Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands
Author: Hideki Takebayashi,Masakazu Moriyama
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2020-03-20
ISBN 10: 0128176253
ISBN 13: 9780128176252
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands Book Review:

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands helps the reader understand the relative performance of these adaptation measures, methods and analysis relating to their creation and maintenance, evaluation methods, and the role of policy and governance in implementing them. A suite of case studies is included on these urban or metropolitan areas that are significantly warmer than their surrounding rural areas due to human activities. In recent years, a suite of adaptation measures have been developed to mitigate the urban heat island phenomena. Provides a range of concrete implementation methods Assesses relative performance of adaptation measures and countermeasure technologies Establishes methods for human thermal environmental interventions Reviews adaptation cities selected for excellent energy performance and thermal comfort indicators

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands
Author: Hideki Takebayashi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2020-04
ISBN 10: 9780128176245
ISBN 13: 0128176245
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands Book Review:

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands helps the reader understand the relative performance of these adaptation measures, methods and analysis relating to their creation and maintenance, evaluation methods, and the role of policy and governance in implementing them. A suite of case studies is included on these urban or metropolitan areas that are significantly warmer than their surrounding rural areas due to human activities. In recent years, a suite of adaptation measures have been developed to mitigate the urban heat island phenomena. Provides a range of concrete implementation methods Assesses relative performance of adaptation measures and countermeasure technologies Establishes methods for human thermal environmental interventions Reviews adaptation cities selected for excellent energy performance and thermal comfort indicators

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario
Author: Francesco Musco
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2016-08-30
ISBN 10: 331910425X
ISBN 13: 9783319104256
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario Book Review:

Urban heat islands are a new type of microclimatic phenomenon that causes a significant increase in the temperature of cities compared to surrounding areas. The phenomenon has been enforced by the current trend towards climate change. Although experts consider urban heat islands an urgent European Union public health concern, there are too few policies that address it. The EU carried out a project to learn more about this phenomenon through pilot initiatives. The pilots included feasibility studies and strategies for appropriately altering planning rules and governance to tackle the problem of urban heat islands. The pilots were carried out in eight metropolitan areas: Bologna/Modena, Budapest, Ljubljana, Lodz, Prague, Stuttgart, Venice/Padova, and Vienna. The feasibility studies carried out in these pilot areas focused on the specific morphology of EU urban areas, which are often characterised by the presence of historical old towns.

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates
Author: Ansar Khan,Soumendu Chatterjee,Yupeng Wang
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2020-11-17
ISBN 10: 0128225580
ISBN 13: 9780128225585
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates Book Review:

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates takes into account the different urban physics in tropical environments, presenting a way of UHI scaling for tropical cities. Topics include measuring, modeling and proper mitigation strategies, which account for the surface energy balance of tropics. Tropical cities are more susceptible to the effects of projected global warming because of conditions in tropical climates and the rapid growth of so many cities in this zone. The need for research on measuring, modeling and mitigation of UHI effects in tropical cities is of growing importance. This book walks through the basics of Urban Heat Islands, including causes, measurement and analysis then expands upon issues as well as the novel techniques that can be used to address issues specific to the region. Reviews topics related to understanding the fundamentals of modeling and impacts of urban heat islands Covers many techniques, from remote sensing, to numerical modeling and then applying them to urban climate studies in general, and in tropical cities Describes the scaling of urban heat islands based on long-term seasonal thermal parameters as feature-based classification systems using a probabilistic and fuzzy logic approach, unlike local climate zones (LCZs)

North Sea Region Climate Change Assessment

North Sea Region Climate Change Assessment
Author: Markus Quante,Franciscus Colijn
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2016-08-31
ISBN 10: 3319397451
ISBN 13: 9783319397450
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

North Sea Region Climate Change Assessment Book Review:

This book offers an up-to-date review of our current understanding of climate change in the North Sea and adjacent areas, as well as its impact on ecosystems and socio-economic sectors. It provides a detailed assessment of climate change based on published scientific work compiled by independent international experts from climate-related disciplines such as oceanography, atmospheric sciences, marine and terrestrial ecology, using a regional evaluation and review process similar to that of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). It provides a comprehensive overview of all aspects of our changing climate, discussing a wide range of topics including past, current and future climate change, and climate-related changes in marine, terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems. It also explores the impact of climate change on socio-economic sectors such as fisheries, agriculture, coastal zone management, coastal protection, urban climate, recreation/tourism, offshore activities/energy, and air pollution.

