Advanced Bioprocessing for Alternative Fuels Biobased Chemicals and Bioproducts

Advanced Bioprocessing for Alternative Fuels  Biobased Chemicals  and Bioproducts
Author: Majid Hosseini
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2019-02-23
ISBN 10: 0128179422
ISBN 13: 9780128179420
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Bioprocessing for Alternative Fuels Biobased Chemicals and Bioproducts Book Review:

Advanced Bioprocessing for Alternative Fuels, Bio-based Chemicals, and Bioproducts: Technologies and Approaches for Scale-Up and Commercialization demonstrates novel systems that apply advanced bioprocessing technologies to produce biofuels, bio-based chemicals, and value-added bioproducts from renewable sources. The book presents the use of novel oleaginous microorganisms and utilization strategies for applications of advanced bioprocessing technology in biofuels production and thoroughly depicts the technological breakthroughs of value added bioproducts. It also aides in the design, evaluation and production of biofuels by describing metabolic engineering and genetic manipulation of biofuels feedstocks. Users will find a thorough overview of the most recent discoveries in biofuels research and the inherent challenges associated with scale up. Emphasis is placed on technological milestones and breakthroughs in applications of new bioprocessing technologies for biofuels production. Its essential information can be used to understand how to incorporate advanced bioprocessing technologies into the scaling up of laboratory technologies to industrial applications while complying with biofuels policies and regulations. Presents the use of novel oleaginous microorganisms and utilization strategies for the applications of advanced technologies in biofuels production Provides a basis for technology assessments, progress and advances, as well as the challenges associated with biofuels at industrial scale Describes, in detail, technologies for metabolic engineering and genetic manipulation of biofuels feedstocks, thus aiding in the design, evaluation and production of advanced biofuels

Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals

Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals
Author: Anish Khan,Mohammad Jawaid,A. Pizzi,Naved Azum,Abdullah M. Asiri,Illyas M.D. Isa
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 538
Release: 2021-07-30
ISBN 10: 0128235276
ISBN 13: 9780128235270
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals Book Review:

Advanced Technology for the Conversion of Waste into Fuels and Chemicals: Volume 1: Biological Processes presents advanced and combined techniques that can be used to convert waste to energy, including combustion, gasification, paralysis, anaerobic digestion and fermentation. The book focuses on solid waste conversion to fuel and energy and presents the latest advances in the design, manufacture, and application of conversion technologies. Contributors from the fields of physics, chemistry, metallurgy, engineering and manufacturing present a truly trans-disciplinary picture of the field. Chapters cover important aspects surrounding the conversion of solid waste into fuel and chemicals, describing how valuable energy can be recouped from various waste materials. As huge volumes of solid waste are produced globally while huge amounts of energy are produced from fossil fuels, the technologies described in this comprehensive book provide the information necessary to pursue clean, sustainable power from waste material. Presents the latest advances in waste to energy techniques for converting solid waste to valuable fuel and energy Brings together contributors from physics, chemistry, metallurgy, engineering and the manufacturing industry Includes advanced techniques such as combustion, gasification, paralysis, anaerobic digestion and fermentation Goes far beyond municipal waste, including discussions on recouping valuable energy from a variety of industrial waste materials Describes how waste to energy technologies present an enormous opportunity for clean, sustainable energy

The Chemistry of Bio based Polymers

The Chemistry of Bio based Polymers
Author: Johannes Karl Fink
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 588
Release: 2019-12-27
ISBN 10: 1119681294
ISBN 13: 9781119681298
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Chemistry of Bio based Polymers Book Review:

The recent explosion of interdisciplinary research has fragmented the knowledge base surrounding renewable polymers. The Chemistry of Bio-based Polymers 2nd edition brings together, in one volume, the research and work of Professor Johannes Fink, focusing on biopolymers that can be synthesized from renewable polymers. After introducing general aspects of the field, the book’s subsequent chapters examine the chemistry of biodegradable polymeric types sorted by their chemical compounds, including the synthesis of low molecular compounds. Various categories of biopolymers are detailed including vinyl-based polymers, acid and lactone polymers, ester and amide polymers, carbohydrate-related polymers and others. Procedures for the preparation of biopolymers and biodegradable nanocomposites are arranged by chemical methods and in vitro biological methods, with discussion of the issue of “plastics from bacteria.” The factors influencing the degradation and biodegradation of polymers used in food packaging, exposed to various environments, are detailed at length. The book covers the medical applications of bio-based polymers, concentrating on controlled drug delivery, temporary prostheses, and scaffolds for tissue engineering. Professor Fink also addresses renewable resources for fabricating biofuels and argues for localized biorefineries, as biomass feedstocks are more efficiently handled locally.

