A Practical Handbook for Drilling Fluids Processing

A Practical Handbook for Drilling Fluids Processing
Author: Samuel Bridges,Leon Robinson
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 622
Release: 2020-02-15
ISBN 10: 0128213426
ISBN 13: 9780128213421
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Practical Handbook for Drilling Fluids Processing Book Review:

A Practical Handbook for Drilling Fluids Processing delivers a much-needed reference for drilling fluid and mud engineers to safely understand how the drilling fluid processing operation affects the drilling process. Agitation and blending of new additions to the surface system are explained with each piece of drilled solids removal equipment discussed in detail. Several calculations of drilled solids, such as effect of retort volumes, are included, along with multiple field methods, such as determining the drilled solids density. Tank arrangements are covered as well as operating guidelines for the surface system. Rounding out with a solutions chapter with additional instruction and an appendix with equation derivations, this book gives today’s drilling fluid engineers a tool to understand the technology available and step-by-step guidelines of how-to safety evaluate surface systems in the oil and gas fields. Presents practical guidance from real example problems that are encountered on drilling rigs Helps readers understand multiple field methods and drilled solids calculations with the help of practice questions Gives readers what they need to master each piece of drilling fluid processing equipment, including mud cleaners and safe mud tank arrangements

Drilling Fluids Processing Handbook

Drilling Fluids Processing Handbook
Author: ASME Shale Shaker Committee
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 700
Release: 2011-03-15
ISBN 10: 9780080477411
ISBN 13: 0080477410
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Drilling Fluids Processing Handbook Book Review:

Written by the Shale Shaker Committee of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, originally of the American Association of Drilling Engineers, the authors of this book are some of the most well-respected names in the world for drilling. The first edition, Shale Shakers and Drilling Fluid Systems, was only on shale shakers, a very important piece of machinery on a drilling rig that removes drill cuttings. The original book has been much expanded to include many other aspects of drilling solids control, including chapters on drilling fluids, cut-point curves, mud cleaners, and many other pieces of equipment that were not covered in the original book. Written by a team of more than 20 of the world's foremost drilling experts, from such companies as Shell, Conoco, Amoco, and BP There has never been a book that pulls together such a vast array of materials and depth of topic coverage in the area of drilling fluids Covers quickly changing technology that updates the drilling engineer on all of the latest equipment, fluids, and techniques

Petroleum Engineer s Guide to Oil Field Chemicals and Fluids

Petroleum Engineer s Guide to Oil Field Chemicals and Fluids
Author: Johannes Fink
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 808
Release: 2011-05-13
ISBN 10: 9780123838452
ISBN 13: 0123838452
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Petroleum Engineer s Guide to Oil Field Chemicals and Fluids Book Review:

Petroleum Engineer's Guide to Oil Field Chemicals and Fluids is a comprehensive manual that provides end users with information about oil field chemicals, such as drilling muds, corrosion and scale inhibitors, gelling agents and bacterial control. This book is an extension and update of Oil Field Chemicals published in 2003, and it presents a compilation of materials from literature and patents, arranged according to applications and the way a typical job is practiced. The text is composed of 23 chapters that cover oil field chemicals arranged according to their use. Each chapter follows a uniform template, starting with a brief overview of the chemical followed by reviews, monomers, polymerization, and fabrication. The different aspects of application, including safety and environmental impacts, for each chemical are also discussed throughout the chapters. The text also includes handy indices for trade names, acronyms and chemicals. Petroleum, production, drilling, completion, and operations engineers and managers will find this book invaluable for project management and production. Non-experts and students in petroleum engineering will also find this reference useful. Chemicals are ordered by use including drilling muds, corrosion inhibitors, and bacteria control Includes cutting edge chemicals and polymers such as water soluble polymers and viscosity control Handy index of chemical substances as well as a general chemical index

Applied Drilling Circulation Systems

Applied Drilling Circulation Systems
Author: Boyun Guo,,Gefei Liu
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2011-04-21
ISBN 10: 9780123819581
ISBN 13: 012381958X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Drilling Circulation Systems Book Review:

