Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution
Author: Jane Q. Koenig
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 249
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461545692
ISBN 13: 9781461545699
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution Book Review:

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution provides the reader with an overview of the health effects of air pollution in human subjects. The majority of the book is devoted to the discussion of the health effects of common widespread air pollutants regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency through national ambient air quality standards. The book reviews the sources and fate of common air pollutants in ambient air and researches the adverse effects of these outdoor and indoor air pollutants in `in vivo' cell systems, animals, and humans. Research for the book was conducted in controlled laboratory studies and epidemiologic studies. Special emphasis throughout Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution is placed on the effects of air pollution in subjects with asthma.

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China
Author: Guang-Hui Dong
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2017-11-25
ISBN 10: 9811056579
ISBN 13: 9789811056574
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China Book Review:

This book focuses on the health impacts of air pollution in China, especially the epidemiology-based exposure-response functions for the mortality, morbidity, and hospital admissions for respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer, and mental health related to pollution. It also provides the latest estimates of the magnitude of the adverse effects of air pollution on the health of the Chinese population. By providing a better understanding of the impact of air pollution on health, it improves the scientific basis of risk assessment, and also helps governments develop policies and other health protection initiatives to reduce the impacts of air pollution. The book offers environmental scientists, engineers, researchers and students a comprehensive and organized body of information in the area of air pollution.

Monitoring of Air Pollutants

Monitoring of Air Pollutants
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2015-11-29
ISBN 10: 0444635564
ISBN 13: 9780444635563
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Monitoring of Air Pollutants Book Review:

Monitoring of Air Pollutants: Sampling, Sample Preparation and Analytical Techniques provides a comprehensive reference on air pollutant monitoring, addressing experimental approaches to sampling and sample preparation, as well as analytical technologies (instrumental methods) which are applicable to a wide range of topics. The book's purpose is to provide an in-depth resource on the monitoring of ambient air pollutants that covers the basic principles, recent developments, and important applications in the field. Current trends and recent advances are discussed, both with respect to analytical techniques and target air pollutants. All aspects of air pollutant monitoring, from sampling, to sample preparation, and analysis, are covered, making this the book of choice for consultation by air monitoring practitioners. Contains all the information needed for air pollutant monitoring from sampling, to sample preparation, to analysis Provides guidance on the best analytical approach for a target pollutant Presents the pros and cons of included techniques to enable informed decisions Includes case studies based on published practical applications

Air Pollution the Automobile and Public Health

Air Pollution  the Automobile  and Public Health
Author: Sponsored by The Health Effects Institute
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 704
Release: 1988-01-01
ISBN 10: 0309037263
ISBN 13: 9780309037266
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Pollution the Automobile and Public Health Book Review:

"The combination of scientific and institutional integrity represented by this book is unusual. It should be a model for future endeavors to help quantify environmental risk as a basis for good decisionmaking."--William D. Ruckelshaus, from the foreword. This volume, prepared under the auspices of the Health Effects Institute, an independent research organization created and funded jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency and the automobile industry, brings together experts on atmospheric exposure and on the biological effects of toxic substances to examine what is known--and not known--about the human health risks of automotive emissions.

Health in the Americas 2007

Health in the Americas  2007
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2002
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1197645044
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Health in the Americas 2007 Book Review:

Spatiotemporal Analysis of Air Pollution and Its Application in Public Health

Spatiotemporal Analysis of Air Pollution and Its Application in Public Health
Author: Lixin Li,Xiaolu Zhou,Weitian Tong
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2019-11-13
ISBN 10: 012816526X
ISBN 13: 9780128165263
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spatiotemporal Analysis of Air Pollution and Its Application in Public Health Book Review:

Spatiotemporal Analysis of Air Pollution and Its Application in Public Health reviews, in detail, the tools needed to understand the spatial temporal distribution and trends of air pollution in the atmosphere, including how this information can be tied into the diverse amount of public health data available using accurate GIS techniques. By utilizing GIS to monitor, analyze and visualize air pollution problems, it has proven to not only be the most powerful, accurate and flexible way to understand the atmosphere, but also a great way to understand the impact air pollution has in diverse populations. This book is essential reading for novices and experts in atmospheric science, geography and any allied fields investigating air pollution. Introduces readers to the benefits and uses of geo-spatiotemporal analyses of big data to reveal new and greater understanding of the intersection of air pollution and health Ties in machine learning to improve speed and efficacy of data models Includes developing visualizations, historical data, and real-time air pollution in large geographic areas

