Aging and Decision Making

Aging and Decision Making
Author: Thomas M. Hess,JoNell Strough,Corinna Löckenhoff
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2015-02-17
ISBN 10: 0124171559
ISBN 13: 9780124171558
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aging and Decision Making Book Review:

Decisions large and small play a fundamental role in shaping life course trajectories of health and well-being: decisions draw upon an individual's capacity for self-regulation and self-control, their ability to keep long-term goals in mind, and their willingness to place appropriate value on their future well-being. Aging and Decision Making addresses the specific cognitive and affective processes that account for age-related changes in decision making, targeting interventions to compensate for vulnerabilities and leverage strengths in the aging individual. This book focuses on four dominant approaches that characterize the current state of decision-making science and aging - neuroscience, behavioral mechanisms, competence models, and applied perspectives. Underscoring that choice is a ubiquitous component of everyday functioning, Aging and Decision Making examines the implications of how we invest our limited social, temporal, psychological, financial, and physical resources, and lays essential groundwork for the design of decision supportive interventions for adaptive aging that take into account individual capacities and context variables. Divided into four dominant approaches that characterize the current state of decision-making science and aging neuroscience Explores the impact of aging on the linkages between cortical structures/functions and the behavioral indices of decision-making Examines the themes associated with behavioral approaches that attempt integrations of methods, models, and theories of general decision-making with those derived from the study of aging Details the changes in underlying competencies in later life and the two prevailing themes that have emerged—one, the general individual differences perspective, and two, a more clinical focus

Aging and Decision Making How Aging Affects Decisions Under Uncertainty

Aging and Decision Making  How Aging Affects Decisions Under Uncertainty
Author: Alec Sproten,Carsten Diener,Christian Fiebach,Christiane Schwieren
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2010
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1190213586
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aging and Decision Making How Aging Affects Decisions Under Uncertainty Book Review:

Decision Making The impact of aging

Decision Making  The impact of aging
Author: Jonas Junk
Publsiher: GRIN Verlag
Total Pages: 69
Release: 2020-07-09
ISBN 10: 3346204553
ISBN 13: 9783346204554
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Decision Making The impact of aging Book Review:

Master's Thesis from the year 2019 in the subject Business economics - Miscellaneous, grade: 2.0, University of Münster, language: English, abstract: The world population gets older as life expectancy increases. The popula-tion of people over the age of 60 is expected to be over two billion in 2050 (cf. United Nations, 2017, pp. 13-14). Older adults (OA) still face decisions, which might be even more significant or complex than decisions of young-er adolescents. For example, the average age of C-suite members in Ameri-can firms is 54 (cf. Korn Ferry, 2007). On a more individual level, the pop-ulation aged 55 and higher has a significantly higher mean net worth than the younger population (cf. Bricker et al., 2017, p. 13). Especially, if one accounts for the fact that research has shown that declines in cognitive functioning are seen before the age of 50 (cf. Salthouse, 2004, p. 141), re-search on aging and decision making (DM) is of high importance. In recent years numerous papers on this topic were published. This thesis helps existing literature by creating a literature overview to summarize current findings. Because of the reasons above, this thesis concentrates on age-related differences between young and OA, but does not analyze re-search about DM in childhood. It adds to current literature by being the first work with an extensive overview of age-related changes in the respective analyzed biases with a short subsequent view on financial DM. The thesis deals with the research question, whether biases of DM literature differ between younger and OA. To answer this question, I examine differ-ences in typical DM biases. The chosen biases are the ones being investi-gated the most thoroughly in existing literature on aging and DM and wherever possible or necessary I will focus on DM in economic contexts. The remainder of this paper is organized as follows: section two gives a short overview about the foundations of DM. After examining age-related effects on processes, which underly DM, in chapter three, the fourth chapter deals with age-related differences in DM. Afterwards, I shine a light on potential implications resulting from respective age differences. Chapter six concludes.

