3D Printing in Medicine and Surgery

3D Printing in Medicine and Surgery
Author: Daniel J. Thomas,Deepti Singh
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2020-08-14
ISBN 10: 0081025432
ISBN 13: 9780081025437
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

3D Printing in Medicine and Surgery Book Review:

3D Printing in Medicine and Surgery: Applications in Healthcare is an advanced book on surgical and enhanced medical applications that can be achieved with 3D printing. It is an essential handbook for medical practitioners, giving access to a range of practical methods, while also focusing on applied knowledge. This comprehensive resource features practical experiments and processes for preparing 3D printable materials. Early chapters cover foundational knowledge and background reading, while later chapters discuss and review the current technologies used to engineer specific tissue types, experiments and methods, medical approaches and the challenges that lie ahead for future research. The book is an indispensable reference guide to the various methods used by current medical practitioners working at the forefront of 3D printing applications in medicine. Provides a detailed introduction and narrative on how 3-D printing can be used towards developing future medicine-based therapies Covers up-to-date methods across a range of application areas for the first time in book form Presents the only book on all current areas of 3D printing in medicine that is catered to a medical rather than engineering audience

3D Printing in Medicine

3D Printing in Medicine
Author: Deepak M Kalaskar
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 178
Release: 2017-04-17
ISBN 10: 0081007264
ISBN 13: 9780081007266
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

3D Printing in Medicine Book Review:

3D Printing in Medicine examines the emerging market of 3D-printed biomaterials and its clinical applications. With a particular focus on both commercial and premarket tools, the book looks at their applications within medicine and the future outlook for the field. The book begins with a discussion of the fundamentals of 3D printing, including topics such as materials, and hardware. Chapters go on to cover applications within medicine such as computational analysis of 3D printed constructs, personalized 3D printing and 3D cell and organ printing. The concluding chapters in the book review the applications of 3D printing in diagnostics, drug development, 3D-printed disease models and 3D printers for surgical practice. With a strong focus on the translation of 3D printing technology to a clinical setting, this book is a valuable resource for scientists and engineers working in biomaterial, biomedical, and nanotechnology based industries and academia. Provides a comprehensive and authoritative overview of all the medical applications of 3D printing biomaterials and technologies Focuses on the emerging market of 3D printed biomaterials in clinical applications Reviews both commercial and under development materials, tools, their applications, and future evolution

3D Printing Application in Medical Surgery E Book

3D Printing  Application in Medical Surgery E Book
Author: Georgios Tsoulfas,Petros I. Bangeas,Jasjit S. Suri
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2019-10-01
ISBN 10: 0323674852
ISBN 13: 9780323674850
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

3D Printing Application in Medical Surgery E Book Book Review:

Recent advances and technologies in 3D printing have improved and expanded applications for surgery, biomedical engineering, and nanotechnology. In this concise new title, Drs. Georgios Tsoulfas, Petros I. Bangeas, and Jasjit S. Suri synthesize state-of-the-art information on 3D printing and provide guidance on the optimal application in today’s surgical practice, from evaluation of the technology to virtual reality and future opportunities. Discusses challenges, opportunities, and limitations of 3D printing in the field of surgery. Covers patient and surgical education, ethics and intellectual property, quality and safety, 3D printing as it relates to nanotechnology, tissue engineering, virtual augmented reality, and more. Consolidates today’s available information on this burgeoning topic into a single convenient resource.