Biorefineries

Biorefineries
Author: Carlos Ariel Cardona Alzate,Jonathan Moncada Botero,Valentina Aristizábal Marulanda
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2018-09-03
ISBN 10: 1351626264
ISBN 13: 9781351626262
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biorefineries Book Review:

Aimed at presenting a systematic design of biorefineries, the book initiates with an overview about relevance and applications explained through origin of raw materials, transformation routes and products. Then, concepts as hierarchy, sequencing and integration are considered which helps in generating a sustainable and strategic design of biorefineries. Further, framework for biorefineries based on techno-economic, environmental and social aspects is analyzed with examples to show the applications. Finally, some mass, energy and economic indices are considered to assess the biorefinery sustainability and key challenges for future development of biorefineries. Key Features Presents current state-of the-art of the biorefineries design and analyses for in depth understanding of biofuels and biomaterials Explores conceptual design of processes Concepts discussed with strong engineering approach, including design strategies and techno-economic analyses Includes bio-based materials, natural products and food products in the biorefinery concept Presentation of structured method to calculate indices of performance of biorefineries

Fungi in Fuel Biotechnology

Fungi in Fuel Biotechnology
Author: Gholamreza Salehi Jouzani,Meisam Tabatabaei,Mortaza Aghbashlo
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 233
Release: 2020-11-28
ISBN 10: 3030444880
ISBN 13: 9783030444884
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fungi in Fuel Biotechnology Book Review:

Due to the huge quantity and diverse nature of their metabolic pathways, fungi have great potential to be used for the production of different biofuels such as bioethanol, biobutanol, and biodiesel. This book presents recent advances, as well as challenges and promises, of fungal applications in biofuel production, subsequently discussing plant pathogenic fungi for bioethanol and biodiesel production, including their mechanisms of action. Additionally, this book reviews biofuel production using plant endophytic fungi, wood-rotting fungi, fungal biocontrol agents, and gut fungi, and it investigates highly efficient fungi for biofuel production and process design in fungal-based biofuel production systems. Finally, life cycle assessment of fungal-based biofuel production systems are discussed in this volume.

Smart Village Technology

Smart Village Technology
Author: Srikanta Patnaik,Siddhartha Sen,Magdi S. Mahmoud
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 409
Release: 2020-02-07
ISBN 10: 3030377946
ISBN 13: 9783030377946
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Smart Village Technology Book Review:

This book offers a transdisciplinary perspective on the concept of "smart villages" Written by an authoritative group of scholars, it discusses various aspects that are essential to fostering the development of successful smart villages. Presenting cutting-edge technologies, such as big data and the Internet-of-Things, and showing how they have been successfully applied to promote rural development, it also addresses important policy and sustainability issues. As such, this book offers a timely snapshot of the state-of-the-art in smart village research and practice.

Algae and Sustainable Technologies

Algae and Sustainable Technologies
Author: Atul Kumar Upadhyay,D.P. Singh
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2020-11-09
ISBN 10: 1000204588
ISBN 13: 9781000204582
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Algae and Sustainable Technologies Book Review:

Algal and sustainable technologies: Bioenergy, Nannotechnology and Green chemistry is an interdisciplinary overview of the world’s major problems; water scarcity, clean environment and energy and their sustenance remedy measures using microalgae. It comprehensively presents the way to tackle the socio-economic issues including food, feed, fuel, medicine and health and also entails the untapped potential of microalgae in environmental management, bioenergy solution and sustainable synthesis of pharmaceutical and nutraceutical products. This book basically emphasizes the success of algae as wonderful feed stocks of future and provides upto date information and sustainable and recreational outlook towards degrading environment and energy crisis. Applicability of fast emerging algae based nanotechnology in bioremediation and production of nanoparticle (AuNP, AgNP etc) are beautifully described along with latest research and findings. Key features: The "waste to best to income" strategies are the main concern of the book and take the edge off the problem of pollution, energy and income. Elucidate the sustainable phycoremediation and nanoparticle functions as low cost approach for various ecosystem services. Information regarding pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals and other algae based value added product synthesis and fate are comprehensively discussed. Knowledge resource, latest research, findings and prospects presented in an accessible manner for researchers, students, eminent scientists, entrepreneurs, professionals and policy maker.