Cognitive Aging

Cognitive Aging
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on the Public Health Dimensions of Cognitive Aging
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 330
Release: 2015-07-21
ISBN 10: 0309368650
ISBN 13: 9780309368650
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Aging Book Review:

For most Americans, staying "mentally sharp" as they age is a very high priority. Declines in memory and decision-making abilities may trigger fears of Alzheimer's disease or other neurodegenerative diseases. However, cognitive aging is a natural process that can have both positive and negative effects on cognitive function in older adults - effects that vary widely among individuals. At this point in time, when the older population is rapidly growing in the United States and across the globe, it is important to examine what is known about cognitive aging and to identify and promote actions that individuals, organizations, communities, and society can take to help older adults maintain and improve their cognitive health. Cognitive Aging assesses the public health dimensions of cognitive aging with an emphasis on definitions and terminology, epidemiology and surveillance, prevention and intervention, education of health professionals, and public awareness and education. This report makes specific recommendations for individuals to reduce the risks of cognitive decline with aging. Aging is inevitable, but there are actions that can be taken by individuals, families, communities, and society that may help to prevent or ameliorate the impact of aging on the brain, understand more about its impact, and help older adults live more fully and independent lives. Cognitive aging is not just an individual or a family or a health care system challenge. It is an issue that affects the fabric of society and requires actions by many and varied stakeholders. Cognitive Aging offers clear steps that individuals, families, communities, health care providers and systems, financial organizations, community groups, public health agencies, and others can take to promote cognitive health and to help older adults live fuller and more independent lives. Ultimately, this report calls for a societal commitment to cognitive aging as a public health issue that requires prompt action across many sectors.

When I m 64

When I m 64
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Aging Frontiers in Social Psychology, Personality, and Adult Developmental Psychology
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2006-02-13
ISBN 10: 9780309164917
ISBN 13: 0309164915
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

When I m 64 Book Review:

By 2030 there will be about 70 million people in the United States who are older than 64. Approximately 26 percent of these will be racial and ethnic minorities. Overall, the older population will be more diverse and better educated than their earlier cohorts. The range of late-life outcomes is very dramatic with old age being a significantly different experience for financially secure and well-educated people than for poor and uneducated people. The early mission of behavioral science research focused on identifying problems of older adults, such as isolation, caregiving, and dementia. Today, the field of gerontology is more interdisciplinary. When I'm 64 examines how individual and social behavior play a role in understanding diverse outcomes in old age. It also explores the implications of an aging workforce on the economy. The book recommends that the National Institute on Aging focus its research support in social, personality, and life-span psychology in four areas: motivation and behavioral change; socioemotional influences on decision-making; the influence of social engagement on cognition; and the effects of stereotypes on self and others. When I'm 64 is a useful resource for policymakers, researchers and medical professionals.

Handbook of the Psychology of Aging

Handbook of the Psychology of Aging
Author: K Warner Schaie,Sherry L. Willis
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2010-12-21
ISBN 10: 9780123808837
ISBN 13: 0123808839
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of the Psychology of Aging Book Review:

The Handbook of the Psychology of Aging, Seventh Edition, provides a basic reference source on the behavioral processes of aging for researchers, graduate students, and professionals. It also provides perspectives on the behavioral science of aging for researchers and professionals from other disciplines. The book is organized into four parts. Part 1 reviews key methodological and analytical issues in aging research. It examines some of the major historical influences that might provide explanatory mechanisms for a better understanding of cohort and period differences in psychological aging processes. Part 2 includes chapters that discuss the basics and nuances of executive function; the history of the morphometric research on normal brain aging; and the neural changes that occur in the brain with aging. Part 3 deals with the social and health aspects of aging. It covers the beliefs that individuals have about how much they can control various outcomes in their life; the impact of stress on health and aging; and the interrelationships between health disparities, social class, and aging. Part 4 discusses the emotional aspects of aging; family caregiving; and mental disorders and legal capacities in older adults. Contains all the main areas of psychological gerontological research in one volume Entire section on neuroscience and aging Begins with a section on theory and methods Edited by one of the father of gerontology (Schaie) and contributors represent top scholars in gerontology