Monitoring Ambient Air Quality for Health Impact Assessment

Monitoring Ambient Air Quality for Health Impact Assessment
Author: World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe,World Health Organization
Publsiher: WHO Regional Office Europe
Total Pages: 196
Release: 1999
ISBN 10: 9789289013512
ISBN 13: 9289013516
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Monitoring Ambient Air Quality for Health Impact Assessment Book Review:

A guide to the principles and methods of air quality assessment aimed at measuring population exposure to ambient air pollutants and estimating the effects on health. Addressed to policy-makers as well as scientists engaged in air quality monitoring, the book responds to the failure of most monitoring systems to provide data that are useful in estimating and managing threats to health. The need for exposure data on populations at special risk is also addressed. Throughout, emphasis is placed on methods of monitoring and modelling that are cost-effective, targeted, and appropriate to local and national conditions. The report has six chapters. The first introduces WHO activities related to air quality management and explains the need for monitoring systems capable of assessing health impact. The types of information required for health impact assessment are described in chapter two, which outlines several methods of monitoring and modelling that can be used to measure the level and distribution of exposure to air pollutants in populations, identify population groups with high exposure, and estimate adverse effects on health. Chapter three formulates a general concept of air quality assessment, offering advice on principles for designing a monitoring network, interpreting and reporting data, and solving problems with quality assurance. Also included is a comparison of the advantages, disadvantages, and costs of different methods for air quality monitoring. Against this background, the fourth and most extensive chapter describes specific methods for the monitoring of carbon monoxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter, benzene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, lead, and atmospheric cadmium. Monitoring strategies for each pollutant are presented according to a standard format, which covers health effects, sources and exposure patterns, monitoring methods, recommended strategies for monitoring and assessment, and a practical example. The remaining chapters offer advice on the collation, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of data, and summarize the main conclusions and recommendations of the report. Detailed technical guidelines for the use of various methods and models are provided in a series of annexes. The report also reproduces the newly revised WHO air quality guidelines for Europe.

Air Quality Guidelines

Air Quality Guidelines
Author: World Health Organization
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 484
Release: 2006
ISBN 10: 9289021926
ISBN 13: 9789289021920
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Quality Guidelines Book Review:

This book presents revised guideline values for the four most common air pollutants - particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide - based on a recent review of the accumulated scientific evidence. The rationale for selection of each guideline value is supported by a synthesis of information emerging from research on the health effects of each pollutant. As a result, these guidelines now also apply globally. They can be read in conjunction with Air quality guidelines for Europe, 2nd edition, which is still the authority on guideline values for all other air pollutants. As well as revised guideline values, this book makes a brief yet comprehensive review of the issues affecting the application of the guidelines in risk assessment and policy development. Further, it summarizes information on: . pollution sources and levels in various parts of the world, . population exposure and characteristics affecting sensitivity to pollution, . methods for quantifying the health burden of air pollution, and . the use of guidelines in developing air quality standards and other policy tools. Finally, the special case of indoor air pollution is explored. Prepared by a large team of renowned international experts who considered conditions in various parts of the globe, these guidelines are applicable throughout the world. They provide reliable guidance for policy-makers everywhere when considering the various options for air quality management.

Fundamentals of Air Pollution 2e

Fundamentals of Air Pollution 2e
Author: Arthur C. Stern
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 548
Release: 1984-05-28
ISBN 10: 0323161588
ISBN 13: 9780323161589
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Air Pollution 2e Book Review:

Fundamentals of Air Pollution, Second Edition discusses the basic chemistry, physics, and engineering of air pollution. This edition explores the processes and equipment that produce less pollution in the atmosphere. This book is comprised of six parts encompassing 28 chapters. This text starts with an overview of the predominant air pollution problems during the Industrial Revolution, including smoke and ash produced by burning oil or coal in the boiler furnaces of power plants, marine vessels, and locomotives. This edition then explores the mathematical models of atmospheric transport and diffusion and discusses the air pollution control in communities. Other chapters deal with atmospheric chemistry, control technology, and visibility through the atmosphere. This book further examines the regulatory concepts that have become more significant, such as the bubble concept, air quality, emission standards, and the trading and banking of emission rights. Air pollution scientists, atmospheric scientists, ecologists, engineers, educators, researchers, and students will find this book extremely useful.