Energy Sustainability and the Environment

Energy  Sustainability and the Environment
Author: Fereidoon P. Sioshansi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2011-06-02
ISBN 10: 9780123851376
ISBN 13: 0123851378
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Sustainability and the Environment Book Review:

The complexity of carbon reduction and economic sustainability is significantly complicated by competing aspects of socioeconomic practices as well as legislative, regulatory, and scientific requirements and protocols. An easy to read and understand guide, Sioshansi, along with an international group of contributors, moves through the maze of carbon reduction methods and technologies, providing steps and insights to meet carbon reduction requirements and maintaining the health and welfare of the firm. The book’s three part treatment is based on a clear and rigorous exposition of a wide range of options to reduce the carbon footprint Part 1 of the book, Challenge of Sustainability, examines the fundamental drivers of energy demand – economic growth, the need for basic energy services, and the interdependence of economic, political, environmental, social, equity, legacy and policy issues. Part 2 of the book, Technological Solutions, examines how energy can be used to support basic energy service needs of homes, commercial and industrial facilities and for other applications. Part 3 of the book, case studies, covers a number of innovative projects, initiatives, concepts or self-imposed targets in different parts of the world with the aim of significantly reducing energy use and carbon footprint of a company, a community, a city or an entire country. There was a widespread recognition among environmental engineers and energy economist of the importance of carbon reduction while sustaining the firm’s economic growth. The only book to bring together both subjects into one easy to understand reference, Carbon Reduction and Economic Sustainability not only clearly explains which option has the lowest energy/carbon footprint but also which option would better suit the business in question. This includes carbon reduction for residential, transport, industrial and public sectors. The only book to clearly explain the economic and environmental engineering aspects of carbon reduction. Case studies taken from a number of international projects. Carbon reduction options for all sectors of society. The role of the planning system in carbon reduction.

Urban Climates

Urban Climates
Author: T. R. Oke,G. Mills,A. Christen,J. A. Voogt
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2017-09-14
ISBN 10: 0521849500
ISBN 13: 9780521849500
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Climates Book Review:

Urban Climates is the first full synthesis of modern scientific and applied research on urban climates. The book begins with an outline of what constitutes an urban ecosystem. It develops a comprehensive terminology for the subject using scale and surface classification as key constructs. It explains the physical principles governing the creation of distinct urban climates, such as airflow around buildings, the heat island, precipitation modification and air pollution, and it then illustrates how this knowledge can be applied to moderate the undesirable consequences of urban development and help create more sustainable and resilient cities. With urban climate science now a fully-fledged field, this timely book fulfills the need to bring together the disparate parts of climate research on cities into a coherent framework. It is an ideal resource for students and researchers in fields such as climatology, urban hydrology, air quality, environmental engineering and urban design.

Tropical Urban Heat Islands

Tropical Urban Heat Islands
Author: Nyuk Hien Wong,Yu Chen
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2008-08-29
ISBN 10: 1134221096
ISBN 13: 9781134221097
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tropical Urban Heat Islands Book Review:

Conventional air conditioning is not a sustainable solution to the challenge of a hot or humid climate. The climate problem is compounded in so-called Urban Heat Islands, urban areas where the air can be 3–5°C hotter than its surrounding areas and where pollution levels are consequently raised. Including a colour section with thermal images and maps, this book explores the complex relationships between climate, buildings and plants, especially in urban heat islands. These relationships bear very critically on a range of environmental issues and point to some corresponding solutions. One chapter highlights some of the extensive research work carried out in Singapore, especially investigating the thermal benefits of greenery in buildings in the urban setting. Though several books have been written on urban heat islands, this work uniquely examines the linkages between climate, buildings and plants. It forms a reference for researchers and professionals such as architects, architectural science, landscape architects, building services engineers, urban planners and urban climatologists. It may also be useful for final year undergraduates or graduate students in these disciplines.

Climate Change and Cities

Climate Change and Cities
Author: Cynthia Rosenzweig,William D. Solecki,Patricia Romero-Lankao,Shagun Mehrotra,Shobhakar Dhakal,Somayya Ali Ibrahim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2018-03-29
ISBN 10: 1316603334
ISBN 13: 9781316603338
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change and Cities Book Review:

"Urban Climate Change Research Network, Center for Climate Systems Research, Earth Institute, Columbia University."

Climate Change Adaptation in Africa

Climate Change Adaptation in Africa
Author: Walter Leal Filho,Simane Belay,Jokasha Kalangu,Wuta Menas,Pantaleo Munishi,Kumbirai Musiyiwa
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 757
Release: 2017-03-27
ISBN 10: 3319495208
ISBN 13: 9783319495200
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change Adaptation in Africa Book Review:

This collection showcases experiences from research and field projects in climate change adaptation on the African continent. It includes a set of papers presented at a symposium held in Addis Abeba in February 2016, which brought together international experts to discuss “fostering African resilience and capacity to adapt.” The papers introduce a wide range of methodological approaches and practical case studies to show how climate change adaptation can be implemented in regions and countries across the continent. Responding to the need for more cross-sectoral interaction among the various stakeholders working in the field of climate change adaptation, the book fosters the exchange of information on best practices across the African continent.

