A Quantum Approach to Alloy Design

A Quantum Approach to Alloy Design
Author: Masahiko Morinaga
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2018-11-16
ISBN 10: 0128147075
ISBN 13: 9780128147078
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Quantum Approach to Alloy Design Book Review:

A Quantum Approach to Alloy Design: An Exploration of Material Design and Development Based Upon Alloy Design Theory and Atomization Energy Method presents a molecular orbital approach to alloy design that is based on electronic structure calculations using the DV-X alpha cluster method and new alloying parameters obtained from these calculations. Topics discussed include alloy properties, such as corrosion resistance, shape memory effect and super-elasticity that are treated by using alloying parameters in biomedical titanium alloys. This book covers various topics of not only metals and alloys, but also metal oxides, hydrides and even hydrocarbons. In addition, important alloy properties, such as strength, corrosion resistance, hydrogen storage and catalysis are treated in view of electron theory. Presents alloy design theory and the atomization-energy method and its use for the fundamental understanding of materials and materials design and development Discusses, for the first time, the atomization-energy analysis of the local lattice strains introduced around alloying elements in metals Illustrates a simplified approach to predict the structure and phases stability of new alloys/materials

Special Issue of the Manufacturing Engineering Society 2019 SIMES 2019

Special Issue of the Manufacturing Engineering Society 2019  SIMES 2019
Author: Eva M. Rubio,Ana M. Camacho
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2021-01-06
ISBN 10: 303943621X
ISBN 13: 9783039436217
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Special Issue of the Manufacturing Engineering Society 2019 SIMES 2019 Book Review:

This Special Issue of the Manufacturing Engineering Society 2019 (SIMES-2019) has been launched as a joint issue of the journals Applied Sciences and Materials. The 10 contributions published in this Special Issue of Applied Sciences present cutting-edge advances in the field of manufacturing engineering, focusing on production planning, sustainability, metrology, cultural heritage, and materials processing, with experimental and numerical results. It is worth mentioning that the topic “production planning” has attracted a great number of contributions in this journal, due to their applicative approach.

Operation Maintenance and Repair of Land Based Gas Turbines

Operation  Maintenance  and Repair of Land Based Gas Turbines
Author: Hiyam Farhat
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2021-06-25
ISBN 10: 0128218355
ISBN 13: 9780128218358
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Operation Maintenance and Repair of Land Based Gas Turbines Book Review:

Operation, Maintenance, and Repair of Land-Based Gas Turbines provides a toolkit for practitioners seeking to make technoeconomic decisions on life extension of power turbine equipment. The work describes essential degradation modes affecting critical components and proven methods of restoration. Sections discuss key elements of life extensions for aging units and components, together with critical reviews of available methodologies. Coverage includes advanced nondestructive testing methods essential for effective life extension programs, including lessons learned from firsthand experience working with multiple machine designs, classes and operating conditions. The final sections cover a body of solutions intended to refocus ORM processes on overcoming the shortfalls caused by volatilities and system restructuring. Reviews best practices for practitioners seeking to make decisions on gas turbine maintenance, repair and operations Analyzes components and major sections in terms of functionality, critical features, residual properties and service caused damages Explains the applicability and limitations of special processes and advanced non-destructive testing methods

Alloy Phase Stability

Alloy Phase Stability
Author: G.M. Stocks,A. Gonis
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9400909152
ISBN 13: 9789400909151
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alloy Phase Stability Book Review:

One of the ultimate goals of materials research is to develop a fun damental and predictive understanding of the physical and metallurgical properties of metals and alloys. Such an understanding can then be used in the design of materials having novel properties or combinations of proper ties designed to meet specific engineering applications. The development of new and useful alloy systems and the elucidation of their properties are the domain of metallurgy. Traditionally, the search for new alloy systems has been conducted largely on a trial and error basis, guided by the skill and intuition of the metallurgist, large volumes of experimental data, the principles of 19th century thermodynamics and ad hoc semi-phenomenological models. Recently, the situation has begun to change. For the first time, it is possible to understand the underlying mechanisms that control the formation of alloys and determine their properties. Today theory can begin to offer guidance in predicting the properties of alloys and in developing new alloy systems. Historically, attempts directed toward understanding phase stability and phase transitions have proceeded along distinct and seemingly diverse lines. Roughly, we can divide these approaches into the following broad categories. 1. Experimental determination of phase diagrams and related properties, 2. Thermodynamic/statistical mechanical approaches based on semi phenomenological models, and 3. Ab initio quantum mechanical methods. Metallurgists have traditionally concentrated their efforts in cate gories 1 and 2, while theoretical physicists have been preoccupied with 2 and 3.

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures
Author: Krishnan K. Sankaran,Rajiv S. Mishra
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 506
Release: 2017-06-14
ISBN 10: 0128120258
ISBN 13: 9780128120255
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures Book Review:

Metallurgy and Design of Alloys with Hierarchical Microstructures covers the fundamentals of processing-microstructure-property relationships and how multiple properties are balanced and optimized in materials with hierarchical microstructures widely used in critical applications. The discussion is based principally on metallic materials used in aircraft structures; however, because they have sufficiently diverse microstructures, the underlying principles can easily be extended to other materials systems. With the increasing microstructural complexity of structural materials, it is important for students, academic researchers and practicing engineers to possess the knowledge of how materials are optimized and how they will behave in service. The book integrates aspects of computational materials science, physical metallurgy, alloy design, process design, and structure-properties relationships, in a manner not done before. It fills a knowledge gap in the interrelationships of multiple microstructural and deformation mechanisms by applying the concepts and tools of designing microstructures for achieving combinations of engineering properties—such as strength, corrosion resistance, durability and damage tolerance in multi-component materials—used for critical structural applications. Discusses the science behind the properties and performance of advanced metallic materials Provides for the efficient design of materials and processes to satisfy targeted performance in materials and structures Enables the selection and development of new alloys for specific applications based upon evaluation of their microstructure as illustrated in this work

Applied Computational Materials Modeling

Applied Computational Materials Modeling
Author: Guillermo Bozzolo,Ronald D. Noebe,Phillip B. Abel
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 491
Release: 2007-12-19
ISBN 10: 0387345655
ISBN 13: 9780387345659
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Computational Materials Modeling Book Review:

The scope of this book is to identify and emphasize the successful link between computational materials modeling as a simulation and design tool and its synergistic application to experimental research and alloy development. The book provides a more balanced perspective of the role that computational modeling can play in every day research and development efforts. Each chapter describes one or more particular computational tool and how they are best used.

High Entropy Alloys

High Entropy Alloys
Author: T.S. Srivatsan,Manoj Gupta
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 734
Release: 2020-07-21
ISBN 10: 1000046974
ISBN 13: 9781000046977
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Entropy Alloys Book Review:

This book provides a cohesive overview of innovations, advances in processing and characterization, and applications for high entropy alloys (HEAs) in performance-critical and non-performance-critical sectors. It covers manufacturing and processing, advanced characterization and analysis techniques, and evaluation of mechanical and physical properties. With chapters authored by a team of internationally renowned experts, the volume includes discussions on high entropy thermoelectric materials, corrosion and thermal behavior of HEAs, improving fracture resistance, fatigue properties and high tensile strength of HEAs, HEA films, and more. This work will be of interest to academics, scientists, engineers, technologists, and entrepreneurs working in the field of materials and metals development for advanced applications. Features Addresses a broad spectrum of HEAs and related aspects, including manufacturing, processing, characterization, and properties Emphasizes the application of HEAs Aimed at researchers, engineers, and scientists working to develop materials for advanced applications T.S. Srivatsan, PhD, Professor of Materials Science and Engineering in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Akron (Ohio, USA), earned his MS in Aerospace Engineering in 1981 and his PhD in Mechanical Engineering in 1984 from the Georgia Institute of Technology (USA). He has authored or edited 65 books, delivered over 200 technical presentations, and authored or co-authored more than 700 archival publications in journals, book chapters, book reviews, proceedings of conferences, and technical reports. His RG score is 45 with a h-index of 53 and Google Scholar citations of 9000, ranking him to be among the top 2% of researchers in the world. He is a Fellow of (i) the American Society for Materials International, (ii) the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and (iii) the American Association for Advancement of Science. Manoj Gupta, PhD, is Associate Professor of Materials at NUS, Singapore. He is a former Head of Materials Division of the Mechanical Engineering Department and Director Designate of Materials Science and Engineering Initiative at NUS, Singapore. In August 2017, he was highlighted among the Top 1% Scientists of the World by the Universal Scientific Education and Research Network and in the Top 2.5% among scientists as per ResearchGate. In 2018, he was announced as World Academy Championship Winner in the area of Biomedical Sciences by the International Agency for Standards and Ratings. A multiple award winner, he actively collaborates/visits as an invited researcher and visiting and chair professor in Japan, France, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, China, the United States, and India.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1992
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: MINN:30000005901289
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book Review:

Advanced Materials 93

Advanced Materials  93
Author: T Matsumoto
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 744
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN 10: 0444601155
ISBN 13: 9780444601155
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Materials 93 Book Review:

Computations, Glassy Materials, Microgravity and Non-Destructive Testing is a compilation of the papers presented during the Third IUMRS International Conference on Advanced Materials International Union of The Materials Research Societies that discussed the concepts and methods behind glassy materials. The book is divided into parts. Part 1 tackles the progresses in sol-gel science and technology; the reaction mechanisms of ormosils and effects of ultrasonic irradiation; and the preparation of different glasses and their properties. Part 2 covers topics such as the neural network system for the identification of materials; the use of computers for simulations of many-body systems; computer system for meeting the supercomputing needs of materials; quality control of materials information by knowledge base; and the development of knowledgebase system for computer-assisted alloy design. Part 3 deals with the properties of different materials, the concepts, and the techniques behind them, and Part 4 discusses the non-destructive evaluation. The text is recommended for chemists and engineers in the field of materials science, especially those who wish to know more about the progress in its field of research.

Quantum Mechanical Approach to Understanding Structural Electronic and Mechanical Properties of Intermetallics

Quantum Mechanical Approach to Understanding Structural  Electronic and Mechanical Properties of Intermetallics
Author: Arthur J. Freeman,NORTHWESTERN UNIV EVANSTON IL DEPT OF PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY.
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 14
Release: 1989
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:227731327
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantum Mechanical Approach to Understanding Structural Electronic and Mechanical Properties of Intermetallics Book Review:

Our primary goal is to study and develop alloying concepts for understanding intermetallic alloys as derived from a highly precise quantum mechanical approach. Thus, a major part of our effort is to study and determine ductilizing effects and to work closely with experimental efforts to evaluate the applicability of the theoretical approach to alloy design. Specifically we have studied a number of materials problems to obtain first principles information of relevance to alloy stability and design of structural materials. Fundamental information has been obtained about the structural and electronic properties in order to predict stable and metastable phases and how alloying affects bonding, crystal order and crystal symmetry. Our approach addresses questions of a metallurgical nature, such as phase stability, crystal structure, equilibrium lattice constants, and mechanical properties. For the ordered compounds, tailoring the chemistry of these alloys to obtain higher symmetry (and thus more ductile) crystalline phases is extremely important. The research seeks to explore a new capability for modelling materials and their properties on the computer which have not yet been made in practice. (mjm).

