Multimodal Imaging in Neurology

Multimodal Imaging in Neurology
Author: Hans-Peter Muller,Jan Kassubek
Publsiher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Total Pages: 75
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 1598295500
ISBN 13: 9781598295504
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multimodal Imaging in Neurology Book Review:

The field of brain imaging is developing at a rapid pace and has greatly advanced the areas of cognitive and clinical neuroscience. The availability of neuroimaging techniques, especially magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), functional MRI (fMRI), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) and magnetic source imaging (MSI) has brought about breakthroughs in neuroscience.To obtain comprehensive information about the activity of the human brain, different analytical approaches should be complemented. Thus, in "intermodal multimodality" imaging, great efforts have been made to combine the highest spatial resolution (MRI, fMRI) with the best temporal resolution (MEG or EEG). "Intramodal multimodality" imaging combines various functional MRI techniques (e.g., fMRI, DTI, and/or morphometric/volumetric analysis). The multimodal approach is conceptually based on the combination of different noninvasive functional neuroimaging tools, their registration and cointegration. In particular, the combination of imaging applications that map different functional systems is useful, such as fMRI as a technique for the localization of cortical function and DTI as a technique for mapping of white matter fiber bundles or tracts.This booklet gives an insight into the wide field of multimodal imaging with respect to concepts, data acquisition, and postprocessing. Examples for intermodal and intramodal multimodality imaging are also demonstrated.Table of Contents: Introduction / Neurological Measurement Techniques and First Steps of Postprocessing / Coordinate Transformation / Examples for Multimodal Imaging / Clinical Aspects of Multimodal Imaging / References / Biography

Quantitative MRI of the Spinal Cord

Quantitative MRI of the Spinal Cord
Author: Julien Cohen-Adad,Claudia Wheeler-Kingshott
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 330
Release: 2014-01-16
ISBN 10: 0123972825
ISBN 13: 9780123972828
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantitative MRI of the Spinal Cord Book Review:

Quantitative MRI of the Spinal Cord is the first book focused on quantitative MRI techniques with specific application to the human spinal cord. This work includes coverage of diffusion-weighted imaging, magnetization transfer imaging, relaxometry, functional MRI, and spectroscopy. Although these methods have been successfully used in the brain for the past 20 years, their application in the spinal cord remains problematic due to important acquisition challenges (such as small cross-sectional size, motion, and susceptibility artifacts). To date, there is no consensus on how to apply these techniques; this book reviews and synthesizes state-of-the-art methods so users can successfully apply them to the spinal cord. Quantitative MRI of the Spinal Cord introduces the theory behind each quantitative technique, reviews each theory’s applications in the human spinal cord and describes its pros and cons, and suggests a simple protocol for applying each quantitative technique to the spinal cord. Chapters authored by international experts in the field of MRI of the spinal cord Contains “cooking recipes —examples of imaging parameters for each quantitative technique—designed to aid researchers and clinicians in using them in practice Ideal for clinical settings

Magnetic Resonance Neuroimaging

Magnetic Resonance Neuroimaging
Author: John Kucharczyk,A. James Barkovich,Michael Moseley
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 496
Release: 1993-12-21
ISBN 10: 9780849347191
ISBN 13: 084934719X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magnetic Resonance Neuroimaging Book Review:

Magnetic Resonance Neuroimaging is a comprehensive volume that focuses on the newest fields of MRI from functional and metabolic mapping to the latest applications of neuro-interventional techniques. Each chapter offers critical discussions regarding available methods and the most recent advances in neuroimaging, including such topics as the use of diffusion and perfusion MRI in the early detection of stroke, the revolutionary advent of high-speed MRI for non-invasively mapping cortical responses to task activation paradigms, and the principles and applications of contrast agents. The chapters also discuss how these new advances are applied to problems in patients ranging in age from the newborn to the elderly, as well as disease states ranging from metabolic encephalopathy to cardiovascular disorders and stroke. Magnetic Resonance Neuroimaging will be a valuable text/reference for residents, research fellows, and clinicians in radiology, neuroradiology, and magnetic resonance imaging.