Used to clean the borehole, stabilize rock, control pressures, or enhance drilling rates, drilling fluids and their circulation systems are used in all phases of a drilling operation. These systems are highly dynamic and complicated to model until now. Written by an author with over 25 years of experience, Applied Drilling Circulation Systems: Hydraulics, Calculations and Models provide users with the necessary analytical/numerical models to handle problems associated with the design and optimization of cost-effective drilling circulation systems. The only book which combines system modeling, design, and equipment, Applied Drilling Circulation Systems: Hydraulics, Calculations and Models provides a clear and rigorous exposition of traditional and non-traditional circulation systems and equipment followed by self contained chapters concerning system modelling applications. Theories are illustrated by case studies based on the author’s real life experience. The book is accompanied by a website which permits readers to construct, validate, and run models employing Newtonian fluids, Bingham Plastic fluids, Power Law fluids, and aerated fluids principles. This combination book and website arrangement will prove particularly useful to drilling and production engineers who need to plan operations including pipe-tripping, running-in casing, and cementing. In-depth coverage of both on- and offshore drilling hydraulics. Methods for optimizing both on- and offshore drilling hydraulics. Contains problems and solutions based on years of experience.

Composition and Properties of Drilling and Completion Fluids

Composition and Properties of Drilling and Completion Fluids
Author: Ryen Caenn,HCH Darley,George R. Gray
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 720
Release: 2011-09-29
ISBN 10: 0123838592
ISBN 13: 9780123838599
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Composition and Properties of Drilling and Completion Fluids Book Review:

The petroleum industry in general has been dominated by engineers and production specialists. The upstream segment of the industry is dominated by drilling/completion engineers. Usually, neither of those disciplines have a great deal of training in the chemistry aspects of drilling and completing a well prior to its going on production. The chemistry of drilling fluids and completion fluids have a profound effect on the success of a well. For example, historically the drilling fluid costs to drill a well have averaged around 7% of the overall cost of the well, before completion. The successful delivery of up to 100% of that wellbore, in many cases may be attributable to the fluid used. Considered the "bible" of the industry, Composition and Properties of Drilling and Completion Fluids, first written by Walter Rogers in 1948, and updated on a regular basis thereafter, is a key tool to achieving successful delivery of the wellbore. In its Sixth Edition, Composition and Properties of Drilling and Completion Fluids has been updated and revised to incorporate new information on technology, economic, and political issues that have impacted the use of fluids to drill and complete oil and gas wells. With updated content on Completion Fluids and Reservoir Drilling Fluids, Health, Safety & Environment, Drilling Fluid Systems and Products, new fluid systems and additives from both chemical and engineering perspectives, Wellbore Stability, adding the new R&D on water-based muds, and with increased content on Equipment and Procedures for Evaluating Drilling Fluid Performance in light of the advent of digital technology and better manufacturing techniques, Composition and Properties of Drilling and Completion Fluids has been thoroughly updated to meet the drilling and completion engineer's needs. Explains a myriad of new products and fluid systems Cover the newest API/SI standards New R&D on water-based muds New emphases on Health, Safety & Environment New Chapter on waste management and disposal

Fluid Catalytic Cracking Handbook

Fluid Catalytic Cracking Handbook
Author: Reza Sadeghbeigi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2000-06-08
ISBN 10: 9780080506593
ISBN 13: 0080506593
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fluid Catalytic Cracking Handbook Book Review:

This thoroughly updated edition of Fluid Catalytic Cracking Handbook provides practical information on the design, operation, troubleshooting, and optimization of fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) facilities. Based on the author's years of field experience, this expanded, second edition covers the latest technologies to improve the profitability and reliability of the FCC units, and provides several "no-to-low-cost" practical recommendations. A new chapter supplies valuable recommendations for debottlenecking and optimizing the performance of cat cracker operations.