3D Printing in Orthopaedic Surgery

3D Printing in Orthopaedic Surgery
Author: Matthew Dipaola
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 228
Release: 2018-11-20
ISBN 10: 0323581196
ISBN 13: 9780323581196
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

3D Printing in Orthopaedic Surgery Book Review:

Get a quick, expert overview of the role of emerging 3D printing technology in orthopaedic surgery, devices, and implants. This concise resource by Drs. Matthew DiPaola and Felasfa Wodajo provides orthopaedic surgeons and residents with need-to-know information on the clinical applications of 3D printing, including current technological capabilities, guidance for practice, and future outlooks for this fast-growing area. Covers basic principles such as engineering aspects, software, economics, legal considerations, and applications for education and surgery planning. Discusses 3D printing in arthroplasty, trauma and deformity, the adult and pediatric spine, oncology, and more. Includes information on setting up a home 3D printing "plant" and 3D printing biologics. Consolidates today’s available information on this burgeoning topic into a single convenient resource

3D Bioprinting for Reconstructive Surgery

3D Bioprinting for Reconstructive Surgery
Author: Daniel Thomas,Zita M. Jessop,Iain S. Whitaker
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2017-11-14
ISBN 10: 0081012160
ISBN 13: 9780081012161
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

3D Bioprinting for Reconstructive Surgery Book Review:

3D Bioprinting for Reconstructive Surgery: Techniques and Applications examines the combined use of materials, procedures and tools necessary for creating structural tissue constructs for reconstructive purposes. Offering a broad analysis of the field, the first set of chapters review the range of biomaterials which can be used to create 3D-printed tissue constructs. Part Two looks at the techniques needed to prepare biomaterials and biological materials for 3D printing, while the final set of chapters examines application-specific examples of tissues formed from 3D printed biomaterials. 3D printing of biomaterials for tissue engineering applications is becoming increasingly popular due to its ability to offer unique, patient-specific parts—on demand—at a relatively low cost. This book is a valuable resource for biomaterials scientists, biomedical engineers, practitioners and students wishing to broaden their knowledge in the allied field. Discusses new possibilities in tissue engineering with 3D printing Presents a comprehensive coverage of the materials, techniques and tools needed for producing bioprinted tissues Reviews emerging technologies in addition to commercial techniques

3D Printing in Medicine

3D Printing in Medicine
Author: Frank J. Rybicki,Gerald T. Grant
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 138
Release: 2017-09-27
ISBN 10: 3319619241
ISBN 13: 9783319619248
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

3D Printing in Medicine Book Review:

This book describes the fundamentals of three-dimensional (3D) printing, addresses the practical aspects of establishing a 3D printing service in a medical facility, and explains the enormous potential value of rendering images as 3D printed models capable of providing tactile feedback and tangible information on both anatomic and pathologic states. Individual chapters also focus on selected areas of applications for 3D printing, including musculoskeletal, craniomaxillofacial, cardiovascular, and neurosurgery applications. Challenges and opportunities related to training, materials and equipment, and guidelines are addressed, and the overall costs of a 3D printing lab and the balancing of these costs against clinical benefits are discussed. Radiologists, surgeons, and other physicians will find this book to be a rich source of information on the practicalities and expanding medical applications of 3D printing.

3D Printing Applications in Cardiovascular Medicine

3D Printing Applications in Cardiovascular Medicine
Author: James K Min,Bobak Mosadegh,Simon Dunham,Subhi Jamal Al'Aref
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2018-07-04
ISBN 10: 0128039434
ISBN 13: 9780128039434
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

3D Printing Applications in Cardiovascular Medicine Book Review:

3D Printing Applications in Cardiovascular Medicine addresses the rapidly growing field of additive fabrication within the medical field, in particular, focusing on cardiovascular medicine. To date, 3D printing of hearts and vascular systems has been largely reserved to anatomic reconstruction with no additional functionalities. However, 3D printing allows for functional, physiologic and bio-engineering of products to enhance diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease. This book contains the state-of-the-art technologies and studies that demonstrate the utility of 3D printing for these purposes. Addresses the novel technology and cardiac and vascular application of 3D printing Features case studies and tips for applying 3D technology into clinical practice Includes an accompanying website that provides 3D examples from cardiovascular clinicians, imagers, computer science and engineering experts

3D Printing Applications in Medicine and Surgery

3D Printing  Applications in Medicine and Surgery
Author: Vasileios N. Papadopoulos,Vassilios Tsioukas,Jasjit S. Suri
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2019-10
ISBN 10: 9780323661935
ISBN 13: 0323661939
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

