Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution
Author: Jane Q. Koenig
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 249
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461545692
ISBN 13: 9781461545699
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution Book Review:

Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution provides the reader with an overview of the health effects of air pollution in human subjects. The majority of the book is devoted to the discussion of the health effects of common widespread air pollutants regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency through national ambient air quality standards. The book reviews the sources and fate of common air pollutants in ambient air and researches the adverse effects of these outdoor and indoor air pollutants in `in vivo' cell systems, animals, and humans. Research for the book was conducted in controlled laboratory studies and epidemiologic studies. Special emphasis throughout Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution is placed on the effects of air pollution in subjects with asthma.

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China
Author: Guang-Hui Dong
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2017-11-25
ISBN 10: 9811056579
ISBN 13: 9789811056574
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China Book Review:

This book focuses on the health impacts of air pollution in China, especially the epidemiology-based exposure-response functions for the mortality, morbidity, and hospital admissions for respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer, and mental health related to pollution. It also provides the latest estimates of the magnitude of the adverse effects of air pollution on the health of the Chinese population. By providing a better understanding of the impact of air pollution on health, it improves the scientific basis of risk assessment, and also helps governments develop policies and other health protection initiatives to reduce the impacts of air pollution. The book offers environmental scientists, engineers, researchers and students a comprehensive and organized body of information in the area of air pollution.

Ambient Air Pollution in Beijing

Ambient Air Pollution in Beijing
Author: Shutian Xu
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 57
Release: 2019
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1091901118
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ambient Air Pollution in Beijing Book Review:

This research uses air pollution data, information about the locations of the air quality monitoring stations, and political events data from 2016 to 2017 to investigate the possible existence and characteristics of China's routine short-term environmental policies aimed for ambient air quality. The results of multiple difference-in-difference suggest that air quality in the urban area, where ambient air pollution levels are usually higher due to population density, is lower on diplomatic events dates, while there is limited evidence that air quality is better in the urban area on domestic events dates. Therefore, this research reveals that there are short-term policies taking place on diplomatic events dates.

Ambient Air Pollution Social Inequalities and Asthma Exacerbation in Greater Strasbourg France Metropolitan Area the PAISA Study

Ambient Air Pollution  Social Inequalities and Asthma Exacerbation in Greater Strasbourg  France  Metropolitan Area  the PAISA Study
Author: Denis Bard
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2010
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1154244665
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ambient Air Pollution Social Inequalities and Asthma Exacerbation in Greater Strasbourg France Metropolitan Area the PAISA Study Book Review:

Ambient Air Pollution, Social Inequalities and Asthma Exacerbation in Greater Strasbourg (France) Metropolitan Area: the PAISA Study.

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China
Author: Guang-Hui Dong
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2017-11-25
ISBN 10: 9811056579
ISBN 13: 9789811056574
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ambient Air Pollution and Health Impact in China Book Review:

This book focuses on the health impacts of air pollution in China, especially the epidemiology-based exposure-response functions for the mortality, morbidity, and hospital admissions for respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer, and mental health related to pollution. It also provides the latest estimates of the magnitude of the adverse effects of air pollution on the health of the Chinese population. By providing a better understanding of the impact of air pollution on health, it improves the scientific basis of risk assessment, and also helps governments develop policies and other health protection initiatives to reduce the impacts of air pollution. The book offers environmental scientists, engineers, researchers and students a comprehensive and organized body of information in the area of air pollution.

Ambient Air Pollution and Atherosclerosis The Framingham Heart Study

Ambient Air Pollution and Atherosclerosis  The Framingham Heart Study
Author: Kirsten Sandstrom Dorans
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2016
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:951560359
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ambient Air Pollution and Atherosclerosis The Framingham Heart Study Book Review:

This dissertation assesses the associations of residential proximity to a major roadway and residential ambient fine particulate matter exposure with artery calcification, a correlate of atherosclerosis, among Framingham Heart Study participants. It also explores using quantile regression to model outcomes with distributions similar to that of artery calcification, which is zero-inflated and right-skewed, an excess of zeros followed by a long tail to the right. Chapter I examines associations of residential distance to a major roadway and residential fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure with coronary artery calcium Agatston score (CAC) among Framingham Heart Study participants living in the Northeastern U.S. CAC is a quantitative estimate of total coronary atheroma and a strong risk factor for coronary heart disease. We observed no associations of these exposures with the presence, extent or progression of CAC. Chapter II examines associations of residential distance to a major roadway and residential PM2.5 exposure with thoracic aortic calcium Agatston score (TAC) and abdominal aortic calcium Agatston score (AAC), correlates of systemic atherosclerosis. There were no associations of these exposures with the presence or extent of TAC or AAC or with AAC progression. The direction of some estimates ran counter to expectation. Overall, these exposures were not strongly related to artery calcification among participants living in a region with relatively low levels of and little variation in PM2.5.

Annual Air Quality Report

Annual Air Quality Report
Author: Illinois. Environmental Protection Agency. Ambient Air Monitoring Section
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2001
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112043456521
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Annual Air Quality Report Book Review:

Effect of Ambient Air Pollution on the Lung and Immune System

Effect of Ambient Air Pollution on the Lung and Immune System
Author: Russell P. Sherwin
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 61
Release: 1989
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCR:31210014384323
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Effect of Ambient Air Pollution on the Lung and Immune System Book Review:

Monitoring Ambient Air Quality for Health Impact Assessment

Monitoring Ambient Air Quality for Health Impact Assessment
Author: World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe,World Health Organization
Publsiher: WHO Regional Office Europe
Total Pages: 196
Release: 1999
ISBN 10: 9789289013512
ISBN 13: 9289013516
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Monitoring Ambient Air Quality for Health Impact Assessment Book Review:

A guide to the principles and methods of air quality assessment aimed at measuring population exposure to ambient air pollutants and estimating the effects on health. Addressed to policy-makers as well as scientists engaged in air quality monitoring, the book responds to the failure of most monitoring systems to provide data that are useful in estimating and managing threats to health. The need for exposure data on populations at special risk is also addressed. Throughout, emphasis is placed on methods of monitoring and modelling that are cost-effective, targeted, and appropriate to local and national conditions. The report has six chapters. The first introduces WHO activities related to air quality management and explains the need for monitoring systems capable of assessing health impact. The types of information required for health impact assessment are described in chapter two, which outlines several methods of monitoring and modelling that can be used to measure the level and distribution of exposure to air pollutants in populations, identify population groups with high exposure, and estimate adverse effects on health. Chapter three formulates a general concept of air quality assessment, offering advice on principles for designing a monitoring network, interpreting and reporting data, and solving problems with quality assurance. Also included is a comparison of the advantages, disadvantages, and costs of different methods for air quality monitoring. Against this background, the fourth and most extensive chapter describes specific methods for the monitoring of carbon monoxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter, benzene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, lead, and atmospheric cadmium. Monitoring strategies for each pollutant are presented according to a standard format, which covers health effects, sources and exposure patterns, monitoring methods, recommended strategies for monitoring and assessment, and a practical example. The remaining chapters offer advice on the collation, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of data, and summarize the main conclusions and recommendations of the report. Detailed technical guidelines for the use of various methods and models are provided in a series of annexes. The report also reproduces the newly revised WHO air quality guidelines for Europe.

Ambient Air Pollution and Its Association with Olfaction in U S Women

Ambient Air Pollution and Its Association with Olfaction in U S  Women
Author: Frank Daniel Purdy
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 37
Release: 2020
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: 9798641899237
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ambient Air Pollution and Its Association with Olfaction in U S Women Book Review:

Olfaction impairment (OI) is an often underreported, common sensory deficit that can lead to a host of adverse health conditions, quality of life issues, and is a predictor of 5-year mortality. Environmental exposures, including very fine particulate matter (PM2.5), are believed to be a potential risk factor in the loss of smell but previous research into this association has been limited. We therefore collaborated with the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences' Sister Study, which had been originally designed to examine the relationship between environmental exposures and cancer, to test a large sub-sample (n=4020) of their population in order to identify participants with olfaction impairment. Our multivariable logistic regression analysis found that those in the highest exposure group were more likely to suffer from olfaction impairment when compared to those in the lowest exposure group, with an OR = 1.55 (95% CI: 1.40, 1.72) after adjusting for all relevant confounders. Results were similar for all instances of PM2.5 yearly average measurements. Further quantile regression analyses showed that the greatest effect of ambient air pollutants on olfaction was for those whose smell tests fell below the 42nd quantile, indicating that PM2.5 may exacerbate OI rather than instigate it. We conclude that higher levels of PM2.5 were associated with olfaction impairment and that the effect may have been greater for those with an already declining sense of smell.