High Resolution Neuroimaging

High Resolution Neuroimaging
Author: Ahmet Mesrur Halefoğlu
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 174
Release: 2018-03-14
ISBN 10: 9535138650
ISBN 13: 9789535138655
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Resolution Neuroimaging Book Review:

Dr. Ahmet Mesrur Halefoğlu mostly deals with research fields in body imaging and neuroradiology with multidetector computed tomography and high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging. He has served as postdoctoral research fellow at Johns Hopkins Hospital. Currently, he is working as an associate professor of radiology in Istanbul, Turkey. He has more than 50 high-impact-factor publications and has written 3 book chapters. He is a member of Turkish Society of Radiology and European Society of Radiology. During the recent years, there have been major breakthroughs in MRI due to developments in scanner technology and pulse sequencing. These important achievements have led to remarkable improvements in neuroimaging and advanced techniques, including diffusion imaging, diffusion tensor imaging, perfusion imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and functional MRI. These advanced neuroimaging techniques have enabled us to achieve invaluable insights into tissue microstructure, microvasculature, metabolism, and brain connectivity.

Magnetic Resonance Phase Contrast Techniques for Velocity Mapping in Intracranial Vascular Applications

Magnetic Resonance Phase Contrast Techniques for Velocity Mapping in Intracranial Vascular Applications
Author: John William Grinstead
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 254
Release: 2005
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCLA:L0091227199
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magnetic Resonance Phase Contrast Techniques for Velocity Mapping in Intracranial Vascular Applications Book Review:

Advanced Brain Neuroimaging Topics in Health and Disease

Advanced Brain Neuroimaging Topics in Health and Disease
Author: Dorina Papageorgiou,George Christopoulos,Stelios Smirnakis
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 680
Release: 2014-05-31
ISBN 10: 9535112031
ISBN 13: 9789535112037
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Brain Neuroimaging Topics in Health and Disease Book Review:

The brain is the most complex computational device we know, consisting of highly interacting and redundant networks of areas, supporting specific brain functions. The rules by which these areas organize themselves to perform specific computations have only now started to be uncovered. Advances in non-invasive neuroimaging technologies have revolutionized our understanding of the functional anatomy of cortical circuits in health and disease states, which is the focus of this book. The first section of this book focuses on methodological issues, such as combining functional MRI technology with other brain imaging modalities. The second section examines the application of brain neuroimaging to understand cognitive, visual, auditory, motor and decision-making networks, as well as neurological diseases. The use of non-invasive neuroimaging technologies will continue to stimulate an exponential growth in understanding basic brain processes, largely as a result of sustained advances in neuroimaging methods and applications.

Advanced Algorithmic Approaches to Medical Image Segmentation

Advanced Algorithmic Approaches to Medical Image Segmentation
Author: S. Kamaledin Setarehdan,Sameer Singh
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 636
Release: 2012-09-07
ISBN 10: 0857293338
ISBN 13: 9780857293336
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Algorithmic Approaches to Medical Image Segmentation Book Review:

Medical imaging is an important topic and plays a key role in robust diagnosis and patient care. It has experienced an explosive growth over the last few years due to imaging modalities such as X-rays, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and ultrasound. This book focuses primarily on model-based segmentation techniques, which are applied to cardiac, brain, breast and microscopic cancer cell imaging. It includes contributions from authors working in industry and academia, and presents new material.

Brain Neurotrauma

Brain Neurotrauma
Author: Firas H. Kobeissy
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 725
Release: 2015-02-25
ISBN 10: 1466565993
ISBN 13: 9781466565999
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Neurotrauma Book Review:

Every year, an estimated 1.7 million Americans sustain brain injury. Long-term disabilities impact nearly half of moderate brain injury survivors and nearly 50,000 of these cases result in death. Brain Neurotrauma: Molecular, Neuropsychological, and Rehabilitation Aspects provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account on the latest developments in the area of neurotrauma, including brain injury pathophysiology, biomarker research, experimental models of CNS injury, diagnostic methods, and neurotherapeutic interventions as well as neurorehabilitation strategies in the field of neurotraum research. The book includes several sections on neurotrauma mechanisms, biomarker discovery, neurocognitive/neurobehavioral deficits, and neurorehabilitation and treatment approaches. It also contains a section devoted to models of mild CNS injury, including blast and sport-related injuries. Over the last decade, the field of neurotrauma has witnessed significant advances, especially at the molecular, cellular, and behavioral levels. This progress is largely due to the introduction of novel techniques, as well as the development of new animal models of central nervous system (CNS) injury. This book, with its diverse coherent content, gives you insight into the diverse and heterogeneous aspects of CNS pathology and/or rehabilitation needs.

Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury

Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury
Author: Daniel Laskowitz,Gerald Grant
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2016-04-21
ISBN 10: 1466584920
ISBN 13: 9781466584921
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury Book Review:

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a significant source of death and permanent disability, contributing to nearly one-third of all injury related deaths in the United States and exacting a profound personal and economic toll. Despite the increased resources that have recently been brought to bear to improve our understanding of TBI, the development of new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches has been disappointingly slow. Translational Research in Traumatic Brain Injury attempts to integrate expertise from across specialties to address knowledge gaps in the field of TBI. Its chapters cover a wide scope of TBI research in five broad areas: Epidemiology Pathophysiology Diagnosis Current treatment strategies and sequelae Future therapies Specific topics discussed include the societal impact of TBI in both the civilian and military populations, neurobiology and molecular mechanisms of axonal and neuronal injury, biomarkers of traumatic brain injury and their relationship to pathology, neuroplasticity after TBI, neuroprotective and neurorestorative therapy, advanced neuroimaging of mild TBI, neurocognitive and psychiatric symptoms following mild TBI, sports-related TBI, epilepsy and PTSD following TBI, and more. The book integrates the perspectives of experts across disciplines to assist in the translation of new ideas to clinical practice and ultimately to improve the care of the brain injured patient.

Functional MRI

Functional MRI
Author: Ramachandran Ramani
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2019-01-23
ISBN 10: 019029776X
ISBN 13: 9780190297763
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Functional MRI Book Review:

Functional MRI: Basic Principles and Emerging Clinical Applications provides an overview of the basic principles of fMRI for clinicians with minimal knowledge of the imaging technique and its research potential and clinical applications. The text is divided into two parts, with Section I covering the primary signal measured in fMRI (BOLD), the correlation between neuronal activity and the BOLD signal, and how the data is analyzed and interpreted in fMRI. Section II explores applications of fMRI in cognitive neuroscience and common psychiatric disorders, surgical planning in neurosurgery, anesthesia and the intensive care unit, and more. Timely and highly accessible, this book is a valuable resource for researchers and clinicians interested in understanding what fMRI is, how it works, and its applications.

Magnetic Resonance Scanning and Epilepsy

Magnetic Resonance Scanning and Epilepsy
Author: Simon D. Shorvon,D.R. Fish,F. Andermann,G.M. Bydder,H. Stefan
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 323
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461525462
ISBN 13: 9781461525462
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magnetic Resonance Scanning and Epilepsy Book Review:

It was only in 1980 that the first recognisable magnetic resonance images of the human brain were published, by Moore and Holland from Nottingham University in England. There then followed a number of clinical trials of brain imaging, the most notable from the Hammersmith Hospital in London using a system designed by EMI, the original manufacturers of the first CT machines. A true revolution in medicine has ensued; in only a few years there are thousands of scanning units, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has assumed a central importance in medical investigation. It is an extraordinary fact that within a few years of development, the esoteric physics of nuclear spin, angular momentum, and magnetic vector precession were harnessed to provide exquisite images of living anatomy; modem science has no greater tribute. That indisputable king of neurology and the oldest of recorded conditions, epilepsy, has not been untouched by the new technology; indeed, it is our view that the introduction of MRI of electroencephalography (EEG) in the late has been as important to epilepsy as was that 1930s. Now, for the first time, the structural and aetiological basis of the condition is susceptible to thorough investigation, and MRI can provide structural detail to parallel the functional detail of EEG. MRI has the same potential as had EEG over 50 years ago, to provide a new level of understanding of the basic mechanisms, the clinical features and the treatment of epilepsy.

Quantitative Functional Brain Imaging with Positron Emission Tomography

Quantitative Functional Brain Imaging with Positron Emission Tomography
Author: Richard E. Carson,Peter Herscovitch,Margaret E. Daube-Witherspoon
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 503
Release: 1998-09-08
ISBN 10: 9780080540115
ISBN 13: 0080540112
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantitative Functional Brain Imaging with Positron Emission Tomography Book Review:

This book presents the latest scientific developments in the field of positron emission tomography (PET) dealing with data acquisition, image processing, applications, statistical analysis, tracer development, parameter estimation, and kinetic modeling. It covers improved methodology and the application of existing techniques to new areas. The text also describes new approaches in scanner design and image processing, and the latest techniques for modeling and statistical analyses. This volume will be a useful reference for the active brain PET scientist, as well as a valuable introduction for students and researchers who wish to take advantage of the capabilities of PET to study the normal and diseased brain. Authored by international authorities in PET Provides the latest up-to-date techniques and applications Covers all fundamental disciplines of PET in one volume A comprehensive resource for students, clinicians, and new PET researchers

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Neurological Diseases in Tropics

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Neurological Diseases in Tropics
Author: Rakesh K Gupta
Publsiher: JP Medical Ltd
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2014-01-30
ISBN 10: 9350909723
ISBN 13: 9789350909720
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Neurological Diseases in Tropics Book Review:

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a scan that uses strong magnetic fields and radio waves to produce detailed images of the inside of the body. This book is a comprehensive guide to the diagnosis and management of neurological infectious diseases using MRI. Divided into four sections, the text begins with an introduction to tropical diseases of the central nervous system, and their epidemiology. The second section provides in depth coverage of the technique of MRI, from the basic principles, to clinical application and more advanced features. The following sections describe use of the technique for both infectious diseases, including tuberculosis, HIV and parasitic diseases; and noninfectious conditions, such as stroke, poisoning and epilepsy. Each chapter features numerous MRI and pathological images and extensive references. Key points Comprehensive guide to diagnosis and management of neurological infectious diseases in tropics using MRI In depth coverage of the technique, from basics to more advanced aspects Covers MRI for both infectious and noninfectious conditions Includes nearly 300 MRI and pathological images

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain and Spine

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain and Spine
Author: Scott W. Atlas
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 1890
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 9780781769853
ISBN 13: 078176985X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain and Spine Book Review:

Established as the leading textbook on imaging diagnosis of brain and spine disorders, Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain and Spine is now in its Fourth Edition. This thoroughly updated two-volume reference delivers cutting-edge information on nearly every aspect of clinical neuroradiology. Expert neuroradiologists, innovative renowned MRI physicists, and experienced leading clinical neurospecialists from all over the world show how to generate state-of-the-art images and define diagnoses from crucial clinical/pathologic MR imaging correlations for neurologic, neurosurgical, and psychiatric diseases spanning fetal CNS anomalies to disorders of the aging brain. Highlights of this edition include over 6,800 images of remarkable quality, more color images, and new information using advanced techniques, including perfusion and diffusion MRI and functional MRI. A companion Website will offer the fully searchable text and an image bank.

Fundamentals of Pediatric Imaging E Book

Fundamentals of Pediatric Imaging E Book
Author: Lane F. Donnelly
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2016-08-10
ISBN 10: 0323444997
ISBN 13: 9780323444996
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Pediatric Imaging E Book Book Review:

Safely perform and accurately interpret pediatric imaging studies with this concise, highly illustrated resource! Written by Lane F. Donnelly, MD, Fundamentals of Pediatric Imaging, 2nd Edition, covers the essential concepts residents and practitioners need to know, laying a solid foundation for understanding the basics and making accurate radiologic diagnoses. This easy-to-use title in the Fundamentals of Radiology series emphasizes advanced imaging techniques, including neuro applications, while highlighting the basic anatomy needed to understand this complex specialty. Nearly 650 high-quality, clinically relevant digital images clearly demonstrate essential concepts, techniques, and interpretation skills. Advanced MR imaging topics such as MR enterography, MR urography, and cardiac CT and MRI are thoroughly discussed. Reader-friendly lists, tables, and images make reference quick and easy. Edited by Lane F. Donnelly, MD, recipient of the Society of Pediatric Radiology’s 2009 Singleton-Taybi Award for professional lifetime dedication to medical education. Newly revised information on quality and safety topics, neurologic imaging, ultrasound in pediatric imaging, and much more. For the first time, additional experts provide updates in their areas of expertise: neurologic, musculoskeletal, cardiac, chest, and GU imaging.

Diffusion Tensor Imaging

Diffusion Tensor Imaging
Author: Wim Van Hecke,Louise Emsell,Stefan Sunaert
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2015-12-14
ISBN 10: 1493931180
ISBN 13: 9781493931187
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Diffusion Tensor Imaging Book Review:

This book provides an overview of the practical aspects of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), from understanding the basis of the technique through selection of the right protocols, trouble-shooting data quality, and analyzing DTI data optimally. DTI is a non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique for visualizing and quantifying tissue microstructure based on diffusion. The book discusses the theoretical background underlying DTI and advanced techniques based on higher-order models and multi-shell diffusion imaging. It covers the practical implementation of DTI; derivation of information from DTI data; and a range of clinical applications, including neurosurgical planning and the assessment of brain tumors. Its practical utility is enhanced by decision schemes and a fully annotated DTI brain atlas, including color fractional anisotropy maps and 3D tractography reconstructions of major white matter fiber bundles. Featuring contributions from leading specialists in the field of DTI, Diffusion Tensor Imaging: A Practical Handbook is a valuable resource for radiologists, neuroradiologists, MRI technicians and clinicians.