3D Printing Applications in Medicine and Surgery Book Review:

New technologies in 3D printing offer innovative capabilities in surgery, from planning complex operations to providing alternatives to traditional training with more cost-effective outcomes. In 3D Printing: Application in Medical Surgery, Volume 2, Drs. Vasileios N. Papadopoulos, Vassilios Tsioukas, and Jasjit S. Suri bring together up-to-date information on 3D printing and its application in surgical specialties such as hebatobilliary and pancreatic surgery, vascular surgery, orthopedic surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, cardiovascular and thoracic surgery, and more. Discusses challenges and opportunities of 3D printing across surgical sub-specialties. Covers 3D printing and its application in major surgical specialties, as well as dentistry, transplantation, global surgery, and diagnostic and interventional radiology. Consolidates today's available information on this burgeoning topic into a single convenient resource.

Arthroplasty

Arthroplasty
Author: Vaibhav Bagaria
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 242
Release: 2016-01-27
ISBN 10: 9535122436
ISBN 13: 9789535122432
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Arthroplasty Book Review:

This book is aimed at giving an overview of the field of arthroplasty and covers arthroplasty of several regions starting from the cervical spine to the ankle. While the current trend is focusing on one particular joint, sometimes having an understanding of the entire subject and cross learning from various subspecialties play a key role in evolving the science. The book is precisely meant to do that, exposing the readers to various types of arthroplasties. It also touches on failures and complications like infections to ensure that the subject is dealt with in a comprehensive manner. Radiology and investigations form an important element for successful outcomes and so does being informed about the newer developments in the field. The chapters on 3D printing and PRP ensure that the all the subjects from the very basic to what can be expected on the horizon are well covered.

A Textbook of Advanced Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

A Textbook of Advanced Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Author: Mohammad Hosein Motamedi
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 836
Release: 2016-08-31
ISBN 10: 9535125907
ISBN 13: 9789535125907
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Textbook of Advanced Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Book Review:

Advanced oral and maxillofacial surgery encompasses a vast array of diseases, disorders, defects, and deformities as well as injuries of the mouth, head, face, and jaws. It relates not only to treatment of impacted teeth, facial pain, misaligned jaws, facial trauma, oral cancers, jaw cysts, and tumors but also to facial cosmetic surgery and placement of dental and facial implants. This specialty is evolving alongside advancements in technology and instrumentation. Volume 1 has topped 132,000 chapter downloads so far, and Volume 2 is being downloaded at the same pace! Volume 3 is basically the sequel to Volumes 1 and 2; 93 specialists from nine countries contributed to 32 chapters providing comprehensive coverage of advanced topics in OMF surgery.

New Trends in 3D Printing

New Trends in 3D Printing
Author: Igor Shishkovsky
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2016-07-13
ISBN 10: 953512479X
ISBN 13: 9789535124795
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Trends in 3D Printing Book Review:

A quarter century period of the 3D printing technology development affords ground for speaking about new realities or the formation of a new technological system of digital manufacture and partnership. The up-to-date 3D printing is at the top of its own overrated expectations. So the development of scalable, high-speed methods of the material 3D printing aimed to increase the productivity and operating volume of the 3D printing machines requires new original decisions. It is necessary to study the 3D printing applicability for manufacturing of the materials with multilevel hierarchical functionality on nano-, micro- and meso-scales that can find applications for medical, aerospace and/or automotive industries. Some of the above-mentioned problems and new trends are considered in this book.