Monitoring of Air Pollutants

Monitoring of Air Pollutants
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2015-11-29
ISBN 10: 0444635564
ISBN 13: 9780444635563
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Monitoring of Air Pollutants Book Review:

Monitoring of Air Pollutants: Sampling, Sample Preparation and Analytical Techniques provides a comprehensive reference on air pollutant monitoring, addressing experimental approaches to sampling and sample preparation, as well as analytical technologies (instrumental methods) which are applicable to a wide range of topics. The book's purpose is to provide an in-depth resource on the monitoring of ambient air pollutants that covers the basic principles, recent developments, and important applications in the field. Current trends and recent advances are discussed, both with respect to analytical techniques and target air pollutants. All aspects of air pollutant monitoring, from sampling, to sample preparation, and analysis, are covered, making this the book of choice for consultation by air monitoring practitioners. Contains all the information needed for air pollutant monitoring from sampling, to sample preparation, to analysis Provides guidance on the best analytical approach for a target pollutant Presents the pros and cons of included techniques to enable informed decisions Includes case studies based on published practical applications

Air Pollution

Air Pollution
Author: United States. General Accounting Office
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 28
Release: 1989
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112033992055
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Air Pollution Book Review:

The Growth and Yield Effects of Ambient Air Pollution on Valencia Orange Trees

The Growth and Yield Effects of Ambient Air Pollution on Valencia Orange Trees
Author: David M. Olszyk,California. Air Resources Board
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 61
Release: 1989
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822006726749
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Growth and Yield Effects of Ambient Air Pollution on Valencia Orange Trees Book Review:

Subcommitee on Ambient Air Standards and Biological Research in Air Pollution Thursday July 13 1961 Berkeley California

Subcommitee on Ambient Air Standards and Biological Research in Air Pollution   Thursday  July 13  1961  Berkeley  California
Author: California. Department of Public Health
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1961
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105221758712
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Subcommitee on Ambient Air Standards and Biological Research in Air Pollution Thursday July 13 1961 Berkeley California Book Review:

Subcommitee Meeting on Ambient Air Standards and Biological Research in Air Pollution Thursday May 31 1962 Berkeley California

Subcommitee Meeting on Ambient Air Standards and Biological Research in Air Pollution   Thursday  May 31  1962  Berkeley  California
Author: California. Department of Public Health
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1962
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105221758738
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Subcommitee Meeting on Ambient Air Standards and Biological Research in Air Pollution Thursday May 31 1962 Berkeley California Book Review:

Characterization of Ambient Air Pollution for Stochastic Health Models

Characterization of Ambient Air Pollution for Stochastic Health Models
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1981
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1065922314
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Characterization of Ambient Air Pollution for Stochastic Health Models Book Review:

This research is an analysis of various measures of ambient air pollution useful in cross-sectional epidemiological investigations and rick assessments. The Chestnut Ridge area health effects investigation, which includes a cross-sectional study of respiratory symptoms in young children, is used as a case study. Four large coal-fired electric generating power plants are the dominant pollution sources in this area of western Pennsylvania. The air pollution data base includes four years of sulfur dioxide and five years of total suspended particulate concentrations at seventeen monitors. Some 70 different characterizations of pollution are constructed and tested. These include pollutant concentrations at various percentiles and averaging times, exceedence measures which show the amount of time a specified threshold concentration is exceeded, and several dosage measures which transform non-linear dose-response relationships onto pollutant concentrations.