Quantum Mechanical Approach to Understanding Microstructural and Mechanical Properties in Intermetallics

Quantum Mechanical Approach to Understanding Microstructural and Mechanical Properties in Intermetallics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 15
Release: 1992
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:227780516
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantum Mechanical Approach to Understanding Microstructural and Mechanical Properties in Intermetallics Book Review:

The primary goal of the proposed research is to study and develop alloying concepts for understanding intermetallic alloys as derived from a first principles quantum mechanical approach. Thus, a major part of our effort will be to study and determine ductilizing effects of alloying elements in several intermetallic compounds and to work closely with experimental efforts to evaluate the applicability of the theoretical approach to alloy design. Specifically, highly precise all-electron quantum mechanical electronic structure methods will be applied to the study of a number of materials problems in order to obtain from first principles information of relevance to alloy stability and the design of structural materials. Using our recently developed state-of-the-art all-electron self-consistent total energy methods which give precise solutions of the local density equations, fundamental information will be sought about the structural and electronic properties of these alloys in order to predict stable and metastable phases and how alloying affects bonding, crystal ordering and crystal symmetry. The first principles approach used here will address questions of a metallurgical nature, such as phase stability, crystal structure, equilibrium lattice constants, and mechanical properties including the effect of atomic relaxation. The proposed research seeks to explore a new capability for modeling materials and their properties on the computer which have not yet been made in practice.

Corrosion Engineering

Corrosion Engineering
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1993
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UVA:X002488611
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Corrosion Engineering Book Review:

Transformations Selected Works of G B Olson on Materials Microstrucutre and Design

Transformations Selected Works of G B  Olson on Materials  Microstrucutre  and Design
Author: C.E. Campbell,M.V. Manuel,W. Xiong
Publsiher: ASM International
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017-10-01
ISBN 10: 1627081380
ISBN 13: 9781627081382
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transformations Selected Works of G B Olson on Materials Microstrucutre and Design Book Review:

ASM International and The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS) have collaborated to present a collection of the selected works of Dr. Greg B. Olson in honor of his 70th birthday in 2017. This collection highlights his influential contributions to the understanding of martensite transformations and the development and application of a systems design approach to materials. Part I: Martensite, with an Introduction by Sir Harry Bhadeshia, emphasizes Dr. Olson's work to develop a dislocation theory for martensite transformations, to improve the understanding of the statistical nature of martensite nucleation, and to expand use of quantitative microscopy to characterize phase transformations. Part II: Materials Design, with an Introduction by Dr. Charles Kuehmann, focuses on the application of a systems design approach to materials and the development of integrated computational design curriculum for undergraduate education. Part II includes several examples of the systems design approach to a variety of applications. The papers chosen for this collection were selected by the editors with input from Dr. Olson.

Quantum Mechanical Approach to Understanding Microstructural and Mechanical Properties of Intermetallics

Quantum Mechanical Approach to Understanding Microstructural and Mechanical Properties of Intermetallics
Author: Arthur J. Freeman,NORTHWESTERN UNIV EVANSTON IL DEPT OF PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY.
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 21
Release: 1990
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:227768043
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantum Mechanical Approach to Understanding Microstructural and Mechanical Properties of Intermetallics Book Review:

The primary goal of the proposed research was to study and develop alloying concepts for understanding intermetallic alloys as derived from a first principles quantum mechanical approach. Thus, a major part of our effort will be to study and determine ductilizing effects of alloying elements in several intermetallic compounds and to work closely with experimental efforts to evaluate the applicability of the theoretical approach to alloy design. Specifically, highly precise all-electron quantum mechanical electronic structure methods will be applied to the study of a number of materials problems in order to obtain from first principles information of relevance to alloy stability and design of structural materials. Using state-of-the-art all-electron self-consistent total energy methods which give precise solutions of the local density equations, fundamental information will be sought about the structural and electronic properties of these alloys in order to predict stable and metastable phases and how alloying effects bonding, crystal ordering and crystal symmetry. The first principles approach used here will address questions of a metallurgical nature, such as phase stability, crystal structure, equilibrium lattice constants, and mechanical properties. For the ordered compounds, tailoring the chemistry of these alloys to obtain higher symmetry (and thus more ductile crystalline phases is extremely important. The proposed research seeks to explore a new capability for modeling materials and their properties on the computer which have not yet been made in practice.