Fabricated

Fabricated
Author: Hod Lipson,Melba Kurman
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2013-01-22
ISBN 10: 1118416945
ISBN 13: 9781118416945
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fabricated Book Review:

Fabricated tells the story of 3D printers, humblemanufacturing machines that are bursting out of the factory andinto schools, kitchens, hospitals, even onto the fashion catwalk.Fabricated describes our emerging world of printableproducts, where people design and 3D print their own creations aseasily as they edit an online document. A 3D printer transforms digital information into a physicalobject by carrying out instructions from an electronic design file,or 'blueprint.' Guided by a design file, a 3D printer lays downlayer after layer of a raw material to 'print' out an object.That's not the whole story, however. The magic happens when youplug a 3D printer into today’s mind-boggling digitaltechnologies. Add to that the Internet, tiny, low cost electroniccircuitry, radical advances in materials science and biotech andvoila! The result is an explosion of technological and socialinnovation. Fabricated takes the reader onto a rich and fulfillingjourney that explores how 3D printing is poised to impact nearlyevery part of our lives. Aimed at people who enjoy books on business strategy, popularscience and novel technology, Fabricated will providereaders with practical and imaginative insights to the question'how will this technology change my life?' Based on hundreds ofhours of research and dozens of interviews with experts from abroad range of industries, Fabricated offers readers aninformative, engaging and fast-paced introduction to 3D printingnow and in the future.

Simulations in Medicine

Simulations in Medicine
Author: Irena Roterman-Konieczna
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2020-04-20
ISBN 10: 3110667215
ISBN 13: 9783110667219
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Simulations in Medicine Book Review:

Modern practical medicine requires high tech in diagnostics and therapy and in consequence in education. All disciplines use computers to handle large data bases allowing individual therapy, to interpret large data bases in form of neuronal signals, help visualization of organs during surgery. This book contains chapters on personalised therapy, advanced diagnostics in neurology, modern techniques like robotic surgery (da Vinci robots), 3D-printing and 3D-bioprinting, augmented reality applied in medical diagnostics and therapy. It is impossible without fast large scale data mining in both: clinical data interpretation as well as in hospital organization including hybrid surgery rooms and personal data flow. The book is based on a course for medical students organized in the editor's department. Every year, around 300 international undergraduate medical students take the course.

3D Printing Will Rock the World

3D Printing Will Rock the World
Author: John Hornick
Publsiher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2015-12-04
ISBN 10: 9781516946792
ISBN 13: 1516946790
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

3D Printing Will Rock the World Book Review:

The digital manufacturing revolution is upon us, and at its current center is the 3D printer. Arguably the most powerful machine ever invented, its possibilities are endless. In 3D Printing Will Rock the World, author John Hornick presents an insightful look at how 3D printing could potentially change the planet. 3DPrintingIndustry.com said "John Hornick's '3D Printing Will Rock the World' Rocks." 3DPrintingStocks.com called it a "must read." To see what industry experts say, see the back cover. With chapters titled "Morphing Manufacturing," "Merging Science and Nature," "Shrinking the World and Bringing Jobs Home," "3D Printing New Kinds of Crime," and "Rocking Kids' Futures," Hornick discusses a wide range of topics, including the impact of 3D printing on business and personal life, how mass production could be replaced with production by the masses, 3D printing's legal (and illegal) side effects, and how today's kids will 3D print our future. For fans of Fabricated: The New World of 3D Printing by Hod Lipson and Melba Kurman and Makers: The New Industrial Revolution by Chris Anderson, this visionary book is an essential addition to the library of CEOs, investors, makers, and anyone interested in the future of manufacturing.

Medical Modelling

Medical Modelling
Author: Richard Bibb,Dominic Eggbeer,Abby Paterson
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2014-12-13
ISBN 10: 1782423133
ISBN 13: 9781782423133
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medical Modelling Book Review:

Medical modelling and the principles of medical imaging, Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Rapid Prototyping (also known as Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing) are important techniques relating to various disciplines - from biomaterials engineering to surgery. Building on the success of the first edition, Medical Modelling: The application of Advanced Design and Rapid Prototyping techniques in medicine provides readers with a revised edition of the original text, along with key information on innovative imaging techniques, Rapid Prototyping technologies and case studies. Following an overview of medical imaging for Rapid Prototyping, the book goes on to discuss working with medical scan data and techniques for Rapid Prototyping. In this second edition there is an extensive section of peer-reviewed case studies, describing the practical applications of advanced design technologies in surgical, prosthetic, orthotic, dental and research applications. Covers the steps towards rapid prototyping, from conception (modelling) to manufacture (manufacture) Includes a comprehensive case studies section on the practical application of computer-aided design (CAD) and rapid prototyping (RP) Provides an insight into medical imaging for rapid prototyping and working with medical scan data