Hazardous Air Pollutant Handbook

Hazardous Air Pollutant Handbook
Author: Chester W Spicer,Sydney M Gordon,Thomas J Kelly,Michael W Holdren,R Mukund
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2020-07-02
ISBN 10: 9780367578619
ISBN 13: 0367578611
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hazardous Air Pollutant Handbook Book Review:

Hazardous Air Pollutant Handbook: Measurements, Properties, and Fate in Ambient Air provides a comprehensive review of the 188 compounds and compound classes designated as Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) by the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, with a specific focus on their potential presence in ambient air. The relevant chemical and physical properties of the compounds are discussed and tabulated, and suitable methods for their measurement in ambient air are identified. A survey of measurements of ambient HAP concentrations is provided for use in historical comparisons and for evaluating the current human health risks from these chemicals. Finally, the book reviews the atmospheric reactions that control the lifetime and fate of the HAPs in ambient air, and summarizes the current knowledge about their transformation products.

Air Quality Management in the United States

Air Quality Management in the United States
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Air Quality Management in the United States
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2004-09-30
ISBN 10: 0309089328
ISBN 13: 9780309089326
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Quality Management in the United States Book Review:

Managing the nation’s air quality is a complex undertaking, involving tens of thousands of people in regulating thousands of pollution sources. The authors identify what has worked and what has not, and they offer wide-ranging recommendations for setting future priorities, making difficult choices, and increasing innovation. This new book explores how to better integrate scientific advances and new technologies into the air quality management system. The volume reviews the three-decade history of governmental efforts toward cleaner air, discussing how air quality standards are set and results measured, the design and implementation of control strategies, regulatory processes and procedures, special issues with mobile pollution sources, and more. The book looks at efforts to spur social and behavioral changes that affect air quality, the effectiveness of market-based instruments for air quality regulation, and many other aspects of the issue. Rich in technical detail, this book will be of interest to all those engaged in air quality management: scientists, engineers, industrial managers, law makers, regulators, health officials, clean-air advocates, and concerned citizens.

Cleaning Pakistan s Air

Cleaning Pakistan   s Air
Author: Ernesto Sánchez-Triana,Santiago Enriquez,Javaid Afzal,Akiko Nakagawa,Asif Shuja Khan
Publsiher: World Bank Publications
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2014-06-26
ISBN 10: 146480236X
ISBN 13: 9781464802362
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cleaning Pakistan s Air Book Review:

The extent of urban air pollution in Pakistan—South Asia's most urbanized country—is among the world’s most severe, significantly damaging human health, quality of life, and the economy and environment of Pakistan. The harm from Pakistan's urban air pollution is among the highest in South Asia, exceeding several high-profile causes of mortality and morbidity in Pakistan. Improved air quality management (AQM) in Pakistan can have notable economic and health benefits. For example, the estimated health benefits per dollar spent on cleaner diesel are approximately US $1–1.5 for light-duty diesel vehicles and US $1.5–2.4 for large buses and trucks. This report advocates that Pakistan allocate resources to AQM, because its air quality is severely affecting millions of Pakistanis, and because experiences around the world indicate that interventions can significantly improve air quality. This report details a broad spectrum of research on Pakistan’s AQM challenges, and identifies a comprehensive set of steps to improve air quality. The research presented here underpins the conclusions that addressing Pakistan's urban air pollution requires coordinated interventions to strengthen AQM, build agencies' institutional capacity, bolster AQM's legal and regulatory framework, implement policy reforms and investments, and fill knowledge gaps. However, Pakistan's policy makers face major obstacles, including limited financial, human, and technical resources, and can pursue only a few AQM interventions at the same time. In the short term, Pakistan's AQM should give highest priority to reducing pollutants linked to high morbidity and mortality: PM2.5 (and precursors like SOx and NOx) from mobile sources. A second-level short-term priority could be PM2.5, SOx, and emissions of toxic metals from stationary sources. An important medium-term priority should be mass transportation in major cities, controlling traffic, and restricting private cars during high-pollution episodes. A long-term priority could be taxing hydrocarbons, based on their contribution to greenhouse gases.