Research Technology 2000

Research   Technology 2000
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 1428918221
ISBN 13: 9781428918221
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Technology 2000 Book Review:

Alloy Steel Properties and Use

Alloy Steel   Properties and Use
Author: Leroy Sidney
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2016-04-01
ISBN 10: 9781681173115
ISBN 13: 1681173115
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Alloy Steel Properties and Use Book Review:

Alloy steel is steel that is alloyed with a variety of elements in total amounts between 1.0% and 50% by weight to improve its mechanical properties. Alloy steels are broken down into two groups: low-alloy steels and high-alloy steels. Most commonly, the phrase "alloy steel" refers to low-alloy steels. Alloy steels are made by combining carbon steel with one or several alloying elements, such as manganese, silicon, nickel, titanium, copper, chromium and aluminum. These metals are added to produce specific properties that are not found in regular carbon steel. The elements are added in varying proportions (or combinations) making the material take on different aspects such as increased hardness, increased corrosion resistance, increased strength, improved formability (ductility); the weldability can also change. Alloying elements are added to achieve certain properties in the material. As a guideline, alloying elements are added in lower percentages (less than 5%) to increase strength or hardenability, or in larger percentages (over 5%) to achieve special properties, such as corrosion resistance or extreme temperature stability. Manganese, silicon, or aluminum are added during the steelmaking process to remove dissolved oxygen, sulfur and phosphorus from the melt. Manganese, silicon, nickel, and copper are added to increase strength by forming solid solutions in ferrite. Chromium, vanadium, molybdenum, and tungsten increase strength by forming second-phase carbides. Nickel and copper improve corrosion resistance in small quantities. Molybdenum helps to resist embrittlement. Zirconium, cerium, and calcium increase toughness by controlling the shape of inclusions. Sulfur, in the form of manganese sulfide, lead, bismuth, selenium, and tellurium, increases mach inability. Alloying elements also have an effect on the eutectoid temperature of the steel. This book entitled Alloy Steel are devoted to new approaches and usages of stainless steels, the influence of the environments on the behavior of certain classes of steels, new structural concepts to understand some fatigue processes, new insight on strengthening mechanisms, and toughness in micro alloyed steels.

Computational Mechanics

Computational Mechanics
Author: Zhenhan Yao,M. W. Yuan,Wanxie Zhong
Publsiher: 清华大学出版社有限公司
Total Pages: 1286
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9787302093428
ISBN 13: 7302093423
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Computational Mechanics Book Review:

Semiconductor Device Physics and Design

Semiconductor Device Physics and Design
Author: Umesh Mishra,Jasprit Singh
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 559
Release: 2007-11-06
ISBN 10: 1402064810
ISBN 13: 9781402064814
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Semiconductor Device Physics and Design Book Review:

Semiconductor Device Physics and Design teaches readers how to approach device design from the point of view of someone who wants to improve devices and can see the opportunity and challenges. It begins with coverage of basic physics concepts, including the physics behind polar heterostructures and strained heterostructures. The book then details the important devices ranging from p-n diodes to bipolar and field effect devices. By relating device design to device performance and then relating device needs to system use the student can see how device design works in the real world.

Electron Theory in Alloy Design

Electron Theory in Alloy Design
Author: David G. Pettifor,Alan Cottrell
Publsiher: Maney Pub
Total Pages: 311
Release: 1992
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015025172712
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electron Theory in Alloy Design Book Review:

Presents recent developments in electron theory which have impacted upon the search for novel alloys with improved mechanical or magnetic properties. The ten chapters outline the ability of electron theory to make quantitative predictions (such as heats of formation, planar fault energies, shear moduli and magnetic anisotropy), and to provide simplifying concepts for understanding trends in alloy behaviour.

Frontiers in the Design of Materials

Frontiers in the Design of Materials
Author: Baldev Raj,S. Ranganathan,S.L. Mannan,K. Bhanu Sankara Rao,M.D. Matthew
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2007-01-29
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UVA:X030113303
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Frontiers in the Design of Materials Book Review:

Contributed articles presented at the Symposium organized by Indian Institute of Metals.