Alternative Concepts of God

Alternative Concepts of God
Author: Andrei Buckareff,Yujin Nagasawa
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2016-01-21
ISBN 10: 0198722257
ISBN 13: 9780198722250
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alternative Concepts of God Book Review:

The concept of God according to traditional Judeo-Christian-Islamic theism minimally includes the theses that there is one God-an omniscient, omnipotent, and morally perfect agent, who is the creator of the universe and the sustainer of all that exists, and who is an immaterial substance that is ontologically distinct from the universe. Proponents of alternative concepts of God, such as pantheism, panentheism, religious anti-realism, developmental theism, andreligious naturalism, exclude at least one of these claims. This volume aims to shed light on alternative concepts of God and to thoroughly consider their merits and demerits. The contributors are leadinganalytic philosophers of religion, including critics of these views as well as sympathizers. This is the first contemporary edited collection featuring the work of analytic philosophers of religion covering such a wide range of alternative concepts of God.

Alternative Concepts of God

Alternative Concepts of God
Author: Andrei Buckareff,Yujin Nagasawa
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2016-01-21
ISBN 10: 0198722257
ISBN 13: 9780198722250
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alternative Concepts of God Book Review:

The concept of God according to traditional Judeo-Christian-Islamic theism minimally includes the theses that there is one God-an omniscient, omnipotent, and morally perfect agent, who is the creator of the universe and the sustainer of all that exists, and who is an immaterial substance that is ontologically distinct from the universe. Proponents of alternative concepts of God, such as pantheism, panentheism, religious anti-realism, developmental theism, andreligious naturalism, exclude at least one of these claims. This volume aims to shed light on alternative concepts of God and to thoroughly consider their merits and demerits. The contributors are leadinganalytic philosophers of religion, including critics of these views as well as sympathizers. This is the first contemporary edited collection featuring the work of analytic philosophers of religion covering such a wide range of alternative concepts of God.

Models of God and Alternative Ultimate Realities

Models of God and Alternative Ultimate Realities
Author: Jeanine Diller,Asa Kasher
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 1041
Release: 2013-06-13
ISBN 10: 9400752199
ISBN 13: 9789400752191
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Models of God and Alternative Ultimate Realities Book Review:

The envisioned volume is a collection of recent essays about the philosophical exploration, critique and comparison of (a) the major philosophical models of God, gods and other ultimate realities implicit in the world’s philosophical schools and religions, and of (b) the ideas of such models and doing such modeling per se. The aim is to identify exactly what a model of ultimate reality is; create a comprehensive and accessible collection of extant models; and determine how best, philosophically, to model ultimate reality, if possible and desirable.

The Existence of God

The Existence of God
Author: Yujin Nagasawa
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2011-04-19
ISBN 10: 1136737456
ISBN 13: 9781136737459
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Existence of God Book Review:

Does God exist? What are the various arguments that seek to prove the existence of God? Can atheists refute these arguments? The Existence of God: A Philosophical Introduction assesses classical and contemporary arguments concerning the existence of God: the ontological argument, introducing the nature of existence, possible worlds, parody objections, and the evolutionary origin of the concept of God the cosmological argument, discussing metaphysical paradoxes of infinity, scientific models of the universe, and philosophers’ discussions about ultimate reality and the meaning of life the design argument, addressing Aquinas’s Fifth Way, Darwin’s theory of evolution, the concept of irreducible complexity, and the current controversy over intelligent design and school education. Bringing the subject fully up to date, Yujin Nagasawa explains these arguments in relation to recent research in cognitive science, the mathematics of infinity, big bang cosmology, and debates about ethics and morality in light of contemporary political and social events. The book also includes fascinating insights into the passions, beliefs and struggles of the philosophers and scientists who have tackled the challenge of proving the existence of God, including Thomas Aquinas, and Kurt Gödel - who at the end of his career as a famous mathematician worked on a secret project to prove the existence of God. The Existence of God: A Philosophical Introduction is an ideal gateway to the philosophy of religion and an excellent starting point for anyone interested in arguments about the existence of God.