Oil and Gas Production Handbook An Introduction to Oil and Gas Production

Oil and Gas Production Handbook  An Introduction to Oil and Gas Production
Author: Havard Devold
Publsiher: Lulu.com
Total Pages: 82
Release: 2013*
ISBN 10: 1105538648
ISBN 13: 9781105538643
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oil and Gas Production Handbook An Introduction to Oil and Gas Production Book Review:

Drilling Fluids Processing Handbook

Drilling Fluids Processing Handbook
Author: ASME Shale Shaker Committee
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 700
Release: 2011-03-15
ISBN 10: 9780080477411
ISBN 13: 0080477410
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Drilling Fluids Processing Handbook Book Review:

Written by the Shale Shaker Committee of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, originally of the American Association of Drilling Engineers, the authors of this book are some of the most well-respected names in the world for drilling. The first edition, Shale Shakers and Drilling Fluid Systems, was only on shale shakers, a very important piece of machinery on a drilling rig that removes drill cuttings. The original book has been much expanded to include many other aspects of drilling solids control, including chapters on drilling fluids, cut-point curves, mud cleaners, and many other pieces of equipment that were not covered in the original book. Written by a team of more than 20 of the world's foremost drilling experts, from such companies as Shell, Conoco, Amoco, and BP There has never been a book that pulls together such a vast array of materials and depth of topic coverage in the area of drilling fluids Covers quickly changing technology that updates the drilling engineer on all of the latest equipment, fluids, and techniques

Deep Shale Oil and Gas

Deep Shale Oil and Gas
Author: James G. Speight
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 492
Release: 2016-09-10
ISBN 10: 0128030984
ISBN 13: 9780128030981
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Deep Shale Oil and Gas Book Review:

Natural gas and crude oil production from hydrocarbon rich deep shale formations is one of the most quickly expanding trends in domestic oil and gas exploration. Vast new natural gas and oil resources are being discovered every year across North America and one of those new resources comes from the development of deep shale formations, typically located many thousands of feet below the surface of the Earth in tight, low permeability formations. Deep Shale Oil and Gas provides an introduction to shale gas resources as well as offer a basic understanding of the geomechanical properties of shale, the need for hydraulic fracturing, and an indication of shale gas processing. The book also examines the issues regarding the nature of shale gas development, the potential environmental impacts, and the ability of the current regulatory structure to deal with these issues. Deep Shale Oil and Gas delivers a useful reference that today’s petroleum and natural gas engineer can use to make informed decisions about meeting and managing the challenges they may face in the development of these resources. Clarifies all the basic information needed to quickly understand today’s deeper shale oil and gas industry, horizontal drilling, fracture fluids chemicals needed, and completions Addresses critical coverage on water treatment in shale, and important and evolving technology Practical handbook with real-world case shale plays discussed, especially the up-and-coming deeper areas of shale development

Well Integrity for Workovers and Recompletions

Well Integrity for Workovers and Recompletions
Author: Les Skinner
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 610
Release: 2021-02-25
ISBN 10: 0128182091
ISBN 13: 9780128182093
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Well Integrity for Workovers and Recompletions Book Review:

Well Integrity for Workovers and Recompletions delivers the concise steps and processes necessary to ensure that production wells minimize failure. After understanding the introductory background on well integrity and establishing the best baseline, the reference advances into various failure modes that can be expected. Rounding out with an explanation and tools concerning economic considerations, such as how to increase reserve potential and rate of return, the book gives oil and gas engineers and managers a vital solution to keeping their assets safe and effective for the long-term gain. Helps readers understand how to protect wells through the production, workover and recompletion lifecycle, both from an economic standpoint and technical view Includes real-world examples with quizzes included at the end of each chapter Examines why establishing an integrity baseline is important, along with a Well Integrity Management System

Seismic While Drilling

Seismic While Drilling
Author: F.B. Poletto,F. Miranda
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 546
Release: 2004-06-30
ISBN 10: 9780080474342
ISBN 13: 0080474349
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Seismic While Drilling Book Review:

The purpose of this book is to give a theoretical and practical introduction to seismic-while-drilling by using the drill-bit noise. This recent technology offers important products for geophysical control of drilling. It involves aspects typical of borehole seismics and of the drilling control surveying, hitherto the sole domain of mudlogging. For aspects related to the drill-bit source performance and borehole acoustics, the book attempts to provide a connection between experts working in geophysics and in drilling. There are different ways of thinking related to basic knowledge, operational procedures and precision in the observation of the physical quantities. The goal of the book is to help "build a bridge" between geophysicists involved in seismic while drilling - who may need to familiarize themselves with methods and procedures of drilling and drilling-rock mechanics - and drillers involved in geosteering and drilling of "smart wells" - who may have to familiarize themselves with seismic signals, wave resolution and radiation. For instance, an argument of common interest for drilling and seismic while drilling studies is the monitoring of the drill-string and bit vibrations. This volume contains a large number of real examples of SWD data analysis and applications.

Handbook of Borehole Acoustics and Rock Physics for Reservoir Characterization

Handbook of Borehole Acoustics and Rock Physics for Reservoir Characterization
Author: Vimal Saxena,Michel Krief,Ludmila Adam
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 484
Release: 2018-04-28
ISBN 10: 012812332X
ISBN 13: 9780128123324
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Borehole Acoustics and Rock Physics for Reservoir Characterization Book Review:

The Handbook of Borehole Acoustics and Rock Physics for Reservoir Characterization combines in a single useful handbook the multidisciplinary domains of the petroleum industry, including the fundamental concepts of rock physics, acoustic logging, waveform processing, and geophysical application modeling through graphical examples derived from field data. It includes results from core studies, together with graphics that validate and support the modeling process, and explores all possible facets of acoustic applications in reservoir evaluation for hydrocarbon exploration, development, and drilling support. The Handbook of Borehole Acoustics and Rock Physics for Reservoir Characterization serves as a technical guide and research reference for oil and gas professionals, scientists, and students in the multidisciplinary field of reservoir characterization through the use of petrosonics. It overviews the fundamentals of borehole acoustics and rock physics, with a focus on reservoir evaluation applications, explores current advancements through updated research, and identifies areas of future growth. Presents theory, application, and limitations of borehole acoustics and rock physics through field examples and case studies Features "Petrosonic Workflows" for various acoustic applications and evaluations, which can be easily adapted for practical reservoir modeling and interpretation Covers the potential advantages of acoustic-based techniques and summarizes key results for easy geophysical application

Environmental Technology in the Oil Industry

Environmental Technology in the Oil Industry
Author: Stefan T. Orszulik
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2007-12-05
ISBN 10: 9781402054723
ISBN 13: 1402054726
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Technology in the Oil Industry Book Review:

This significantly updated second edition of a classic work on the subject identifies the issues and constraints for each stage in the production of petroleum products – what they are, who is imposing them and why, their technical and financial implications. It then looks in detail at the technological solutions which have been found or are being developed. It also places these developments in their legal and commercial context.

Handbook of Physical Vapor Deposition PVD Processing

Handbook of Physical Vapor Deposition  PVD  Processing
Author: D. M. Mattox
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 944
Release: 2014-09-19
ISBN 10: 9780080946580
ISBN 13: 0080946585
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Physical Vapor Deposition PVD Processing Book Review:

This book covers all aspects of physical vapor deposition (PVD) process technology from the characterizing and preparing the substrate material, through deposition processing and film characterization, to post-deposition processing. The emphasis of the book is on the aspects of the process flow that are critical to economical deposition of films that can meet the required performance specifications. The book covers subjects seldom treated in the literature: substrate characterization, adhesion, cleaning and the processing. The book also covers the widely discussed subjects of vacuum technology and the fundamentals of individual deposition processes. However, the author uniquely relates these topics to the practical issues that arise in PVD processing, such as contamination control and film growth effects, which are also rarely discussed in the literature. In bringing these subjects together in one book, the reader can understand the interrelationship between various aspects of the film deposition processing and the resulting film properties. The author draws upon his long experience with developing PVD processes and troubleshooting the processes in the manufacturing environment, to provide useful hints for not only avoiding problems, but also for solving problems when they arise. He uses actual experiences, called ""war stories"", to emphasize certain points. Special formatting of the text allows a reader who is already knowledgeable in the subject to scan through a section and find discussions that are of particular interest. The author has tried to make the subject index as useful as possible so that the reader can rapidly go to sections of particular interest. Extensive references allow the reader to pursue subjects in greater detail if desired. The book is intended to be both an introduction for those who are new to the field and a valuable resource to those already in the field. The discussion of transferring technology between R&D and manufacturing provided in Appendix 1, will be of special interest to the manager or engineer responsible for moving a PVD product and process from R&D into production. Appendix 2 has an extensive listing of periodical publications and professional societies that relate to PVD processing. The extensive Glossary of Terms and Acronyms provided in Appendix 3 will be of particular use to students and to those not fully conversant with the terminology of PVD processing or with the English language.

Underbalanced Drilling Limits and Extremes

Underbalanced Drilling  Limits and Extremes
Author: Bill Rehm,Arash Haghshenas,Amir Saman Paknejad,Abdullah Al-Yami,Jim Hughes
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 629
Release: 2013-11-25
ISBN 10: 0127999809
ISBN 13: 9780127999807
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Underbalanced Drilling Limits and Extremes Book Review:

The present crude oil and natural gas reservoirs around the world have depleted conventional production levels. To continue enhancing productivity for the remaining mature reservoirs, drilling decision-makers could no longer rely on traditional balanced or overbalanced methods of drilling. Derived from conventional air drilling, underbalanced drilling is increasingly necessary to meet today’s energy and drilling needs. While more costly and extreme, underbalanced drilling can minimize pressure within the formation, increase drilling rate of penetration, reduce formation damage and lost circulation, making mature reservoirs once again viable and more productive. To further explain this essential drilling procedure, Bill Rehm, an experienced legend in drilling along with his co-editors, has compiled a handbook perfect for the drilling supervisor. Underbalanced Drilling: Limits and Extremes, written under the auspices of the IADC Technical Publications Committee, contain many great features and contributions including: Real case studies shared by major service companies to give the reader guidelines on what might happen in actual operations Questions and answers at the end of the chapters for upcoming engineers to test their knowledge Common procedures, typical and special equipment involved, and most importantly, the limits and challenges that still surround this technology

Introduction to Permanent Plug and Abandonment of Wells

Introduction to Permanent Plug and Abandonment of Wells
Author: Mahmoud Khalifeh,Arild Saasen
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 273
Release: 2020-01-01
ISBN 10: 3030399702
ISBN 13: 9783030399702
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Permanent Plug and Abandonment of Wells Book Review:

This open access book offers a timely guide to challenges and current practices to permanently plug and abandon hydrocarbon wells. With a focus on offshore North Sea, it analyzes the process of plug and abandonment of hydrocarbon wells through the establishment of permanent well barriers. It provides the reader with extensive knowledge on the type of barriers, their functioning and verification. It then discusses plug and abandonment methodologies, analyzing different types of permanent plugging materials. Last, it describes some tests for verifying the integrity and functionality of installed permanent barriers. The book offers a comprehensive reference guide to well plugging and abandonment (P & A) and well integrity testing. The book also presents new technologies that have been proposed to be used in plugging and abandoning of wells, which might be game-changing technologies, but they are still in laboratory or testing level. Given its scope, it addresses students and researchers in both academia and industry. It also provides information for engineers who work in petroleum industry and should be familiarized with P & A of hydrocarbon wells to reduce the time of P & A by considering it during well planning and construction.