The Aging Mind

The Aging Mind
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Future Directions for Cognitive Research on Aging
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2000-04-18
ISBN 10: 9780309172196
ISBN 13: 0309172195
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Aging Mind Book Review:

Possible new breakthroughs in understanding the aging mind that can be used to benefit older people are now emerging from research. This volume identifies the key scientific advances and the opportunities they bring. For example, science has learned that among older adults who do not suffer from Alzheimer’s disease or other dementias, cognitive decline may depend less on loss of brain cells than on changes in the health of neurons and neural networks. Research on the processes that maintain neural health shows promise of revealing new ways to promote cognitive functioning in older people. Research is also showing how cognitive functioning depends on the conjunction of biology and culture. The ways older people adapt to changes in their nervous systems, and perhaps the changes themselves, are shaped by past life experiences, present living situations, changing motives, cultural expectations, and emerging technology, as well as by their physical health status and sensory-motor capabilities. Improved understanding of how physical and contextual factors interact can help explain why some cognitive functions are impaired in aging while others are spared and why cognitive capability is impaired in some older adults and spared in others. On the basis of these exciting findings, the report makes specific recommends that the U.S. government support three major new initiatives as the next steps for research.

Financial Decision Making and Retirement

Financial Decision Making and Retirement
Author: Olivia S. Mitchell,P. Brett Hammond,Stephen P. Utkus
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2017-10-05
ISBN 10: 0198808038
ISBN 13: 9780198808039
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Financial Decision Making and Retirement Book Review:

As the world's population lives longer, it will become increasingly important for plan sponsors, retirement advisors, regulators, and financial firms to focus closely on how older persons fare in the face of rising difficulties with cognition and financial management. This book offers state-of-the-art research and recommendations on how to evaluate when older persons need financial advice, help them make better financial decisions, and to identify policy options for handling these individual and social challenges efficiently and fairly. This latest volume in the Pension Research Council series, draws lessons from theory and practice, and will be of interest to employees and retirees, consumers and researchers, and financial institutions working to design better retirement plan offerings.

Brain Aging

Brain Aging
Author: David R. Riddle
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2007-04-19
ISBN 10: 9781420005523
ISBN 13: 1420005529
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Aging Book Review:

Recognition that aging is not the accumulation of disease, but rather comprises fundamental biological processes that are amenable to experimental study, is the basis for the recent growth of experimental biogerontology. As increasingly sophisticated studies provide greater understanding of what occurs in the aging brain and how these changes occur

The Aging Brain

The Aging Brain
Author: Gregory R. Samanez-Larkin
Publsiher: American Psychological Association (APA)
Total Pages: 257
Release: 2019
ISBN 10: 9781433830532
ISBN 13: 1433830531
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Aging Brain Book Review:

This multidisciplinary volume examines the neural mechanisms underlying changes in the aging brain, changes in learning and memory, risk and protective factors, and the assessment and prevention of cognitive decline.

Supported Decision Making

Supported Decision Making
Author: Karrie A. Shogren,Michael L. Wehmeyer,Jonathan Martinis,Peter Blanck
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2018-11-22
ISBN 10: 1108475647
ISBN 13: 9781108475648
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Supported Decision Making Book Review:

Integrates research, theory, and practice in supported decision-making and describes implications for supports provision in the disability field.

Judgment and Decision Making as a Skill

Judgment and Decision Making as a Skill
Author: Mandeep K. Dhami,Anne Schlottmann,Michael R. Waldmann
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 311
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 0521767814
ISBN 13: 9780521767811
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Judgment and Decision Making as a Skill Book Review:

Identifies how human judgment and decision making may evolve, develop and be learned or trained.