Progressive Thermochemical Biorefining Technologies

Progressive Thermochemical Biorefining Technologies
Author: Sonil Nanda,Dai-Viet N. Vo
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2021-09-01
ISBN 10: 1000427358
ISBN 13: 9781000427356
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Progressive Thermochemical Biorefining Technologies Book Review:

Considering the deleterious impacts of fossil fuels on the environmental and natural ecosystems, it has become imperative to make a paradigm shift toward renewable fuels, chemicals, and materials. The exhaustive everyday usage of fossil fuels and processed petrochemical products are the leading causes for the increase in greenhouse gas emissions, global warming, climate changes, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, pollution of air, water, and soil as well as for the accumulation of nonbiodegradable materials in the soil and oceans. On the contrary, biofuels, biochemicals, and biomaterials derived from renewable wastes such as nonedible plant biomass (e.g., agricultural and forestry biomass), energy crops, microalgae, municipal solid waste, sewage sludge, and other biogenic residues seem to be carbon neutral. Therefore, the global interest in biorefining technologies, especially thermochemical and biological conversion processes, is gaining momentum in academic and industrial perspectives. Progressive Thermochemical Biorefining Technologies offers all-inclusive coverage of the most crucial topics as follows: State-of-the-art information on the production and utilization of biofuels through thermochemical biorefining technologies Conversion of waste biomass through pyrolysis, liquefaction, torrefaction, carbonization, gasification, reforming, and other clean technologies Waste-to-energy/chemical generation Fuel upgrading technologies Techno-economic analysis and life-cycle assessment of biorefining processes Specifically designed to be instantly applicable, this volume serves as a reference book for undergraduate and graduate students, scientific investigators, and research scholars working in the areas relating to energy and fuels.

The Future of Effluent Treatment Plants

The Future of Effluent Treatment Plants
Author: Maulin P. Shah,Susana Rodriguez-Couto,Kavit Mehta
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 804
Release: 2021-05-28
ISBN 10: 0128231041
ISBN 13: 9780128231043
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Future of Effluent Treatment Plants Book Review:

The Future of Effluent Treatment Plants: Biological Treatment Systems is an advanced and updated version of existing biological technologies that includes their limitations, challenges, and potential application to remove chemical oxygen demand (COD), refractory chemical oxygen demand, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), color removal and environmental pollutants through advancements in microbial bioremediation. The book introduces new trends and advances in environmental bioremediation with thorough discussions of recent developments. In addition, it illustrates that the application of these new emerging innovative technologies can lead to energy savings and resource recovery. The importance of respiration, nitrogen mineralization, nitrification, denitrification and biological phosphorus removal processes in the development of a fruitful and applicable solution for the removal of toxic pollutants from wastewater treatment plants is highlighted. Equally important is the knowledge and theoretical modeling of water movement through wastewater ecosystems. Finally, emphasis is given to the function of constructed wetlands and activated sludge processes. Considers different types of industrial wastewater Focuses on biological wastewater treatments Introduces new trends in bioremediation Addresses the future of WWTPs

Biorefineries A Step Towards Renewable and Clean Energy

Biorefineries  A Step Towards Renewable and Clean Energy
Author: Pradeep Verma
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 620
Release: 2021-01-04
ISBN 10: 9811595933
ISBN 13: 9789811595936
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biorefineries A Step Towards Renewable and Clean Energy Book Review:

This book provides a comprehensive account of past, present and future of the biomass based biorefineries. It is an all-inclusive and insightful compilation of recent advancements in the technology and methods used for conversion of biomass to bioenergy and other useful biochemicals. The book also focuses on the limitations of existing technologies and provides the future prospects, as well as discusses socio-economic impact of biomass based biorefineries. This book assists researchers in the area of lignocellulosic biorefineries and can be used by the students, scientist and academician as an advanced reference textbook.

Liquid Biofuels

Liquid Biofuels
Author: Krushna Prasad Shadangi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 752
Release: 2021-06-16
ISBN 10: 1119791987
ISBN 13: 9781119791980
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Liquid Biofuels Book Review:

Compiled by a well-known expert in the field, Liquid Biofuels provides a profound knowledge to researchers about biofuel technologies, selection of raw materials, conversion of various biomass to biofuel pathways, selection of suitable methods of conversion, design of equipment, selection of operating parameters, determination of chemical kinetics, reaction mechanism, preparation of bio-catalyst: its application in bio-fuel industry and characterization techniques, use of nanotechnology in the production of biofuels from the root level to its application and many other exclusive topics for conducting research in this area. Written with the objective of offering both theoretical concepts and practical applications of those concepts, Liquid Biofuels can be both a first-time learning experience for the student facing these issues in a classroom and a valuable reference work for the veteran engineer or scientist. The description of the detailed characterization methodologies along with the precautions required during analysis are extremely important, as are the detailed description about the ultrasound assisted biodiesel production techniques, aviation biofuels and its characterization techniques, advance in algal biofuel techniques, pre-treatment of biomass for biofuel production, preparation and characterization of bio-catalyst, and various methods of optimization. The book offers a comparative study between the various liquid biofuels obtained from different methods of production and its engine performance and emission analysis so that one can get the utmost idea to find the better biofuel as an alternative fuel. Since the book covers almost all the field of liquid biofuel production techniques, it will provide advanced knowledge to the researcher for practical applications across the energy sector. A valuable reference for engineers, scientists, chemists, and students, this volume is applicable to many different fields, across many different industries, at all levels. It is a must-have for any library.