Air Pollution and Health

Air Pollution and Health
Author: Stephen T. Holgate,Hillel S. Koren,Jonathan M. Samet,Robert L. Maynard
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1065
Release: 1999-04-21
ISBN 10: 0080526926
ISBN 13: 9780080526928
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Pollution and Health Book Review:

Concern about the impact of air pollution has led governments and local authorities across the world to regulate, among other things, the burning of fossil fuels, industrial effluence, cigarette smoke, and aerosols. This legislation has often followed dramatic findings about the impact of pollution on human health. At the same time there have been significant developments in our ability to detect and quantify pollutants and a proliferation of urban and rural air pollution networks to monitor levels of atmospheric contamination. Air Pollution and Health is the first fully comprehensive and current account of air pollution science and it impact on human health. It ranges in scope from meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, and particle physics to the causes and scope of allergic reactions and respiratory, cardiovascular, and related disorders. The book has substantial international coverage and includes sections on cost implications, risk assessment, regulation, standards, and information networks. The multidisciplinary approach and the wide range of issues covered makes this an essential book for all concerned with monitoring and regulating air pollution as well as those concerned with its impact on human health. Only comprehensive text covering all the important air pollutants and relating these to human health and regulatory bodies Brings together a wide range of issues concerning air pollution in an easily accessible format Contributions from government agencies in the US and UK provide information on public policy and resource networks in the areas of health promotion and environmental protection

Fundamentals of Air Pollution

Fundamentals of Air Pollution
Author: Daniel Vallero
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 996
Release: 2014-07-26
ISBN 10: 0124046029
ISBN 13: 9780124046023
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Air Pollution Book Review:

Fundamentals of Air Pollution is an important and widely used textbook in the environmental science and engineering community. This thoroughly revised fifth edition of Fundamentals of Air Pollution has been updated throughout and remains the most complete text available, offering a stronger systems perspective and more coverage of international issues relating to air pollution. Sections on pollution control have been reorganized and updated to demonstrate the move from regulation and control approaches to green and sustainable engineering approaches. The fifth edition maintains a strong interdisciplinary approach to the study of air pollution, covering such topics as chemistry, physics, meteorology, engineering, toxicology, policy, and regulation. New material includes near-road air pollution, new risk assessment approaches, indoor air quality, the impact of biofuels and fuel additives, mercury emissions, forecasting techniques, and the most recent results from the National Air Toxics Assessment. Stronger systems approach, emphasizing the impact of air pollution on ecosystems and human health Risks, measures, models, and control of air pollution are discussed at scale – starting at the individual/niche level and expanding to planetary/global scale Increased emphasis on international issues, including coverage of European initiatives and discussions of the impact of emerging economies like India and China Updated references, standards, and methods throughout the book make this the most current air pollution text/reference on the market All new end-of-chapter problems enhance its usefulness as a course text

Implementation of the Clean Air Act National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS Revisions for Ozone and Particulate Matter

Implementation of the Clean Air Act National Ambient Air Quality Standards  NAAQS  Revisions for Ozone and Particulate Matter
Author: United States,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Commerce. Subcommittee on Health and the Environment
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 263
Release: 1998
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: PSU:000032138221
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Implementation of the Clean Air Act National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS Revisions for Ozone and Particulate Matter Book Review:

Fundamentals of Air Pollution Engineering

Fundamentals of Air Pollution Engineering
Author: Richard C. Flagan,John H. Seinfeld
Publsiher: Courier Corporation
Total Pages: 562
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 0486488721
ISBN 13: 9780486488721
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Air Pollution Engineering Book Review:

A rigorous and thorough analysis of the production of air pollutants and their control, this text is geared toward chemical and environmental engineering students. Topics include combustion, principles of aerosol behavior, theories of the removal of particulate and gaseous pollutants from effluent streams, and air pollution control strategies. 1988 edition.Reprint of the Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1988 edition.

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality
Author: World Health Organization
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2010
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCBK:C105261333
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Book Review:

This book presents WHO guidelines for the protection of public health from risks due to a number of chemicals commonly present in indoor air. The substances considered in this review, i.e. benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, naphthalene, nitrogen dioxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (especially benzo[a]pyrene), radon, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene, have indoor sources, are known in respect of their hazardousness to health and are often found indoors in concentrations of health concern. The guidelines are targeted at public health professionals involved in preventing health risks of environmental exposures, as well as specialists and authorities involved in the design and use of buildings, indoor materials and products. They provide a scientific basis for legally enforceable standards.