The Aging Consumer

The Aging Consumer
Author: Aimee Drolet,Carolyn Yoon
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2020-10-02
ISBN 10: 1000202755
ISBN 13: 9781000202755
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Aging Consumer Book Review:

The Aging Consumer: Perspectives from Psychology and Marketing, 2nd edition takes stock of what is known around age and consumer behavior, identifies gaps and open questions within the research, and outlines an agenda for future research. There has been little systematic research done with respect to the most basic questions related to age and consumer behavior, such as whether older adults versus young and middle-age adults respond to marketing activities including pricing, promotions, product design, and distribution. Written by experts, The Aging Consumer compiles research on a broad range of topics on consumer marketing, from an individual to a societal level of analysis. This second edition provides new versions of chapters contained in the 2010 volume that have been updated to reflect the latest psychological and marketing research and thinking. Included also are ten new chapters which cover exciting new ground, such as changes in metacognition in older adults, motivated cognition of the aging consumer, and a global perspective on aging and the economy across cultures. This updated volume is beneficial for researchers and practitioners in marketing, consumer behavior, and advertising. Additionally, The Aging Consumer, 2nd edition will appeal to professionals in other fields such as psychology, decision sciences, gerontology and gerontological social work, and those who are concerned with normal human aging and its implications for the everyday behavior of older individuals. It will also be of interest to those in fields concerned with the societal implications of an aging population, such as economics, policy, and law.

Cultural Issues in End of Life Decision Making

Cultural Issues in End of Life Decision Making
Author: Kathryn L. Braun,James H. Pietsch,Patricia L. Blanchette
Publsiher: SAGE Publications
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2000
ISBN 10: 9780761912170
ISBN 13: 0761912177
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cultural Issues in End of Life Decision Making Book Review:

Questions that face dying individuals, their families, and the professionals that help them at the end of their lives are explored in this volume. The contributors help the reader to come to terms with issues of mortality complicated by the diversity of cultures within society.

Cognitive Aging

Cognitive Aging
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1135887519
ISBN 13: 9781135887513
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Aging Book Review:

As our society ages, the topic of cognitive aging is becoming increasingly important. This volume provides an accessible overview of how the cognitive system changes as a function of normal aging. Building on the successful first edition, this volume provide an even more comprehensive coverage of the major issues affecting memory, attention, language, speech and other aspects of cognitive functioning. The essential chapters from the first edition have been thoroughly revised and updated and new chapters have been introduced which draw in neuroscience studies and more applied topics. In addition, contributors were encouraged to ensure their chapters are accessible to students studying the topic for the first time. This therefore makes the volume appealing as a textbook on senior undergraduate and graduate courses.

Financial Decision Making and Retirement Security in an Aging World

Financial Decision Making and Retirement Security in an Aging World
Author: Olivia S. Mitchell,P. Brett Hammond,Stephen P. Utkus
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2017-09-29
ISBN 10: 0192537857
ISBN 13: 9780192537850
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Financial Decision Making and Retirement Security in an Aging World Book Review:

As the world's population lives longer, it will become increasingly important for plan sponsors, retirement advisors, regulators, and financial firms to focus closely on how older persons fare in the face of rising difficulties with cognition and financial management. This book offers state-of-the-art research and recommendations on how to evaluate when older persons need financial advice, help them make better financial decisions, and to identify policy options for handling these individual and social challenges efficiently and fairly. This latest volume in the Pension Research Council series, draws lessons from theory and practice, and will be of interest to employees and retirees, consumers and researchers, and financial institutions working to design better retirement plan offerings.

Ethics Law and Aging Review Volume 10

Ethics  Law  and Aging Review  Volume 10
Author: Marshall B. Kapp, JD, MPH, FCLM
Publsiher: Springer Publishing Company
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2004-12-06
ISBN 10: 9780826116390
ISBN 13: 0826116396
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethics Law and Aging Review Volume 10 Book Review:

Although the topic of decision making capacity and older persons has been discussed in the literature, there still is much to be learned about it theoretically and practically. Experts continue to disagree about which standards are important for assessing decision making capacity. Questions such as: ìWhen should a capacity assessment be done on an older person and by whom?î are covered by the editors. Topics included in this volume are the application of an original framework for ethical decision making in long term care; an elder's capacity to decide to remain living alone in the community; the quest for helpful standardized instruments for evaluating decision making capacity; and end-of-life liability issues.