Urban Climate Mitigation Techniques

Urban Climate Mitigation Techniques
Author: Mat Santamouris,Denia Kolokotsa
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2016-01-08
ISBN 10: 1317658620
ISBN 13: 9781317658627
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Climate Mitigation Techniques Book Review:

The urban climate is continuously deteriorating. Urban heat lowers the quality of urban life, increases energy needs, and affects the urban socio-economy. Urban Climate Mitigation Techniques presents steps that can be taken to mitigate this situation through a series of innovative technologies and examples of best practices for the improvement of the urban climate. Including tools for evaluation and a comparative analysis, this book addresses anthropogenic heat, green areas, cool materials and pavements, outdoor shading structures, evaporative cooling and earth cooling. Case studies demonstrate the success and applicability of these measures in various cities throughout the world. Useful for urban designers, architects and planners, Urban Climate Mitigation Techniques is a step by step tour of the innovative technologies improving our urban climate, providing a holistic approach supported by well-established quantitative examples.

Nature Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas

Nature Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas
Author: Nadja Kabisch,Horst Korn,Jutta Stadler,Aletta Bonn
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2017-09-01
ISBN 10: 3319560913
ISBN 13: 9783319560915
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nature Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas Book Review:

This open access book brings together research findings and experiences from science, policy and practice to highlight and debate the importance of nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation in urban areas. Emphasis is given to the potential of nature-based approaches to create multiple-benefits for society. The expert contributions present recommendations for creating synergies between ongoing policy processes, scientific programmes and practical implementation of climate change and nature conservation measures in global urban areas. Except where otherwise noted, this book is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Hotterdam

Hotterdam
Author: Frank van der Hoeven,Alexander Wandl
Publsiher: TU Delft
Total Pages: 96
Release: 2015-07-01
ISBN 10: 9461865120
ISBN 13: 9789461865120
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hotterdam Book Review:

How space is making Rotterdam warmer, how this affects the health of its inhabitants, and what can be done about it.

Urban Overheating Progress on Mitigation Science and Engineering Applications

Urban Overheating   Progress on Mitigation Science and Engineering Applications
Author: Michele Zinzi,Matheos Santamouris
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2019-04-04
ISBN 10: 3038976369
ISBN 13: 9783038976363
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Overheating Progress on Mitigation Science and Engineering Applications Book Review:

The combination of global warming and urban sprawl is the origin of the most hazardous climate change effect detected at urban level: Urban Heat Island, representing the urban overheating respect to the countryside surrounding the city. This book includes 18 papers representing the state of the art of detection, assessment mitigation and adaption to urban overheating. Advanced methods, strategies and technologies are here analyzed including relevant issues as: the role of urban materials and fabrics on urban climate and their potential mitigation, the impact of greenery and vegetation to reduce urban temperatures and improve the thermal comfort, the role the urban geometry in the air temperature rise, the use of satellite and ground data to assess and quantify the urban overheating and develop mitigation solutions, calculation methods and application to predict and assess mitigation scenarios. The outcomes of the book are thus relevant for a wide multidisciplinary audience, including: environmental scientists and engineers, architect and urban planners, policy makers and students.

The Urban Heat Island

The Urban Heat Island
Author: Gerald Mills,Iain D. Stewart
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2021-05-01
ISBN 10: 0128156902
ISBN 13: 9780128156902
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Urban Heat Island Book Review:

The Urban Heat Island (UHI) is an area of growing interest for many people studying the urban environment and local/global climate change. The UHI has been scientifically studied for 200 years and, although it is an apparently simple phenomenon, there is considerable confusion around the different types of UHI and their assessment. The Urban Heat Island—A Guidebook provides simple instructions for measuring and analysing the phenomenon, as well as greater context for defining the UHI and the impacts it can have. Readers will be empowered to work within a set of guidelines that enable direct comparison of UHI effects across diverse settings, while informing a wide range of climate mitigation and adaptation programs to modify human behaviour and the built form. This opens the door to true global assessments of local climate change in cities. Urban planning and design strategies can then be evaluated for their effectiveness at mitigating these changes. Covers both on-surface and near-surface, or canopy, measurements and impacts of Urban Heat Islands (UHI) Provides a set of best practices and guidelines for UHI observation and analysis Includes both conceptual overviews and practical instructions for a wide range of uses

The Urban Climate

The Urban Climate
Author: Helmut E. Landsberg
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 275
Release: 1981-08-28
ISBN 10: 9780080924199
ISBN 13: 0080924190
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Urban Climate Book Review:

The Urban Climate aims to summarize analytical studies directed toward physical understanding of the rural-urban differences in the atmospheric boundary layer. Attempts to quantify conditions have met with some success. There is certainly a clear understanding of the physical relations that create the climatic differences of urbanized areas. Although some of the earlier classical studies are cited here, the emphasis is on the work done during the last decade and a half. This volume comprises 11 chapters, beginning with an introductory chapter discussing the literature surrounding the topic, its historical development, and the problem of local climate modification. The second chapter presents an assessment of the urban atmosphere on a synoptic and local scale, and examines the observational procedures involved. The following chapters then go on to discuss urban air composition; urban energy fluxes; the urban heat island; the urban wind field; models of urban temperature and wind fields; moisture, clouds, and hydrometeors; urban hydrology; special aspects of urban climate; and finally, urban planning. This book will be of interest to practitioners in the fields of meteorology, urban planning, and urban climatology.

Assessing the Costs of Adaptation to Climate Change

Assessing the Costs of Adaptation to Climate Change
Author: Martin L. Parry
Publsiher: IIED
Total Pages: 111
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 1843697459
ISBN 13: 9781843697459
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Assessing the Costs of Adaptation to Climate Change Book Review:

Planning for Ecosystem Services in Cities

Planning for Ecosystem Services in Cities
Author: Davide Geneletti,Chiara Cortinovis,Linda Zardo,Blal Adem Esmail
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 87
Release: 2019-01-01
ISBN 10: 3030200248
ISBN 13: 9783030200244
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Planning for Ecosystem Services in Cities Book Review:

This open access book presents current knowledge about ecosystem services (ES) in urban planning, and discusses various urban ES topics such as spatial distribution of urban ecosystems, population distribution, and physical infrastructure properties. The book addresses all these issues by: i) investigating to what extent ecosystem services are currently included in urban plans, and discussing what is still needed to improve planning practice; ii) illustrating how to develop ecosystem services indicators and information that can be used by urban planners to enhance plan design; iii) demonstrating the application of ES assessments to support urban planning processes through case studies; and iv) reflecting on criteria for addressing equity in urban planning through ecosystem service assessments, by exploring issues associated with the supply of, the access to and demand for ES by citizens. Through fully worked out case studies, from policy questions, to baseline analysis and indicators, and from option comparison to proposed solutions, the book offers readers detailed and accessible coverage of outstanding issues and proposed solutions to better integrate ES in city planning. The overall purpose of the book is to provide a compact reference that can be used by researchers as a key resource offering an updated perspective and overview on the field, as well as by practitioners and planners/decision makers as a source of inspiration for their activity. Additionally, the book will be a suitable resource for both undergraduate and post-graduate courses in planning and geography.

Urban Ecology

Urban Ecology
Author: John Marzluff
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 808
Release: 2008-01-03
ISBN 10: 9780387734125
ISBN 13: 0387734120
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Ecology Book Review:

Urban Ecology is a rapidly growing field of academic and practical significance. Urban ecologists have published several conference proceedings and regularly contribute to the ecological, architectural, planning, and geography literature. However, important papers in the field that set the foundation for the discipline and illustrate modern approaches from a variety of perspectives and regions of the world have not been collected in a single, accessible book. Foundations of Urban Ecology does this by reprinting important European and American publications, filling gaps in the published literature with a few, targeted original works, and translating key works originally published in German. This edited volume will provide students and professionals with a rich background in all facets of urban ecology. The editors emphasize the drivers, patterns, processes and effects of human settlement. The papers they synthesize provide readers with a broad understanding of the local and global aspects of settlement through traditional natural and social science lenses. This interdisciplinary vision gives the reader a comprehensive view of the urban ecosystem by introducing drivers, patterns, processes and effects of human settlements and the relationships between humans and other animals, plants, ecosystem processes, and abiotic conditions. The reader learns how human institutions, health, and preferences influence, and are influenced by, the others members of their shared urban ecosystem.

Climate Change Hazards and Adaptation Options

Climate Change  Hazards and Adaptation Options
Author: Walter Leal Filho,Gustavo J. Nagy,Marco Borga,Pastor David Chávez Muñoz,Artur Magnuszewski
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 1084
Release: 2021-02-15
ISBN 10: 9783030374273
ISBN 13: 3030374270
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change Hazards and Adaptation Options Book Review:

This book addresses the issue of climate change risks and hazards holistically. Climate change adaptation aims at managing climate risks and hazards to an acceptable level, taking advantage of any positive opportunities that may arise. At the same time, developing suitable responses to hazards for communities and users of climate services is important in ensuring the success of adaptation measures. But despite this, knowledge about adaptation options, including possible actions that can be implemented to improve adaptation and reduce the impacts of climate change hazards, is still limited. Addressing this need, the book presents studies and research findings and offers a catalogue of potential adaptation options that can be explored. It also includes case studies providing illustrative and inspiring examples of how we can adapt to a changing climate.