The Great Mindshift

The Great Mindshift
Author: Maja Göpel
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2016-09-12
ISBN 10: 3319437666
ISBN 13: 9783319437668
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Great Mindshift Book Review:

This book describes the path ahead. It combines system transformation researchwith political economy and change leadership insights when discussing the needfor a great mindshift in how human wellbeing, economic prosperity and healthyecosystems are understood if the Great Transformations ahead are to lead to moresustainability. It shows that history is made by purposefully acting humans andintroduces transformative literacy as a key skill in leading the radical incremental change

Air Quality

Air Quality
Author: Philip John Sallis
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 196
Release: 2016-12-14
ISBN 10: 9535127640
ISBN 13: 9789535127642
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Quality Book Review:

Addressing the matter of air quality in a collection of focused scientific topic chapters is timely as a contribution to the international discussion and challenges of global warming and climate change. This book engages with the debate by considering some of the social, public health, economic and scientific issues that relate to the contribution made by airborne pollutants to the observable trending variances in weather, climate and atmospheric conditions. From a wide range of submissions for inclusion in the book, there are seven carefully selected chapters that individually relate to air sampling and analysis: the monitoring, measurement and modelling of air quality. The authors come from a range of academic and scientific disciplines, and each is internationally credited in his/her field. This book will appeal to scholars, to students and generally to those interested in the following contemporary thought in the matter of environment pollution, air quality and the issues of climate and atmosphere the world is facing today.

Prenatal Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution Gestational Weight Gain and Offspring Birth Weight

Prenatal Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution  Gestational Weight Gain  and Offspring Birth Weight
Author: Zengjing Liu
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 62
Release: 2020
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1232208430
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prenatal Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution Gestational Weight Gain and Offspring Birth Weight Book Review:

Insufficient or excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) impacts the progression and outcomes of pregnancy with consequences on mothers and their offspring over the life course. Environmental factors, such as ambient air pollution, have been associated with weight change in animal models and non-pregnant populations. However, association of ambient air pollution with GWG and subsequent birth outcomes is not well investigated. We investigated associations of particulate matter with a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) with GWG and infant birth weight. The present study was conducted among a subset of participants from the Omega Study, a prospective pregnancy cohort. Exposure to PM2.5 was predicted for participants based on their residential address using a national spatiotemporal model. Separate multivariable linear regression models, adjusted for relevant confounders, were used to estimate associations of trimester-specific and monthly (corresponding to months in pregnancy) PM2.5 exposures with early (20 weeks gestation), late (̲20 weeks gestation), and total GWG, as well as associations of trimester-specific and monthly PM2.5 exposures with infant birth weight. To examine whether pre-pregnancy BMI (ppBMI) and infant sex modified the associations, stratified models and interaction terms were used. Average age of the participants was 32.87 years, and average PM2.5 exposure during the first, second, and third trimester were 5.10 [microgram]/m3, 20.23 [microgram]/m3, and 14.68 [microgram]/m3, respectively. There was no evidence of an overall association between trimester-specific and monthly PM2.5 exposure and early, late, or total GWG. However, higher third trimester PM2.5 exposure was associated with higher late (0.40 kg per 5 [microgram]/m3 PM2.5 exposure; 95% CI: 0.12, 0.67) and total (0.35 kg per 5 [microgram]/m3 PM2.5 exposure; 95% CI: 0.01, 0.70) GWG among participants with normal ppBMI. Similar associations were not observed among the overweight/obese group for third trimester PM2.5 exposure and late (0.09 kg; 95% CI: -0.32, 0.49) and total (-0.06 kg; 95%CI: -0.57, 0.46) GWG (p-value for interaction > 0.05). Higher second month PM2.5 exposure was associated with lower early (-0.70 kg; 95% CI: -1.22, -0.18), late (-0.84 kg; 95% CI: -1.54, -0.14), and total (-1.70 kg; 95% CI: -2.57, -0.82) GWG among participants with overweight/obese ppBMI. However, among participants with normal ppBMI, there was no evidence of an association between second month PM2.5 exposure and early (0.10 kg; 95% CI: -0.28, 0.48), late (-0.16 kg; 95% CI: -0.67, 0.35), and total (-0.01 kg; 95% CI: -0.66, 0.64) GWG. Terms for interaction were significant for second month PM2.5 exposure and early and total GWG (p-values = 0.01 and p-value