Reflections on Bioethics

Reflections on Bioethics
Author: Jose Antonio Morales-Gonzalez,Eugenia Aguilar Nájera
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2018-06-27
ISBN 10: 178923218X
ISBN 13: 9781789232189
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reflections on Bioethics Book Review:

The book Reflections on Bioethics is an effort that brings together works grouped into five sections: "Bioethics and Health", "Bioethics and Education", "Bioethics and Technology", "Bioethics in the Use of Experimental Animals",and "Selected Topics of Bioethics". In each of these sections, the fundamental concepts of bioethics and their relationship with each of these branches of knowledge are covered. The purpose is to give the reader a specific document of topics, it is not intended to be a treaty because the study of any of the five sections is very broad. However, this is an effort that manages to combine in interdisciplinary subjects that are fundamental for professionals of all fields of knowledge.

3D Printing of Pharmaceuticals

3D Printing of Pharmaceuticals
Author: Abdul W. Basit,Simon Gaisford
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2018-08-06
ISBN 10: 3319907557
ISBN 13: 9783319907550
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

3D Printing of Pharmaceuticals Book Review:

3D printing is forecast to revolutionise the pharmaceutical sector, changing the face of medicine development, manufacture and use. Potential applications range from pre-clinical drug development and dosage form design through to the fabrication of functionalised implants and regenerative medicine. Within clinical pharmacy practice, printing technologies may finally lead to the concept of personalised medicines becoming a reality. This volume aims to be the definitive resource for anyone thinking of developing or using 3D printing technologies in the pharmaceutical sector, with a strong focus on the translation of printing technologies to a clinical setting. This text brings together leading experts to provide extensive information on an array of 3D printing techniques, reviewing the current printing technologies in the pharmaceutical manufacturing supply chain, in particular, highlighting the state-of-the-art applications in medicine and discussing modern drug product manufacture from a regulatory perspective. This book is a highly valuable resource for a range of demographics, including academic researchers and the pharmaceutical industry, providing a comprehensive inventory detailing the current and future applications of 3D printing in pharmaceuticals. Abdul W. Basit is Professor of Pharmaceutics at the UCL School of Pharmacy, University College London. Abdul’s research sits at the interface between pharmaceutical science and gastroenterology, forging links between basic science and clinical outcomes. He leads a large and multidisciplinary research group, and the goal of his work is to further the understanding of gastrointestinal physiology by fundamental research. So far, this knowledge has been translated into the design of new technologies and improved disease treatments, many of which are currently in late-stage clinical trials. He has published over 350 papers, book chapters and abstracts and delivered more than 250 invited research presentations. Abdul is also a serial entrepreneur and has filed 25 patents and founded 3 pharmaceutical companies (Kuecept, Intract Pharma, FabRx). Abdul is a frequent speaker at international conferences, serves as a consultant to many pharmaceutical companies and is on the advisory boards of scientific journals, healthcare organisations and charitable bodies. He is the European Editor of the International Journal of Pharmaceutics. Abdul was the recipient of the Young Investigator Award in Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology from the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS) and is the only non-North American scientist to receive this award. He was also the recipient of the Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences (APS) award. Simon Gaisford holds a Chair in Pharmaceutics and is Head of the Department of Pharmaceutics at the UCL School of Pharmacy, University College London. He has published 110 papers, 8 book chapters and 4 authored books. His research is focused on novel technologies for manufacturing medicines, particularly using ink-jet printing and 3D printing, and he is an expert in the physico-chemical characterisation of compounds and formulations with thermal methods and calorimetry.

