Release: 1995-05-16
ISBN 10: 9780309176835
ISBN 13: 0309176832
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation Dose Reconstruction for Epidemiologic Uses Book Review:

Growing public concern about releases of radiation into the environment has focused attention on the measurement of exposure of people living near nuclear weapons production facilities or in areas affected by accidental releases of radiation. Radiation-Dose Reconstruction for Epidemiologic Uses responds to the need for criteria for dose reconstruction studies, particularly if the doses are to be useful in epidemiology. This book provides specific and practical recommendations for whether, when, and how studies should be conducted, with an emphasis on public participation. Based on the expertise of scientists involved in dozens of dose reconstruction projects, this volume Provides an overview of the basic requirements and technical aspects of dose reconstruction. Presents lessons to be learned from dose reconstructions after Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, and elsewhere. Explores the potential benefits and limitations of biological markers. Discusses how to establish the "source term"--that is, to determine what was released. Explores methods for identifying the environmental pathways by which radiation reaches the body. Offers details on three major categories of dose assessment.

Radionuclide X ray Fluorescence Analysis with Environmental Applications

Radionuclide X ray Fluorescence Analysis with Environmental Applications
Author: Juraj Tölgyessy,Emil Havránek,Eva Dejmková
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 254
Release: 1990
ISBN 10: 9780444988379
ISBN 13: 0444988378
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radionuclide X ray Fluorescence Analysis with Environmental Applications Book Review:

Nuclear analytical methods are being used increasingly for solving analytical problems and, of these methods, radionuclide X-ray fluorescence analysis (radionuclide XRFA) is becoming more important. The purpose of this work is to present a comprehensive, instructive analysis of the basis of radionuclide XRFA, to describe methods of sample preparation for environmental analysis and to make the reader more familiar with the procedures, methods and instrumentation of radionuclide XRFA used in this field. This book discusses the use of radionuclide XRFA for solving analytical problems of the environment and information is presented concerning the current state of research and use of radionuclide XRFA in this significant area. The present volume will serve as a basic source of data and also as a laboratory handbook.

Intercomparison of Laboratory Analysis of Radionuclides in Environmental Samples

Intercomparison of Laboratory Analysis of Radionuclides in Environmental Samples
Author: Sven P. Nielsen,Nordisk Kernesikkerhedsforskning
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 59
Release: 2006
ISBN 10: 9788778932075
ISBN 13: 8778932076
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Intercomparison of Laboratory Analysis of Radionuclides in Environmental Samples Book Review:

Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis
Author: John E. Till,Helen A. Grogan
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 702
Release: 2008-07-10
ISBN 10: 0195127277
ISBN 13: 9780195127270
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis Book Review:

A comprehensive book that explains methods used for estimating risk to people exposed to radioactive materials released to the environment by nuclear facilities or in an emergency such as a nuclear terrorist event.

Radionuclide Concentrations in Food and the Environment

Radionuclide Concentrations in Food and the Environment
Author: Michael Poschl,Leo M.L. Nollet
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 458
Release: 2006-08-21
ISBN 10: 1000611620
ISBN 13: 9781000611625
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radionuclide Concentrations in Food and the Environment Book Review:

As radiological residue, both naturally occurring and technologically driven, works its way through the ecosystem, we see its negative effects on the human population. Radionuclide Concentrations in Food and the Environment addresses the key issues concerning the relationship between natural and manmade sources of environmental radioactivity