Handbook of Research on Advanced Techniques in Diagnostic Imaging and Biomedical Applications

Handbook of Research on Advanced Techniques in Diagnostic Imaging and Biomedical Applications
Author: Exarchos, Themis P.,Papadopoulos, Athanasios,Fotiadis, Dimitrios I.
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 598
Release: 2009-04-30
ISBN 10: 1605663158
ISBN 13: 9781605663159
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Research on Advanced Techniques in Diagnostic Imaging and Biomedical Applications Book Review:

"This book includes state-of-the-art methodologies that introduce biomedical imaging in decision support systems and their applications in clinical practice"--Provided by publisher.

Interventional Neuroradiology

Interventional Neuroradiology
Author: Robert W. Hurst,Robert H. Rosenwasser
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2007-10-26
ISBN 10: 9781420020724
ISBN 13: 1420020722
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interventional Neuroradiology Book Review:

Through the combination of the latest imaging modalities and microdevice delivery, interventional neuroradiologic techniques are currently revolutionizing the therapy for many of the most common neurological and neurosurgical disorders. Crossing the boundaries of classically delineated medical and surgical specialties including neurosurgery, neuroradiology, and neurology, interventional neuroradiology uses advanced neuroimaging combined with endovascular techniques to guide catheters and devices through blood vessels. These procedures can treat diseases involving structures of the head, neck, and central nervous system. These advances now provide noninvasive treatment for many disorders that were previously treated only with open surgical techniques, and make treatments possible for many patients—who until recently would have had no acceptable therapeutic options. Interventional Neuroradiology discusses CT, MR, and ultrasonographic evaluation of cerebrovascular disease, focusing on current neuroimaging evaluation of disorders. It emphasizes the integration of current neuroimaging information into decision-making and performance practices for neuroendovascular procedures. The book describes clinical techniques and includes the most current technical modifications for the varying devices in use today. Filled with scientifically concise illustrations, the text depicts pertinent neuroanatomy, imaging, and neuroendovascular techniques. Written by a panel of today's leading experts in the field of interventional neuroradiology, this volume demonstrates the potential of these lifesaving techniques.

Advanced MR Neuroimaging

Advanced MR Neuroimaging
Author: Ioannis Tsougos
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 221
Release: 2017-12-04
ISBN 10: 1351216538
ISBN 13: 9781351216531
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced MR Neuroimaging Book Review:

Over the last decade, some of the greatest achievements in the field of neuroimaging have been related to remarkable advances in magnetic resonance techniques, including diffusion, perfusion, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and functional MRI. Such techniques have provided valuable insights into tissue microstructure, microvasculature, metabolism and brain connectivity. Previously available mostly in research environments, these techniques are now becoming part of everyday clinical practice in a plethora of clinical MR systems. Nevertheless, despite growing interest and wider acceptance, there remains a lack of a comprehensive body of knowledge on the subject, exploring the intrinsic complexity and physical difficulty of the techniques. This book focuses on the basic principles and theories of diffusion, perfusion, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and functional MRI. It also explores their clinical applications and places emphasis on the associated artifacts and pitfalls with a comprehensive and didactic approach. This book aims to bridge the gap between research applications and clinical practice. It will serve as an educational manual for neuroimaging researchers and radiologists, neurologists, neurosurgeons, and physicists with an interest in advanced MR techniques. It will also be a useful reference text for experienced clinical scientists who wish to optimize their multi-parametric imaging approach.

Magnetic Resonance in Epilepsy

Magnetic Resonance in Epilepsy
Author: Ruben Kuzniecky,Graeme D. Jackson
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2005-01-19
ISBN 10: 9780080535715
ISBN 13: 0080535712
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Magnetic Resonance in Epilepsy Book Review:

Remarkable advances in imaging have increased the importance of MRI for diagnostic, treatment and management of epilepsy. Neuroimaging of patients with epilepsy no longer simply deals with the technology and interpretation of images but also with issues of brain metabolism, energetics, cognition and brain dysfunction. The first edition of Magnetic Resonance in Epilepsy came into clinical practice in 1995 with a revolutionary idea; that is, MR is as important as EEG in the clinical management of patients with epilepsy. The second edition of Magnetic Resonance in Epilepsy, the only comprehensive text in the field of epilepsy neuroimaging, reviews fundamental concepts and new advances in MR technology, computerized analysis, MR spectroscopy, DWI and other neuroimaging techniques such as PET, SPECT and MEG application to the study of patients with epileptic disorders. *Provides a crucial update of recent advances in imaging techniques *Timely publication as subject of neuroimaging is a very "hot" area in both clinical epilepsy and basic neuroscience research *Editors are well-respected in this field