Brain Consciousness and God

Brain  Consciousness  and God
Author: Daniel A. Helminiak
Publsiher: SUNY Press
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2015-07-21
ISBN 10: 1438457162
ISBN 13: 9781438457161
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Consciousness and God Book Review:

A constructive critique of neuropsychological research on human consciousness and religious experience that applies the thought of Bernard Lonergan. Brain, Consciousness, and God is a constructive critique of neuroscientific research on human consciousness and religious experience. An adequate epistemology—a theory of knowledge—is needed to address this topic, but today there exists no consensus on what human knowing means, especially regarding nonmaterial realities. Daniel A. Helminiak turns to twentieth-century theologian and philosopher Bernard Lonergan’s breakthrough analysis of human consciousness and its implications for epistemology and philosophy of science. Lucidly summarizing Lonergan’s key ideas, Helminiak applies them to questions about science, psychology, and religion. Along with Lonergan, eminent theorists in consciousness studies and neuroscience get deserved detailed attention. Helminiak demonstrates the reality of the immaterial mind and, addressing the Cartesian “mind-body problem,” explains how body and mind could make up one being, a person. Human consciousness is presented not only as awareness of objects, but also as self-presence, the self-conscious experience of human subjectivity, a spiritual reality. Lonergan’s analyses allow us to say exactly what “spiritual” means, and it need have nothing to do with God. “This book makes a seminal contribution to the psychology of religion and is on the cutting edge of the growing interest in the spiritual dimensions of human beings. Daniel Helminiak writes knowledgeably about neurobiology, psychotherapy, philosophy, and even psychedelic experience. His chapter on the ‘God’ concept is a tour de force and worth the price of the entire book. Once I started this book, I could barely put it down.” — Stanley Krippner, Saybrook University “This is an amazing book. It is both lucid and brilliant. Deeply informed by Bernard Lonergan’s systematic treatment of human knowing as a composite of experience, understanding, and judgment, Daniel Helminiak masterfully places study of spirituality within the self-transcending dimension of the human mind and in so doing differentiates and interrelates neuroscience, psychology, spirituality, and theology.” — Ralph W. Hood, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga “In this book, magnificently and comprehensively Helminiak struggles toward an integrated perspective on the unfolding of the universe. Focused on humanity, his topic is actually the origins and dynamics of human yearning. As best he can, he meets contemporary theorists on their own ground and repeatedly nudges their thinking toward a more coherent position. The result cuts both ways. It challenges students of Lonergan who underappreciate natural and social processes, and it challenges natural and social scientists who seek a science of mind while subtly sidestepping their inquiring selves. Yet Helminiak presents only a seedling. Its full bloom would be Lonergan’s new, global, omnidisciplinary science, envisaged in Method. It does, indeed, qualify as Patricia Churchland’s sought ‘real humdinger of a solution.’” — Philip McShane, author of Randomness, Statistics and Emergence “Intense, yet lucidly clear, this work by Daniel Helminiak provides a sequel to Michael H. McCarthy’s The Crisis of Philosophy. Helminiak turns a laser on the crisis and not only exposes significant counterpositions, but also offers a solution using the intellectual epistemology of Bernard Lonergan. Worth a read by anyone seeking real explanation rather than mere description, this work invites readers to be weaned from picture-thinking to claim the reality of their intelligence, whatever their field.” — Carla Mae Streeter, Aquinas Institute of Theology

Current Controversies in Philosophy of Religion

Current Controversies in Philosophy of Religion
Author: Paul Draper
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2019-04-17
ISBN 10: 131729274X
ISBN 13: 9781317292746
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current Controversies in Philosophy of Religion Book Review:

While orthodox religion by its very nature is conservative, philosophy at its best is inherently radical. It challenges authority, tradition, and the whole idea of "dogma." For this reason, philosophy of religion can be explosively controversial. It is bound to disturb those who peddle incontrovertible truth and fascinate those who seek spiritual truth and are willing to follow the argument wherever it leads. This volume is designed for such seekers. It brings together an international team of leading philosophers of religion to explore and debate radical new ideas about religion, God, and ultimate reality. Four related questions are addressed: How might religion make progress? Is life after death a real possibility? Must a perfect God be motivated by our well-being? What alternatives are there to traditional theism and materialist atheism? The book begins with a vision for the field of philosophy of religion and ends with a capstone chapter that touches on all of the topics debated in the other chapters. The addition of chapter overviews, annotated suggestions for further reading, and annotated guides to three additional controversies make it an ideal textbook in addition to being an important source for scholars and seekers of all kinds.