Bioelectrochemical Systems

Bioelectrochemical Systems
Author: Prasun Kumar,Chandrasekhar Kuppam
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2021-02-02
ISBN 10: 9811568723
ISBN 13: 9789811568725
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioelectrochemical Systems Book Review:

This book is the first in a two-volume set devoted to bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) and the opportunities that they may offer in providing a green solution to growing energy demands worldwide. In this first volume, established research professionals explain the underlying principles and processes of BESs, providing a thorough introduction to these systems before proceeding to address the roles of cathode catalysts and biocatalysts, biofilms, heterotrophic denitrification, and nanotechnology approaches. This volume forms a sound foundation for understanding the potential industrial applications of this technology, which include in particular the generation of high-value chemicals and energy using organic wastes. These applications are the focus of the second volume, where readers will find up-to-date information on microbial fuel cells and the use of microbial biofilm- and algae-based bioelectrochemical systems for bioremediation and co-generation of valuable chemicals. The book is designed for a broad audience, including undergraduates, postgraduates, energy researchers/scientists, policymakers, and anyone else interested in the latest developments in this field.

Cellulose Nanoparticles

Cellulose Nanoparticles
Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur,Elisabete Frollini,Janet Scott
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 628
Release: 2021-07-09
ISBN 10: 1788019539
ISBN 13: 9781788019538
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cellulose Nanoparticles Book Review:

Cellulose nanoparticles (CNP) are a class of bio-based nanoscale materials, which are of interest due to their unique structural features and properties such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, and renewability. They are promising candidates for applications including in biomedicine, pharmaceuticals, electronics, barrier films, nanocomposites, membranes, and supercapacitors. New resources, extraction procedures and treatments are currently under development to satisfy increasing demands for cost-effective and sustainable methods of manufacturing new types of cellulose nanoparticle-based materials on an industrial scale. Cellulose Nanoparticles: Chemistry and Fundamentals covers the synthesis, characterization and processing of cellulose nanomaterials. It aims to address the recent progress in the production methodologies for cellulose nanoparticles, covering principal cellulose resources and the main processes used for isolation. Chapters cover the preparation and characterisation of cellulose nanocrystals and nanofibrils. Together with Volume 2, these books form a useful reference work for graduate students and researchers in chemistry, materials science, nanoscience and green nanotechnology.

Cellulose Nanoparticles Volume 1

Cellulose Nanoparticles Volume 1
Author: Janet Scott,Elisabete Frollini,Vijay Kumar Thakur
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 628
Release: 2021-07-09
ISBN 10: 1788017935
ISBN 13: 9781788017930
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cellulose Nanoparticles Volume 1 Book Review:

Cellulose Nanoparticles: Chemistry and Fundamentals covers the synthesis, characterization and processing of cellulose nanomaterials.

Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology

Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology
Author: Anoop Singh,Shaili Srivastava,Dheeraj Rathore,Deepak Pant
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 364
Release: 2020-11-30
ISBN 10: 9811574936
ISBN 13: 9789811574931
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology Book Review:

This book provides up-to-date information on the state of the art in applications of biotechnological and microbiological tools for protecting the environment. Written by leading international experts, it discusses potential applications of biotechnological and microbiological techniques in solid waste management, wastewater treatment, agriculture, energy and environmental health. This second volume of book “Environmental Microbiology and Biotechnology,” covers two main topics: bioenergy and environmental health, exploring the latest developments from around the globe regarding applications of biotechnology and microbiology for converting wastes into valuable products and at the same time reducing the environmental pollution resulting from disposal. Wherever possible it also includes real-world examples. Further, it offers advice on which procedures should be followed to achieve satisfactory results, and provides insights that will promote the transition to the sustainable utilization of various waste products.