Ambient Air Quality Goals and Air Pollution Control Regulations for the Metropolitan Area

Ambient Air Quality Goals and Air Pollution Control Regulations for the Metropolitan Area
Author: Metro Clean Air Committee, Minneapolis
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 71
Release: 1968
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:5341179
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ambient Air Quality Goals and Air Pollution Control Regulations for the Metropolitan Area Book Review:

Harmonised Ambient Air Pollution and Road Traffic Noise Exposures Linked to Cardiovascular Outcomes in European Cohorts

Harmonised Ambient Air Pollution and Road Traffic Noise Exposures Linked to Cardiovascular Outcomes in European Cohorts
Author: Yutong Cai
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2016
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1104006461
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Harmonised Ambient Air Pollution and Road Traffic Noise Exposures Linked to Cardiovascular Outcomes in European Cohorts Book Review:

Ambient Air Quality Standards here We Are what Do We Do

 Ambient Air Quality Standards  here We Are  what Do We Do
Author: William J. Moroz,George C. Wiedersum
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 264
Release: 1976
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105030279058
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ambient Air Quality Standards here We Are what Do We Do Book Review:

Longitudinal Study on the Acute Effects of Ambient Air Pollution in Congestive Heart Failure

Longitudinal Study on the Acute Effects of Ambient Air Pollution in Congestive Heart Failure
Author: St├ęphane Buteau
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2018
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1086267359
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Longitudinal Study on the Acute Effects of Ambient Air Pollution in Congestive Heart Failure Book Review:

"People suffering from congestive heart failure (CHF) may be at higher risk for the acute effects of air pollution. The purpose of this dissertation was to investigate the acute effects of ambient air pollution in persons having CHF by making use of an innovative population-based longitudinal study design that can address limitations of previous epidemiological air pollution studies using grouped-analysis, notably by incorporating medical histories of subjects throughout the follow-up and spatially-resolved, time-dependent daily exposures to air pollution at subjects' residence.This dissertation includes three original studies: The first study is a structured review of panel studies that investigated the effect of ambient air pollutants (PM2.5, NO2, O3) on selected indices of HRV that reflect the activity of the autonomic nervous system, one important postulated mechanism linking air pollution and acute health events. Many of the 33 selected studies differed substantially in terms of design characteristics and statistical methodologies, thus limiting the possibility of pooling studies. I was not persuaded by the results that there was an association between PM2.5 and any of the four indices of HRV investigated, whereas for NO2 and O3 the number of high-quality studies was insufficient to draw definite conclusions. Panel studies with improved designs and methodologies are needed to establish or refute an association between ambient exposure to air pollution and HRV.The second study presents the development and comparison of spatially-resolved daily concentrations of NO2 and O3 predicted for areas defined by the first three-character of the postal codes in Montreal, 1991-2003, using different spatiotemporal models. For both pollutants, the results showed that the method used may lead to substantial differences in the daily mean concentrations assigned to a postal code area on a given day. The back-extrapolation method, which was the only method incorporating data from dense exposure surveys, showed a higher degree of disagreement with the other methods that were all constrained by the sparse monitoring network. In view of these substantial differences, the analyses of the health effects from air pollution should make use of multiple exposure models.The third study is a longitudinal cohort study, developed from administrative health databases, in elderly having CHF in Montreal, 1991-2003, to estimate: 1) whether non-accidental mortality was associated with spatially-resolved, daily exposures to ambient NO2 and O3, and; 2) whether these associations were modified according to a complication or worsening in a person's health. I used two distinct statistical designs: a case-crossover that contrasts the same person at different times, and a nested case-control that contrasts different persons at similar times. The effects of air pollution and weather on mortality were modelled using distributed lag nonlinear models over lags 0-3 days. I found that the estimates of risk depended on the exposure method and the statistical design used. Using the back-extrapolation method, which likely provide the better estimates of exposure, for the case-crossover the cumulative mean percentage changes (MPC) in daily mortality per interquartile increment in NO2 (8.8 ppb) was 3.0% (95% CI: -0.4, 6.6%) and for O3 (16.5 ppb) 3.5% (95% CI: -4.5%, 12.1%). For the nested case-control, the cumulative MPC in daily mortality was 2.9 % (95% CI: -0.9%, 6.9%) for NO2 and 7.3% (95% CI: 3.0%, 11.9%) for O3. In the nested case-control, but not in the case-crossover, I found evidence of effect modification according to the prescribed dose of furosemide, which is a diuretic used to treat CHF. This study strengthens the evidence that daily exposure to air pollution may increase the risk of daily mortality in CHF. The unique design and modeling framework illustrated in this study can form the basis of future investigations on the acute effects of air pollution. " --