Maximal God

Maximal God
Author: Yujin Nagasawa
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2017-09-21
ISBN 10: 0198758685
ISBN 13: 9780198758686
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Maximal God Book Review:

Yujin Nagasawa presents a new, stronger version of perfect being theism, the conception of God as the greatest possible being. Although perfect being theism is the most common form of monotheism in the Judeo-Christian-Islamic tradition its truth has been disputed by philosophers and theologians for centuries. Nagasawa proposes a new, game-changing defence of perfect being theism by developing what he calls the 'maximal concept of God'. Perfect being theists typically maintain that God is an omniscient, omnipotent, and omnibenevolent being; according to Nagasawa, God should be understood rather as a being that has the maximal consistent set of knowledge, power, and benevolence. Nagasawa argues that once we accept the maximal concept we can establish perfect being theism on two grounds. First, we can refute nearly all existing arguments against perfect being theism simultaneously. Second, we can construct a novel, strengthened version of the modal ontological argument for perfect being theism. Nagasawa concludes that the maximal concept grants us a unified defence of perfect being theism that is highly effective and economical.

Models of God

Models of God
Author: Sallie McFague
Publsiher: Fortress Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 1987-01-01
ISBN 10: 9781451418019
ISBN 13: 1451418019
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Models of God Book Review:

In this award-winning text, theologian Sallie McFague challenges Christians' usual speech about God as a kind of monarch. She probes instead three other possible metaphors for God as mother, lover, and friend.

Finding God Beyond Religion

Finding God Beyond Religion
Author: Tom Stella
Publsiher: SkyLight Paths Publishing
Total Pages: 126
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 1594734852
ISBN 13: 9781594734854
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Finding God Beyond Religion Book Review:

Do you describe yourself as spiritual but not religious? Whether young or old, church connected or not, are you spiritually restless for an authentic faith life but do not find conventional religious teachings pertinent to you? This accessible guide to a meaningful spiritual life is a salve for your soul. It reinterprets traditional religious teachings central to the Christian faith - God, Jesus, faith, prayer, morality and more - in ways that connect with people who have outgrown the beliefs and devotional practices that once made sense to them.

The God Problem

The God Problem
Author: Nigel Leaves
Publsiher: Polebridge PressWestar Inst
Total Pages: 98
Release: 2006
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105124028700
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The God Problem Book Review:

The twenty-first century has witnessed a dangerous shift in focus about belief (or non-belief) in God. God is not to be debated but defended at all costs. In short, God has become a problem. How then might we return to a reasoned debate about God's existence? In this book Nigel Leaves evaluates four ways of addressing the God Problem - panentheism, non-realism, grassroots spirituality, and religious naturalism. These are the current responses to the increasing difficulty of God-talk in the context of the latest critical and scientific thinking. Leaves provides an excellent point of departure and a resource for a discussion on how we may speak of God today.

The Concept of Anxiety A Simple Psychologically Oriented Deliberation in View of the Dogmatic Problem of Hereditary Sin

The Concept of Anxiety  A Simple Psychologically Oriented Deliberation in View of the Dogmatic Problem of Hereditary Sin
Author: Soren Kierkegaard,Alastair Hannay
Publsiher: W. W. Norton & Company
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2014-03-03
ISBN 10: 0871407191
ISBN 13: 9780871407191
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Concept of Anxiety A Simple Psychologically Oriented Deliberation in View of the Dogmatic Problem of Hereditary Sin Book Review:

Presents a translation of the Danish philosopher's 1844 treatise on anxiety, which he claimed could only be overcome through embracing it.

Decision Making and the Will of God

Decision Making and the Will of God
Author: Garry Friesen,J. Robin Maxson
Publsiher: Multnomah
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2009-10-07
ISBN 10: 0307569241
ISBN 13: 9780307569240
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Decision Making and the Will of God Book Review:

Does God Have a Perfect Will for Your Life? Does God have a perfect will for each Christian? Can you be absolutely certain of God’s specific will for your life? In this expanded twenty-fifth anniversary edition of his highly acclaimed work, Garry Friesen examines the prevalent view on God’s will today and provides a sound biblical alternative to the traditional teaching of how God guides us. This new edition includes these helpful resources: • Study guide for small groups • Responses to Frequently Asked Questions • Guide to painless Scripture memorization Friesen tackles the very practical issues of choosing a mate, picking a career, and giving in this fresh and liberating approach to decision making and the will of God. Story Behind the Book Most Christians have been taught how to find God’s will, yet many are still unsure whether they’ve found it. God does guide His people, but the question is, “How does He guide?” After “putting out a fleece” to decide which college to attend, Garry Friesen began pondering why it was so hard to find God’s will when he had so sincerely sought it. Was he the only one who did not have 100 percent clarity for every decision? Then a new possibility struck—perhaps his understanding of the nature of God’s will was biblically deficient. Maybe there was a better way to understand HOW God guides.