Aging Technology and Health

Aging  Technology and Health
Author: Richard Pak,Anne Collins- Mclaughlin
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2018-03-15
ISBN 10: 0128112735
ISBN 13: 9780128112731
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aging Technology and Health Book Review:

Aging, Health and Technology takes a problem-centered approach to examine how older adults use technology for health. It examines the many ways in which technology is being used by older adults, focusing on challenges, solutions and perspectives of the older user. Using aging-health technology as a lens, the book examines issues of technology adoption, basic human factors, cognitive aging, mental health, aging and usability, privacy, trust and automation. Each chapter takes a case study approach to summarize lessons learned from unique examples that can be applied to similar projects, while also providing general information about older adults and technology. Discusses human factors design challenges specific to older adults Covers the wide range of health-related uses for technology—from fitness to leading a more engaged life Utilizes a case study approach for practical application Envisions what the future will hold for technology and older adults Employs a roster of interdisciplinary contributors

The Aging Consumer

The Aging Consumer
Author: Aimee Drolet,Norbert Schwarz,Carolyn Yoon
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2011-01-11
ISBN 10: 1136980172
ISBN 13: 9781136980176
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Aging Consumer Book Review:

At present, about 45 million Americans are over the age of 65, and by 2020, one out of every six Americans will be 65 or older. These statistics are reflective of a worldwide phenomenon in developing and developed countries alike unrivalled since the Industrial Revolution. This edited volume, written by experts in many fields, examines the economic and psychological research on how aging consumers behave, make decisions, and choose in the marketplace. The book takes stock of what is known, identifies gaps and open questions, and outlines an agenda for future research. It covers topics from the individual to the societal level of analysis.

Do Emotions Help or Hurt Decisionmaking

Do Emotions Help or Hurt Decisionmaking
Author: Kathleen D. Vohs,Roy F. Baumeister,George Loewenstein
Publsiher: Russell Sage Foundation
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2007-11-26
ISBN 10: 1610445430
ISBN 13: 9781610445436
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Do Emotions Help or Hurt Decisionmaking Book Review:

Philosophers have long tussled over whether moral judgments are the products of logical reasoning or simply emotional reactions. From Jane Austen’s Sense and Sensibility to the debates of modern psychologists, the question of whether feeling or sober rationality is the better guide to decision making has been a source of controversy. In Do Emotions Help or Hurt Decision Making? Kathleen Vohs, Roy Baumeister, and George Loewenstein lead a group of prominent psychologists and economists in exploring the empirical evidence on how emotions shape judgments and choices. Researchers on emotion and cognition have staked out many extreme positions: viewing emotions as either the driving force behind cognition or its side effect, either an impediment to sound judgment or a guide to wise decisions. The contributors to Do Emotions Help or Hurt Decision Making? provide a richer perspective, exploring the circumstances that shape whether emotions play a harmful or helpful role in decisions. Roy Baumeister, C. Nathan DeWall, and Liqing Zhang show that while an individual’s current emotional state can lead to hasty decisions and self-destructive behavior, anticipating future emotional outcomes can be a helpful guide to making sensible decisions. Eduardo Andrade and Joel Cohen find that a positive mood can negatively affect people’s willingness to act altruistically. Happy people, when made aware of risks associated with altruistic acts, become wary of jeopardizing their own well-being. Benoît Monin, David Pizarro, and Jennifer Beer find that whether emotion or reason matters more in moral evaluation depends on the specific issue in question. Individual characteristics often mediate the effect of emotions on decisions. Catherine Rawn, Nicole Mead, Peter Kerkhof, and Kathleen Vohs find that whether an individual makes a decision based on emotion depends both on the type of decision in question and the individual’s level of self-esteem. And Quinn Kennedy and Mara Mather show that the elderly are better able to regulate their emotions, having learned from experience to anticipate the emotional consequences of their behavior. Do Emotions Help or Hurt Decision Making? represents a significant advance toward a comprehensive theory of emotions and cognition that accounts for the nuances of the mental processes involved. This landmark book will be a stimulus to scholarly debates as well as an informative guide to everyday decisions.