Workshop Processes Practices and Materials

Workshop Processes  Practices and Materials
Author: Bruce Black
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 367
Release: 2010-10-28
ISBN 10: 113643321X
ISBN 13: 9781136433214
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Workshop Processes Practices and Materials Book Review:

Workshop Processes, Practices and Materials is an ideal introduction to workshop processes, practices and materials for entry-level engineers and workshop technicians. With detailed illustrations throughout and simple, clear language, this is a practical introduction to what can be a very complex subject. It has been significantly updated and revised to include new material on adhesives, protective coatings, plastics and current Health and Safety legislation. It covers all the standard topics, including safe practices, measuring equipment, hand and machine tools, materials and joining methods, making it an indispensable handbook for use both in class and the workshop. Its broad coverage makes it a useful reference book for many different courses worldwide.

Water Based Chemicals and Technology for Drilling Completion and Workover Fluids

Water Based Chemicals and Technology for Drilling  Completion  and Workover Fluids
Author: Johannes Fink
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2015-02-06
ISBN 10: 012802643X
ISBN 13: 9780128026434
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Based Chemicals and Technology for Drilling Completion and Workover Fluids Book Review:

Oil and gas engineers today use three main factors in deciding drilling fluids: cost, performance, and environmental impact, making water-based products a much more attractive option. Water-Based Chemicals and Technology for Drilling, Completion, and Workover Fluids effectively delivers all the background and infrastructure needed for an oil and gas engineer to utilize more water-based products that benefit the whole spectrum of the well’s life cycle. Helping to mitigate critical well issues such as formation damage, fluid loss control, and borehole repair, more operators demand to know the full selection of water-based products available to consistently keep a peak well performance. This must-have training guide provides the necessary coverage in the area, broken down by type and use, along with an extensive list of supportive materials such as a chemical index of structural formulas and helpful list of references for further reading. In addition to understanding the types, special additives, and chemical compatibilities of the products available, the reader will also learn proper waste disposal techniques, including management of produced water, a component mandatory to hydraulic fracturing operations. Concise and comprehensive, Water-Based Chemicals and Technology for Drilling, Completion, and Workover Fluids details all the necessary educational content and handy references to elevate your well’s performance while lowering your environmental impact. Understand the basics and functions on all water-based fluids for drilling, completion, cementing, and enhanced oil recovery operations Get up to date with the growing need for water-based fluids in hydraulic fracturing operations including supportive materials such as an index of trade names, acronyms, and chemicals Stay responsible and know the environmental aspects and current regulations, including disposal and discharge

Oil Field Chemicals

Oil Field Chemicals
Author: Johannes Fink
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 495
Release: 2003-08-19
ISBN 10: 9780080497570
ISBN 13: 0080497578
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oil Field Chemicals Book Review:

Oil field chemicals are gaining increasing importance, as the resources of crude oil are decreasing. An increasing demand of more sophisticated methods in the exploitation of the natural resources emerges for this reason. This book reviews the progress in the area of oil field chemicals and additives of the last decade from a rather chemical view. The material presented is a compilation from the literature by screening critically approximately 20,000 references. The text is ordered according to applications, just in the way how the jobs are emerging in practice. It starts with drilling, goes to productions and ends with oil spill. Several chemicals are used in multiple disciplines, and to those separate chapters are devoted. Two index registers are available, an index of chemical substances and a general index. * Gives an introduction to the chemically orientated petroleum engineer. * Provides the petroleum engineer involved with research and development with a quick reference tool. * Covers interdisciplinary matter, i.e. connects petroleum recovery and handling with chemical aspects.

Managed Pressure Drilling

Managed Pressure Drilling
Author: Bill Rehm,Jerome Schubert,Arash Haghshenas,Amir Saman Paknejad,Jim Hughes
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 369
Release: 2013-12-18
ISBN 10: 0127999876
ISBN 13: 9780127999876
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Managed Pressure Drilling Book Review:

With extraction out of depleted wells more important than ever, this new and developing technology is literally changing drilling engineering for future generations. Never before published in book form, these cutting-edge technologies and the processes that surround them are explained in easy-tounderstand language, complete with worked examples, problems and solutions. This volume is invaluable as a textbook for both the engineering student and the veteran engineer who needs to keep up with changing technology.