Creation and the God of Abraham

Creation and the God of Abraham
Author: David B. Burrell,Carlo Cogliati,Janet M. Soskice,William R. Stoeger
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2010-09-02
ISBN 10: 1139490788
ISBN 13: 9781139490788
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Creation and the God of Abraham Book Review:

Creatio ex nihilo is a foundational doctrine in the Abrahamic faiths. It states that God created the world freely out of nothing - from no pre-existent matter, space or time. This teaching is central to classical accounts of divine action, free will, grace, theodicy, religious language, intercessory prayer and questions of divine temporality and, as such, the foundation of a scriptural God but also the transcendent Creator of all that is. This edited collection explores how we might now recover a place for this doctrine, and, with it, a consistent defence of the God of Abraham in philosophical, scientific and theological terms. The contributions span the religious traditions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and cover a wide range of sources, including historical, philosophical, scientific and theological. As such, the book develops these perspectives to reveal the relevance of this idea within the modern world.

Reimagining God

Reimagining God
Author: Lloyd Geering
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2014-11
ISBN 10: 9781598151565
ISBN 13: 1598151568
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reimagining God Book Review:

Theodicy

Theodicy
Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Publsiher: Cosimo, Inc.
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2010-07-01
ISBN 10: 1616402954
ISBN 13: 9781616402952
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Theodicy Book Review:

In this 1710 treatise, Gottfried Liebniz's only book-length work, he applies the idea of philosophical "optimism"-that we live in the best of all possible worlds-to the "problem of evil"-If a benevolent God exists, why do terrible things happen? He explores the possibility that humanity's happiness is not necessarily part of God's plan. Much of Leibniz's thinking in the realm of the sciences flowed from his philosophy-he believed the universe to operate under simple, intelligible, interconnected rules. Understanding how he approached the metaphysical world and humanity's place in it is vital to understanding his contributions to modern science. The impact of the work of German mathematician GOTTFRIED WILHELM LEIBNIZ (1646-1716) on modern science and technology is all but incalculable. His notation for infinitesimal calculus-which he developed independently of Newton-remains in use today, and his invention of binary counting is the basis for modern computing. He was a powerfully influential philosopher as well, and is still considered, alongside Descartes and Spinoza, one of the great 17th-century rationalists.

Alternatives

Alternatives
Author: William L. Fischer
Publsiher: Unity House
Total Pages: 83
Release: 1994-03
ISBN 10: 9780871592835
ISBN 13: 0871592835
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alternatives Book Review:

Alternatives examines the thinking behind traditional Christian beliefs, offers some nontraditional perspectives, and allows you to decide what is valid for yourself. Teachings considered are God, Jesus Christ, heaven, hell, satan, sin, worship, communion, prayer, baptism, and life after death. Alternatives may provide answers to questions that have puzzled you for years. It may strengthen some long-held beliefs and shed new light on others. Alternatives will surely expand your thinking and enhance your spiritual growth.

Leviathan

Leviathan
Author: Thomas Hobbes
Publsiher: Graphic Arts Books
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2021-02-09
ISBN 10: 1513279394
ISBN 13: 9781513279398
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Leviathan Book Review:

Written by one of the founders of modern political philosophy, Thomas Hobbes, during the English civil war, Leviathan is an influential work of nonfiction. Regarded as one of the earliest examples of the social contract theory, Leviathan has both historical and philosophical importance. Social contract theory prioritizes the state over the individual, claiming that individuals have consented to the surrender of some of their freedoms by participating in society. These surrendered freedoms help ensure that the government can be run easily. In exchange for their sacrifice, the individual is protected and given a place in a steady social order. Articulating this theory, Hobbes argues for a strong, undivided government ruled by an absolute sovereign. To support his argument, Hobbes includes topics of religion, human nature and taxation. Separated into four sections, Hobbes claims his theory to be the resolution of the civil war that raged on as he wrote, creating chaos and taking causalities. The first section, Of Man discusses the role human nature and instinct plays in the formation of government. The second section, Of Commonwealth explains the definition, implications, types, and rules of succession in a commonwealth government. Of a Christian Commonwealth imagines the religion’s role government and societal moral standards. Finally, Hobbes closes his argument with Of the Kingdom of Darkness. Through the use of philosophical theory and historical study, Thomas Hobbes attempts to convince citizens to consider the cost and reward of being governed. Without an understanding of the sociopolitical theories that keep government bodies in power, subjects can easily become complicit or allow society to slip into anarchy. Created during a brutal civil war, Hobbes hoped to educate and persuade his peers. Though Leviathan was a work of controversy in its time, Hobbes’ theories and prose has survived centuries, shaping the ideas of modern philosophy. This edition of Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes is now presented with a stunning new cover design and is printed in an easy-to-read font. With these accommodations, Leviathan is accessible and applicable to contemporary readers.

The Righteous Mind

The Righteous Mind
Author: Jonathan Haidt
Publsiher: Vintage
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 0307455777
ISBN 13: 9780307455772
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Righteous Mind Book Review:

Presents a groundbreaking investigation into the origins of morality at the core of religion and politics, offering scholarly insight into the motivations behind cultural clashes that are polarizing America.

God Without the Supernatural

God Without the Supernatural
Author: Peter Forrest
Publsiher: Cornell University Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 1996
ISBN 10: 9780801432552
ISBN 13: 0801432553
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

God Without the Supernatural Book Review:

Peter Forrest expounds a program of best-explanation apologetics. He contends that since the existence of God would provide the best possible explanation of various facts, those facts support theism. Among the facts cited are the suitability of the universe for life, the regularity of the universe, the human capacity for intellectual progress, the experience of a moral order, and various forms of beauty. The beauty that interests Forrest as evidence for the existence of God includes sensuous beauty; the beauty of the natural order, as revealed by the sciences; and the beauty of necessity discovered by mathematicians. In addressing the need for an adequate motive for creation, Forrest conjectures that God created the universe for embodied persons not for their life on earth alone but also for an afterlife. Forrest acknowledges the speculative nature of such an account. He suggests that philosophical speculation is also required to defend theism against the charge that it is too extravagant a hypothesis to be warranted. Providing a speculative defense against the argument from evil, he explains how such speculations can be used to support best-explanation arguments without the conclusions themselves being rendered purely speculative.

Agents of World Renewal

Agents of World Renewal
Author: Takashi Miura
Publsiher: University of Hawaii Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2019-08-31
ISBN 10: 0824880420
ISBN 13: 9780824880422
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Agents of World Renewal Book Review:

This volume examines a category of Japanese divinities that centered on the concept of “world renewal” (yonaoshi). In the latter half of the Tokugawa period (1603–1867), a number of entities, both natural and supernatural, came to be worshipped as “gods of world renewal.” These included disgruntled peasants who demanded their local governments repeal unfair taxation, government bureaucrats who implemented special fiscal measures to help the poor, and a giant subterranean catfish believed to cause earthquakes to punish the hoarding rich. In the modern period, yonaoshi gods took on more explicitly anti-authoritarian characteristics. During a major uprising in Saitama Prefecture in 1884, a yonaoshi god was invoked to deny the legitimacy of the Meiji regime, and in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the new religion Ōmoto predicted an apocalyptic end of the world presided over by a messianic yonaoshi god. Using a variety of local documents to analyze the veneration of yonaoshi gods, Takashi Miura looks beyond the traditional modality of research focused on religious professionals, their institutions, and their texts to illuminate the complexity of a lived religion as practiced in communities. He also problematizes the association frequently drawn between the concept of yonaoshi and millenarianism, demonstrating that yonaoshi gods served as divine rectifiers of specific economic injustices and only later, in the modern period and within the context of new religions such as Ōmoto, were fully millenarian interpretations developed. The scope of world renewal, in other words, changed over time. Agents of World Renewal approaches Japanese religion through the new analytical lens of yonaoshi gods and highlights the necessity of looking beyond the boundary often posited between the early modern and modern periods when researching religious discourses and concepts.