Flexible Robotics in Medicine

Flexible Robotics in Medicine
Author: Hongliang Ren
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 518
Release: 2020-06-20
ISBN 10: 0128165561
ISBN 13: 9780128165560
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Flexible Robotics in Medicine Book Review:

Flexible Robotics in Medicine: A Design Journey of Motion Generation Mechanisms and Biorobotic System Development provides a resource of knowledge and successful prototypes regarding flexible robots in medicine. With specialists in the medical field increasingly utilizing robotics in medical procedures, it is vital to improve current knowledge regarding technologies available. This book covers the background, medical requirements, biomedical engineering principles, and new research on soft robots, including general flexible robotic systems, design specifications, design rationale, fabrication, verification experiments, actuators and sensors in flexible medical robotic systems. Presenting several projects as examples, the authors also discuss the pipeline to develop a medical robotic system, including important milestones such as involved regulations, device classifications and medical standards. Covers realistic prototypes, experimental protocols and design procedures for engineering flexible medical robotics Covers the full product development pipeline for engineering new flexible robots for medical applications, including design principles and design verifications Includes detailed information for application and development of several types of robots, including Handheld Concentric-Tube Flexible Robot for Intraocular Procedures, a Preliminary Robotic Surgery Platform with Multiple Section Tendon-Driven Mechanism, a Flexible Drill for Minimally Invasive Transoral Surgical Robotic System, Four-Tendon-Driven Flexible Manipulators, Slim Single-port Surgical Manipulator with Spring Backbones and Catheter-size Channels, and much more

Engineering in Medicine

Engineering in Medicine
Author: Paul A. Iaizzo
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 606
Release: 2018-11-07
ISBN 10: 012813514X
ISBN 13: 9780128135143
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Engineering in Medicine Book Review:

Engineering in Medicine: Advances and Challenges documents the historical development, cutting-edge research and future perspectives on applying engineering technology to medical and healthcare challenges. The book has 22 chapters under 5 sections: cardiovascular engineering, neuroengineering, cellular and molecular bioengineering, medical and biological imaging, and medical devices.The challenges and future perspectives of engineering in medicine are discussed, with novel methodologies that have been implemented in innovative medical device development being described.This is an ideal general resource for biomedical engineering researchers at both universities and in industry as well as for undergraduate and graduate students. Presents a broad perspective on the state-of-the-art research in applying engineering technology to medical and healthcare challenges that cover cardiovascular engineering, neuroengineering, cellular and molecular bioengineering, medical and biological imaging, and medical devices Presents the challenges and future perspectives of engineering in medicine Written by members of the University of Minnesota’s prestigious Institute of Engineering in Medicine (IEM), in collaboration with other experts around the world

Digital Surgery

Digital Surgery
Author: Sam Atallah
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 439
Release: 2020-09-01
ISBN 10: 3030491005
ISBN 13: 9783030491000
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Digital Surgery Book Review:

​This book provides a trove of insightful perspectives on the current state and the realization of digital surgery. Digital surgery entails the application of artificial intelligence and machine learning toward automation in robotic-assisted surgery. More generally, the objective is to digitally define the patient, the surgical field, and the surgical problem or task at hand; to operate based on information, rather than based on anatomic planes alone. But digital surgery has shapeshifted into other, equally intriguing faces – many of which are exemplified by topics throughout this book. Digital surgery is fundamental to 3D-printed organs, mind-controlled limbs, image-guided navigation, and tele-mentoring. It is the key that unlocks the metaphorical doorway to surgical access, thereby creating a global framework for surgical training, education, planning, and much more. This text provides methods of measurement and perception outside of the human umwelt – including the ability to visualize fields beyond the visible light spectrum, via near infrared fluorescent organic dyes which are rapidly being bioengineered to target specific tumors, as well as native anatomic structures of interest. Written by experts in the field, Digital Surgery is designed to help surgeons operate with an enriched understanding of an individual’s specific attributes: including the human phenome, physiome, microbiome, genome, and epigenome. It also aids surgeons in harnessing the power and fluidity of the cloud, which is emerging as a significant resource for surgeons both regionally and globally.