Recent Advances in Micro and Macroalgal Processing

Recent Advances in Micro  and Macroalgal Processing
Author: Gaurav Rajauria,Yvonne V. Yuan
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2021-04-06
ISBN 10: 1119542626
ISBN 13: 9781119542629
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Advances in Micro and Macroalgal Processing Book Review:

Recent Advances in Micro- and Macroalgal Processing A comprehensive review of algae as novel and sustainable sources of algal ingredients, their extraction and processing This comprehensive text offers an in-depth exploration of the research and issues surrounding the consumption, economics, composition, processing and health effects of algae. With contributions from an international team of experts, the book explores the application of conventional and emerging technologies for algal processing. The book includes recent developments such as drying and milling technologies along with advancements in sustainable greener techniques. The text also highlights individual groups of compounds including polysaccharides, proteins, polyphenols, carotenoids, lipids and fibres from algae. The authors provide insightful reviews of the traditional and more recent applications of algae/algal extracts in food, feed, pharmaceutical and cosmetics products. Offering a holistic view of the various applications, the book looks at the economic feasibility, market trends and considerations, and health hazards associated with algae for industrial applications. This important book: Provides a comprehensive overview of algal biomolecules and the role of emerging processing technologies Explores the potential biological and health benefits of algae and their applications in food, pharmaceuticals and cosmetic products Includes a current review of algal bioactives and processing technologies for food and ingredient manufacturers Contains contributions from leading academic and industrial experts Written for food scientists, allied researchers and professional food technologists, Recent Advances in Micro- and Macroalgal Processing: Food and Health Perspectives offers a guide to the novel processing and extraction techniques for exploring and harnessing the immense potential of algae.

Microalgae Biotechnology for Food Health and High Value Products

Microalgae Biotechnology for Food  Health and High Value Products
Author: Md. Asraful Alam,Jing-Liang Xu,Zhongming Wang
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 483
Release: 2020-01-22
ISBN 10: 9811501696
ISBN 13: 9789811501692
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microalgae Biotechnology for Food Health and High Value Products Book Review:

"Microalgae Biotechnology for Food, Health and High Value Products” presents the latest technological innovations in microalgae production, market status of algal biomass-based products, and future prospects for microalgal applications. It provides stimulating overviews from different perspectives of application that demonstrate how rapidly the commercial production of microalgae-based food, health and high value products is advancing. It also addresses a range of open questions and challenges in this field. The book highlights the latest advances of interest to those already working in the field, while providing a comprehensive overview for those readers just beginning to learn about the promise of microalgae as a sustainable source of both specialty and commercial products. It offers a valuable asset for commercial algae producers, algae product developers, scientific researchers and students who are dedicated to the advancement of microalgae biotechnology for applications in health, diet, nutrition, cosmetics, biomaterials etc.

Sustainable Bioconversion of Waste to Value Added Products

Sustainable Bioconversion of Waste to Value Added Products
Author: Inamuddin
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 3030618374
ISBN 13: 9783030618377
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Bioconversion of Waste to Value Added Products Book Review:

The Autotrophic Biorefinery

The Autotrophic Biorefinery
Author: Robert Kourist,Sandy Schmidt
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2021-10-25
ISBN 10: 3110549956
ISBN 13: 9783110549959
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Autotrophic Biorefinery Book Review:

The depletion of fossil resources and an ever-growing human population create an increasing demand for the development of sustainable processes for the utilization of renewable resources. As autotrophic microorganisms offer numerous metabolic pathways for the fixation of carbon dioxide and the metabolic utilization of light, electricity and inorganic energy donors, they are expected to play a pivotal role in an emerging carbon neutral society. This text-book presents the metabolic principles of autotrophy and current efforts for their utilization in biotechnology, including photoautotrophic, chemolithoautotrophic and electroautotrophic organisms. It outlines how modern molecular biology and process engineering create technologies that allow to use industrial off-gases and inorganic energy for the synthesis of bio-based plastics, materials and other chemical products. The text-book is ideally suited for students in advanced graduate and master courses and offers a reference for PhD students, engineers, chemists, biologists and all with an interests in biotechnology and renewable resources.

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels Chemicals and Polymers

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels  Chemicals  and Polymers
Author: Shang-Tian Yang,Hesham El-Ensashy,Nuttha Thongchul
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2013-05-24
ISBN 10: 1118641949
ISBN 13: 9781118641941
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels Chemicals and Polymers Book Review:

For researchers already familiar with biomass conversion technologies and for professionals in other fields, such as agriculture, food, and chemical industries, here is a comprehensive review of the emerging biorefinery industry. The book's content has been conveniently organized according to technologies (biomass feedstock and pretreatment, hydrolytic enzymes in biorefinery, and biofuels), with each chapter highlighting an important biobased industrial product. For undergraduate and graduate students, the book is a thorough introduction to biorefinery technologies.